ADB is helping Timor-Leste rehabilitate its road network to accelerate economic growth and poverty reduction. The project will improve about 232 kilometers of national roads, develop a road maintenance program, climate-proof road designs, upgrade cross-border facilities with Indonesia, and boost the capabilities of road regulators and national contractors. It will also promote road safety.
|Project Name||Road Network Development Sector Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
The Project is sector-based in design. It will finance part of the mediumterm road network development program. At the end of the Project, (i) about 232 kilometers (km) of national roads will have been improved to maintainable condition; (ii) a road maintenance program (RMP) will have been established; (iii) access roads and parking areas of crossborder
facilities will have been built at Mota Ain, Salele, Sakato, and Oesilo; (iv) national contractors will have gained improved capacity to implement roadworks; (v) the Ministry of Infrastructure (MOI) will have improved its ability to administer road projects and the RMP; (vi) road safety awareness in the project areas will have increased; and (vii) climate-proofing measures will have become a regular part of road design and construction.
The selection of subproject roads to be rehabilitated will be guided by the medium-term road network development program and based on the selection criteria and procedure agreed on by the Government and the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
The RMP will first be established under the Project in three pilot districts in the border region: Bobonaro, Covalima, and Oecussi. Midway through project implementation, MOI will prepare a strategy for expanding the RMP to cover the entire road network.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
A medium-term strategic planning exercise is under way to set the key priorities for the country's development and sustainable economic growth. Infrastructure development is among the three predefined medium-term strategic objectives (the other two are poverty reduction and private sector development), and roads and water supply infrastructure are a top priority for 2010. The development of road sector is widely recognized as a key factor in creating jobs, promoting private sector growth, increasing agricultural productivity, and reducing poverty.
The Project will support the national priorities and development vision of Timor-Leste by contributing to the establishment of a sound and sustainable road network, and it will strengthen subregional cooperation with Indonesia by improving border post facilities. The sector-based approach will allow the Government to lead in formulating and implementing its sector strategy
and development partner coordination. MOI and its road agency, the Directorate of Roads, Bridges, and Flood Control (DRBFC), can thus implement the Project in line with the Government's vision for road sector development, and more actively absorb the required knowledge and expertise.
The Project is also consistent with the reconciliation and stabilization strategy adopted by the United Nations and the Government in the aftermath of the conflict of 2006. With its comparative advantage in infrastructure development, ADB has been asked by the Government to facilitate sustainable socioeconomic development by addressing physical infrastructure constraints, particularly in the road sector.
|Impact||The Project will support road sector development and thereby contribute to economic growth and poverty reduction in the project areas. It will have an impact on (i) poverty reduction, (ii) direct and indirect job creation, and (iii) cross-border trade.|
|Description of Outcome||The Project will facilitate access to social and economic facilities in the project areas, improve the efficiency of cross-border activities, reduce travel time and costs, and make the road network less vulnerable to severe climate.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||All works have been completed. Processing of final payments / disbursements are ongoing. Imprest account is still being liquidated.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Road Rehabilitation: about 232 km of national or district roads will have been improved to maintainable condition
A road maintenance program will have been established
National contractors will have gained increased capacity to implement roadworks and maintenance works
MOI will have improved its ability to implement road projects and the road management program.
Road safety awareness in the project areas will have increased
Climate-proofing measures will have become a regular part of road design and construction
Access roads and parking areas will have been built to improve cross-border facilities at Mota Ain, Salele, Sakato, and Oesilo
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Project scope has been reduced to cover only 76 km of roads due to increased engineering costs.
All civil works contracts have been completed.
Workshop based training carried out in 2011. General substantial increase in local contractor capacity achieved through other government activities.
TA 4942 supported other interventions for maintenance planning capacity improvement.
Climate adaptation measures incorporated in civil works designs.
This component was dropped to allow expansion of major national roads to be rehabilitated.
|Geographical Location||Atabae, Atsabe, Atsabe, Balibo, Batugade, Bobonaro, Bobonaro, Cova Lima District, East Timor, Ermera, Ermera, Fatululik, Liquica, Liquica, Lourba, Maliana, Maliana, Maubara, Maubara, Motaain, Oe-Cussi, Oecusse, Oeleu, Oesilo, Sakato, Salele, Suai, Suai, Tilomar, Tilomar, Zumalai, Zumalai|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||This category B project and two sample subprojects have undergone initial environmental examination. Selection criteria have been set to ensure that future subprojects comply with the project environmental classification. An environmental assessment review procedure, which has been prepared, will guide the environmental assessment of the subprojects.|
The Project is a category B project with respect to involuntary resettlement. The civil works under the Project will be conducted within existing road alignments; therefore, only minimal temporary impact on land or resettlement impact is expected. The number of households that may experience incidental impact from civil works will be small. The two sample
roads have been screened and their impact on involuntary resettlement has been determined to be minor or insignificant. The impact will be assessed through the screening of each subproject.
|Indigenous Peoples||In Timor-Leste, ethnic association is bound up with language. Seventeen languages, derived from one of two broad language groups Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) and Papuan (Melanesian) are spoken across the country. The social assessment concluded that no significant differences in cultural and social identity exist among the people who speak different languages, and that no ethnic minority groups are expected to be adversely affected by the Project.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||
At the inception stage, a stakeholder analysis was carried out to identify the primary and secondary stakeholders; their interests in the Project, their perceptions of current problems related to road accessibility, and transport services. Meetings have been held at the national level with Ministry of Infrastructure (MOI), DRBFC, PMU within MOI, International Labor Organization (in Dili and at one of their project sites in Bacau), RSIP labor-intensive component contractors in Manututo, Directorate of Land and Property, Bobonaro District Administration, and CARE International.
A national consultative workshop was held 30 April 2009 which covered all aspects of the Project including the process for selection of subprojects for inclusion and prioritization in the 10-year master plan, phase 2 technical/engineering, road condition assessment, economic analysis, environmental, social, community-based labor outputs, establishing a road maintenance fund, and how the community would be involved. Consultation meetings were organized with district authorities (district administrators; regional and district works departments; community development, health and education advisors; and district women's networks); along with other local stakeholders including representatives of the community sector (local NGOs, etc.) and the private sector (local business households, bus/truck drivers, etc.). Participation strategy included focus group discussions as well as a structured methodology through survey tools (household socioeconomic survey, traffic survey, and passenger transport operator survey).
|During Project Implementation||MOI, the EA for the Project, will engage staff responsible for safeguards implementation including environmental and social impact assessment, development of management and mitigation plans, and community consultation activities. The PMU, with assistance from a project supervision consultant, will establish a consultation program for each subproject. The purpose is (i) to inform communities about the Project and, in detail, about the subproject works; (ii) to provide information about the expected benefits and potential adverse impact, as well as project measures such as compensation, environmental management, community-based initiatives through the JFPR and labor-based maintenance activities; (iii) to provide a forum for communities to participate in the Project and express their interests, preferences and concerns; and (iv) to facilitate different aspects of the implementation of the subproject. Consultations with communities will take place at different points in the planning and implementation of subprojects, and will be designed not only to inform people about the subproject or specific activities related to its preparation and implementation, but also to enable people in the community to ask questions, make suggestions, state preferences and express concerns. Special attention will be paid to the participation of women and any other vulnerable groups.|
All consultants recruitment follow ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by ADB and its Borrowers. https://www.adb.org/documents/guidelines-use-consultants-asian-development-bank-and-its-borrowers
All consultant recruitment activities under the project completed
All procurement follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines. https://www.adb.org/documents/procurement-guidelines
All procurement activities under the project completed
|Responsible ADB Officer||Ishenaliev, Rustam I.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Pacific Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport, Energy and Natural Resources Division, PARD|
Ministry of Infrastructure
Avenida dos Martire de Patria
Mandarin, Dili, Timor-Leste
|Concept Clearance||11 May 2009|
|Fact Finding||11 May 2009 to 05 Jun 2009|
|MRM||23 Jul 2009|
|Approval||20 Nov 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||19 Aug 2009|
|Last PDS Update||29 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Nov 2009||26 Feb 2010||05 Apr 2010||31 May 2015||31 May 2016||15 Dec 2017|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||52.90||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||46.00||20 Nov 2009||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||20 Nov 2009||45.90||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Road Network Development Sector Project: Project Completion Report||Project/Program Completion Reports||Jul 2018|
|Road Network Development Sector Project||Procurement Plans||Sep 2012|
|Grant Agreement for Road Network Development (Sector) Project between the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste and ADB - Signed Agreement Date 26 Feb 2010||Grant Agreement||Feb 2010|
|Road Network Development Sector Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Oct 2009|
|Road Network Development (Sector) Project||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Jul 2009|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Timor-Leste: Road Network Development Sector Project||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Dec 2019|
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Timor-Leste, ADB Mark Completion of Road Upgrade Between Karimbala and AtabaeThe Prime Minister of Timor-Leste, Rui Maria de Araujo, other government officials, and ADB representatives took part in a ceremony today to mark the opening of an upgraded road linking Karimbala to Atabae.
Connecting Communities and Accelerating Economic Opportunities in Timor-LesteWest of Dili, the main road between Liquica and Maubara was recently completed under the Timor-Leste Road Network Development Sector Project, funded by a grant from the Asian Development Bank. The improved stretch of road will accelerate economic opportunities, promote private sector growth, increase agricultural productivity, and reduce poverty.
Infrastructure, Finance, Skills Training Priorities for New ADB RepresentativeInfrastructure improvements and private sector development to drive inclusive economic growth in Timor-Leste will be the main focus for Shane Rosenthal, the new Resident Representative for the Asian Development Bank (ADB).