43322-012: Road Network Development Sector Project | Asian Development Bank

Timor-Leste: Road Network Development Sector Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 43322-012 Status: Active

ADB is helping Timor-Leste rehabilitate its road network to accelerate economic growth and poverty reduction. The project will improve about 232 kilometers of national roads, develop a road maintenance program, climate-proof road designs, upgrade cross-border facilities with Indonesia, and boost the capabilities of road regulators and national contractors. It will also promote road safety.

Project Details

Project Officer
Ishenaliev, Rustam I. Pacific Department Request for information
  • Timor-Leste
  • Grant
  • Transport
Project Name Road Network Development Sector Project
Project Number 43322-012
Country Timor-Leste
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0180-TIM: Road Network Development Sector Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 46.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements

The Project is sector-based in design. It will finance part of the mediumterm road network development program. At the end of the Project, (i) about 232 kilometers (km) of national roads will have been improved to maintainable condition; (ii) a road maintenance program (RMP) will have been established; (iii) access roads and parking areas of crossborder

facilities will have been built at Mota Ain, Salele, Sakato, and Oesilo; (iv) national contractors will have gained improved capacity to implement roadworks; (v) the Ministry of Infrastructure (MOI) will have improved its ability to administer road projects and the RMP; (vi) road safety awareness in the project areas will have increased; and (vii) climate-proofing measures will have become a regular part of road design and construction.

The selection of subproject roads to be rehabilitated will be guided by the medium-term road network development program and based on the selection criteria and procedure agreed on by the Government and the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

The RMP will first be established under the Project in three pilot districts in the border region: Bobonaro, Covalima, and Oecussi. Midway through project implementation, MOI will prepare a strategy for expanding the RMP to cover the entire road network.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

A medium-term strategic planning exercise is under way to set the key priorities for the country's development and sustainable economic growth. Infrastructure development is among the three predefined medium-term strategic objectives (the other two are poverty reduction and private sector development), and roads and water supply infrastructure are a top priority for 2010. The development of road sector is widely recognized as a key factor in creating jobs, promoting private sector growth, increasing agricultural productivity, and reducing poverty.

The Project will support the national priorities and development vision of Timor-Leste by contributing to the establishment of a sound and sustainable road network, and it will strengthen subregional cooperation with Indonesia by improving border post facilities. The sector-based approach will allow the Government to lead in formulating and implementing its sector strategy

and development partner coordination. MOI and its road agency, the Directorate of Roads, Bridges, and Flood Control (DRBFC), can thus implement the Project in line with the Government's vision for road sector development, and more actively absorb the required knowledge and expertise.

The Project is also consistent with the reconciliation and stabilization strategy adopted by the United Nations and the Government in the aftermath of the conflict of 2006. With its comparative advantage in infrastructure development, ADB has been asked by the Government to facilitate sustainable socioeconomic development by addressing physical infrastructure constraints, particularly in the road sector.

Impact The Project will support road sector development and thereby contribute to economic growth and poverty reduction in the project areas. It will have an impact on (i) poverty reduction, (ii) direct and indirect job creation, and (iii) cross-border trade.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The Project will facilitate access to social and economic facilities in the project areas, improve the efficiency of cross-border activities, reduce travel time and costs, and make the road network less vulnerable to severe climate.
Progress Toward Outcome All works have been completed. Processing of final payments / disbursements are ongoing. Imprest account is still being liquidated.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Road Rehabilitation: about 232 km of national or district roads will have been improved to maintainable condition

A road maintenance program will have been established

National contractors will have gained increased capacity to implement roadworks and maintenance works

MOI will have improved its ability to implement road projects and the road management program.

Road safety awareness in the project areas will have increased

Climate-proofing measures will have become a regular part of road design and construction

Access roads and parking areas will have been built to improve cross-border facilities at Mota Ain, Salele, Sakato, and Oesilo

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Project scope has been reduced to cover only 76 km of roads due to increased engineering costs.

All civil works contracts have been completed.

Workshop based training carried out in 2011. General substantial increase in local contractor capacity achieved through other government activities.

TA 4942 supported other interventions for maintenance planning capacity improvement.


Climate adaptation measures incorporated in civil works designs.

This component was dropped to allow expansion of major national roads to be rehabilitated.

Geographical Location Atabae, Atsabe, Atsabe, Balibo, Batugade, Bobonaro, Bobonaro, Cova Lima District, East Timor, Ermera, Ermera, Fatululik, Liquica, Liquica, Lourba, Maliana, Maliana, Maubara, Maubara, Motaain, Oe-Cussi, Oecusse, Oeleu, Oesilo, Sakato, Salele, Suai, Suai, Tilomar, Tilomar, Zumalai, Zumalai
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects This category B project and two sample subprojects have undergone initial environmental examination. Selection criteria have been set to ensure that future subprojects comply with the project environmental classification. An environmental assessment review procedure, which has been prepared, will guide the environmental assessment of the subprojects.
Involuntary Resettlement

The Project is a category B project with respect to involuntary resettlement. The civil works under the Project will be conducted within existing road alignments; therefore, only minimal temporary impact on land or resettlement impact is expected. The number of households that may experience incidental impact from civil works will be small. The two sample

roads have been screened and their impact on involuntary resettlement has been determined to be minor or insignificant. The impact will be assessed through the screening of each subproject.

Indigenous Peoples In Timor-Leste, ethnic association is bound up with language. Seventeen languages, derived from one of two broad language groups Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) and Papuan (Melanesian) are spoken across the country. The social assessment concluded that no significant differences in cultural and social identity exist among the people who speak different languages, and that no ethnic minority groups are expected to be adversely affected by the Project.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

At the inception stage, a stakeholder analysis was carried out to identify the primary and secondary stakeholders; their interests in the Project, their perceptions of current problems related to road accessibility, and transport services. Meetings have been held at the national level with Ministry of Infrastructure (MOI), DRBFC, PMU within MOI, International Labor Organization (in Dili and at one of their project sites in Bacau), RSIP labor-intensive component contractors in Manututo, Directorate of Land and Property, Bobonaro District Administration, and CARE International.

A national consultative workshop was held 30 April 2009 which covered all aspects of the Project including the process for selection of subprojects for inclusion and prioritization in the 10-year master plan, phase 2 technical/engineering, road condition assessment, economic analysis, environmental, social, community-based labor outputs, establishing a road maintenance fund, and how the community would be involved. Consultation meetings were organized with district authorities (district administrators; regional and district works departments; community development, health and education advisors; and district women's networks); along with other local stakeholders including representatives of the community sector (local NGOs, etc.) and the private sector (local business households, bus/truck drivers, etc.). Participation strategy included focus group discussions as well as a structured methodology through survey tools (household socioeconomic survey, traffic survey, and passenger transport operator survey).

During Project Implementation MOI, the EA for the Project, will engage staff responsible for safeguards implementation including environmental and social impact assessment, development of management and mitigation plans, and community consultation activities. The PMU, with assistance from a project supervision consultant, will establish a consultation program for each subproject. The purpose is (i) to inform communities about the Project and, in detail, about the subproject works; (ii) to provide information about the expected benefits and potential adverse impact, as well as project measures such as compensation, environmental management, community-based initiatives through the JFPR and labor-based maintenance activities; (iii) to provide a forum for communities to participate in the Project and express their interests, preferences and concerns; and (iv) to facilitate different aspects of the implementation of the subproject. Consultations with communities will take place at different points in the planning and implementation of subprojects, and will be designed not only to inform people about the subproject or specific activities related to its preparation and implementation, but also to enable people in the community to ask questions, make suggestions, state preferences and express concerns. Special attention will be paid to the participation of women and any other vulnerable groups.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

All consultants recruitment follow ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by ADB and its Borrowers. https://www.adb.org/documents/guidelines-use-consultants-asian-development-bank-and-its-borrowers

All consultant recruitment activities under the project completed


All procurement follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines. https://www.adb.org/documents/procurement-guidelines

All procurement activities under the project completed

Responsible ADB Officer Ishenaliev, Rustam I.
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport, Energy and Natural Resources Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Infrastructure
Avenida dos Martire de Patria
Mandarin, Dili, Timor-Leste
Concept Clearance 11 May 2009
Fact Finding 11 May 2009 to 05 Jun 2009
MRM 23 Jul 2009
Approval 20 Nov 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 19 Aug 2009
Last PDS Update 29 Sep 2017

Grant 0180-TIM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Nov 2009 26 Feb 2010 05 Apr 2010 31 May 2015 31 May 2016 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 52.90 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 46.00 20 Nov 2009 45.96 0.00 100%
Counterpart 6.90 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Nov 2009 45.92 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.


No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Road Network Development Sector Project Procurement Plans Sep 2012