Regional: Improving Gender-Inclusive Access to Clean and Renewable Energy in Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka

Sovereign Project | 44135-012 Status: Active


The Asian Development Bank is working with Bhutan, Nepal, and Sri Lanka to help poor rural women obtain affordable and reliable energy. The project is providing small hydropower system to women and vulnerable groups, increasing access to electricity for women-headed households, teaching women about clean and renewable energy technology, and training women as electricians and technicians.

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Project Name Improving Gender-Inclusive Access to Clean and Renewable Energy in Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka
Project Number 44135-012
Country Regional
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9158-REG: Improving Women's Access to Clean and Renewable Energy in South Asia
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 3.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Energy - Renewable energy generation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The project aims to increase access for poor rural women to affordable and reliable clean and renewable energy sources and technologies by supplementing three current and future Asian Development Bank (ADB) energy projects in Bhutan, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact Increased access to affordable and reliable clean and renewable energy sources and technologies by poor rural women.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome More systematic integration of gender issues and approaches in the design of energy operations in all SARD DMCs.
Progress Toward Outcome The gender reviews in the DMCs (Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka), including the regional comparative gender assessment of energy sector policies, have been completed.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Bhutan: Developing Sustainable and Gender Responsive Renewable Energy Operational Systems in Remote Rural Communities

(a) Impact of existing gender and renewable energy interventions assessed;

(b) Community-based, sustainable and gender-responsive operational models developmed;

(c) Women's livelihood opportunities enhanced.

Nepal: Small Hydro-systems to Widen Energy Access and Enhance Energy-based Livelihoods of Women and Vulnerable Groups

(a) Women and vulnerable groups to household electrification widened

(b) Women's access to ICT and energy technologies increased

(c) Poor women trained as electricians and technicians

(d) Community-based, sustainable, operational model developed.

SRI: Improving Rural Women's Access to Clean and Renewable Energy

(a) Enhanced energy-based livelihood for women

(b) Increased access to energy for women

(c) Opportunities for Gender and Renewable Energy assessed

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Review mission was fielded in Thimphu on 30 June-1 July 2016, to identify further activities under Component B, and discuss and set indicative implementing schedule with the new Grant completion date extended until 30 June 2017.

Nepal requested for the extension of the Grant completion date to complete the remaining activities and support to additional eight electricity user cooperatives (EUCs) by providing electricity connections to 5,250 households in the rural areas. It was also proposed to conduct trainings for strengthening end-user capabilities and electricity-based livelihood.

A total of 3,087 households (from the initial target of 2,200 households) have been connected to the grid in Ampara district in Sri Lanka.

Geographical Location Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka

Safeguard Categories

Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The project has a thematic classification of Environmental Sustainability, with eco-efficiency as a subtheme.
Involuntary Resettlement There will be no impact on Involuntary Resettlement.
Indigenous Peoples There will be no impact on indigenous peoples.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design National consultations took place during the fact-finding mission with government ministries, departments, and agencies in the three DMCs. Development partners (Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) United Nations Development Program (UNDP) World Bank, Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA)), were also consulted and meetings and interviews were conducted with international and national NGOs, the private sector, engineers, and technicians in the field.
During Project Implementation

Regional dissemination workshop, merged with the SARD sub-regional conference, Going Beyond the Meter: Inclusive Energy Solutions in South Asia was held in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India in April 2016. The achievement of the Grant has been shared with the participants, through a video on maximizing women's visibility in the energy sector, sessions on improving gender inclusive access to clean and renewable energy and promoting women's livelihood; and brochures including goals and results of the Grant.

In the three countries, project locations have been selected, baseline surveys completed, gender action plans for Component B activities were finalized, community mobilization, capacity building and related follow-up activities were completed. Country-specific direct interventions are not completed and further additional activities are requested.

Nepal envisages additional contracts with eight electricity user cooperatives (EUCs), and plans to conduct trainings for strengthening end-user capabilities and energy-based livelihood training programs.

Bhutan is also exploring additional training opportunities for women village technicians in remote rural communities in the operation and maintenance of off-grid solar home systems, and the maintenance of the grid system under a village technicians' training program by Bhutan Power Corporation (BPC).

Component C: Gender mainstreamed Project Performance and Monitoring System (PPMS)

End-line survey in Nepal is to be completed and national level final workshop is to be conducted. Supplemental end-line surveys may be needed for Bhutan and Sri Lanka subject to the nature and scale of the further activities.

To complete the remaining and support the ongoing and planned activities to improve women's access to clean and renewable energy, the Grant has been extended until 30 June 2017. An international NGO is being recruited to support the implementation of the remaining and additional activities under the scope of the Grant.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The project involves 40 person-months of individual international consultant services: 36 person-months of international consultants through international NGO (30 person-months for a team leader and field coordinator, and 6 person-months for a research coordinator); and 4 person-months of individual international consultant for a technical trainer in Bhutan. The project has engaged 90 months of national NGOs recruited under the quality- and cost-based selection method (30 months in each of the three participating DMCs) and 60 person-months of individual national consultants (30 person-months for a project coordinator and 30 person-months for a social and community development program officer) for Sri Lanka-related activities. All consultants have been recruited in accordance with ADB s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All procurement under the grant will be in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). The implementing agencies will procure goods and services in consultation with ADB. Contract packages below $100,000 will be procured on the basis of shopping procedures. Contracts for goods estimated to cost the equivalent of or more than $100,000 shall be procured on the basis of national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures. There is no international competitive bidding envisaged under the project. For NCB, the first draft English language version of the procurement documents should be submitted for ADB review and approval. The ADB-approved procurement documents should then be used as a model for all NCB procurement financed by ADB for the project and need not be subjected to further review. ADB will review the bid evaluation report and award of contract on a post-review basis. For shopping, ADB will review the award of contract on a post-review basis.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Jang, Yoojung
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Energy Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines


Concept Clearance 15 Apr 2010
Fact Finding 20 Apr 2010 to 29 Apr 2010
Approval 18 Mar 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 13 Sep 2016

Grant 9158-REG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 Mar 2011 08 Nov 2011 08 Nov 2011 13 Jun 2014 30 Jun 2017 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 3.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 18 Mar 2011 0.00 2.28 76%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.00 18 Mar 2011 0.00 2.43 81%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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