43260-013: Third Education Sector Development Program | Asian Development Bank

Cambodia: Third Education Sector Development Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 43260-013 Status: Active

ADB is helping Cambodia improve access to lower secondary education. The project will build 60 new schools in 11 of the poorest provinces, and expand 28 existing schools in eight provinces. It will also provide 22 primary schools with lower secondary classrooms, and improve the quality of education through key policy reforms and interventions, including improved school-based management.

Project Details

Project Officer
Mar, Sophea Southeast Asia Department Request for information
  • Cambodia
  • Loan
  • Education
Project Name Third Education Sector Development Program
Project Number 43260-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2888-CAM: Education Sector Development Program III
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 12.00 million
Loan 2889-CAM: Third Education Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 18.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Secondary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description ESDP III is proposed as the third program in the sequence of education sector development programs. It will build upon and extend the achievements of ESDP I and ESDP II. A key lesson learned from these programs is that rapid expansion of the education system needs to be matched equally with quality improvement. While EEQP addresses this through secondary teacher and curriculum development, there are substantial unmet needs at the lower secondary level, in particular.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The proposed Third Education Sector Development Program (ESDP III; the Program) seeks to support the Government of Cambodia in enhancing quality and access of lower secondary education. It will consist of a policy loan and an investment loan. In close alignment with the Government's Education Strategic Plan (ESP) 2009-13, the policy loan will support reforms to reduce dropout rates especially among poor children and girls from remote areas; and strengthened financing and institutional governance of lower secondary education. A linked investment loan will focus on expanding access to lower secondary education and improving educational outcomes of poor children and girls from remote areas.
Impact Universal 9-year basic education achieved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased lower secondary enrollment
Progress Toward Outcome

Lower secondary gross enrolment rate is 53.8% (56.7% for female) (SY2015-2016), an increase of 2.4% compared to the baseline 52.5% (51.8% for female).

MoEYS is working on the NER for lower secondary.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Expanded access to lower secondary education

Improved quality of lower secondary education

Improved sub-sector management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Project Progress

Output 1: Improved access to lower secondary education: Nine new LSSs were built, and the remaining 44 LSSs will be completed in Q2 and Q3 2017. Fifty five classrooms were built in 18 primary schools to provide access to lower secondary education. Construction of eleven teacher housing units out of 27 has been completed for teachers working in disadvantaged areas. A dormitory at regional teacher training center in Phnom Penh was competed for teachers, especially female teachers) to stay while undertaking professional development in Phnom Penh. More than 70 clean water and lavatory facilities (separated rooms for male, female and disabled students) in LSSs were built.

Output 2: Improved quality of lower secondary education: 100 lower secondary schools (LSS) in 14 targeted provinces (30 LSSs, each received $750, and 70 LSSs each has just received first installment $500) have received school improvement grant (SIGs) for piloting school-based enrichment program. Training materials for in-service training (INSET) program have been prepared for strengthening of mathematic education, and 24 national trainers were trained to pilot training for 33 LSSs (100 technical group leaders or key teachers) in Q1 2017. The review of science education curriculum and relevant documents were completed, and 20 national trainers (five per science area: physics, chemistry, biology and earth sciences) to design the science-INSET materials, including the development of teacher documentation and additional lesson plans. Around 400 science teachers from 100 LSSs from the Secondary Resource Schools' network will be trained in Q1 & Q2 2017. Assessment of LS curriculum and validation of life skills modules relevant for the 33 LSSs were completed, and around 30 soft-skills activities were converted to handout materials for use by teachers have been completed, and 33 LSSs have been selected for testing.

Output 3: Improved subsector management: Six modules for strengthening school director professional development using the school-based management and institutional leadership approach were developed. 58 (7 female) core trainers from both national and provincial level have been trained, and training program for 66 directors/deputy directors of the pilot LSSs is being prepared. A series of workshop on strengthening school support committee (SSC) have been conducted, and training modules/materials on SSC have also been prepared for national trainers and school principals. The secondary school cluster guidelines is expected to be approved in Q1 2017, and the pilot program on basic education school cluster is expected in 3 provinces in Q2 2017. Action research for policy formulation topics, especially those related to the project interventions, are being reviewed.

Financial Progress

The elapsed loan implementation period since the effectiveness is at 76%. To date, the Project has achieved cumulative contract awards of $10.7 million (66%) and cumulative disbursements of $8.9 million (55%) of total original project loan amount respectively. The Mid-term review was conducted from 26 October to 4 November 2016. Some adjustments are made for the DMF due to the delay in implementation and the limited budget for teacher and education staff capacity building. The reallocation of loan proceeds among category line items is being reviewed by the government and would be submitted to ADB by end of March 2017.

Geographical Location Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Kampong Thom, Koh Kong, Mondolkiri, Otar Meanchey, Pailin, Phnom Penh, Preah Vihear, Pursat, Ratanakiri, Siem Reap, Stung Treng
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects No environmental issues anticipated.
Involuntary Resettlement As agreed with MoEYS/MEF in February 2015, PMU recruited an individual resettlement consultant to conduct site inspection and prepare the IR and IP check-lists. The CW sites for the phase I construction were already cleared by the PPTA resettlement consultants and the CW sites after phase 3 onwards will be cleared by this consultant. The CW sites under phase 2, the EA has conducted its own inspection, and the safeguards monitoring report was reviewed by ADB-confirming its compliance with the safeguards covenant.
Indigenous Peoples Same with IR.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design MOEYS and provincial and district education offices, Ministry of Finance, international organizations, NGOs and other private sector actors involved in education, school teachers and principals, school management committees, and parents and students. Workshops/roundtables with government agencies, DPs, and private sector/nongovernmental actors; compilation of existing data and conduct of focused studies; informal focused group discussions at both the institution and community levels; and direct consultations with school staff and students in target areas.
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Mar, Sophea
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
148 Norodom Blvd.
Phnom Penh
Kingdom of Cambodia
Concept Clearance 23 Nov 2010
Fact Finding 22 Aug 2011 to 02 Sep 2011
MRM 25 Apr 2012
Approval 13 Sep 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 10 Mar 2017

Loan 2888-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Sep 2012 17 Jan 2013 21 Mar 2013 31 Dec 2013 31 Dec 2015 31 Dec 2015
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 13.20 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 12.00 13 Sep 2012 11.52 0.00 100%
Counterpart 1.20 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 13 Sep 2012 11.52 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - -

Loan 2889-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Sep 2012 17 Jan 2013 21 Mar 2013 30 Jun 2018 31 Dec 2018 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 18.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 18.00 13 Sep 2012 15.77 0.00 95%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 13 Sep 2012 15.54 0.00 94%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - -

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Third Education Sector Development Program: Indigenous Peoples Matrix Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Feb 2012
Third Education Sector Development Program: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Feb 2012

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.


No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Small Contracts for 2017 under SOE Procedures (WA#00021) Loan 2889 13 Feb 2017 Various Various Cambodia Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports Others 200000 166885

Procurement Plan