Regional: Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 2)

Sovereign Project | 43427-012 Status: Active

Summary

The TA is Phase 2 of ADB's program to strengthen the management of coastal and marine resources in the Coral Triangle (CT) region. The Phase 2 will specifically assist the CT Pacific countries (Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste) in fulfilling their Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) objectives, and engage Fiji and Vanuatu in addressing issues on coral reefs, fisheries and food security that continuously threaten coastal communities. While Fiji and Vanuatu are not currently members of the CTI, they are geographically adjacent to the CT region and share common coastal and marine ecosystems and species (mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs), and experience similar environmental threats. The TA will help ensure food security for the populations in these five Pacific countries resulting from the increased resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems.

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Project Name Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 2)
Project Number 43427-012
Country Regional
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7753-REG: Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 2)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.15 million
Regional Cooperation and Integration Fund US$ 800,000.00
Global Environment Facility US$ 13.10 million
TA 7753-REG: Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 2) (Supplementary)
Global Environment Facility US$ 18,183.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The TA is Phase 2 of ADB's program to strengthen the management of coastal and marine resources in the Coral Triangle (CT) region. The Phase 2 will specifically assist the CT Pacific countries (Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste) in fulfilling their Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) objectives, and engage Fiji and Vanuatu in addressing issues on coral reefs, fisheries and food security that continuously threaten coastal communities. While Fiji and Vanuatu are not currently members of the CTI, they are geographically adjacent to the CT region and share common coastal and marine ecosystems and species (mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs), and experience similar environmental threats. The TA will help ensure food security for the populations in these five Pacific countries resulting from the increased resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Addressing food security issues amidst increased threats arising from overfishing, increased run-off and sedimentation and climate change impacts requires effective management of coastal and marine resources, especially those associated with coral ecosystems. The TA will support the introduction of more effective management measures and tools to build the resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems. It will support the CT Pacific countries as well as Fiji and Vanuatu in the conservation and management of coral reefs and associated habitats for food security and poverty reduction. The TA responds to ADB's Pacific Region Environmental Strategy at the local level by (i) providing support in mainstreaming environment issues within the wider government policy and strategy framework, (ii) supporting the provision of environmental services through urban and rural land use planning linked to water quality and water quantity management needs, and (iii) promoting a focus to achieve integrated coastal resources management (ICRM ) through community-based programs that are linked within a wider ecosystem management framework and to building diversified livelihoods, including coastal tourism. The TA complements ADB's Pacific Approach 2010-2014 that addresses broad, strategic concerns on sustainable development through knowledge solutions, including better practice models for environmental management. At the national level, the project was designed to support the goals and priorities of the CTI National Plans of Action (NPOAs) of Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste, as well as other existing national policies, regulations and plans. In Fiji and Vanuatu, the TA was designed to support implementation of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans as well as other sustainable development policies, and regulations. The TA links closely to ADB's other CTI technical assistance programs such as (a) Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 1); (b) Regional Cooperation in Knowledge Management, Policy and Institutional Support to the Coral Triangle Initiative; and (c) Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the CTI-countries.
Impact Coastal and marine resources ensure sustainable food security for the population in the five Pacific countries.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Increased resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems is attained in the five Pacific countries
Progress Toward Outcome Capability building activities for effective ICRM for food security and increased resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems are ongoing. Acquired knowledge and skills are applied in the development of ICRM plans, MPA establishment, and implementation of subprojects.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Capabilities of national and local institutions strengthened in sustainable coastal and marine resources management

Coastal communities experienced in applying best practices in ecosystem-based management and climate change adaptation

Resilience of coastal ecosystems to climate change enhanced

Effective program management established by ADB and the participating governments

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1: Capabilities of national and local institutions strengthened in sustainable coastal and marine resources management.

Conducted regional and in-country training programs and workshops on: (i) ICRM, EBFM, marine protected areas (MPAs) management, and climate change adaptation; (ii) data collection; (iv) organizational reforms; and (v) environmental and resource management law, including those related to ICRM and EBFM.

Documented lessons learned and country case studies through IUCN's Lessons Learning Framework for the environmental law component.

Strengthened environmental law associations as platforms in pursuing the countries' environmental law and policy development, such as the development of protected areas policy and legislation in Papua New Guinea, development of ICRM in Fiji and environmental policy for Vanuatu.

Enabled the development and passage of the new Malaita Province Fisheries Ordinance (Bill) in Solomon Islands and ministerial diplomas for the MPA sites in Atauro and Batugade in Timor-Leste that define their boundaries, set up an aquatic natural reserve, and regulate their management

Supported activities on sustainable financing in Vanuatu toward the development of an environment and climate change trust fund (ECT) to build and ensure support to the programs of the Department of Environmental Protection and Conservation on environmental conservation and climate change adaptation. An ECT Administration Manual has been introduced and a draft ECT Bill was developed to meet Vanuatu's policy needs and address constraints.

Enabled support from SPC's RESCCUE project for the completion and adoption of the draft Ra Provincial ICM Plan funded under the TA, to be used as basis in identifying activities that can be further supported by the RESCCUE project.

Output 2: Coastal communities experienced in applying best practices in ecosystem-based management and climate change adaptation.

Implemented subprojects in the priority sites through subcontracted NGOs on community based resource management; sustainable financing, mangrove rehabilitation; women's active involvement in locally managed marine areas; ridge-to-reef approach to resource management; community-based management of crown-of-thorns starfish; communication, education, and information awareness on MPAs; and other ICRM planning-related activities.

Developed the marine conservation plans for Malaita and Isabel provinces in Solomon Islands, and drafted the MPA management plan in Atauro and Batugade in Timor-Leste.

Ongoing implementation of five subprojects on fish aggregating devices, ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management, community-based resource management, and seascape planning.

Output 3: Resilience of coastal ecosystems to climate change enhanced.

Produced 13 regional resource maps showing estimates of reef areas vulnerable to coral bleaching, coastline length vulnerable to ocean acidification, land area vulnerable to submersion at 1-meter sea level rise, area of key marine habitats, and area of marine habitats under protection.

Completed studies on (i) Responding to Climate Change using an Adaptation Pathways and Decision-making Approach by WorldFish that recommends ways to strengthen the capacity of stakeholders to assess climate change risks to coastal livelihoods and develop cost-effective planned responses to reduce these risks (http://www.ctknetwork.org/videos/community-based-adaptation-to-climate-change-empowers-coastal-communities-in-timor-leste/ and http://www.adb.org/publications/climate-change-coral-triangle-pacific-countries); and (ii) Future Prospects and Adaptation Strategies for the Fisheries Sector under Climate Change in the Pacific Coral Triangle Countries by IFPRI that used its modeling approach to food supply, demand, and price scenarios in Fiji, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, and Vanuatu, and generated a set of 12 general conclusions concerning the implications for food security in these countries.

Climate change adaptation measures integrated into (i) draft management plans for Atauro and Batugade in Timor-Leste; and (ii) Vunuasi River estuary and coastal area ecosystem management plan in Vanuatu

Output 4: Effective program management established by ADB and the participating governments

Engaged the FCG ANZDEC from 25 October 2011 to 30 October 2015, as the PMC to carry out the basic staffing for the RPMO and the NPMUs, and provide in-country program management and implementation in the 5 countries, including (i) mobilization of national and international specialists/consultants; (ii) detailed work planning; (iii) coordination of demonstration activities; (iv) procurement of goods and services, including subcontracting of service providers to implement subprojects and training activities; (v) financial management; and (vi) documentation and reporting.

Set up the TCU within PARD to support TA implementation.

Developed a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework with monitoring and reporting tools to guide country activities, and trained the NPMU staff on its use and application. The PMC submitted 11 quarterly progress reports as well as periodic updates on a subproject basis to track the progress of project-supported activities. A monitoring and evaluation specialist was mobilized to conduct a more focused analysis and processing of collected data in the context of the overall objective of the project.

Set up an online file-sharing account administered by the PMC to access subproject information and documents, and served as the repository of all reports and presentation materials. Access was granted to all project partners and consultants interested to share or download project-related information.

Provided continuous support to strengthen the role of the CTI National Coordinating Committees (NCCs) or their equivalents (National Integrated Coastal Management [NICM]in Fiji and National Advisory Board [NAB] in Vanuatu) as platforms for ICRM-related discussions, exchange of information, as well as coordination and identification of synergies across key stakeholders.

Updated and costed the national plans of action (NPOAs) of Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands to serve as the foundation for future CTI budgeting and funding of the countries' identified priorities, specifically on improving food security.

Continuous administration and operation of the Coral Triangle Knowledge Network (http://www.ctknetwork.org) to showcase CTI-related news, knowledge products and events, and serve as an information and knowledge exchange tool for the general public, and a learning platform about the Coral Triangle region.

Geographical Location Fiji Islands, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Vanuatu

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design All five countries were consulted during TA design phase.
During Project Implementation

Annual implementation review workshops attended by focal government offices, implementing partners and the PMC were conducted in September 2012 and April 2013 at ADB headquarters to discuss TA progress and issues/concerns requiring attention/solutions.

Close coordination and consultation have been done with the CTI NCCs of PNG, SOL and TIM, the NICM of Fiji, and NAB in Vanuatu in identifying and prioritizing subprojects and training activities. At the subproject level, consultations with community and stakeholders were undertaken to directly engage their participation in the implementation of activities.

A mid-term review was conducted in 2014 to assess the TA and recommend measures to improve its implementation and achieve the overarching objective of ensuring food security. The MTR recommendations informed and guided changes in the scope of and implementation arrangements for the TA. The review constituted country visits in the five Pacific countries and extensive consultations with key stakeholders. The MTR results were shared with focal government offices during the Regional Planning Work Group meeting on 26 to 29 April 2015. The regional meeting also generated a list of pipeline projects consisting of 12 in-country and 2 regional subprojects and training activities for implementation under the TA.

The TA''s completion date was extended from 31 October 2015 to 31 December 2017. ADB has directly engaged NGOs for subproject implementation.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

The PMC supplied 91.5 person-months of international and 423 person-months of national consulting services to support in-country program management and implementation in the five Pacific countries. The firm was selected using QCBS evaluation (90:10) following ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The PMC''s contract expired on 30 October 2015. ADB now directly administers the following NGOs for subproject implementation: (i) WorldFish in Solomon Islands, (ii) Conservation International in Fiji, Timor-Leste and Vanuatu, and (iii) The Wildlife Conservation Society in Papua New Guinea.

IUCN Oceania, the World Fish Center (WFC), and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) were engaged through single source selection and provided a total of 51 person-months of consultant inputs to conduct special studies, research, and other selected activities related to climate change adaptation, environmental law and learning, and food security issues. IFPRI, WFC, and IUCN have completed their contracts on 31 October 2013, 15 November 2014, and 31 September 2015, respectively.

During the course of TA implementation, ADB has directly engaged the services of a program coordinator, project planning and monitoring specialist, and project analyst to assist in TA administration and implementation. To address the TA's current management and administration requirements in the extended period, the TCU now consists of the project director, planning and coordination specialist, monitoring and evaluation specialist, web communications specialist, web developer, operations analyst, and technical reviewer. ADB has also engaged a national events coordinator in Papua New Guinea from 24 August to 16 December 2016 to lead the preparation and organization of the CTI-CFF 12th Senior Officials Meeting and 6th Ministerial Meeting held from 31 October to 3 November 2016.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Uusimaa, Hanna K.
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport, Energy and Natural Resources Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines

Timetable

Concept Clearance 31 Mar 2010
Fact Finding 02 May 2010 to 14 Jul 2010
MRM -
Approval 14 Dec 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 09 Apr 2010
Last PDS Update 22 Mar 2017

TA 7753-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
14 Dec 2010 - 14 Dec 2010 31 Dec 2014 31 Dec 2017 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,950,000.00 13,118,183.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 450,000.00 18,518,183.00 14 Dec 2010 8,858,398.57

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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