Bangladesh: Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1

Sovereign Project | 44167-014

ADB is supporting riverbank protection measures in Bangladesh to prevent land erosion. The project will help put in place riverbank protection structures and embankments along vulnerable portions of the Jamuna, Padma, and Ganges rivers - the country’s main waterways. The first tranche of the program will provide urgently needed structural and nonstructural measures, and capacity building.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Srivastava, Pushkar
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Bangladesh
  • Modality
    • Grant
    • Loan
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1
Project Number 44167-014
Country Bangladesh
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0396-BAN: Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1
Government of the Netherlands US$ 15.30 million
Loan 3138-BAN: Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1
Asian Development Fund US$ 65.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural flood protection - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description ADB is assisting the Government of Bangladesh to improve the livelihoods of people in the country's most flood and erosion prone areas along the Jamuna, Ganges and Padma rivers. The Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program is in line with the plans of the Government of Bangladesh to strategically manage flood and riverbank erosion risks along the country''s main rivers to reduce damages to people''s assets and to lessen constraint to economic development. It will finance the construction of riverbank revetments to protect vulnerable riverbanks and therefore assets and flood embankments behind the riverbanks from progressive erosion. Flood embankments will also be rehabilitated or constructed. The investment program will include training for communities to develop their capacity to operate and maintain the structures and to manage flood and erosion risks at the community level. The community capacity development will be combined with livelihood improvement supports. The investment program will include the construction of about 50 kilometers (km) of riverbank protection structures; rehabilitation and construction of 89 km of flood embankments with climate-resilient design; and a piloting of innovative riverbank protection structures. The investment program will also support the national-level institutional capacity strengthening for more strategic planning and implementation of flood and erosion risk management. This will improve the lives of the people in the affected areas.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy People in Bangladesh are often affected by water-related natural disasters, including floods, riverbank erosion, drought, cyclones, and tidal surges. About a fifth of the country is inundated annually. This is due largely to the location of the country on a vast flat floodplain at the confluence of three main rivers the Jamuna (and Padma), the Ganges, and the Meghna. Riverbank erosion is one of the most prominent disasters in Bangladesh, caused by highly dynamic river morphology. It causes the loss of about 5,000 to 6,000 hectares of floodplain land every year, affecting about 100,000 people. The high possibility of riverbank erosion hinders construction and rehabilitation of flood embankments. The threat of frequent flood and erosion disasters discourages investment and leads to low economic growth of riverine areas. The poor who tend to live in vulnerable riverine lands face significant social hardship. They lose their homesteads, lands, and crops, and they are forced to move to other vulnerable riverine lands or urban slums. Improved infrastructure and flood and erosion risk management is essential for economic growth, livelihood improvement and poverty reduction in the areas affected by flooding and erosion.
Impact improved livelihoods in the project area.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome reduced flood and riverbank erosion risks in the subproject areas.
Progress Toward Outcome About 3,600 hectares (ha) land and 0.1 million population are protected from inundation damages. Also, 200 ha land with assets is protected from bank erosion.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Flood and riverbank erosion risk mitigation functioning at priority reaches

Strengthened institutional systems for flood and riverbank erosion risk management

Operational program management system

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

To achieve flood and riverbank erosion risk mitigation, 17.8 kilometers (km) of riverbank protection work completed using adaptive approach method. About 21.3 km flood protection embankment constructed considering 100-year probable flood and climate change issues, including construction of 4 new regulators (2 nos. 2-vent and other 2 nos. 4-vent). About 40 community-based disaster management units are formed, and they operate disaster-resilience action plan against flood and erosion disasters with 100% units being led by women.

A draft 5-year budgetary plan for riverbank protection operation and maintenance (O&M) and emergency work for the main rivers was prepared. This 5-year budgetary plan has been planned to be developed further under Tranche 2. Long-term strategic river stabilization plan study for the Jamuna, Padma and Lower Meghna rivers was prepared and approved by BWDB.

The project management office (PMO) and subproject management office (SMO) were established in the initial stage of the project and is functional. A project website was developed in 2015 to disclose the project activities to the public. The Project was extended by 21 months up to 31 March 2021 and all the outputs of Tranche-1 were completed within budget.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The first tranche is categorized A for environment. The project interventions resulted in positive impacts such as reduced flood damage to crops, security of land from erosion, and improved agricultural and investment conditions. However, changes in floodplain hydrology resulting from construction of flood embankments may bring some negative impacts such as impacts on floodplain-dependent open water fish species, floodplain aquatic habitats, and potential loss of natural wetland production areas. Measures to mitigate these impacts was built into the project design and addressed in the government's environmental impact assessment, which contains the environmental management plan. The environmental impact assessment was uploaded on ADB website on time. A comprehensive EMP was also in the EIA of the project distinguishing the phases i.e. pre-construction, construction and post-construction. Under Tranche-1, site-specific EMPs for each of the five embankment packages were prepared and implemented. To ensure environmental safeguards compliance, monitoring of the embankment protection was carried out through site visits and (i) good condition of the embankments were maintained, and (ii) plantation of vetiver grass all over the 21.3 km of the embankment has been done, which is also being used as fodder for the cattle without disturbing the embankment slopes. An environmental assessment and review framework was also developed for the MFF. Stakeholders to be affected was consulted and a grievance redress mechanism was established. Subsequent tranches are also likely to be categorized A for environment. An independent monitoring and evaluation was conducted to assess the impacts and implementation performance of EMP, which was found satisfactory and disclosed on ADB website.
Involuntary Resettlement The first tranche is categorized A for involuntary resettlement. As per project interventions, five resettlement plans were prepared for implementation of Tranche-1 of the program, The Project envisaged intervention of 17.8 km of riverbank protection, 21.3 km of embankment and 4 number of regulators. A resettlement framework had been prepared during PPTA study including an 'entitlement matrix', compiling the requirements stated in the facility administration manual. Revised resettlement framework concurred by ADB and approved by Ministry of Water Resources has ensured compliance to the resettlement needs of the project following the procedures for involuntary resettlement in compliance with GOB applicable laws and regulations and existing ADB Safeguard Policies Statement (SPS 2009). In addition to land, a major impact on non-titled squatters were involved in embankment and other project sites. The RPs have been implemented in all five sites.
Indigenous Peoples The first tranche is categorized C for indigenous peoples. There are no indigenous peoples as defined for operational purposes by ADB Safeguard Policy Statement in any of the identified subproject areas of the first tranche and subsequent tranches under the investment program. As the subsequent tranches will also be categorized C, an indigenous peoples planning framework for the investment program was not prepared.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Various groups of stakeholders were consulted at different stages of the project design. This included consultation for identifying needs, discussing possible solutions, and describing the proposed project design. Findings of the PPTA and project design were explained and discussed at the inception, interim and draft final workshops during the PPTA, with the participation of government officials of the EA and other government agencies, development partners, academic institutions, NGOs and local stakeholders. Particularly for local people in the subproject areas, including potential project affected people, due consultations were held with focus on women, landless and other vulnerable groups regarding (i) flood and erosion protection needs, (ii) relocation and livelihood issues, (iii) possible solutions to resolve the constraints identified, and (iv) institutional mechanism to address these constraints. Subproject level workshops were also held to explain and discuss the proposed project design.
During Project Implementation Intensive stakeholder consultation was held during project implementation and for the preparation of second tranche. Regular workshops were conducted to exchange information and findings of the project with different government agencies, development partners, resource institutions, NGOs, local communities and other parties concerned. Local communities participated in project implementation through: (i) formulation of community-based disaster management committees, (ii) community capacity development activities for community-based flood and erosion disaster risk management and participatory regular O&M. Civil societies were engaged for the implementation of these activities that involve community mobilization and participation. Significant number of local residents also participated in civil works for erosion protection and flood embankments as labor.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants, NGOs, and other institutions were recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Procurement All procurement of goods and works were undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines.
Responsible ADB Officer Srivastava, Pushkar
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Bangladesh Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Bangladesh Water Development Board
Mr. M. S. Miyan
3 DIT Extension Avenue
Hoque Chamber, Motijheel Commercial Area
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM 08 Apr 2014
Approval 03 Jul 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Sep 2021

Grant 0396-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
03 Jul 2014 14 Aug 2014 17 Sep 2014 30 Jun 2019 31 Mar 2021 24 Oct 2021
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 15.30 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 18 Nov 2021 0.00 14.21 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 15.30 18 Nov 2021 0.00 14.21 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Loan 3138-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
03 Jul 2014 14 Aug 2014 17 Sep 2014 30 Jun 2019 31 Mar 2021 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 88.30 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 65.00 18 Nov 2021 56.51 0.00 99%
Counterpart 23.30 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Nov 2021 57.13 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Amendment to the Loan Agreement for Loan 3138-BAN and Grant 0396-BAN: Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1 Loan Agreement (Special Operations) May 2021
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans May 2021
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2019-June 2020) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2020
Amendment to the Project Agreement for Loan 3138-BAN and Grant 0396-BAN: Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1 Project/Program Agreements Dec 2020
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program – Project 1: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2018-June 2019) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2019
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2017-June 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Audited Project Financial Statements (1 July 2016-30 June 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2017
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program – Project 1: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2015-June 2016) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2016
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program – Project 1: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2014-June 2015) Audited Project Financial Statements Oct 2015
Project Agreement for Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1 Project/Program Agreements Aug 2014
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1 Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Aug 2014
Grant Agreement (Externally Financed) for Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1 Grant Agreement Aug 2014

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-July 2021) Environmental Monitoring Reports Aug 2021
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2021) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2021
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2020
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2020
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2020
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2020
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2020) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2020
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2020) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2020
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program – Project 1: Semiannual Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program – Project 1: Independent Environmental Monitoring Report Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2019
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program – Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2019
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Embankment JRB-1 Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Dec 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Bank Protection Work at Harirampur Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans May 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Jan 2018
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2017
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Bank Protection Work at Chauhali Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2017
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Bank Protection Work at Zaforgonj Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Mar 2017
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program – Project 1: Resettlement Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2017
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program – Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2017
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program – Project 1: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1: Bank Protection Work at Zaforgonj Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Nov 2016

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders


Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
CONSULTING SERVICES FOR CBFRM COMPONENT Loan 3138 28 Dec 2018 BANGLADESH DISASTER PREPAREDNESS CENTER | HOUSE 15/A, ROAD # 8, GULSHAN DHAKA BANGLADESH Bangladesh Water Development Board 445,882.84 388,620.24
CONSTRUCTION OF 4.8 KM OF NEW EMBANKMENT (BAGHABAR I TO VERAKHOLA-D/S REACH) AND ONE REGULATOR AT VER AKHOLA IN UPAZILA: SHAHJADPUR, DISTRICT: SIRAJGO Loan 3138 25 Mar 2018 HB-SSECL JV | BHUIYAN MANSION (2ND FLOOR), 6, MOTIJHEE L, DHAKA BANGLADESH Bangladesh Water Development Board 4,348,508.00 3,961,064.00
CONSTRUCTION OF 5 KM OF NEW EMBANKMENT AND TWO REG ULATORS AT KOIJURI & ROHINDAKANDI, UPAZILA: SHAHJA DPUR, DISTRICT: SIRAJGONJ Loan 3138 25 Mar 2018 MOYENUDDIN (BASHI)- GOLAM RABBANI (JV) | 58, EAST HAZIPARA, RAMPURA DHAKA BANGLADESH Bangladesh Water Development Board 3,875,964.00 3,530,623.00
CONSTRUCTION/RE-CONSTRUCTION OF 5.70 KM OF EMBANKM ENT (BAGHABARI TO VERAKHOLA-D/S REACH) AND ONE REG ULATOR AT ANDHARMANIK IN UPAZILA: SHAHJADPUR, DI Loan 3138 25 Mar 2018 MOYENUDDIN (BASHI)- GOLAM RABBANI (JV) | 58, EAST HAZIPARA, RAMPURA DHAKA BANGLADESH Bangladesh Water Development Board 3,445,095.00 3,138,143.00
CONSTRUCTION OF 3.5 KM OF NEW EMBANKMENT (BHATPARA TO GALA), IN UPAZILA: SHAHJADPUR, DISTRICT: SIRAJ GONJ Loan 3138 25 Mar 2018 TAHER BROTHERS LTD.-M.A. ENTERPRISE JV | 58, EAST HAZIPARA, RAMPURA DHAKA BANGLADESH Bangladesh Water Development Board 1,418,878.00 1,292,458.00
CONSTRUCTION OF 4.0 KM OF NEW EMBANKMENT (GALA TO VERAKHOLA), IN UPAZILA: SHAHJADPUR, DISTRICT: SIRA JGONJ Loan 3138 25 Mar 2018 TAHER BROTHERS LTD.-M.A. ENTERPRISE JV | 58, EAST HAZIPARA, RAMPURA DHAKA BANGLADESH Bangladesh Water Development Board 1,347,433.00 1,227,379.00
Procrement of Simrutu Mini Hydro Subproject (200Kw) Rugha VDC, Rukum District Nepal Loan 3138 10 Mar 2017 Dird Felt Limited | Faruq Rupayan Tower, 12,13 & 16 Floor, 32 Kamal Atartuk Ave. Banani, Dhaka Bangladesh Bangladesh Water Development Board 2,199,486.56 1,918,221.14