44129-012: Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines | Asian Development Bank

Regional: Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines

Sovereign (Public) Project | 44129-012 Status: Active

The goal of the project is to raise the income levels of the the poor coastal communities in Berau, East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac, Palawan, Philippines by pilot-testing support mechanisms for sustainable livelihoods . The objective of the Project is to develop model alternative livelihoods that will involve women and indigenous people in the development process.

The components will include:

A. Social Preparation that support the following activities: (i) poverty assessment to identify specific project sites and potential beneficiaries, particularly very poor fishers, women, and indigenous peoples in the target coastal communities; (ii) social preparation to improve the attitude of target beneficiaries from mere recipients of government aid to managers of their own livelihoods; (iii) organization and training of beneficiaries in business and financial management; and (iv) participatory planning in selecting business enterprises and the conduct of feasibility studies.

Project Details

Project Officer
Matsuda, Hideki Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Regional
Modality
  • Grant
 
Project Name Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines
Project Number 44129-012
Country Regional
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9160-REG: Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources / Fishery

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The goal of the project is to raise the income levels of the the poor coastal communities in Berau, East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac, Palawan, Philippines by pilot-testing support mechanisms for sustainable livelihoods . The objective of the Project is to develop model alternative livelihoods that will involve women and indigenous people in the development process.

The components will include:

A. Social Preparation that support the following activities: (i) poverty assessment to identify specific project sites and potential beneficiaries, particularly very poor fishers, women, and indigenous peoples in the target coastal communities; (ii) social preparation to improve the attitude of target beneficiaries from mere recipients of government aid to managers of their own livelihoods; (iii) organization and training of beneficiaries in business and financial management; and (iv) participatory planning in selecting business enterprises and the conduct of feasibility studies.

B. Livelihood Development and Implementation that support the establishment and development of financially sustainable and ecosystem-friendly livelihood activities; and livelihood support mechanisms for the provision of (i) technical services; (ii) production, post-harvest, and processing of inputs; (iii) financial facilitation services; and (iv) marketing information and services; v) a production profit- and risk-sharing system among project participants (NGOs, the private sector, and beneficiaries); vi) a marketing system to assist target beneficiaries to access wider markets and required market facilities; and vii) a program to mobilize savings from capital build up and profits from the livelihood activities of project beneficiaries to fund the growth of existing livelihoods of beneficiaries and expand the number of beneficiaries. This component will also include an Enterprise Skills Traning Program that will develop the technical and managerial skills of beneficiaries.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The development of sustainable alternative livelihoods to reduce poverty in coastal communities in Indonesia and the Philippines was identified as a priority action by the National Coordinating Committees (NCCs) of these countries under their respective National Plans of Action (NPOAs) of the Coral Triangle Initiative: Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI). The Project will contribute towards meeting country commitments to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is also consistent with the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Strategy 2020: The Long-Term Strategic Framework for 2008 - 2020, its vision of an Asia and Pacific free of poverty, and its mission to help reduce poverty and improve living conditions and quality of life. The Project likewise falls within ADB's core areas of operation in scaling up environmentally sustainable development and addressing climate change.
Impact The Project is expected to result in the improved status of coastal and marine ecosystems and resources and the increased climate change resiliency of coastal communities in identified sites in the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion in Indonesia and the Philippines. Effective environmental management will be in place in 20-30% of coastal and marine ecosystems in selected sites by 2012. The improved status of mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs will reduce the vulnerability of coastal habitats and communities to storms and coastal erosion impacts, and serve as the first line of defense of communities vulnerable to climate change.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The Project is intended to provide coastal communities in East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac Islands, Philippines with sustainable alternative livelihoods that will enable them to rise above the poverty line by the end of the three-year implementation period.
Progress Toward Outcome The project management system is in place through building capacities of the local government unit, project staff, and the executing agency staff. Work plans were submitted to ADB. The executing agency and consulting firm did participatory monitoring and evaluation and impact assessments, with at least one project knowledge product disseminated through media. The recent ADB review mission was fielded in the Philippines from 13-16 March 2018. The next review mission for Indonesia is scheduled during the last week of April 2018.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Targeted beneficiaries in coastal communities in Berau District and Balabac trained to develop business plans for livelihoods

Viable livelihoods successfully implemented by organized coastal community groups

Effective project management system operational

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

i. Targeted beneficiaries in coastal communities in Berau District and Balabac trained to develop business plans for livelihoods

a. Philippines' component:

(i) conducted site visits and validation surveys; (ii) identified project site and targeted livelihood direct beneficiaries of 290 as exceeding 275 of targets mentioned in Design and Monitoring Framework (DMF targets; 550 for INO and PHI); (iii) conducted enterprise skills development training activities; and (iv) prepared 42 business plans for enterprises ( goat meat type (10), goat dairy type (6), chicken meat type (9), chicken layer type (8), seaweeds (7), and handicraft (2)) (DMF targets: 40 plans for INO and PHI). Of which, 26 or 62% are led by women.

b. Indonesia component:

Conducted training on proposal preparation, book keeping, group management, value chain and preparation of technical guidelines and marketing strategy. Livelihood development started.

ii. Viable livelihoods successfully implemented by organized coastal community groups

a. Philippines' component:

(i) coordinated with related agencies and project partners on livelihood skills training and product marketability; (ii) procured chickens and goats in a cage and harvested organic vegetable in a demo farm in the Balabac National High School, and lectured the senior high school students on integrated agriculture and permaculture; (iii) consolidated and matched the livelihood survey list for profiling partners and sustainability of livelihood modules; (iv) conducted business plan training of trainers for field staff (trained trainers: 7); (v) conducted alternative livelihood and development training on poultry production (20 trainees, to be conducted in April 2018), goat raising (80 trainees, to be conducted in April 2018), seaweeds farming, (batch 1: 91 trainees, batch 2: 100 trainees (to be conducted in May 2018), welding (20 trainees), masonry (19 trainees), and weaving (batch 1: 20 trainees, batch 2: 20 trainees (to be conducted in May 2018), carpentry (21 trainees) and food processing (19 trainees) and (vi) established 290 alternative livelihood units, of which 111 or 38% would be led by women earning 20% FIRR. (DMF targets; 80 for INO and PHI).

Indonesia component:

(i) prepared the website and interim report; and (ii) prepared coastal community group proposals.

iii. Effective project management system operational

The project management consultant for Philippines was mobilized in March 2015. The EA revised the work plans and procurement plan.

a. Philippines component:

(i) conducted project monitoring meetings for local technical working group with the EA, consultant (CESD) and representatives of the Local Government Unit (LGU) since 2015 based on the Memorandum of Agreement between the LGU (Mayor of Balabac) and the EA; (ii) prepared M&E system for sustainability of the project outputs; and (iii) prepared quarterly progress reports.

b. Indonesia component:

(i) prepared desk studies for the action plan and gender action plan analysis; (ii) gathered general information on project sites; (iii) engaged in socialization activities; (iv) profiling and verification; and (v) training coastal community groups for community development.

Geographical Location Regional
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

Discussions at the national level were conducted with the representatives of relevant units in MMAF in Indonesia (i.e. Planning Bureau, External Cooperation, Directorate of Community Empowerment and Directorate of National Marine Parks) and the different sections of District Marine Affairs and Fisheries Office in Berau at the local level (including Coasts and Small Islands, Law Enforcement, Aquaculture and Post-Harvest). Representatives from the Directorates of Community Empowerment and the National Marine Parks joined the field trips during project preparation, together with the of head of the Fishers Forum of Berau and the head of Law Enforcement unit of the District Marine Affairs and Fisheries Office. Meetings were also conducted with the joint program of The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

In Balabac Philippines, consultations were conducted with the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development Staff (PCSDS), the head of the Center for Strategic Policy and Governance of Palawan State University, the mayor of Balabac and his municipal development officer, municipal agricultural officer, and municipal social works and development officer (MSWDO). Female government officials, both at the national and local levels, who are involved in the empowerment of women joined the field trips, such as the representative of the Directorate of Community Empowerment of the Directorate General of Marine, Coasts, and Small Islands (DGMCSI) in Indonesia and the MSWDO of Balabac. Consultations were also made with local fishers, traders, village officials, and Molbog leaders from several target communities, wherein several village women, mostly engaged in processing, were also involved in the discussions.

During Project Implementation

For the PHI component, the consulting firm started in March 2015. The Project (i) met with possible project partners on pearl hatchery, and (ii) discussed with related agencies and project partners on livelihood skills training and product marketability. The team discussed with related agencies and project partners on livelihood skills training and product marketability. The team also interacted with target barangays, government agencies in the field, and people's organizations.The project implementation is bottom-up through participatory assessments and inputs from the communities.

For the INO component, the project management consulting firm mobilized in June 2016. The Project (i) conducted focus group discussions in the project areas, (ii) conceptualized the project details based on current circumstances, (iii) conducted socialization on activities, and (iv) trained coastal community groups for community development.

The project implementation is bottom-up through participatory assessments and inputs from the communities.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services tbd
Procurement tbd
Responsible ADB Officer Matsuda, Hideki
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Marine Affairs & Fisheries
Indonesia
Palawan Council For Sustainable Development Staff
3rd Floor, Victoria I Bldg.
1670 Quezon Avenue, Quezon City
Metro Manila, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Aug 2011
Fact Finding 16 May 2010 to 28 May 2010
MRM -
Approval 02 Nov 2011
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 28 Jun 2010
Last PDS Update 22 Mar 2018

Grant 9160-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Nov 2011 15 May 2012 15 May 2012 15 Nov 2015 15 Nov 2018 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 02 Nov 2011 0.00 1.03 51%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 02 Nov 2011 0.00 1.90 95%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist (Indonesia) Individual - Consulting Closed 19 May 2018 25 May 2018
Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist (Philippines) Individual - Consulting Closed 19 May 2018 25 May 2018

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.