The Main River Flood and Bank Erosion Risk Management Program is the follow-on project of the Jamuna-Meghna River Erosion Mitigation Project (JMREMP), and aims to sustain incomes and livelihoods of people in the project area along the three main rivers of Bangladesh - the Jamuna, the Ganges, and the Padma. The expected impact of the program will be sustained incomes and livelihoods of people along the erosion prone main rivers in Bangladesh. The outcome of the program will be enhanced resilience to flood and riverbank erosion risks in the project area.
|Project Name||Main River Flood and Bank Erosion Risk Management Program|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural flood protection
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The Main River Flood and Bank Erosion Risk Management Program is the follow-on project of the Jamuna-Meghna River Erosion Mitigation Project (JMREMP), and aims to sustain incomes and livelihoods of people in the project area along the three main rivers of Bangladesh - the Jamuna, the Ganges, and the Padma. The expected impact of the program will be sustained incomes and livelihoods of people along the erosion prone main rivers in Bangladesh. The outcome of the program will be enhanced resilience to flood and riverbank erosion risks in the project area. The anticipated outputs are: (i) enhanced integrated flood and riverbank erosion disaster risk mitigation measures, which will consist of non-structural and structural measures for selected priority river reaches, effective measures to sustain infrastructures involving local communities, support for enhancing local communities' flood/erosion disaster risk management capacity in the subproject areas, and livelihood enhancement for project zone of influence; and (ii) a strengthened flood and river erosion risk management system, including an improved knowledge base and institutional performance in sustainable operation and maintenance (O&M) and long-term river erosion management.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Despite steady progress, poverty remains the dominant problem in Bangladesh, with 50% of its population living under the income poverty line. Due to the geographical location of the country on vast flat floodplain at the confluence of the three main rivers, the livelihoods of the poor are fundamentally affected by water-related disasters, including floods, drought, riverbank erosion, cyclones, and tidal surges. Global climate change will further exacerbate these disasters. An increasing population amplifies the risk of disasters, and the high population density of Bangladesh restricts the scope for moving people away from disaster prone areas. The government has been progressively developing a sector policy and planning framework since the 1990s to address these water sector challenges. However, the operationalization and institutionalization of the policies and plans are still under way.
Riverbank erosion is one of the most prominent disasters in Bangladesh, caused by dynamic channel shifting of the rivers. An estimated 10,000 ha of floodplain land is lost annually. This process annually affects about 100,000 people including the poor, who face significant social hardships, such as loss of homestead, lands, and/or crops, and being displaced to fringe lands, river islands (chars), or urban slums. Erosion, thus, increases the landless poor population. Poverty incidence appears higher in riverine districts. Erosion damage extends to infrastructure, including river embankments for flood protection. The threat of disasters discourages investment, and lead to lower economic growth of riverine areas. Therefore, enhanced riverbank erosion and flood protection management is essential for the poverty reduction and economic growth of these areas.
The JMREMP has established a new more cost effective and flexible riverbank protection method which can effectively cope with the highly dynamic morphological changes of the main rivers in Bangladesh. The JMREMP also developed a systematic construction and quality control methodology of protection structures, a regular flood/ river survey monitoring system, erosion prediction modeling, and design guidelines for protection. The proposed investment will expand the achievements of the JMREMP to other river reaches, with necessary improvement: (i) exploring more effective integration of structural and non-structural measures, effective stakeholder participation, and ensured sustainability of constructed structures, (ii) addressing uncertainty due to climate change, and (iii) strengthening institutional capacity to address these issues. Further, the flood and erosion management in Bangladesh necessitates more strategic planning, in due consideration of the long-term morphological trend of the entire river reach, as opposed to the current ad hoc and piecemeal approach. This new reach-wise approach will be considered in the proposed investment, and could lead to the future long-term stabilization of the entire river course, which the government envisages in their sector road map, followed by more stable economic growth in the riverine districts.
Economic growth and poverty reduction are the main objectives of the government's Sixth Five Year Development Plan for 2011-2015. Sustainable management of rivers and enhancement of climate change resilience, including disaster risk management, are considered essential means to accomplish the growth and poverty reduction objectives. Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Country Partnership Strategy (CPS): Bangladesh (2011-2015) emphasizes supporting climate resilient economic growth and poverty reduction by encouraging sustainable management of natural disasters including reducing disaster risks. The proposed program is in line with the government and ADB strategies.
|Description of Outcome||tbd|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||tbd|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Stakeholder workshops, community mobilization, involvement of nongovernment organizations and communitybased organizations will be the types of consultation and participation that are being considered during project processing.|
|During Project Implementation||A consultation and participation plan will be prepared during project design for project implementation.|
|Consulting Services||The consultant team that will consist of international and national experts will be lead by an international firm. It will be engaged through the quality and cost-based selection with 90:10 of technical and financial weight, in consideration of the indispensable requirement of high technical knowledge and experiences of technically complex rivers in Bangladesh which will bring major impacts for the consultants' quality on the program design quality.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Totsuka, Natsuko|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD|
Bangladesh Water Development Board
3 DIT Extension Avenue
Hoque Chamber, Motijheel Commercial Area
|Approval||21 Feb 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||27 Mar 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|21 Feb 2012||29 May 2012||29 May 2012||31 Dec 2013||30 Jun 2014||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||1,200,000.00||1,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,200,000.00||21 Feb 2012||1,152,059.05|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Main River Flood and Bank Erosion Risk Management Program: Consultant's Report||Consultants' Reports||Dec 2013|
|Main River Flood and Bank Erosion Risk Management Program||Technical Assistance Reports||Jun 2013|
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