Timor-Leste: District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project)

Sovereign Project | 44130-022

ADB is helping Timor-Leste improve the supply of safe drinking water to more people in the country. The project will upgrade supply systems to provide 24-hour, potable water to over 30,000 people in the district capitals of Manatuto and Pante Macasar. Assistance will also be given to rehabilitate Lehumo Lake in Ermera District to improve livelihood opportunities in the surrounding communities.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Ribeiro, Tiago
    Southeast Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project)
Project Number 44130-022
Country / Economy Timor-Leste
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0258-TIM: District Capitals Water Supply Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 11.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Water-based natural resources management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The Timor-Leste: Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project will help Ermera, Oecussi, and another district manage their water resources better. The Project will reduce water-related diseases and raise household incomes, particularly for women.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Unsafe water and inadequate sanitation cause diarrhea and child malnutrition. Because few people in Oecussi can access safe drinking water and improved sanitation, the under-five mortality rate is higher than the national . In Oecussi's main town, Pante Makasar, it is unsafe and unreliable water supply system results from a dilapidated network and lack of institutional capacity. Pante Makasar usually receives water a few hours a week or not at all. Peri-urban communities in Oecusse show lower access levels to improved sanitation than the national average. This may be due to house holders lack of awareness and low financial capacity to invest in basic infrastructure. This impacts people's health and contaminates shallow household's wells. Also, the lack of access to safe water increases women's workloads as they fetch water while caring for children affected by water-related diseases .

In Timor-Leste, 50% of the population lives on less than $0.80 per capita per day , below the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of $1.25 per capita per day. Of employed Timorese, those engaged in farming have the highest poverty incidence and account for 88% of the poor. The economies of Oecussi and Ermera are based on low productivity farming and provide very few employment opportunities outside of farming. In these Districts, 72% of the population are farmers or do unpaid housework. Farming low productivity and limited diversification of the economy are the result of infrastructure destruction during the last decade. There is difficulty accessing markets and inputs such as seeds or irrigation.

Improving roads and water supply are the highest priorities for the Government of Timor-Leste followed by food security. In accordance with these priorities, the Government of Timor-Leste has requested Asian Development Bank's (ADB) assistance to rehabilitate the Pante Makasar water supply system, improve sanitation in Oecussi District, and rehabilitate Debo Lehumo Lake in the sub-district of Eraulo to enable fish farming and irrigation activities to recommence.


More people enjoy improved supply of drinking water in Timor-Leste

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

NDWSS provides safe and reliable water supply to district capitals Manatuto and Pante Macasar

Progress Toward Outcome The Manatuto and Pante Makasar rehabilitation works are now completed. Tender for piloting O&M in Manatuto is in progress, expected contract to be awarded by end of 2018
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

NDWSS rehabilitates and expands Manatuto and Pante Macasar water supply systems

Households in Manatuto and Pante Macasar have increased knowledge of efficient use of water resources and safe hygiene practices

Sustainable O&M of water systems practiced by DDWSS in district capitals

Executing and implementing agencies provide efficient project management and monitoring services.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed: Manatuto in December 2016, and Pante Macassar in January 2018

Awareness campaign phase 1 completed, next phase to be started soon.

O&M tender is in progress. Tender for O&M was launched in August and expected contract award by end of 2018

The output (#4) has been removed due to budget constraint.

2590 household in Mantuto and Pante Macassar is now connected to new water water supply system.

Ongoing support on efficient project management is provided by the PMU.

Geographical Location Debo Lehumo, Manatuto, Pante Makasar
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project main components are the rehabilitation of 2 water networks (one serving the town of Pante Makasar and another for Manatuto town). The project original plan also includes the rehabilitation of the weirs of an existing artificial lake with a catchment area of 48 Hectares, however, To date, this output has been cancelled due cost escalation, limited budget and government's inability to finance cost overruns.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is categorized as involuntary resettlement category C, hence no resettlement plan was prepared. In Pante Macasar, based on initial surveys and public consultations, no private land acquisition will be necessary for the development works. The proposed new location for the Santa Rosa storage and treatment facilities, which is just 100 meters off the existing site, is government-owned land and will be provided to the project at no cost. Private land acquisition is also not required for the Lehumo Lake and Manatuto components. Cultural traditions for the use of water sources will be respected and are included in the consultation and participation plan.
Indigenous Peoples The project is categorized as indigenous peoples category C, hence no resettlement plan was prepared.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation Liaise with other government agencies and major stakeholders in the urban sector to ensure coordination and facilitate knowledge sharing. A consultation and participation plan has been prepared for the project.
Responsible ADB Officer Ribeiro, Tiago
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Timor-Leste Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Infrastructure
Ministry of Public Works
Concept Clearance 17 Nov 2010
Fact Finding 18 Jul 2011 to 21 Jul 2011
MRM 12 Aug 2011
Approval 23 Sep 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 24 Sep 2018

Grant 0258-TIM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2011 28 Oct 2011 09 Mar 2012 30 Jun 2017 30 Jun 2021 31 Dec 2021
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 14.32 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 11.00 30 Sep 2022 10.85 0.00 100%
Counterpart 3.32 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 30 Sep 2022 10.85 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Partly satisfactory - Unsatisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

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Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Water Supply Technical Adviser Individual - Consulting Closed 25 May 2020 31 May 2020
Water Supply Engineer Individual - Consulting Closed 08 Jul 2019 14 Jul 2019
ADB Grant 0258-TIM: District Capitals Water Supply Project [ICB/002/MPW-2018] Invitation for Bids Closed 09 Aug 2018 20 Sep 2018

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
District Capitals Water Supply Project Procurement Plans Apr 2013