Nepal : Mainstreaming Climate Change Risk Management in Development
Nepal has recently completed or has ongoing activities in: (i) sensitization and building awareness of climate change impacts and risks at national and local levels and within vulnerable sectors and population groups; (ii) building climate monitoring and analytical capacity, including climate modeling and climate data/records; (iii) building adaptation planning capacity at national and local levels and within vulnerable sectors and vulnerable population groups; (iv) developing vulnerability and adaptation assessment and planning tools; and (v) preparing and implementing a Climate Change Policy (2011) and National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA, 2010).
South Asia Department
Request for information
- Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Project Name||Mainstreaming Climate Change Risk Management in Development|
|Country / Economy||Nepal
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural flood protection
Public sector management / Decentralization
Transport / Transport policies and institutional development
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender||No gender elements|
|Description||Nepal has recently completed or has ongoing activities in: (i) sensitization and building awareness of climate change impacts and risks at national and local levels and within vulnerable sectors and population groups; (ii) building climate monitoring and analytical capacity, including climate modeling and climate data/records; (iii) building adaptation planning capacity at national and local levels and within vulnerable sectors and vulnerable population groups; (iv) developing vulnerability and adaptation assessment and planning tools; and (v) preparing and implementing a Climate Change Policy (2011) and National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA, 2010). As part of the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) planning and preparation process, an assessment of the capacity of stakeholders in Nepal to adapt to climate change was undertaken, and the TA will address the following issues identified: (i) climate change risk management is not institutionalized in government, academia, civil society or in vulnerable sectors, municipalities, districts or communities; (ii) no training, database, information or guidance exists on planning or constructing climate resilient development; and (iii) development planning in key sectors (especially water and physical planning) does not consider risks associated with climate change and there are no modalities to facilitate such transformational change in development planning. The TA will also provide support to the Government in managing the Nepal's SPCR for results. The three TA outputs will cover (i) integration of climate change risks into planning of infrastructure development projects, (ii) developing and applying knowledge management tools, and (iii) managing the SPCR and Nepal's climate change adaptation program for results.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The TA is needed so that (i) risk screening tools and methods are applied for projects in irrigation, flood protection, roads, water supply and sanitation, and urban development; (ii) 50% of approved projects are assessed for climate change risk; and (iii) a trained focal point is in charge of climate change risk management in government infrastructure agencies.
Nepal has increased resilience to climate variability and climate change
|Description of Outcome||
The government''s infrastructure development programs and policies incorporate safeguards to address the effects of climate change
|Progress Toward Outcome||Significant progress has been achieved in meeting the outcome. The final consultant's report has been prepared and ADB will evaluate the TA within 2018.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Climate change risks are integrated into Nepal's development planning and implementation of development projects.
2. Knowledge management tools for climate change are developed and applied.
3. Outputs and lessons from the SPCR and other adaptation programs are managed for results and incorporated into Nepal's climate change programming.
4. Climate change responsive methodology for green growth developed (SREGG component)
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The TA, in close consultation with sector agencies has developed recommendations for policy and regulatory, institutional, technical, and capacity building climate change reforms for six sectors (strategic road networks, local and rural roads, irrigation, urban planning, water induced disaster prevention, and water supply and sanitation).
Various communications and knowledge management activities have been implemented including (a) district training on climate change and community-based adaptation completed in over 60 districts; (b) integration of climate change into national curriculum for grades nin and ten and for six tertiary academic programs at three university; and (c) 36 climate change related research grants for Nepali researchers funded and close to completion. The TA has implemented a number of activities to disseminate information and share knowledge about the PPCR - a website, bi-monthly English and Nepali newsletters, a radio program, three TV episodes and contributions to ADB and CIF websites and publications
The TA has established the foundations of a system to effectively coordinate the monitoring and evaluation efforts of the various climate change projects under MOPE's responsibility.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The scope of this technical assistance (TA) was developed through a series of discussions with the Ministry of Population and Environment (MOE), other Government agencies, and other stakeholders during preparation of Nepal's Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) in 2009 and 2010. The initial concept paper was prepared during the 2nd joint mission in November 2010. During the February 2011 joint mission, a 2-day workshop was held to identify the specific TA activities. The participants comprised representatives of various ministries, key departments, NGOs, academic institutes and Development Partners. The consultation process for the TA was led by MOPE. Achievements, gaps and upcoming activities on the National Adaptation Programme of Action NAPA, ADB's TA 7173: Strengthening Capacity for the Support to the National Planning Commission in Preparing a Climate Resilient Three Year Periodic Plan and the findings of SPCR assessment were presented to the participants. The participants then worked as groups to propose indicators, activities and human/financial resources required for the proposed TA. One-to-one consultations with key infrastructure departments were also held.|
|During Project Implementation||TA activities will require intensive coordination among several Government ministries and line agencies. Appropriate mechanisms for inter-agency collaboration have been developed. As part of the PPCR process/reporting to CIF and specifically under output 3 of this TA, stakeholder consultations are conducted periodically.|
|Consulting Services||A firm specializing in climate risk management is providing the main consulting services. Various service providers are also engaged and supporting MOE manage the district training program, research, curriculum development, and web portal management. ADB engages all consultants and service providers in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.|
|Procurement||ADB finances equipment for the TA activities in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. The equipment will become property of the government upon TA completion. The Ministry of Environment (MOE) procures the equipment.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Sunayama, Sonoko|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD|
Ministry of Agricultural Development
Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment
|Concept Clearance||08 Aug 2011|
|Fact Finding||18 Aug 2011 to 25 Aug 2011|
|Approval||14 Dec 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Mar 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|14 Dec 2011||01 Mar 2012||01 Mar 2012||31 Jan 2017||30 Jun 2017||02 May 2018|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||7,763,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||7,763,000.00||17 Jun 2022||5,662,574.81|
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|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 7984||17 Jul 2015||Rupantaran Nepal (Nepal) in association with National Association of VDCS In Nepal (NAVIN, Nepal) | Naxal, Narayanchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal||Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment||442,039.00||—|
None currently available.