Mongolia: Promoting Inclusive Financial Services for the Poor

Sovereign Project | 44112-012 Status: Closed

Summary

Component A

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Project Name Promoting Inclusive Financial Services for the Poor
Project Number 44112-012
Country Mongolia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9152-MON: Promoting Inclusive Financial Services for the Poor
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Finance - Inclusive finance

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

Component A

This component will improve the basic understanding of household financial management and available financial services. A selective national baseline survey will assess financial literacy. Financial regulators will use this and other information to identify key messages for the public. The messages are expected to include the need for regular cash savings; selective use of credit and borrowing; ways of choosing between alternative options for savings, loans, and other services; information on what financial agreements mean; and what to do in cases of financial trouble and stress. These messages will be commuicated by means of Mongolian drama series. A pilot o 6 episodes will be produced and presented on selected televesion stations and tested for effectiveness of message delivery and impact on financial behaviour. If the results are positive, the 6 episodes and an additional 25 episodes will be broadcast on national television from November to March during the evening, with an accompanying text-in system to test viewing rates and message delivery with small incentive payments for answers. After the project is completed, FRC has agreed to continue the series using its own funds, and Bank of Mongolia (BOM) will consider contributing to the broadcast and production cossts. If radio proves to be a more effective medium to reach poor households after the initial randomnized evaluation, project efforts will shift this to media.

Component B

This component will improve the basic understanding of household financial management and available financial services. A selective national baseline survey will assess financial literacy. Financial regulators will use this and other information to identify key messages for the public. The messages are expected to include the need for regular cash savings; selective use of credit and borrowing; ways of choosing between alternative options for savings, loans, and other services; information on what financial agreements mean; and what to do in cases of financial trouble and stress. These messages will be communicated by means of a Mongolian drama series. A pilot of 6 episodes will be produced and presented on selected television stations and tested for effectiveness of message delivery and impact on financial behavior. If the results are positive, the 6 episodes and an additional 24 episodes will be broadcast on national television from November to March during the evening, with an accompanying text-in system to test viewing rates and message delivery with small incentive payments for answers. After the project is completed, FRC has agreed to continue the series using its own funds, and Bank of Mongolia (BONI) will consider contributing to the broadcast and production costs. If radio proves to be a more effective medium to reach poor households after the initial randomnized evaluation, project efforts will shift to this media.

Component C

This component will improve capacity for efficient project implementation, support management and coordination by FRC, and provide for rigorous and timely evaluation of results. FRC will assign staff to implement the project and perform the following functions under this component: (i) oversee the JFPR grant and budget; (ii) ensure completion and submission of required annual audit reports; (iii) select consultants, complete procurement, and finalize required subcontracts and oversee their implementation; (iv) ensure

monitoring and evaluation activities, including financial audits; (v) ensure that Mongolia Confederation of Credit Unions and Mongolia Cooperative Training and Information Center activities are undertaken, and stakeholder exchanges are established; (vi) coordinate with the project steering committee, SCCs, local governments, BOM, and other stakeholders; and (vii) incorporate project achievements, activities, and lessons into ongoing, government-funded work of FRC, the Mongolia Confederation of Credit Unions, and the Mongolia Cooperative Training and Information Center. Government counterpart contributions will include staff, office space, local transport and logistics, and meeting activities.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The current CPS, extended for one year beyond expiry, provides for implementation of the two major pillars of the Government?s strategy: (i) stable broad-based growth and (ii) inclusive social development. Country assistance under the first pillar includes opening economic opportunities in rural areas. The second pillar involves increases in economic opportunities and raising and stabilizing incomes, reducing unemployment, and improving education and living conditions. Under Strategy 2020, poverty reduction via inclusive economic growth is the first agenda. Good governance and capacity building, private sector development, and gender equity are three of the four drivers of change. Finance sector development is one of the five core areas of change. The proposed JFPR touches upon all these priorities.
Impact Increased number of poor and vulnerable nonpoor households (male and female household heads) in Mongolia have access to financial services

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Increased number of poor and vulnerable nonpoor (male and female) become members of savings and credit cooperatives
Progress Toward Outcome The TV series broadcasted in January 13, 2015 and completed by February 12, 2015 on Education TV channel. The second broadcasting via MNB TV of the TV series completed in March 2015. During the broadcasting of the TV series message surveys were conducted to measure the change of behavior, knowledge and attitude of the viewers as well as determine the rating of the series. The conclusion of the message survey reveals that the project has defined the means of its delivery method of the information and knowledge to improve the public financial education rationally and successfully.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. SCC regulatory and supervision system updated to meet new legal requirements and market conditions

2. SCC field operations validate

3. Basic financial education messages effectively coimmunicated to the public

4. Impact of SCC capacity training options and basic financial education evaluated

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

FRC has organized 5 regional discussions on regulations with international consultants' inputs on such issues as stabilization fund, regulation and supervision system. In total, 348 board and elected members from 136 SCCs have participated and actively involved to the revisions of the regulations. Regulatory consultant made her recommendations and The regulatory advisor's proposal discussed amongst the stakeholders. Finalized revisions into Stabilization fund regulation with inputs from Regulatory advisor approved by FRC in December 2014. General regulation is presented for confirmation.

On-site and off-site supervision requirements were revised with inputs from ADB consultants and private sector, and were approved FRC management. The development of risk-based inspection is ongoing.

SCCs prepared the financial report for 2013 year end and for 2014 in compliance with the newly approved regulation on prudential ratio. FRC inspectors reviewed the reports and provided necessary comments and advices.

Second assessment has started in June and completed by November covering 95.7% of all SCCs. Consolidated reports and comparative statements introduced to PSC in December 2014. Final report will be introduced to the FRC in February, 2015

M&E team has developed the methodology to assess the effectiveness of SCC capacity building training.

The financial ratio analysis for the sampled 30 cooperatives will be done based on FRC 2014 annual reports in the second quarter of 2015.

Data for this indicator was collected from respondents who participated in the financial education survey. 749 respondents took part in the survey.

TV series with 24 episodes total lasts of 840 minutes completed in December 2014.

Broadcasting started in January 2015 via Edutainment channel all over the country. The pre and post drama survey completed. The unified report will be developed after endline survey is completed. Baseline survey data collection and data entry was completed. The report is finalized both in English and Mongolian. The TV drama became the 2nd most watched TV show through Education TV channel, one of the most popular TV channels nationwide. According to the program analysis of Maxima media, 33.6% of television-watching adults (male and female) watched the TV drama. Amongst the audiences, unemployed people with lower economic condition were the main audience of the program.

Financial education functional tests have been developed and finalized. The software was developed, tested and finalized. Text-in message survey completed. The full survey included 6 short surveys with 24 questions. More than 50% of those surveyed (male and female) have correctly responded to multiple choice television questions on financial education messages. 84.1% of surveyed responded that their financial literacy improved after watching the TV drama.

SCC test results are compiled. Training test results will be incorporated in SCC assessment report.

The financial performance analysis of the sampled project participating SCC s will be finalized in the second quarter of 2015 based on FRC data.

Financial education baseline survey is completed and report is finalized both in Mongolian and English.

The endline survey will be conducted in May-June 2015. The comparison analysis of pre-post survey will be completed by mid July 2015.

Geographical Location Mongolia, specific areas TBD

Safeguard Categories

Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects No impact. No further action is required.
Involuntary Resettlement No impact. No further action is required.
Indigenous Peoples Not applicable
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Extensive consultations with stakeholders. Consultant did survey of 300 rural households to determine issues in SCC operations and financial educatoin. Multiple rounds of discussions took place in three regions, and with SCCs, regulators, MOCCU, MCTIC, the NCA, and relevant government bodies.
During Project Implementation Parliament passed new SCC law end January 2012 after which project was signed. Ongoing consultations with SCCs and their members nationwide, along with MOCCU and MCTIC, is part of the project activities. Recruited consultants are working extensively with the EA and IAs to achive the project's highly sucessful outcome. On the financial education, the project team uses the world bank survey and conducted a field survey to determine fiscal literacy level of people living in Ulaanbaatar and rural areas.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services Individual consultants will be selected and engaged by ADB in accordance with the guidelines on the use of Consultants.
Procurement Procurement under the project will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2012, as amended from time to time). Goods, services, and works estimated to cost the equivalent of less than $100,000 will be procured by ADB's shopping procedure. Goods and services with an estimated value of less than $500,000 and works with an estimated value of less than $1,000,000 will be procured using national competitive bidding. Items costing less than $1,000 may be directly purchased from the supplier.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Enerelt Enkhbold
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Mongolia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Financial Regulatory Commission of Mongolia
[email protected]
Government House IY, Baga Toiruu-6,
Ulaanbaatar-46
Mongolia

Timetable

Concept Clearance 20 Apr 2010
Fact Finding 30 Jun 2010 to 07 Jul 2010
MRM -
Approval 17 Dec 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 14 Apr 2010
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

Grant 9152-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Dec 2010 17 Jan 2012 17 Jan 2012 17 Jan 2015 30 Apr 2016 24 Aug 2016
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.91 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 17 Dec 2010 0.00 2.48 99%
Counterpart 0.41 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.50 17 Dec 2010 0.00 2.48 99%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - -
Title Document Type Document Date
Promoting Inclusive Financial Services for the Poor Procurement Plans Mar 2014
Promoting Inclusive Financial Services for the Poor Grant Assistance Reports Nov 2010

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


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