The Asian Development Bank is helping Bangladesh improve the quality and equity of secondary schools, giving students the skills needed to find jobs in the modern labor market. The program supports reforms to upgrade curricula, examinations, teacher training and sector management. It is also providing support to poor students, and new information and communications technology equipment.
|Project Name||Secondary Education Sector Investment Program - Tranche 2|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Education sector development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
ADB and the Government of Bangladesh are working together to help secondary school students gain the skills needed to obtain quality jobs and move the country forward.
The Secondary Education Sector Investment Program is helping Bangladesh's secondary schools become more efficient, equitable and higher-quality. This includes the use of information and communication technology, as well as vocational programs, teacher training and the improvement of exams. Poor students are being assisted under the program and equity between the education of girls and boys is a key focus.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Bangladesh economy has grown rapidly and poverty has declined sharply. This is due in part to the progress the country has made in increasing enrollment in basic and secondary education. Despite the achievement, Bangladesh has a formidable task ahead in making secondary education more efficient, equitable, and relevant to the economy's needs. Each year, two million young people enter the job market and many of them do not have the skills needed to help propel Bangladesh to the next level of development.
Bangladesh needs to invest more in education to transform the rising working-age population into a productive source of skilled workers. Seizing this opportunity would help the country meet its goal of becoming a middle-income country by 2021.
|Impact||A more efficient, equitable, and higher quality secondary education system (National Education Policy 2010, Secondary Education Sector Roadmap 2013-2023).|
|Description of Outcome||Inclusive participation in secondary education improved.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||SHED, MOE has taken a leadership role and strengthened its coordination among all the co-implementing agencies. A good number of policy documents has been approved by SHED, MoE. NCPF was developed and approved in November 2017 through close coordination and cooperation between MoE and MoPME. SHED, MoE has also taken a proactive role to implement the Harmonized Stipend Program. SESIP, Tranche 3/SEDP launched in July 2018 in SWAp modality through harmonization of donor's inputs.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Quality and relevance of secondary education enhanced
Equitable access and retention of secondary education increased
Secondary education management and governance strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The National Evaluation and Assessment Center (NEAC) Concept/strategy paper has been finalized, and the Act for parliament's approval has been drafted, translated in Bangla and submitted to MoE. Enactment of the law is awaited which requires significant iteration by a number of government agencies, and finally by the Ministry of Law and Parliamentary Affairs. Completion of the training programs is dependent on the COVID-19 situation. Six lots out of 10 under the two ICB packages (GD-50a, Lot 2, 3, 4 and GD-50b, Lot 1, 4, 5) are under evaluation and CPTU clearance.
Transfer of directly recruited human resources under SESIP (T 1 & T2) to revenue budget through appropriate authority's approval is awaited.
A plan for training of the Head Teachers/Supers of secondary schools/ madrasahs on effective delivery of curriculum developed. According to the plan, a training manual developed, printed and distributed in June 2017. MT Training commenced in October 2017 and completed in April 2018. A total of 25866 (F 1051) HTs/Supers trained in the zonal headquarters. Total number of Female HTs in the secondary schools is 1285 which is less than 6% of the total HTs.
A refurbishment plan for science equipment developed in June 2018 by the individual consultant on science teaching. The plan is being implemented after approval.
Distribution of science equipment to 10,000 schools/madrasahs selected under Tranche 2 [schools 7281 (Girls: 1012 and madrasahs 2719 (Girls: 322)] covering five zones has been completed under package no. GD-39. Supply of furniture has also been completed in the selected schools/madrasahs of seven zones.
A Pre-vocational and Vocational Implementation Plan (PVIP) developed and approved by SHED, MoE. PVV program has commenced in 640 selected schools [548 (Girls' school-5)] and madrasahs (92) from January 2020.
Results of national public exams (JSC, SSC, HSC) are being reviewed starting from 2015. Meanwhile, review of results of public exams for the years 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018 completed.
A Resource Teachers Program (RTP) Plan has been developed under SESIP and approved by SHED, MoE. Selection of institutions (total 1000; Girls: 30) done and teacher recruitment completed in Feb 2018. The schools were selected from the underprivileged areas based on the Composite Deprivation Index of Ministry of Public Administration. The RTs (total 1,000) fielded in the selected schools in March 2018.
Development of a student tracking system is delayed due to delay in the approval of the second revised DPP. TOR has been developed for the deployment of a firm.
A plan for student award program at upazila level was prepared in October 2017. Revision of DPP was required for the implementation of the program as the fund allocation in DPP was not considered sufficient as planned. The implementation was also subsequently delayed given the late approval of the revised DPP. Furthermore, the Planning Commission advised to drop this activity from the revised DPP on the assumption that the procurement was not possible to be completed during the stipulated project period (currently December 2020). The package, thus, has also been dropped from the 18 months procurement plan with due approval from ADB.
TOR for deployment of a firm to conduct national campaign and gender sensitivity awareness was developed in 2018. However, revision was required for completion of the program as the fund was not considered sufficient to complete the task. Delayed approval of revised DPP also delayed the implementation.
Furthermore, the delayed approval of the revised DPP also impacted on the timely implementation. Thus, the Planning Commission had advised against undertaking the activity during the DPP approval process on the assumption that the activity was not viable to be completed during the stipulated project period. The package has also been dropped from the 18 months procurement plan with concurrence from ADB.
Delayed implementation for non-availability of sites. Only five sites are available out of targeted twenty-five offices. Work order issued for five sites and work commenced in four sites. However, site problem prevailing in one site. Site searching going on for other sites.
The Secondary Teacher Development Strategy has been approved by SHED on 21 Dec 2019 that included proposal for placement of subject based teachers.
A total of 512 officers under DSHE have been trained in PPR (including e-GP) in different categories i.e. TEC & TOC member, & officers related to procurement. Out of them, female participants were only about 10% (52), as very few female officers in this sector traditionally involved in the procurement area, especially in e-GP.
The DSHE Capacity Development Plan based on a systematic institutional assessment was submitted to SHED and a meeting was convened on 07 June 2018. Later on the national consultant developed the report according to the decisions taken in the meeting. DSHE needs to consider the recommendations for implementation under SESIP Tranche III/SEDP.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The Secondary Education Sector Investment Program (SESIP) has been supporting the secondary education in Bangladesh over 10 years (2013 2022), using a multi-tranche financing facility. The focus of SESIP is mostly institutional development in the secondary education sector including some civil works (construction of upgradation of school and office buildings and WASH facilities), according to the 5-year infrastructure development plan. The project was categorized _B_ for environmental safeguards and an Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (EARF) was prepared and disclosed for design and implementation of school infrastructure. As guided by the EARF, an IEE were prepared and disclosed for construction of DEO building in Bandarban. However, the IEE including EMP was suggested to update and disclose since the location of DEO office was changed. Budget for an updated EMP of Bandarban DEO office needs to be finalized immediately to implement the suggested mitigation measures effectively. Institutionalization of safeguard was suggested by establishing an Environmental and Social Safeguard Unit at the EED office. As of June 2020, a total of 849 education sector officials including EED engineers and school teachers attended environmental safeguards training organized by the project. COVID-19 related health and safety plan (HS plan) was suggested to prepare and implement for on-going contracts following the government and ADB HS Guidance notes. The semi-annual EMR for Jan-Jun 2020 reporting period was duly submitted and disclosed.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The Secondary Education Sector Investment Program (SESIP) has been supporting the secondary education in Bangladesh over 10 years (2013 2022), using a multi-tranche financing facility. The project is a category C for Involuntary resettlement as the project components do not include any land acquisition or infrastructure development issues. They are rather limited to recruitment and training of teachers to improve teaching, schooling and to promote better instruction materials. As the specific locations of infrastructure or other project facilities were uncertain at the time of Board approval, a resettlement framework has been prepared to guide subproject selection and to plan for possible mitigation measures of upcoming subprojects.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The Secondary Education Sector Investment Program (SESIP) has been supporting the secondary education in Bangladesh over 10 years (2013 2022), using a multi-tranche financing facility. To benefit the IP children through better education and learning skills and increase employment opportunities in the area. The tranche 1 of the program has been classified as Category B for Indigenous Peoples. The SESIP would have no negative impact on the ethnic people; rather the program implementation on a nation-wide scale would improve the quality of secondary education for every secondary level student of all locations including the SEC population. Combined Resettlement Framework and Small Ethnic Communities Planning Framework (CRF&SECPF) and Social Safeguards Monitoring Action Plan (SSMAP) have been prepared in 2019 by adopting the Land Acquisition and Requisition Act (ARIPA), 2017 of the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) and SPS (2009) of ADB.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Original design of the MFF was designed with a number of consultations with stakeholders (teachers, agencies, and civil society organizations). It includes the discussion on development of sector road map and the sector program. In Feb 2015, a first the Government-Development Partners' Joint Sector Review also took place and one of the outputs was the draft Sector Program Framework.|
|During Project Implementation||Joint Sector Review will continue every year. A number of program activities were planned to have strong participation of civil society organizations and others (e.g., national campaign and community awareness programs).|
|Consulting Services||Indicative Procurement Plan was prepared. It includes several QCBS packages.|
|Procurement||Indicative Procurement Plan was prepared. It includes several ICB packages.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Rahman, S.M. Ebadur|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Bangladesh Resident Mission|
Ministry of Education
Shikkha Bhaban, 16 Abdul Ghani Road
|MRM||01 Jul 2015|
|Approval||20 Nov 2015|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||30 Sep 2020|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Nov 2015||23 Nov 2015||15 Dec 2015||31 Dec 2017||31 Dec 2021||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||185.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||185.00||20 Nov 2015||177.00||0.00||97%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||20 Nov 2015||177.00||0.00||97%|
|Status of Covenants|
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
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|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|WA 06, DLI 4 YEAR 5||Loan 3320||17 Dec 2020||VARIOUS||VARIOUS BANGLADESH||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||5,018,304.68||5,018,304.68|
|WA 05 FOR DLI 3||Loan 3320||04 Dec 2019||VARIOUS||VARIOUS BANGLADESH||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||5,000,000.00||5,000,000.00|
|WA NO. 004, DLI BASED, DLI2 (YEAR 4: ICT IN SCHOOLS, $12M AND DLI2 (YEAR 5: ICT IN SCHOOLS, $15M)||Loan 3320||11 Dec 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS BANGLADESH||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||27,000,000.00||27,000,000.00|
|DLI1,5,6,7,8 OF YEAR 5AND DLI 3 OF YR 4-20MLN||Loan 3320||04 Dec 2017||VARIOUS||VARIOUS BANGLADESH||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||71,000,000.00||71,000,000.00|
None currently available.