Timor-Leste: District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project)

Sovereign Project | 44130-022 Status: Active

Summary

ADB is helping Timor-Leste improve the supply of safe drinking water to more people in the country. The project will upgrade supply systems to provide 24-hour, potable water to over 30,000 people in the district capitals of Manatuto and Pante Macasar. Assistance will also be given to rehabilitate Lehumo Lake in Ermera District to improve livelihood opportunities in the surrounding communities.

Latest Project Documents

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Procurement Notices See also: Operational Procurement

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project)
Project Number 44130-022
Country Timor-Leste
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0258-TIM: District Capitals Water Supply Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 11.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The Timor-Leste: Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project will help Ermera, Oecussi, and another district manage their water resources better. The Project will reduce water-related diseases and raise household incomes, particularly for women.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Unsafe water and inadequate sanitation cause diarrhea and child malnutrition. Because few people in Oecussi can access safe drinking water and improved sanitation, the under-five mortality rate is higher than the national . In Oecussi's main town, Pante Makasar, it is unsafe and unreliable water supply system results from a dilapidated network and lack of institutional capacity. Pante Makasar usually receives water a few hours a week or not at all. Peri-urban communities in Oecusse show lower access levels to improved sanitation than the national average. This may be due to house holders lack of awareness and low financial capacity to invest in basic infrastructure. This impacts people's health and contaminates shallow household's wells. Also, the lack of access to safe water increases women's workloads as they fetch water while caring for children affected by water-related diseases .

In Timor-Leste, 50% of the population lives on less than $0.80 per capita per day , below the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of $1.25 per capita per day. Of employed Timorese, those engaged in farming have the highest poverty incidence and account for 88% of the poor. The economies of Oecussi and Ermera are based on low productivity farming and provide very few employment opportunities outside of farming. In these Districts, 72% of the population are farmers or do unpaid housework. Farming low productivity and limited diversification of the economy are the result of infrastructure destruction during the last decade. There is difficulty accessing markets and inputs such as seeds or irrigation.

Improving roads and water supply are the highest priorities for the Government of Timor-Leste followed by food security. In accordance with these priorities, the Government of Timor-Leste has requested Asian Development Bank's (ADB) assistance to rehabilitate the Pante Makasar water supply system, improve sanitation in Oecussi District, and rehabilitate Debo Lehumo Lake in the sub-district of Eraulo to enable fish farming and irrigation activities to recommence.

Impact More people enjoy improved supply of drinking water in Timor-Leste

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome NDWSS provides safe and reliable water supply to district capitals Manatuto and Pante Macasar
Progress Toward Outcome The Manatuto and Pante Makasar rehabilitation works are now ongoing after slow start-up of civil works. Some technical issues remain in Pante Makasar to be resolved including interfacing with road widening works, a mobile tower that has been constructed on a designated site for a water reservoir, and the location of one pumping station has been found to be located on an areas which is being used to cultivate crops.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

NDWSS rehabilitates and expands Manatuto and Pante Macasar water supply systems

Households in Manatuto and Pante Macasar have increased knowledge of efficient use of water resources and safe hygiene practices

Sustainable O&M of water systems practiced by DDWSS in district capitals

Sustainably secured water resources in Lake Lehumo

Executing and implementing agencies provide efficient project management and monitoring services.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

In progress. Civil works are underway. Rehabilitation works in Manatuto to be completed by 30 November 2016. Civil works in Pante Macasar are due for completion by 30 March 2017.

Achieved.

In process. O&M contracts have been designed, and are pending approval from the EA prior to tendering.

No progress yet achieved. This output has been removed from the project.

In progress, the PMU is increasingly implementing the project in an efficient manner.

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The project main components are the rehabilitation of 2 water networks (one serving the town of Pante Makasar and another one to be identified). The project also includes the rehabilitation of the weirs of an existing artificial lake with a catchment area of 48 Hectares.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is categorized as involuntary resettlement category C, hence no resettlement plan was prepared. In Pante Macasar, based on initial surveys and public consultations, no private land acquisition will be necessary for the development works. The proposed new location for the Santa Rosa storage and treatment facilities, which is just 100 meters off the existing site, is government-owned land and will be provided to the project at no cost. Private land acquisition is also not required for the Lehumo Lake and Manatuto components. Cultural traditions for the use of water sources will be respected and are included in the consultation and participation plan.
Indigenous Peoples The project is categorized as indigenous peoples category C, hence no resettlement plan was prepared.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation Liaise with other government agencies and major stakeholders in the urban sector to ensure coordination and facilitate knowledge sharing. A consultation and participation plan has been prepared for the project.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Woodruff, Allison
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban, Social Development & Public Management Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Communications (formerly Ministry of Public Works)
Avenida dos martires da Patria
Mandarin, Dili, Timor-Leste
Ministry of Infrastructure
Avenida dos Martire de Patria
Mandarin, Dili, Timor-Leste

Timetable

Concept Clearance 17 Nov 2010
Fact Finding 18 Jul 2011 to 21 Jul 2011
MRM 12 Aug 2011
Approval 23 Sep 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2016

Grant 0258-TIM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2011 28 Oct 2011 09 Mar 2012 30 Jun 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 14.32 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 11.00 23 Sep 2011 10.05 0.00 91%
Counterpart 3.32 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2011 7.17 0.00 65%
Title Document Type Document Date
District Capitals Water Supply Project Procurement Plans Apr 2013
Grant Agreement for District Capitals Water Supply Project between Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste and Asian Development Bank dated 28 October 2011 Grant Agreement Oct 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies Sep 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project Gender Action Plans Sep 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project Project/Program Administration Manual Aug 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project) Design and Monitoring Frameworks Nov 2010

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


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