Subproject 1 is part of a cluster TA envisaged as comprising three successive subprojects that will enhance transport and trade facilitation in GMS. The cluster TA seeks to bring about a subregion that is more integrated as a production base and market. Each subproject will be contributing to most of the 10 cluster outputs in a phased manner. The phased subprojects allow activities in subsequent subprojects to be fine tuned to the outcomes of preceding efforts, and to the evolving context of TTF initiatives as the countries implement the ASEAN economic community blueprint. The proposed subproject 1, for $2.0 million equivalent, will be implemented during 2011-2012.
|Project Name||Support for Implementing the Action Plan for Transport and Trade Facilitation in the Greater Mekong Subregion (Subproject 1)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Industry and trade - Trade and services
Transport - Transport policies and institutional development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||Subproject 1 is part of a cluster TA envisaged as comprising three successive subprojects that will enhance transport and trade facilitation in GMS. The cluster TA seeks to bring about a subregion that is more integrated as a production base and market. Each subproject will be contributing to most of the 10 cluster outputs in a phased manner. The phased subprojects allow activities in subsequent subprojects to be fine tuned to the outcomes of preceding efforts, and to the evolving context of TTF initiatives as the countries implement the ASEAN economic community blueprint. The proposed subproject 1, for $2.0 million equivalent, will be implemented during 2011-2012.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Improved Transport and Trade Facilitation (TTF) is central to boosting the benefits to GMS countries of their increased connectivity. At the 16th Ministerial Conference in Hanoi, Viet Nam in August, 2010, member countries approved an Action Plan for Transport and Trade Facilitation in GMS and asked ADB to facilitate its implementation as the lead development partner in TTF. The GMS Action Plan comprises a broad spectrum of initiatives in three areas: transport facilitation, trade facilitation, and capacity building and institutional reform.|
|Impact||The GMS is more integrated as a production base and market.|
|Description of Outcome||Coordinated border management, transit procedures and implementation of traffic rights are improved in the GMS corridors|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
A. Transport Facilitation
1. Initiation of expansion and streamlining of exchange of traffic rights implemented
2. Improved customs transit system and associate border procedures in place
3. GMS freight transport association becomes operational
B. Trade Facilitation
4. Border management systems are better coordinated
5. Improved exchange of data on transborder animal disease and surveillance systems
6. National and subregional institutions for trade facilitation strengthened
C. Capacity Building and Regulatory Response
7. Staff of border agencies have improved capacity for interagency coordination and implementing trade and transport facilitation
8. Legal and regulatory framework for TTF improved
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Since approval in August 2011, implementation of the first subproject has been proceeding satisfactorily. A midterm review (MTR) was conducted to ensure the implementation of the GMS TTF Action plan takes into account changes that have emerged in the GMS and ASEAN since 2011. As part of the MTR process, a Development Partners' (DP) Meeting was also held in April 2014 to discuss priorities in supporting TTF and areas of DP collaboration for effective and efficient interventions. Below is a summary of the TA achievements:
A. For transport facilitation, the TA provided support for the ratification of additional Cross Border Transport Agreement annexes and protocols, streamlining of Single-Stop Inspection (SSI) procedures, exchange of bilateral traffic rights, agreement on the extension of the East-West Economic Corridor, the establishment of the GMS Freight Transport Association (FRETA) and analyses of transport corridors in 2012, and the endorsement of a Three-year Strategic Blueprint for TTF in the GMS to support implementaiton of the next phase of TTF measures
B. For trade facilitation, assessment of trade flows was organized and subsequently published as a book, "Trade and Trade Facilitation in the GMS", which was launched at the 20th Anniversary celebration of the GMS program in September 2012. At the same time a number of consultants were recruited to conduct an assessment of transport sector and logistics underlying the regional trade flows. These assessments have provided valuable inputs into the development of new directions for the GMS program. AusAID counterpart officials have been regularly updated of the TA status for information sharing.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
A. Border Management Specialist and Team Leader (international, 14 person-months). The specialist will have expertise in coordinated border management, custom transit systems, and transport facilitation in transport corridors.
B. Transport Facilitation Expert (international, 4 person-months). The specialist will assist the ministries of transport in member countries in the analysis of the various issues that are connected to the further liberalization of traffic rights, including rights for passenger buses. The consultant will propose initiatives to strengthen the national trade and transport facilitation committees in Cambodia, the Lao PDR, and Viet Nam.
C. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards Specialist (international, 3 person-months). The specialist will need to be familiar with SPS issues in the GMS countries and with the ASEAN agenda for coordination border management. The SPS specialist will work in close coordination with the team leader in carrying out his or her assignments.
D. Legal Specialists (Transport and Trade Regulation) (international, 3 person-months). The specialist will be expert in the area of legal and regulatory issues related to cross-border transport facilitation or trade facilitation, with deep familiarity with the legal systems of the GMS countries.
E. Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist (international, 2 person-months) will: (i) define survey methods, design baseline and periodic surveys, and link them to current reporting mechanisms; incorporate the practicalities of the layout of five individual pilot sites and two or three control sites in developing these methods; and (ii) initiate and analyze the survey results and provide comprehensive reporting of the indicators to relevant member countries
F. Gender Specialist (international, 1 person month). The specialist will work in close coordination with the team leader to develop a framework to assess gender issues relevant to GMS trade and transport facilitation measures.
G. Short-Term Resource Persons and Issues Experts (3 international, 3 person-months, combined). Given the complexity of modern transport and trade facilitation, as well as the need for institutional strengthening at national and subregional levels, it is expected that project implementation will require specialized, short-term skills that are specific to the country context and stage of development of transport and trade facilitation. These evolving needs will be addressed by the short-term use of resource persons, who will be recognized experts in their respective fields, with good communication skills and experience with transport or trade facilitation issues, particularly as relevant to the dynamics of enhanced transport and trade facilitation in GMS.
H. Regional Cooperation and Coordination Specialist (international, 14 person-months). The project coordinator will have a graduate degree in economics or business or related field and experience in international trade. The coordinator will have good interpersonal and communication skills and will work closely with the team leader to coordinate and ensure successful delivery of project outputs.
I. Project Analyst (national, 14 person-months). The project analyst will work closely with team leader and Regional Cooperation and Coordination Specialist in H above to (i) facilitate implementation of the project by providing administrative and logistical support.
Transport and Trade Facilitation Analysts (4 national, 56 person-months combined; 1 international [Thailand], 14 person-months). The transport and trade facilitation analysts will have college degrees and experience in transport, trade facilitation or the private sector, will be recruited from member countries and undertake their tasks in their respective country
K.Legal Analysts (3 national, 6 person-months, combined) will have legal degrees and experience in transport and trade facilitation and will undertake their tasks in their respective country
|Responsible ADB Officer||Sasradipoera, Kanya S.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Regional Cooperation and Operations Coordination Div, SERD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Fact Finding||18 May 2010 to 07 Jun 2010|
|Approval||29 Aug 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||30 Apr 2014|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|29 Aug 2011||-||29 Aug 2011||31 Dec 2012||31 Jul 2014||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||2,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,000,000.00||29 Aug 2011||1,552,177.62|
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