Regional: Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines

Sovereign (Public) Project | 44129-012

The goal of the project is to raise the income levels of the the poor coastal communities in Berau, East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac, Palawan, Philippines by pilot-testing support mechanisms for sustainable livelihoods . The objective of the Project is to develop model alternative livelihoods that will involve women and indigenous people in the development process.

The components will include:

A. Social Preparation that support the following activities: (i) poverty assessment to identify specific project sites and potential beneficiaries, particularly very poor fishers, women, and indigenous peoples in the target coastal communities; (ii) social preparation to improve the attitude of target beneficiaries from mere recipients of government aid to managers of their own livelihoods; (iii) organization and training of beneficiaries in business and financial management; and (iv) participatory planning in selecting business enterprises and the conduct of feasibility studies.

Project Details

Project Name Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines
Project Number 44129-012
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9160-REG: Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources / Agriculture, natural resources and rural development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The goal of the project is to raise the income levels of the the poor coastal communities in Berau, East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac, Palawan, Philippines by pilot-testing support mechanisms for sustainable livelihoods . The objective of the Project is to develop model alternative livelihoods that will involve women and indigenous people in the development process.

The components will include:

A. Social Preparation that support the following activities: (i) poverty assessment to identify specific project sites and potential beneficiaries, particularly very poor fishers, women, and indigenous peoples in the target coastal communities; (ii) social preparation to improve the attitude of target beneficiaries from mere recipients of government aid to managers of their own livelihoods; (iii) organization and training of beneficiaries in business and financial management; and (iv) participatory planning in selecting business enterprises and the conduct of feasibility studies.

B. Livelihood Development and Implementation that support the establishment and development of financially sustainable and ecosystem-friendly livelihood activities; and livelihood support mechanisms for the provision of (i) technical services; (ii) production, post-harvest, and processing of inputs; (iii) financial facilitation services; and (iv) marketing information and services; v) a production profit- and risk-sharing system among project participants (NGOs, the private sector, and beneficiaries); vi) a marketing system to assist target beneficiaries to access wider markets and required market facilities; and vii) a program to mobilize savings from capital build up and profits from the livelihood activities of project beneficiaries to fund the growth of existing livelihoods of beneficiaries and expand the number of beneficiaries. This component will also include an Enterprise Skills Traning Program that will develop the technical and managerial skills of beneficiaries.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The development of sustainable alternative livelihoods to reduce poverty in coastal communities in Indonesia and the Philippines was identified as a priority action by the National Coordinating Committees (NCCs) of these countries under their respective National Plans of Action (NPOAs) of the Coral Triangle Initiative: Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI). The Project will contribute towards meeting country commitments to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is also consistent with the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Strategy 2020: The Long-Term Strategic Framework for 2008 - 2020, its vision of an Asia and Pacific free of poverty, and its mission to help reduce poverty and improve living conditions and quality of life. The Project likewise falls within ADB's core areas of operation in scaling up environmentally sustainable development and addressing climate change.
Impact The Project is expected to result in the improved status of coastal and marine ecosystems and resources and the increased climate change resiliency of coastal communities in identified sites in the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion in Indonesia and the Philippines. Effective environmental management will be in place in 20-30% of coastal and marine ecosystems in selected sites by 2012. The improved status of mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs will reduce the vulnerability of coastal habitats and communities to storms and coastal erosion impacts, and serve as the first line of defense of communities vulnerable to climate change.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The Project is intended to provide coastal communities in East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac Islands, Philippines with sustainable alternative livelihoods that will enable them to rise above the poverty line by the end of the three-year implementation period.
Progress Toward Outcome

Indonesia component:

There are 52 community groups in 4 categories, and 10 modules were developed.

Philippines' component:

Poultry production was pilot-tested at the Balabac National High School where the project demo farm is located. 200 two-day old chicks were transported to Balabac, brooding was performed at the Balabac staff house. Due to long travel time (two days), intermittent power supply, and lack of inverter with sufficient capacity to stabilize electricity for heating the chicks, high mortality of about 50% was experienced for the layer type chicks (females) and 30% for the meat type (males). After 60 days in the staff house, the chickens were transferred to the demo farm in Balabac National High School (BNHS). The chickens were bred with the native parawakans. The island-born chicks were observed to be stronger and more adapted to Balabac conditions.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Targeted beneficiaries in coastal communities in Berau District and Balabac trained to develop business plans for livelihoods

Viable livelihoods successfully implemented by organized coastal community groups

Effective project management system operational

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1:

Indonesia component:

(i) conducted site visits and validation surveys; (ii) selected 8 project sites (villages) in 2 sub-districts and targeted 286 livelihood direct beneficiaries (households), of which 184 are women; (iii) provided 48 enterprise skills development training activities (production skills, group management, book keeping, marketing, certification for food processing) for 902 beneficiaries, of which 631 or 70% are women; (iv)prepared 52 business plans for enterprises of 10 modules in 4 categories: (a) 20 fish processed products (cracker (12), floss (2), fish ball (3), drying/salt fish (3)), (b) shrimp paste [1], (c) small enterprises [25] (fish trade (1), souvenirs production, and (d) sales (8), caf management in mangrove area (6), rental shop management (10) dinghy (1), snorkeling gears (7), bicycles (2) and payment for ecosystem services [6] (mangrove forest trekking routes management (2), seagrass conservation (1), coral reef replantation (1), information centers (2) to showcase knowledge products on the project, ecosystem and villages; and

(v) established business partnerships with three private entities, (1) 2 resort hotels in Derawan and Maratua that sold souvenirs, (2) 13 supermarkets across Berau, and (3) Czech-based Save Turtle' (a nongovernment organization) to send and sell souvenirs in Czech based on the sales agreement.

Philippines' component:

(i) conducted site visits and validation surveys in all 12 villages/barangays;

(ii) selected project sites (villages/ barangays) of 12 and targeted livelihood direct beneficiaries of 409 as exceeding the 7 and 275 of targets mentioned in DMF respectively (DMF targets; 550 for INO and PHI); (iii) conducted enterprise skills development training activities; and (iv) prepared 42 business plans for enterprises of 6 modules (goat meat type (10), goat dairy type (6), chicken meat type (9), chicken layer type (8), seaweeds (7), and handicraft (2)) (DMF targets: 40 plans for INO and PHI). Of which, 26 or 62% are led by women with an expected FIRR of more than 20%; and

(iv) established partnership with Save Philippine Seas Foundation of Jewelmer Pearl Farm Corporation for the provision of additional seaweeds planting materials to 90 seaweeds farmers and monitoring of seaweeds farming enterprise after the project completion.

Output 2:

Indonesia component:

(i) coordinated with related agencies and partners (e.g. GIZ, the Embassy of US America in Indonesia (Millennium Challenge Account), Forum Lingkungan Mulawarman on livelihood skills training and product marketability; (ii) identified 10 alternative livelihood modules in 4 categories: (a) fish processed products, (b) shrimp paste, and (c) small enterprises and (d) payment for ecosystem services through public consultation since 2014; (iii) conducted 15 business plan trainings with 272 beneficiaries, of which 198 or 72.8% are women; and (iv) established 52 alternative livelihood units, of which 32 or 61% are led by women. As these are non-income generating activities, 6 units in PES category were not calculated. Out of 46 units, FIRRs of 40 units were already achieved, and these were incorporated in the final report and M&E report.

Philippines' component:

(i) Coordinated with related agencies and project partners on livelihood skills training (Technological Education and Skills Development Authority) and product marketability (SATRE Technology Resource Development Association, Inc.); (ii)Identified 10 alternative livelihood modules in four categories: (a) Goat raising (meat and dairy), (b) Poultry Production (meat and layer), (c) Seaweeds Farming, and (d) Skills Development (Welding, Masonry, Carpentry, Food Processing and Mat Weaving) through Participatory Identification of Sustainable Alternative Livelihood Projects and the Local Technical Working Group meeting frp, September 2015 onwards; (iii) procured chickens and goats in a cage and harvested organic vegetable in a demo farm in the Balabac National High School, (iv) conducted lecture and hands-on technical applications to 108 senior high school students (Grade 11-12) on integrated organic agriculture and permaculture, of which 81 are women;

(v) consolidated the livelihood survey list for profiling 409 community partners and sustainability of livelihood modules; (vi) conducted business plan training of trainers for field staff (trained trainers: 7); (vii) conducted community small business management trainings to 185 community partners of which 72 are women; (viii) conducted alternative livelihood and development training on poultry production (20 trainees), goat raising (80 trainees), seaweeds farming, (batch 1: 90 trainees, batch 2: 100 trainees, welding (20 trainees), masonry (19 trainees), and weaving (batch 1: 20 trainees, batch 2: 20 trainees, carpentry (21 trainees) and food processing (19 trainees) and (vii) established 409 alternative livelihood units, of which 189 or 46% are led by women projected to earn at least 20% FIRR.

Output 3:

Indonesia component:

(i) M&E report was submitted to ADB in 10 November 2018; (ii) Knowledge products were prepared by the EA as follows: (1) the website was established in December 2016; (2) 140 pieces of knowledge products as articles of nation-wide science magazine, named Science Indonesia' was prepared and disseminated to central and local officials, NGO and coastal communities in Berau and participants during the "Our Ocean Conference" in Bali, Indonesia from 28-30 October 2018;

(3) 100 pieces of knowledge products/booklets entitled Lifting Pearls from the Berau Coasts' was prepared and will be disseminated to central and local officials and local communities in Berau and participants in Our Ocean Conference in Bali; and

(4) video was prepared on 15 November 2018 and uploaded on the website.

Philippines' component:

(i) M&E report was submitted to ADB in November 2018.; (ii) Knowledge products were prepared by the EA as the following: (1) knowledge sharing product of livelihood manuals (goat meat and dairy; chicken meat and egg; and seaweeds farming (900 pcs) were prepared and disseminated to community partners and adjacent villages; the same were provided to the provincial agriculture office for sharing to other municipalities in the province;

(2) full project video documentation; short video clip _Stories from the Field_ (lessons and experiences in the implementation of JFPR 9160) showcasing personal lessons and experiences of Indigenous People project staff was prepared, and shared to ADB, municipalities, other partner stakeholders and the PCSD Council (multi-sectoral group of nationwide representation); (3) a short social media clip was prepared and uploaded to social media sites and PCSD website for wider dissemination; (iii) conducted project monitoring meetings for local technical working group with the EA, consultant (CESD) and representatives of the Local Government Unit since 2015 based on the Memorandum of Agreement between the LGU (Mayor of Balabac) and the EA; (iv) prepared M&E system for sustainability of the project's outputs; (v) project sustainability plan was prepared and presented to the PCSD (Council) in 25 November 2018 for adoption to ensure uptake of identified concerned agencies for project sustainability; (vi) project activities were featured in PCSD Updates, a monthly newsletter publication of the EA in issues with provincial-wide dissemination.

Geographical Location Regional
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

Discussions at the national level were conducted with the representatives of relevant units in MMAF in Indonesia (i.e. Planning Bureau, External Cooperation, Directorate of Community Empowerment and Directorate of National Marine Parks) and the different sections of District Marine Affairs and Fisheries Office in Berau at the local level (including Coasts and Small Islands, Law Enforcement, Aquaculture and Post-Harvest). Representatives from the Directorates of Community Empowerment and the National Marine Parks joined the field trips during project preparation, together with the of head of the Fishers Forum of Berau and the head of Law Enforcement unit of the District Marine Affairs and Fisheries Office. Meetings were also conducted with the joint program of The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

In Balabac Philippines, consultations were conducted with the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development Staff (PCSDS), the head of the Center for Strategic Policy and Governance of Palawan State University, the mayor of Balabac and his municipal development officer, municipal agricultural officer, and municipal social works and development officer (MSWDO). Female government officials, both at the national and local levels, who are involved in the empowerment of women joined the field trips, such as the representative of the Directorate of Community Empowerment of the Directorate General of Marine, Coasts, and Small Islands (DGMCSI) in Indonesia and the MSWDO of Balabac. Consultations were also made with local fishers, traders, village officials, and Molbog leaders from several target communities, wherein several village women, mostly engaged in processing, were also involved in the discussions.

During Project Implementation

For the PHI component, the consulting firm started in March 2015. The Project (i) met with possible project partners on pearl hatchery, and (ii) discussed with related agencies and project partners on livelihood skills training and product marketability. The team discussed with related agencies and project partners on livelihood skills training and product marketability. The team also interacted with target barangays, government agencies in the field, and people's organizations.The project implementation is bottom-up through participatory assessments and inputs from the communities.

For the INO component, the project management consulting firm mobilized in June 2016. The Project (i) conducted focus group discussions in the project areas, (ii) conceptualized the project details based on current circumstances, (iii) conducted socialization on activities, and (iv) trained coastal community groups for community development.

The project implementation is bottom-up through participatory assessments and inputs from the communities.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services tbd
Procurement tbd
Responsible ADB Officer Leung, Leonard H.
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Marine Affairs & Fisheries
Indonesia
Palawan Council For Sustainable Development Staff
3rd Floor, Victoria I Bldg.
1670 Quezon Avenue, Quezon City
Metro Manila, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Aug 2011
Fact Finding 16 May 2010 to 28 May 2010
MRM -
Approval 02 Nov 2011
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 28 Jun 2010
Last PDS Update 30 Sep 2019

Grant 9160-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Nov 2011 15 May 2012 15 May 2012 15 Nov 2015 15 Nov 2018 25 Oct 2019
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 07 Sep 2021 0.00 1.35 67%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 07 Sep 2021 0.00 1.35 67%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist (Indonesia) Individual - Consulting Closed 19 May 2018 25 May 2018
Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist (Philippines) Individual - Consulting Closed 19 May 2018 25 May 2018

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found


Procurement Plan

None currently available.