ADB is helping Sri Lanka restore urgently needed infrastructure and services, and revive livelihood opportunities in its war-affected regions. The project will help rehabilitate roads, reconstruct a power grid station and transmission line, support water supply schemes, and restore irrigation schemes It will rebuild administrative offices, courthouses, and district vocational training centers.
|Project Name||Conflict-Affected Region Emergency Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Irrigation
Education / Technical and vocational education and training
Energy / Electricity transmission and distribution
Public sector management / Decentralization - Law and judiciary
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
Component A: Reestablishing Connectivity: This component rehabilitates (i) 65 kilometers (km) of national roads (B category) in
Northern Province, (ii) 100 km of provincial roads in Kilinochchi, Mannar, Mullaitivu and Vavuniya districts,19 and (iii) 100 km of municipal and urban council roads in Northern Province and rural roads in the adjoining villages of North Central Province. Rehabilitation of these roads increases connectivity for the returning IDPs, facilitating the provision of basic services and livelihood recovery and encourage increased investment. Local and provincial council roads serve communities located away from the centers of economic activity which have high poverty incidence and lack economic opportunities. This component focuses on some critical sections of the road network that complements the work supported by other development partners as well as future planned work, including work by ADB.
Component B: Restoring Utilities: The project supports the reconstruction of the Chunnakam grid station and the Kilinochchi Chunnakam transmission line.
This provides the essential link to Jaffna, as JICA is supporting the reconstruction of the damaged transmission line from Vavuniya to Kilinochchi.
The water supply subcomponent supports the water supply schemes at Echchalampattu in Trincomalee district and Point Pedro in Jaffna district. These schemes are
designed to meet the needs of resettled IDPs. The population relies mainly on dug and tube wells for their water needs; this water is not always fit for consumption, nor the wells easy to use.
Component C: Improving Basic Social Services: component restores some essential basic social services and livelihood opportunities of the population by (i) restoring about 10 small and medium-sized irrigation schemes as agriculture is the main source of livelihood;20 (ii) rebuilding 10 administrative offices and providing related facilities.
Agriculture is the key economic activity for a majority of the population in Northern Province. The province is in the dry zone, and rains from the northwest monsoon are limited and
irregular. The cropping intensity in the province remains low as a majority of tanks and canals are dilapidated due to limited or no investment since the early 1980s. ADB is also exploring the possibility of a grant project which will complement components A and C by rehabilitating 200 km of field irrigation canals and about 150 km of rural access roads with extensive IDP participation.
Component D: Legal Infrastructure: This component rehabilitates courthouses and related facilities in up to nine strategic locations in Northern Province.21
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The objective of the project is to significantly expand and strengthen the reconstruction of urgently needed essential infrastructure and administrative services, assist in meeting basic
human needs and create livelihood and sustainable employment opportunities in the conflictaffected areas by supporting the recovery of the region's economy. The project focuses
primarily on the war-affected Northern Province, and some components focuses on Eastern Province and some border villages in North Central Province, which were also affected by the conflict.
|Impact||Reduced incidence of poverty in conflictaffected areas|
|Description of Outcome||Restored and improved livelihood, economic infrastructure, and administrative and legal services in conflict-affected areas|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
Reduction in travel time by 30% and vehicle operating cost by 20% in road network from 2009 levels in conflict-affected areas -
Travel time costs per vehicle km reduced by between 35-44% (national: 44%; provincial: 29%; municipal & urban: 26%; Pradeshiya Sabha: 37%; rural access: 35%). Vehicle operating cost per vehicle km reduced over total project road network by about 25% (national: 28%; provincial: 24%; municipal & urban: 24%; Pradeshiya Sabha: 30%; rural access: 33%)
Improved access to power supply to 750,000 people in Northern Province-
Some 800,000 people have access to reliable national grid power supply in northern province
35,000 people have access to safe drinking water in Northern and Eastern provinces -
33,000 people benefitting from safe drinking water from treatment plants at Point Pedro in northern province (20,000 people) and at Eachchalampattu in eastern province (13,000 people). An additional 16,000 people in an village adjoining the Eachchalampattu plant should later benefit from the new head-works
6,000 families restarted cultivation in 6,500 hectares of irrigated land in conflict- affected areas -
A total of 16,767 farm families, predominantly former IDPs, restarted irrigated cultivation on 19,916 ha in conflict-affected areas of NP, NCP and EP
1 million people have access to basic administrative and legal infrastructure in Northern Province -
Some 361,000 people in Jaffna peninsula and islands have access to efficient legal services and facilities through new, fully equipped court complexes.
1,060,000 population in Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Mullaitivu, Mannar and Vavuniya districts have access to improved and more efficient administrative infrastructure, through new or re-constructed divisional & district secretariats, and quarters for government staff
|Description of Project Outputs||
Utilities restored (power)
Utilities restored (water)
Basic social services improved
Legal governance improved
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
National roads:65 km national roads rehabilitated by Dec 2012 -
B357 Paranthan to Pooneryn (25.7 km) rehabilitated by September 2013. B269 Mankulam to Vellankulam (40.0 km) rehabilitated by September 2014. Total 65.7 km.
Provincial roads: 100 km of provincial council roads rehabilitated by December 2012 -
25 contract packages for rehabilitation of ' provincial roads (including 2 causeways) in Kilinochchi, Mannar & Vavuniya were completed by September 2013.
A further 6 packages were completed by July 2014. Total of 72.1 km.
Urban and municipal council roads : 100 km of municipal, urban and Pradeshiya roads rehabilitated & improved by December 2012
90.5 km of municipal (42 km) and urban (48.5 km) roads in Jaffna, Mannar & Vavuniya districts rehabilitated and improved by July 2014.
17.9 km of Pradeshiya sabha roads rehabilitated and improved by October 2012. Total 108.4 km.
In addition, a total of 705 km of agricultural roads were rehabilitated under the irrigation components: 307 km (Jaffna, Vavuniya, Mannar) and 398 km under (in 6 districts of north, north central and eastern provinces), by June 2014.
Power sub-component: 67.2 km of power transmission line restored by June 2012-
A 132KV transmission line connecting the national grid at Kilinochchi with the Chunnakam grid substation restored and commission by September 2013.
One grid substation restored by June 2012- Chunnakam grid substation, Jaffna peninsula, completed August 2013, with capacity to provide 63.0 MW of power
750,000 people benefited by June 2012
Access to reliable power achieved for 160,000 houses (800,000 people) by October 2013, as well as for municipal, administrative and industrial users. Currently, 120,000 houses (92%) connected to reliable power supplies, remaining 40,000 houses in process of connection.
Water supply sub-component: Two water supply schemes restored by June 2012-
Point Pedro water supply scheme (Jaffna Peninsula) restored and commissioned by September 2014, incorporating an innovative system of abstracting water from an adjacent dune sand aquifer.
Eachchalampattu water supply scheme (Eastern Province) constructed by October 2014, commissioning October 2014.
35,000 people benefited by June 2012
The two schemes provide access to safe drinking water for 33,000 people. Point Pedro scheme provides access for 20,000 people and the Eachchalampattu scheme access for 13,000 people. Eachchalampattu has head works capacity to serve an additional 16,000 people in neighboring Serunuwara village
NP Irrigation Component : 10 small and medium-sized irrigation schemes rehabilitated by December 2012
Northern Province Irrigation Department rehabilitated dilapidated tank schemes in Mullaitivu, Vavuniya, Kilinochchi & Jaffna districts (4 large, 13 medium tanks and 7 SWE schemes). Additionally, 11 tank irrigation systems were rehabilitated in Welioya (Mullaitivu) and 38 small tank irrigation systems (Vavuniya, Mannar) and 109 agricultural roads, totaling 307 km (Jaffna, Vavuniya, Mannar) were rehabilitated. Rehabilitation was completed by April 2014. 6,839 farm families restarted cultivation on 12,759 ha, most were former IDPs.
NCP Irrigation Component-
North Central Province Irrigation Department rehabilitated 62 minor tank irrigation schemes in Anuradhpura district, covering a toal of 3,000 ha. Works completed by September 2014. 3,236 farm families restarted cultivation on 1,740 ha. Some 40% of farmers were former IDPs.
Small Irrigation schemes: About 200 infrastructure works and agricultural roads rehabilitated by July 2014-
151 small tank systems (including bund and head-work repairs & de-silting) and 129 agricultural roads (400 km) rehabiliated in 6 districts of NP, NCP & EP by June 2014. Most tanks rehabilitated in Anuradhapura were cascade systems. FOs were engaged as direct contractors' for 49 tank and 27 road contracts. Total of 6,692 farm families restarted cultivation on 4,157 ha, Most farmers were former IDPs.
Administrative Infrastructure component :10 administrative offices reconstructed and equipped by December 2012 -
Administrative offices and related facilities (including divisional & district secretariats, bungalows, quarters and store) constructed or re-constructed in Jaffna (3), Kilinochchi (6), Mullaitivu (4), Mannar (8) and Vavuniya (3) districts. All construction completed by March 2014; fully equipped by October 2014.
Legal Component : Up to nine judicial centers reconstructed, facilities provided, and made operational by December 2012. Reduced to three centers by March 2013 -
Court complexes constructed at Mallakam, Chavakachcheri and Kayts (Jaffna district) by December 2013, serving a population of 361,000 in the three jurisdictions.
Furnishing and equipment installed in Kayts and Chavakachcheri by March 2014 and Mallakam by July 2014.
Some additional furniture and computing equipment installed in the other court complexes in NP, to improve their performance.
The level of legal governance improved significantly at the three centers: the new facilities attracted judges and lawyers to return from Colombo; the rule of law has become respected.
After almost 30 years of instability, the presence of judges has created a new sense of stability. Land ownership issues and property rights are being resolved for returnees and IDPs.
The UNDP Access to Justice' training programme was successfully linked.
|Geographical Location||Chavakachcheri, Chemmalai, Chunnakam, Ichchilampattai, Jaffna District, Kilinochchi, Kilinochchi District, Mallakam, Manalkulam, Mannar, Mannar District, Mullaitivu District, Mullaittivu, Parantan, Point Pedro, Pooneryn, Vavuniya District, Velanai, Vellankulam|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is classified category B as it is unlikely that any proposed projects will lead to any adverse irreversible impacts. Initial environmental examinations will be conducted for the transmission line and grid substation, roads, and water supply components. Contracts for these components will be awarded only after approval of initial environmental examinations and environmental management plans by ADB and the government (if required), and the plans will form part of the contract documents. All other projects will follow environmental assessment procedures stipulated in the environmental assessment framework. The framework has been developed to ensure compliance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project is not expected to require land acquisition or resettlement, as reconstruction will occur at original sites or along existing corridors. However, since exact locations of projects have not been identified at this stage, resettlement impacts of a specific project of the loan will only be known during project implementation, and as a result the resettlement plans will be prepared, if necessary, in accordance with the resettlement framework in the course of project implementation. No project component or project with potential involuntary resettlement impacts will be implemented until an appropriate resettlement planning instrument to address such impacts is formulated, approved by ADB and respective authorities in the government, and implemented following the guidelines given in the resettlement framework. The resettlement framework sets out the policy and procedures for screening project components and projects to identify resettlement impacts, if any, and to guide the executing and implementing agencies on how to prepare resettlement plans to address such impacts adequately and to implement them effectively.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Nanayakkara, Aruna Uddeeptha|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Sri Lanka Resident Mission|
Ministry of Economic Development
464 T. B. Jaya Mawatha
|Concept Clearance||08 Mar 2010|
|Fact Finding||15 Oct 2009 to 01 Dec 2009|
|MRM||02 Mar 2010|
|Approval||15 Apr 2010|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||15 Apr 2010|
|Last PDS Update||15 Mar 2016|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|27 Sep 2010||11 Aug 2011||17 Oct 2011||30 Sep 2013||-||10 Apr 2014|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1.50||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||27 Sep 2010||0.00||1.40||94%|
|Cofinancing||1.50||27 Sep 2010||0.00||1.40||94%|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|15 Apr 2010||07 Jun 2010||02 Sep 2010||30 Sep 2013||30 Sep 2014||24 Jul 2017|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||150.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||150.00||15 Apr 2010||136.81||0.00||99%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||15 Apr 2010||138.17||0.00||100%|
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