ADB is helping Timor-Leste improve the supply of safe drinking water to more people in the country. The project will upgrade supply systems to provide 24-hour, potable water to over 30,000 people in the district capitals of Manatuto and Pante Macasar. Assistance will also be given to rehabilitate Lehumo Lake in Ermera District to improve livelihood opportunities in the surrounding communities.
|Project Name||District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Water-based natural resources management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The Timor-Leste: Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project will help Ermera, Oecussi, and another district manage their water resources better. The Project will reduce water-related diseases and raise household incomes, particularly for women.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Unsafe water and inadequate sanitation cause diarrhea and child malnutrition. Because few people in Oecussi can access safe drinking water and improved sanitation, the under-five mortality rate is higher than the national . In Oecussi's main town, Pante Makasar, it is unsafe and unreliable water supply system results from a dilapidated network and lack of institutional capacity. Pante Makasar usually receives water a few hours a week or not at all. Peri-urban communities in Oecusse show lower access levels to improved sanitation than the national average. This may be due to house holders lack of awareness and low financial capacity to invest in basic infrastructure. This impacts people's health and contaminates shallow household's wells. Also, the lack of access to safe water increases women's workloads as they fetch water while caring for children affected by water-related diseases .
In Timor-Leste, 50% of the population lives on less than $0.80 per capita per day , below the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of $1.25 per capita per day. Of employed Timorese, those engaged in farming have the highest poverty incidence and account for 88% of the poor. The economies of Oecussi and Ermera are based on low productivity farming and provide very few employment opportunities outside of farming. In these Districts, 72% of the population are farmers or do unpaid housework. Farming low productivity and limited diversification of the economy are the result of infrastructure destruction during the last decade. There is difficulty accessing markets and inputs such as seeds or irrigation.
Improving roads and water supply are the highest priorities for the Government of Timor-Leste followed by food security. In accordance with these priorities, the Government of Timor-Leste has requested Asian Development Bank's (ADB) assistance to rehabilitate the Pante Makasar water supply system, improve sanitation in Oecussi District, and rehabilitate Debo Lehumo Lake in the sub-district of Eraulo to enable fish farming and irrigation activities to recommence.
|Impact||More people enjoy improved supply of drinking water in Timor-Leste|
|Description of Outcome||NDWSS provides safe and reliable water supply to district capitals Manatuto and Pante Macasar|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
A project implementation unit has been established within DNSA to support efficient and effective project implementation. Delays in consultant recruitment meant that PIU support consultants were not mobilized until 8 months after the grant was declared effective, despite use of advance action recruitment procedures for consultant recruitment. The Mission and DNSA discussed the need for the PIU to be more pro-active in seeking administrative approvals, and ensuring that project issues are quickly addressed to avoid delays in the implementation of key project outputs. The need to strengthen the financial capacity of the PIU was also discussed since incomplete or incorrect details included in a number of withdrawal applications have delayed disbursements. PIU has restructured to become the Water Supply and Sanitation Sub PMU under the Ministry of Public Work, Transport and Communications, and became effective in June 2015.
Implementation progress per September 2017
Water Supply and Sanitation Sub PMU has been fully operated since June 2015
|Description of Project Outputs||
NDWSS rehabilitates and expands Manatuto and Pante Macasar water supply systems
Households in Manatuto and Pante Macasar have increased knowledge of efficient use of water resources and safe hygiene practices
Sustainable O&M of water systems practiced by DDWSS in district capitals
Sustainably secured water resources in Lake Lehumo
Executing and implementing agencies provide efficient project management and monitoring services.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1. Rehabilitation of Manatuto water supply system completed in December 2016. Pante Macasar expected to be completed by end of 2017.
2. The awareness campaign implementation during the design phase, will be continued during piloting O&M period.
3. Piloting O&M contract for Manatuto is in the tender process, expected the implementation will commence in early 2018.
5. Water supply and sanitation sub- Project Management Unit established in June 2015 to ongoing project management support.
|Geographical Location||Debo Lehumo, Manatuto, Pante Makasar|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project main components are the rehabilitation of 2 water networks (one serving the town of Pante Makasar and another one to be identified). The project also includes the rehabilitation of the weirs of an existing artificial lake with a catchment area of 48 Hectares.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project is categorized as involuntary resettlement category C, hence no resettlement plan was prepared. In Pante Macasar, based on initial surveys and public consultations, no private land acquisition will be necessary for the development works. The proposed new location for the Santa Rosa storage and treatment facilities, which is just 100 meters off the existing site, is government-owned land and will be provided to the project at no cost. Private land acquisition is also not required for the Lehumo Lake and Manatuto components. Cultural traditions for the use of water sources will be respected and are included in the consultation and participation plan.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is categorized as indigenous peoples category C, hence no resettlement plan was prepared.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation||Liaise with other government agencies and major stakeholders in the urban sector to ensure coordination and facilitate knowledge sharing. A consultation and participation plan has been prepared for the project.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Perreira, Jose|
|Responsible ADB Department||Pacific Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban, Social Development & Public Management Division, PARD|
Ministry of Infrastructure
Avenida dos Martire de Patria
Mandarin, Dili, Timor-Leste Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Communications (formerly Ministry of Public Works)
Mercado Lama, Caicoli
|Concept Clearance||17 Nov 2010|
|Fact Finding||18 Jul 2011 to 21 Jul 2011|
|MRM||12 Aug 2011|
|Approval||23 Sep 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||25 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|23 Sep 2011||28 Oct 2011||09 Mar 2012||30 Jun 2017||30 Jun 2019||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||14.32||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||11.00||23 Sep 2011||9.82||0.00||89%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||23 Sep 2011||9.59||0.00||87%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project||Procurement Plans||Apr 2013|
|Grant Agreement for District Capitals Water Supply Project between Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste and Asian Development Bank dated 28 October 2011||Grant Agreement||Oct 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Sep 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project||Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies||Sep 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project||Gender Action Plans||Sep 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Aug 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project)||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Nov 2010|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project: Rehabilitation of the Water Supply System in Pante Macasar||Environmental Assessment and Measures||Sep 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project: Rehabilitation of Lake Lehumo||Initial Environmental Examination||Sep 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project: Rehabilitation of the Water Supply System in Manatuto||Environmental Assessment and Measures||Sep 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project: Rehabilitation of Lake Lehumo||Environmental Assessment and Measures||Sep 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project: Pante Macasar Water Supply Systems||Initial Environmental Examination||Sep 2011|
|District Capitals Water Supply Project: Manatuto Water Supply Systems||Initial Environmental Examination||Sep 2011|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Timor-Leste, ADB Launch Next Stage of Key Water Supply ProjectThe Government of Timor-Leste and the Asian Development Bank held a groundbreaking ceremony today to mark the start of the next stage of a project that aims to scale up access to safe, reliable drinking water across the country.
ADB, Timor-Leste Inaugurate Project to Improve Water Supply SystemRepresentatives from the Government of Timor-Leste and ADB today launched a new project to improve the quality of drinking water in the district capitals of Manatuto and Pante Macasar.