Nepal: Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project

Sovereign Project | 43524-014

ADB will help Nepal modernize and expand the wastewater network and treatment facilities in the populous Kathmandu Valley. Aside from rehabilitating the sewerage network, the project will expand the capacity of five wastewater treatment plants to 90.5 million liters from around 16 million liters per day. It will also strengthen the institutions tasked with wastewater management in the area.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Dasgupta, Saugata
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Nepal
  • Modality
    • Grant
    • Loan
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project
Project Number 43524-014
Country Nepal
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3000-NEP: Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 80.00 million
Loan 8269-NEP: Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project
OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 16.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project is investing in rehabilitation and expansion of sewerage network, modernization and expansion of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), and improvement of wastewater management in the Kathmandu Valley that will help improve service delivery and reduce pollution of the Bagmati River and its tributaries. The project is also strengthening the institutions working for wastewater management in the Kathmandu Valley to increase operational efficiency and improve service delivery, and will result in positive impacts on health and quality of life for the residents of Kathmandu Valley. The project is coordinating with other related projects to fulfill the medium-term priority investment needs identified in the long-term capital investment and asset management program.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Rapid and unplanned urban growth and inadequate investments in wastewater management have resulted in poor quality wastewater services in the Kathmandu Valley. The disposal of untreated sewage in rivers affects the quality of surface and ground water and increases disease incidence, health risks, and associated economic burdens. With the completion of the ongoing Melamchi Water Supply Project-Phase 1, the Kathmandu Valley is likely to receive substantial additional water by 2019. The sewerage system, which is inadequate even to manage existing low levels of water supply, will be further overburdened by additional wastewater. The project will complement past and ongoing efforts of the government toward improving wastewater services in the Kathmandu Valley. The project is consistent with ADB's Nepal country partnership strategy at the time of processing, which aims to support Nepal's peace and development aspirations by promoting the following four pillars: (i) broad-based and inclusive economic growth, (ii) inclusive social development, (iii) governance and capacity building, and (iv) climate change adaptation and environmental sustainability. The project fits into the priority water supply and other municipal infrastructure and services sector, identified in the country partnership strategy, and will support the country's peace and development through improved access to basic services. The project is included in the Nepal country operations business plan at the time of processing.
Impact Sustainable wastewater management for Kathmandu Valley.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved access to, and efficiency of, wastewater services for the residents of Kathmandu Valley.
Progress Toward Outcome Five wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) are under construction at Guheshwori (TP01), Sallaghari, Kodku and Dhobighat (TP02), and final one in Dhabighat (TP03). The combined capacity of all these treatment plant is 138 MILD. Three interceptor packages have been awarded for Hanumante, Manohara and Khasang Khusung rivers and are progressing towards the completion. Treatment plant at Guheshwori is fully completed and partially commissioned. However, global COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lock down imposed by the government has severely affected the progress of the ongoing works. The contract for sewerage network in Patan Durban Square is also awarded and pre-mobilization work ( training and work site plan) are ongoing.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Sewerage network rehabilitated and expanded.

2. Wastewater treatment plants modernized and expanded.

3. Capacities strengthened and operational and financial reforms institutionalized.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) 1. A total of 44.36 km of interceptor sewers are being laid along river banks under three contract packages.Progress to date is 29.51km: KUKL/WW/IS-01: Hanumante 16.32 kmKUKL/WW/IS-02: Manohara 5.5 kmKUKL/WW/IS-03: Kashyang Khusung 7.06 kmKUKL/WW/TP-02: Manohara 0.63 km2. Five WWTPs under construction with a total capacity of 138.1 MLD:I. WW/TP/01 Guheshwori (32.4 MLD: construction completed and partial commissioning ongoing)II. WW/TP/02 - Sallaghari, Kodku and Dhobighat (68.7 MLD): detailed design completed; Physical construction ongoing (overall progress: 21%)III. WW/TP/03 Dhobighat (37 MLD): Basic design completed; Detail design submitted; Physical Construction of foundation ongoing (Overall Progress: 18%)3. Updating of Sewerage asset data base is ongoing.Finalized and made available to key stakeholders.Manual for construction prepared and being implemented in ongoing contracts.Supply of sewer cleaning equipment is ongoing.59 public meetings were organized with 64.87% of women participants.
Geographical Location Bhaktapur, Dhobighat, Gokarna, Guhyeshwari, Kathmandu, Kathmandu Valley, Kathmandu Valley, Kirtipur, Kodku, Lalitpur, Sallaghari, Thimi
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project is classified as category B for environment. Initial environmental examinations (IEEs) and associated environmental management plans (EMPs) were prepared and disclosed in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement, 2009. An Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (EARF) was prepared to guide the environmental assessment of pilot decentralized wastewater treatment systems to be later defined through detailed design. The IEEs and the EMPs for the various construction packages are being updated during detailed design and incorporated into contract documents. The IEEs show substantive net positive environmental benefits, including (i) improved wastewater management to safeguard public health, and (ii) cleaner waterways and urban environment through increased sewage treatment. Pipe laying works within roads passing through heritage areas will take additional measures to ensure no impacts during construction. Permission from the Department of Archaeology will be obtained prior to commencement of construction, particularly in Patan and Durbar Squares. Measures to manage any impacts pertaining to slope stability, erosion and sedimentation will be implemented prior to laying of interceptors along the rivers. As part of the detailed design of the new WWTPs, air quality dispersion modeling will be conducted to ensure adequate odor management measures are incorporated into the project design and environmental monitoring system. In addition, perimeter buffers will be established along the boundary of the WWTPs to minimize odors released from the premises. In order to ensure optimal operations of WWTPs at all times, safety plans will be developed and implemented.
Involuntary Resettlement Resettlement plan (RP) and a resettlement framework were prepared and disclosed in accordance with Safeguards Policy Statement of ADB (SPS, 2009), and have been updated in 2018. There is no land acquisition envisaged under the project. All land for the construction of WWTPs and sewerage network is located in the existing WWTP sites or within government lands along the roads or river banks. Most of the land acquisition for the WWTPs was carried out during the late 1970s and early 1980s. The project will ensure that these lands acquired for WWTPs continue to comply with all relevant laws and policies of the government. The impacts during construction will be limited to (i) temporary losses for a few cultivators along the river banks during the laying of sewers; (ii) temporary disruption of business activities, and temporary shifting of vendors and hawkers during construction of works; and (iii) permanent loss of access to land for a few informal cultivators. The impacts will be limited and compensation for lost income will be provided to those affected as per the resettlement plan and resettlement framework. For any land acquisition in anticipation of future ADB financing, the government will be required to comply with ADB Safeguards Policy Statements (2009) in addition to relevant government laws.
Indigenous Peoples No adverse impacts on indigenous peoples are anticipated, and improved wastewater facilities will benefit all households, including the indigenous peoples in the project areas. The project will avoid cultural sites used by indigenous people, if identified during detailed design. Meaningful and widespread consultations will continue with all communities in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During the project design, adequate consultations were carried out with important stakeholders in the form of surveys, workshops, focus group discussions (FGDs) with beneficiaries, NGOs, and other stakeholders; steering committee meetings and PPTA review meetings.
During Project Implementation During project design, a community awareness and participation plan has been prepared to involve various stakeholders including the poor and socially excluded sections of the population. Adequate resources have been provided to implement and monitor the plan.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The project has recruited the design and supervision consultant (DSC) and the community awareness and safeguards support consultant (CASSC). The consulting firms have been and will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method in accordance with ADBs Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). Procurement of Civil Works will be carried out in accordance with ADBs Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time).Procurement of Civil Works will be carried out in accordance with ADBs Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time).
Procurement International competitive bidding (ICB) procedures will be used for civil works contracts estimated to cost $5 million or more, and supply contracts estimated to cost $2 million or more. National Competitive Bidding (NCB) procedures will be used for civil works contracts estimated to cost less than $5 million, and supply contracts estimated to cost less than $2 million. Shopping will be used for procurement of works and equipment estimated to cost less than $100,000.
Responsible ADB Officer Dasgupta, Saugata
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Urban Development
Mr. Binod Chandra Jha
Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal
Timetable
Concept Clearance 01 Dec 2011
Fact Finding 26 Nov 2012 to 07 Dec 2012
MRM 28 Jan 2013
Approval 26 Apr 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 04 Dec 2020

Grant 0342-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Apr 2013 - - 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 0.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 18 Nov 2021 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Nov 2021 0.00 0.00 0%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 3000-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Apr 2013 03 Jul 2013 08 Oct 2013 30 Jun 2019 30 Jun 2022 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 120.70 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 80.00 18 Nov 2021 65.55 0.00 87%
Counterpart 40.70 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Nov 2021 43.04 0.00 57%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 8269-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Mar 2013 28 Jan 2014 12 Sep 2014 30 Apr 2018 30 Jun 2022 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 16.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 18 Nov 2021 0.00 13.95 87%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 16.00 18 Nov 2021 0.00 4.04 25%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (17 July 2019-15 July 2020) Audited Project Financial Statements Jul 2021
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (17 July 2018-16 July 2019) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2020
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Aug 2019
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (16 July 2017-15 July 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2019
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (16 July 2016-15 July 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Aug 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (16 July 2013-15 July 2014) Audited Project Financial Statements Apr 2015
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Project Data Sheet (Nepali Translation) Translated PDS Jul 2014
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Jul 2013
Project Agreement for Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project Project/Program Agreements Jul 2013
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Gender Equality and Social Inclusion Action Plan Gender Action Plans Apr 2013
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Apr 2013
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project Design and Monitoring Frameworks Jan 2013
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project Project/Program Administration Manual Dec 2012

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2021) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2021
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2021
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2021
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2020
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2020) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2020
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Interceptor along Khasyang Khusung River (IS-03) Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2020
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Core Area Sewer Network of Lalitpur Metropolitan City (SN-03) Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2020
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2020
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2020
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Aug 2019
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2019
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Core Area Sewer Network of Lalitpur (SN03) Safeguards Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Apr 2019
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2019
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2019
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2019
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Guheshwori Wastewater Treatment Plant (TP-01) Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Dhobighat Treatment Plants (TP-02) Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Dhobighat Treatment Plants (TP-03) Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Updated Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Aug 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Aug 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Interceptor Sewer (IS-01) Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Interceptor Sewer (IS-03) Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Interceptor Sewer (IS-02) Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2018
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (July - December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Aug 2016
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2015) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2016
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2016
Kathmandu Valley Water Supply Improvement Project: Community Awareness and Participation Consultant Report (July-December 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2016
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Jan 2013
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project Resettlement Frameworks Jan 2013
Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project Resettlement Plans Jan 2013

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
3000-NEP: Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project [KUKL/WW/DEWATS-01] Invitation for Bids Closed 12 Apr 2021 06 Aug 2021
Community Awareness and Safeguards Support Consultant Firm - Consulting Closed 12 Feb 2021 14 Mar 2021
Project Managment Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 31 Dec 2020 14 Jan 2021
Wastewater Managment Expert-03 Individual - Consulting Closed 31 Dec 2020 14 Jan 2021
Water Supply and Sanitation Specialist (WSSS) Individual - Consulting Closed 31 Dec 2020 14 Jan 2021
3000-NEP: Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project [KUKL/WW/SN-03] Invitation for Bids Closed 28 Aug 2019 13 Oct 2019
3000-NEP (SF): Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project [KUKL-WW/ SN-03] - CORRIGENDUM Invitation for Bids Closed 27 May 2019 07 Jul 2019
3000-NEP (SF): Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project [KUKL-WW/ SN-03] - ORIGINAL Invitation for Bids Closed 23 May 2019 06 Jul 2019
Wastewater Management Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 07 Mar 2019 21 Mar 2019
Loan No. 3000-NEP (SF): Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project [KUKL-WW/EG-01] Invitation for Bids Closed 06 Nov 2018 21 Dec 2018
Loan No. 3000-NEP (SF): Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project [KUKL-WW/EG-01] CORRIGENDUM Invitation for Bids Closed 13 Mar 2018 27 Apr 2018
Loan No. 3000-NEP (SF): Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project [KUKL-WW/EG-01] Invitation for Bids Closed 27 Feb 2018 09 Apr 2018
National Individual Consultant Individual - Consulting Closed 07 Aug 2017 07 Sep 2017
Loan No. 3000-NEP (SF): Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project [KUKL/WW/TP-03] Invitation for Bids Closed 17 Jul 2017 08 Sep 2017
Design Supervision and Management Firm - Consulting Closed 04 Jul 2017 04 Aug 2017
Loan No. 3000-NEP: Kathmandu Valley Wastewater Management Project [KUKL-WW/IS-03] Invitation for Bids Closed 29 Jun 2017 13 Aug 2017

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Individual Consultant-Project Management Specialist Loan 3000 19 Aug 2021 Dhruba Raj Regmi | Sunakothi, Lalitpur, Nepal Ministry of Urban Development 138,681.88 123,576.05
SEWER REHABILITATION IN THE CITY CORE AREA OF LALI TPUR METROPOLITAN CITY(KUKL/WW/SN-03) Loan 3000 26 May 2020 SHARMA-LAMA-GOLDEN GOOD J/V | SHANTINAGAR,KATHMANDU NEPAL Ministry of Urban Development 4,030,189.71 2,220,088.70
DESIGN, SUPERVISION AND MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT (DSC 06) Loan 3000 29 Jun 2018 DOHWA ENGR. IN ASSO. WITH TAEC & ERMC | 438 SAMSEONG-RO, GANGNAM-GU, SEOUL KOREA KOREA, REPUBLIC OF Ministry of Urban Development 4,196,582.00 3,682,217.00
CONSTRUCTION OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT AT DHOBIGHAT (KUKL/WW/TP/03) Loan 3000 12 Feb 2018 CGCOC-ATAL JOINT VENTURE | NO. A1718-A1753, BUILDING 2, YARD 8, BEICHEN WEST ROAD, BEIJING CHINA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Ministry of Urban Development 16,898,505.00 9,264,615.00
CONSTRUCTION OF COLLECTORS ALONG KASHYANG KHUSUNG RIVER Loan 3000 11 Dec 2017 LAMA-RAMAN-GOLDEN-GOOD JV | NEPAL NEPAL Ministry of Urban Development 3,983,284.00 2,219,552.00
Community Awareness and Social Safeguards Consultant (KUKL/CASSC02) Loan 3000 11 Jul 2017 ERMC, TAEC and SSECPG | New Baneshwor, P.O. Box: 12419, Kathmandu, Nepal Ministry of Urban Development 864,347.00 766,661.00
Construction of Wastewater Treatment Plant at Sallaghari, Kodku and Dhobigat (KUKL/WWTP/02) Loan 3000 13 Feb 2017 Safbon Water Services (Holding) Inc. | No. 666, Zhangliantang Road, Qingpu District, Shanghai China, People's Republic of Ministry of Urban Development 36,260,965.72 19,945,597.52

Procurement Plan