China, People's Republic of : Ningxia Irrigated Agriculture and Water Conservation Demonstration Project
ADB is helping the People’s Republic of China boost farmers’ income in central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region by adopting high-value and high-quality horticultural crops. The project will help establish vineyards and Chinese date orchards, increase grape processing capacity, and improve irrigation systems. It will demonstrate water conservation measures and promote sustainable farming practices.
East Asia Department
Request for information
China, People's Republic of
- Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Project Name||Ningxia Irrigated Agriculture and Water Conservation Demonstration Project|
|Country / Economy||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Irrigation - Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
The project will improve the value of horticultural outputs by adopting high-value and high-quality varieties, water conservation infrastructures, sustainable farming practices, and institutional capacity development. The project will encompass the Hongsipu District, the Tongxin and Yanchi counties, and six subfarm sites under the Ningxia Agriculture Reclamation Corporation (State Farm Group) in the central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (Ningxia).
The impact of the project will be improved sustainability of irrigated agricultural production in Ningxia. The outcome of the project will be increased quality and value of horticulture crops (grapes and Chinese dates). The project will have four outputs and/or components: (i) established vineyards and Chinese date orchards, (ii) increased grape processing capacity, (iii) improved irrigation system, and (iv) strengthened institutional and capacity development.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
During the Country Programming Mission held in Manila in December 2009, the government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to assist the Ningxia Hui autonomous region government (NHARG) to prepare the Ningxia Irrigated Agriculture and Water Conservation Demonstration Project (formerly the Ningxia Dryland Farming and Water Conservation Demonstration Project) which is included in ADB's lending program for 2012.
Ningxia, located in the northwest region, is one of the PRC's ethnic minority regions, with a total area of 66,400 square kilometers and a population of about 6.2 million, of which about 2.2 million or 36% are Hui minority. Ningxia is largely arid and semiarid, with dry and harsh winters and hot summers. Ningxia and its people lag behind the rest of the PRC in terms of income and well-being. Ningxia's per capita gross domestic product was CNY26,860 in 2010, below the national average gross domestic product of CNY29,762. A large income disparity exists between urban and rural residents, with the average urban income (CNY15,334) more than 3 times that of rural income (CNY4,675) in 2010. In Ningxia, over 1 million people or 25.6% of the total rural population are living below the national poverty line. One key to reducing poverty and the gap between rural and urban income is to provide increased income to crop growers and households in the agriculture sector. The project includes design elements which improve the employment situation and increase the incomes of women as well as empower them to participate in decision making.
Agriculture remains an important sector in Ningxia. Ningxia's agriculture has a long history. The vast plain of the Yellow River in the north has been irrigated for centuries; and over the years, an extensive system of canals has been built to pump water from the Yellow River. The total agricultural land in Ningxia is about 4.1 million hectares (ha). Ningxia has three traditional agricultural areas: (i) northern plains, with primarily irrigated agriculture; (ii) central arid and semiarid area, with a mix of irrigated and rainfed agriculture; and (iii) southern hilly and mountainous area, with rainfed agriculture. The central arid and semiarid area covers about 45% of Ningxia. Most of the land in the area is relatively flat and close to the Yellow River. Extensive irrigation infrastructures have been built in the area since the 1960s. Particularly in the 1980s, several large lift irrigation schemes were built to divert water from the Yellow River transforming central Ningxia's dryland farming into an irrigated agriculture area.
The rationale for the project arises from the identification of two key opportunities: increasing the production of high-quality and high-value crops, and improving agricultural productivity by particularly improving water productivity. There is a clear economic driver for pursuing these opportunities increased competitiveness of farm households and wine enterprises, thus improving the financial and economic viability of these entities. The project will demonstrate water conservation measures that are (i) useful in central Ningxia and elsewhere in irrigated dryland areas, and (ii) resilient to climate change. The project will also help farmers to use more sustainable farm practices.
The project is consistent with the government's 12th Five-Year Plan (2011 2015), which aims to promote equitable and balanced regional growth, sustainable natural resources management, and conservation agriculture and crop diversification. The project particularly follows the State Council's decree on further promoting economic and social development of Ningxia (issued in 2008). The project supports the 12th Five-Year Plan of the Ningxia government's goal to accelerate agricultural development by increasing agricultural production capacity, reducing risk, and improving market competitiveness. The plan specifically targets improving the production capacity of low-yielding agricultural land. Both grapes and Chinese dates are mentioned as crops that can be transformed into high-value crops along with further development of competitive processing. For grapes, the 10-year development plan for Ningxia viticulture sector proposes an expansion with one million mu (650,000 ha). The plan also promotes innovation in irrigation technology and advocates increasing the use of water-saving irrigation technologies such as drip and sprinkler irrigation systems. The State Farm Group will be the key player in achieving this target. The project is in line with the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) country partnership strategy, 2011 2015 for the PRC which supports the government's goal of building a harmonious society by (i) addressing the rising income inequality and widening regional disparities, and (ii) promoting environmentally sustainable development. It also supports ADB's Water Operational Plan, 2011 2020 for promoting integrated water resources management and irrigation efficiency.
|Impact||Improved sustainability of agricultural production in Ningxia|
|Description of Outcome||Increased quality and value of horticultural crops in Ningxia|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The project was physically completed in June 2020.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Improved irrigation systems
2. Improved agriculture farms
3. Increased grape processing capacity
4. Strengthened institutional and farmer capacity
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Outputs under the project are completed, most targets are achieved. Some results are to be assessed at completion.|
|Geographical Location||Fengjigou, Hongsopu Qu, Ma'erzhuang, Nuanquan, Qingtongxia Shi, Yongning Xian, Yujialiang, Zhongning Xian|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is expected to achieve environmental benefits, specifically better water use efficiency in the project area; and soil stabilization and reduced erosion resulting from establishment of shelterbelts. No major adverse impacts were identified. Construction and rehabilitation works are small and relatively simple. Operating risks include expanded use of agricultural chemicals, elevated chemicals in soils, and increased risk of workers' exposure of chemicals. Most project sites are located on modified lands used for agriculture and have been cleared of natural habitats. No ecologically sensitive sites are present in the project area. Wastewater from grape processing facilities is treated and reused for crop irrigation, and is not discharged into channels leading to natural waterways. Shelterbelts established by the project utilizes a mix of native and long-established tree and shrub species. Training programs includes topics on safe application of agricultural chemicals and methods to reduce application rates. Implementation of the EMP and the environmental monitoring program prevent or minimize potential impacts.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No involuntary loss of land, housing, or access to income-generating assets is necessary for the project. Most of the activities are implemented on state farms with clear government land ownership. In the participating villages, construction activities are limited to small-scale infrastructure linked to improved irrigation, such as water retention ponds, irrigation pipes, and farm access roads. These are constructed on village land that is not being used for agricultural or other income-generating activities, and ownership of the infrastructure remains with the villages. Participation and contribution of land to the planting schemes are on a voluntary basis; this is formalized through the production or participation agreements and monitored by the PIOs.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The requirements of ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement for safeguarding indigenous peoples apply to the project as (i) the Hui people have both distinctiveness and vulnerability as described by ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement; and (ii) the project will impact on their farming practices and may consequently alter their socioeconomic status, including expenditure patterns, though principally in a positive way. Among the project beneficiaries are 570 households, with almost 3,000 people of the Hui ethnic minority, concentrated in two participating villages. Poverty and vulnerability rates are higher for Hui households than for Han households. In terms of poverty incidence, more Hui households (32%) are considered low income compared with Han households (16%). The higher poverty is in part due to former relocation as part of a government program, but also to lack of access to improved farming techniques. As potential project beneficiaries, concerns of ethnic minorities are addressed as part of the project design; and the executing and implementing agencies prepared an ethnic minority development plan to ensure that participating minorities will receive social and economic benefits that are culturally appropriate and gender responsive.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The project preparation technical assistance team conducted interviews with rural household as the primary beneficiaries, including key informant interviews and female focus group discussions; and interviews with other primary stakeholders, such as the project management office (PMO) and local governments. The project will support capacity development for public consultation and participatory planning targeting the PMO and local communities in the project area.|
|During Project Implementation||Consultation and participation are integral features of the project through the formation and/or strengthening of farmer professional associations (FPAs), village committees, and local women federation (LWF). They are included in the project design to make project implementation more efficient through the involvement of the primary beneficiaries, who are also key providers of input to the project. They also form part of the social action plan. To facilitate interaction among stakeholder groups and improve project planning and implementation, the design of the participation strategy stresses gender equality; and includes three elements: (i) Information sharing with stakeholders will not be able to provide meaningful participation if they are not fully informed about the objectives and intended outcomes of the project; (ii) consultation will be held with primary stakeholders to let them participate in the design, formation, and/or strengthening of the FPAs; and (iii) public meetings and stakeholder panels will provide forums for collaboration in decision making.|
|Consulting Services||Consulting services financed under the ADB loan are selected in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by the Asian Development Bank and its Borrowers (2010, as amended from time to time). The implementing agencies are responsible for the selection of the consultants, with concurrence of NHARG and the PMO for contract negotiations and contract administration. The consultants are engaged using the individual selection method. The consulting packages are included in the procurement plan. The relevant sections of ADB's Anticorruption Policy (1998, as amended to date) are included in all documents and contracts relating to the engagement of consultants.|
All procurement financed under the ADB loan are carried out following ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). Contracts for civil works valued at over $10 million and contracts for goods and related services valued at over $1 million are procured through international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures. Contracts for civil works valued at $10 million or less but over $200,000, and contracts for goods and related services valued $1 million or less but over $100,000 are procured through national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures. NCB will be undertaken following the PRC Tendering and Bidding Law (1999), subject to modifications agreed with ADB. Contract packages for civil works valued at $200,000 or less and contract packages for goods valued at $100,000 or less are awarded through shopping procedure. Most work on the development of the vineyards and orchards involves the hiring of labor through community participation procedures. ADB's guideline for community participation in procurement that have been approved for the Ningxia Integrated Ecosystem and Agricultural Development Project are adopted for the project. Procurement is centralized; and a procurement agency that is familiar with ADB's procurement procedures was engaged by NHARG to undertake procurement of works, goods, and services under the project on behalf of the implementing agencies.
A procurement capacity assessment of the executing and implementing agencies has been undertaken. Based on the assessment, prior ADB review is applied for all ICB contracts, consulting services, the first NCB contract for works, and the first NCB contract for goods; and post review for all other contracts. The training of project staff on procurement, as well as in all other aspects of implementation are pursued to enable them to gain better understanding of the contract packaging under the project, the method of procurement to be used for each package, and the requirements to be met and procedures to be followed for the different types of procurement methods.
A procurement plan indicating the thresholds and review procedures; contract packages for goods, works, and consulting services; and NCB procedures are provided. The relevant sections of ADB's Anticorruption Policy (1998, as amended to date) are included in all documents and contracts relating to procurement.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Niu, Zhiming|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government
MR. LI WEI, DIRECTOR, NINGXIA FINANCE DEPARTMENT
416 Jiefang Xijie, Yuchuan, Ningxia
|Concept Clearance||22 Oct 2010|
|Fact Finding||15 May 2012 to 24 May 2012|
|MRM||17 Sep 2012|
|Approval||14 Dec 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||24 Mar 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|14 Dec 2012||07 May 2013||27 Jun 2013||31 Dec 2018||30 Jun 2020||03 Mar 2021|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||106.40||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||70.00||17 Jun 2022||69.63||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||17 Jun 2022||69.63||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|People’s Republic of China: Ningxia Irrigated Agriculture and Water Conservation Demonstration Project||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Dec 2022|
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Agribusiness||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|Project Evaluation expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|Agricultural Value Chain Planning and Design||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|Water resources and irrigation expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|social development expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|Environment Safeguards Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|Project Management Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|Procurement and Contract Management Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|BINGGOU-ASSOCIATED FACILITIES INCLUDING MANAGEMENT FACILITIES, LIGHTS AND PAVEMENT||Loan 2973||06 Dec 2019||NINGXIA SHITONG CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO., LTD. | YINCHUAN, NINGXIA PROVINCE CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,232,652.78||1,121,221.27|
|REBIDDING: BINGGOU-CONSTRUCTION OF SMART AND ENERG Y-EFFICIENT SUNLIGHT GREENHOUSE||Loan 2973||11 Dec 2019||JV OF NINGXIA KEDA PHO'IC AGR'L RES'CH INS'TE | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||3,751,653.51||3,432,141.62|
|CIVIL WORKS FOR ECONOMIC AND PROTECTIVE FOREST FOR TONGXIN COUNTY||Loan 2973||15 Dec 2018||NINGXIA LVYE GARDEN AND GREENING CO., LTD | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,779,068.02||1,615,062.62|
|BINGGOU-PRODUCTION ROADS AND RING ROADS (LOT 1)||Loan 2973||15 Dec 2018||YINCHUAN FIRST MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING CO., LTD | YINCHUAN CITY, NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,759,441.94||1,590,337.11|
|PROCUREMENT OF ECOLOGICAL PROTECTIVE FOREST, PIPES AND ROADS FOR WUHUDUN FOR YINCHUAN CITY||Loan 2973||15 Dec 2018||NINGXIA LUJIE CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO., LTD | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,406,296.15||1,276,655.15|
|FARMLAND DEMONSTRATION CENTER AND PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT HOUSE AND STORAGE FOR BINGGOU||Loan 2973||15 Dec 2018||NINGXIA PINGLUO CHENQIAO CONSTRUCTION CO.,LTD | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,190,175.44||1,080,457.77|
|BINGGOU ? ECOLOGICAL PROTECTIVE FOREST FOR OUTSKIRTS (LOT 3)||Loan 2973||28 Dec 2018||NINGXIA ZHONGSEN LANDSCAPING ENGINEERIN CO., | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,010,214.86||916,251.26|
|BINGGOU - CONSTRUCTION OF SMART SUNLIGHT COLD SHED YC-W-N-2018007||Loan 2973||21 Mar 2019||JV OF BEIJING RONGKUN AGRI. SCIENCE & TECH. & | BEIJING CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||2,227,925.50||2,005,043.33|
|MAANSHAN-CIVIL WORKS FOR MAANSHAN AGRICULTURAL DEMONSTRATION AREA (YC-W-N-2018022)||Loan 2973||10 Apr 2019||NORTHWEST CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD | XI'AN CITY, SHAANXI PROVINCE CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||4,928,279.75||4,396,443.83|
|MAANSHAN-PROCUREMENT OF SEEDLINGS AND GREENHOUSE (YC-G-N-2018015)||Loan 2973||10 Apr 2019||NINGXIA NINGMIAO ECOLOGICAL GARDEN (GROUP) | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,882,272.06||1,864,079.55|
|ROAD PAVEMENT FOR HONGSIPU (HSP-W-N-2018001)||Loan 2973||07 May 2019||YINCHUAN FIRST MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING CO., LTD | YINCHUAN CITY, NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,362,641.96||1,193,130.56|
|BINGGOU-DEMONSTRATION EQUIPMENT FOR DESERT WATER-SAVING FRUITS (YC-G-N-2018008)||Loan 2973||16 Jul 2019||BEIJING RONGKUN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & | BEIJING CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||2,024,091.56||1,979,930.50|
|CONSTRUCTION OF THE PUMP STATION AND WATER POND FOR BINGGOU OF YINCHUAN CITY (SEMI-UNDERGROUND)||Loan 2973||25 Oct 2018||ZHONGHONG INTERNATIONAL CONSTRUCTION AND | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,844,469.00||1,664,364.00|
|IRRIGATION CIVIL WORKS FOR TONGXIN COUNTY (LOT 1)||Loan 2973||29 Oct 2018||NINGXIA CHENGCHENG CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO.,LTD | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,719,784.00||1,550,061.00|
|CONSTRUCTION OF THE PUMP STATION AND WATER POND FOR BINGGOU OF YINCHUAN CITY||Loan 2973||25 Oct 2018||SHAANXI XIANYANG CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING | XIANYANG CITY, SHAANX PROVINCE CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,710,424.00||1,543,408.00|
|CIVIL WORKS FOR BINGGOU-WATER TRANSMISSION PIPES, LOT 2||Loan 2973||27 Sep 2018||NINGXIA SHITONG CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO., LTD | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,456,442.00||1,298,301.00|
|BINGGOU-ECOLOGICAL PROTECTIVE FOREST FOR ROAD, LOT 1||Loan 2973||27 Sep 2018||NINGXIA ZHONGSEN GARDEN GREENERY ENGINEERING | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,217,315.00||1,085,139.00|
|BINGGOU-WATER TRANSMISSION PIPES, CIVIL WORKS, LOT 1.||Loan 2973||27 Sep 2018||NINGXIA SHITONG CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO., LTD | NINGXIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Government (NHARG)||1,063,963.00||948,437.00|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Ningxia Irrigated Agriculture and Water Conservation Demonstration Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Mar 2020|