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India: Integrated Water Resources Management and Sustainable Water Service Delivery in Karnataka

Sovereign (Public) Project | 43380-012 Status: Closed

This technical assistance (TA) is in line with the CPS core areas of ADB assistance that identifies improving water resource management and capacity development as ADB's current strategy in the agriculture and natural resources management sector.

Project Details

Project Officer
Siddiqi, Yasmin S. South Asia Department Request for information
  • India
  • Technical Assistance
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Integrated Water Resources Management and Sustainable Water Service Delivery in Karnataka
Project Number 43380-012
Country India
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7418-IND: Integrated Water Resources Management and Sustainable Water Service Delivery in Karnataka
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 700,000.00
TA 7418-IND: Integrated Water Resources Management and Sustainable Water Service Delivery in Karnataka (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 225,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy This technical assistance (TA) is in line with the CPS core areas of ADB assistance that identifies improving water resource management and capacity development as ADB's current strategy in the agriculture and natural resources management sector.
Impact tbd
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The Outcome of the proposed project is that the State is expected to define and adopt appropriate and effective water resources management system following IWRM principles (suitably adapted to Indian conditions) that can support efficient and sustainable use of finite water resources through allocation, pricing, and other regulatory and promotional means including development works. Clear institutional mandates, authorities, establisment, operational basis and arrangements will be defined at the state and river basin levels. For the latter, sub-basin level planning will be put into operation following the sample plan prepared under the TA with stakeholder participation to enhance access, improve efficiency in water use and allocation, and conserve the environment. In this context, the State will have advanced knowledge on appropriate options for enhancing water use efficiency and sustainability of WSS and irrigation subsectors (including infrastructure and software systems improvement, management reforms and economic and other incentives) based on field surveys and international best practices. These are managed by the State staff and stakeholders whose awareness and capacities will have been upgraded under the TA.
Progress Toward Outcome

1. The Government of Karnataka (GOK) has appointed a Steering Committee (SC) to guide implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Karnataka and specifically to review the outputs of the CDTA;

2. SC meeting was held on two occasions during the CDTA, once prior to draft final report (DFR) submission at which time in principle endorsement to the CDTA outputs was provided. The second sitting of the SC was held at the end of the Final Workshop (14 December 2010), which endorsed the Final Report.

3. GOK has initiated several actions towards institutionalizing the CDTA outputs including steps towards establishing an IWRM directorate in the State.

4. A comprehensive roadmap towards improving the State's water resources management systems has been recommended by the CDTA. ADB has offered continued support for setting up the Directorate and implementing the roadmap actions.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Output 1. IWRM Roadmap, Institutional Systems and Strategic Framework: The TA will provide technical, institutional and other expertise to identify and plan the establishment of effective IWRM systems in Karnataka. The TA would support the preparation of key components of an overall state IWRM systems and workplan for bringing them into use and operation: (i) synthesizing of an IWRM roadmap in light of the State policy and plan documents; (ii) assessment of requisite functions and effective institutional arrangements for water resources management and sectoral coordination; (iii) preparation of proposals for appropriate institutions, such as water sector apex body (for policy and strategic guidance) and regulatory agency to address such issues as water allocation, tariff fixation and other regulatory functions for water use (irrigation, WSS, industrial water, hydropower, etc.) and environmental flows (i.e. the quality, quantity and timing of water flows required to be maintained the components, functions processes and resilience of aquatic ecosystems that provide goods and services to people); and (iv) development of integrated strategies for water use and environment, identifying and quantifying of sector responsibilities based on the outcome of the sub-basin planning processes, jointly by the line departments, a water regulator and the stakeholder committees. Staff capacities and stakeholder awareness will also be strengthened during the process.

Output 2. (Sub-)Basin Framework Plans for Efficient and Sustainable Water Resources Management: The TA will support the planning process in the selected water scarce river sub-basins of the State possibly the Krishna (or the Cauvery, to be defined during the TA fact-finding). The sub-basin plans will include surface, groundwater and related agendas such as irrigation, WSS, other water uses, environment, and watershed, and set out strategies and programs to meet the increasing water demand and environmental requirements within the finite resource endowments of the sub-basin (including the tribunal water allocation agreements). An institutional setup will be established that promotes interagency coordination and stakeholder participation, which will provide a basis of a river basin organization (RBO) to manage water resources and coordinate for future development planning. As key tool (as well as a TA output) to support the process, the TA will support the establishment and strengthening of the decision support systems, including an integrated water resources data management and a GIS system (with upgrading of the existing hydrological database, surface and groundwater and information on all water usages), which will support sub-basin-level water allocation and management as well as investment planning, implementation, management and monitoring.

Output 3. Strategies and Programs for Efficient and Sustainable Service Delivery for Urban WSS and Irrigation: To support the sub-basin planning process described in Output 2 above, the TA will assess and prepare strategies, guidelines, and programs for enhancing water use efficiency and sustainability of urban WSS and irrigation sectors, as an essential means towards enhancing access and conserving environment of the State's river systems. For urban WSS, the TA will build on the ongoing studies and projects to expand access while improving delivery efficiency, provider accountability, and O&M cost recovery, with exploration of alternative intervention options (such as surface water based WSS linked with improved management of existing reservoirs) and management arrangements (such as public private partnership [PPP]). As to irrigation, the TA will establish sound knowledge base on the appropriate structural and nonstructural options for improving water use efficiency in surface water schemes. Institutional assessments will also be undertaken as to the appropriate management arrangements to attain and sustain efficient irrigation across the full command area with progressive productivity improvements. Building on the PIM initiatives of the State, possibilities will be explored for new management initiatives such as private sector management of distribution systems and establishment of an autonomous irrigation agency or company run by water charges collected from farmers. The TA outputs for WSS and irrigation sectors are also expected to provide a basis for the State to seek further ADB assistance through the Government of India, in terms of infrastructure, management systems, associated policy and institutional development.

Output 4. Capacities and Awareness on IWRM: The TA will strengthen staff capacities and awareness on IWRM principles and practices, and their application in Karnataka on the basis of river sub-basins, including the DSS and management tools to pursue efficient and sustainable water management. A study tour to observe the day-to-day operation in an advanced river basin in the region is also provided.Stakeholder awareness will also be promoted through sub-basin level seminars and media briefings. Relevant materials for information, education, and communication will also be prepared as an output.



Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Inception report

- Draft inception report (17 July 2010) - Draft submitted, comments made

- Finalise Inception Report (24 August 2010)

2. Preliminary economic review

- Inception stakeholder workshop (05 August 2010) - Successfully held

3. Implementation

(i) Component 1 State level

- Meetings with concerned agencies (15 June-14 July 2010) All agencies met

- IWRM Roadmap (8 July-23 August 2010) Prepared, discussed at mid-term workshop.

- Institutional Systems (6 August-9 October 2010) proposals made, discussed.

- Capacity Building (CB) & Report (09 August-27 November 2010) proposals made, report prepared.

(ii) Component 2 Sub-basin level

- Finalize and agree pilot sub-basin (01 August-04 September 2010) - Selected & agreed

- GIS System (16 August-04 September 2010) - System developed, manual prepared

- Sub-basin objectives (26 August-19 September 2010) - Vision & key areas developed, agreed at workshop

- Assess data and river system models (26 August-19 September 2010) - Trial river system model developed

- Water balance assessments (20 September 23 October 2010) - River system model used, relevant studies reviewed

- RBO arrangements (05 September- 04 October 2010) Proposed

- Sub-basin framework plan (15 September- 04 October 2010) - Draft prepared

- Sub-basin investment initiatives (25 September-9 October 2010) - Key activity areas discussed.

- Sub-basin capacity building action plan (10 October 19 October 2010) Proposals made.

(iii) Component 3 WSS

- Assess current situation (16 August-14 September 2010) - Situation assessed

- Identify and short list urban pilot areas (15 September-04 October 2010) - Pilot areas selected.

- Prepare pilot area investments (29 September-08 October 2010) - Investments in pilot areas and in the sub-basin proposed.

- Draft system management strategies (09-13 October 2010) - Urban WSS development & management strategies proposed

- Explore PPP opportunities (14-23 October 2010) - PPP opportunities proposed

- Finalise and recommend investments (24 October-06 November 2010) - Investments (institutional & infrastructure) proposed

- WSS enhancement strategy report and WSS CB action plan (20 September- 9 October 2010) - Single report covering analysis, strategy, investments and capacity building presented

(iv) Component 4 Irrigation Performance

- Assess current situation (01-20 July 2010) - Management & infrastructure systems assessed

- Finalise and agree institutional systems pilot areas (21-30 July 2010)- Pilot areas selected

- Identify scheme improvements (25 July-31 August 2010) proposed

- Identify scheme enhancements (01 October-25 November 2010) proposed

- Institutional systems/agriculture improvement report (11-20 October 2010) Report prepared

- Participatory irrigation management (PIM)/agriculture capacity building action plan (21-26 October 2010) - Capacity Building Report prepared

4. Key Milestones

- Workshop and Tripartite meetings (29 July-08 November 2010)- Inception, Mid-term review, tripartite meetings and Final Workshop held Reporting outputs

- Inception report (07 August 2010) - Finalized

- IWRM capacity building action plan (13 September 2010) - Proposed

- Mid term report (31 August 2010) - Submitted

- GIS system manual (31 August 2010) - Prepared

- Sub-basin framework plan (30 September 2010) - Drafted

- Sub-basin investment initiatives (30 September 2010) - Key activity areas discussed

- WSS enhancement report and capacity building action plan (04-09 October 2010) Proposed enhancements and capacity building reported

- Sub-basin CB action plan (19 October 2010) - Proposals for capacity building reported

- Institutional systems/agriculture improvement report (20 October 2010) - Report prepared.

- PIM/agriculture capacity building action plan (26 October 2010) - Report prepared

- Component 1 report (31 October 2010) - Prepared.

- Draft final report (31 October 2010) - Report presented.

- Final report (30 November 2010) - Report completed.

The DFR was well received and at the Final Workshop hosted by GOK, which held on 14 December 2010 at Bangalore, all stakeholders at the government level were well represented. Response subsequent to the workshop to the CDTA has been positive.

Major Issues and Proposed Actions:

- Issue: Study tour. A study tour to Thailand is proposed and is under advanced planning. It is expected to be held in the last week of February 2011.

Action: Finalize and hold the study tour.

- Issue: On-going TA to maintain reform momentum until a loan project is underway.

Action: Discuss with GOK and agree on the focus areas for the TA. Provide resources to ensure consistency with the CDTA Final Report recommendations and with the proposed PPTA to develop the loan project.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consultants will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Responsible ADB Officer Siddiqi, Yasmin S.
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Water Resource Department
Mr. D. Satya Murthy
3rd Floor, Vikasa Soudha, Bangalore 560 001
Concept Clearance 15 Oct 2009
Fact Finding 19 Oct 2009 to 26 Oct 2009
Approval 07 Dec 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 04 Nov 2009
Last PDS Update 21 Aug 2011

TA 7418-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
07 Dec 2009 11 Jan 2010 11 Jan 2010 31 Aug 2010 31 Dec 2011 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
925,000.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,075,000.00 07 Dec 2009 915,513.95

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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