The TA will promote sound environmental management and climate resilient interventions within the context of the GMS ECP. It will aim to reconcile development objectives in the GMS economic corridors with conservation and sustainable use of ecosystem services in priority transboundary landscapes and associated biodiversity corridors. The TA will accomplish this by integrating sound environmental management, biodiversity conservation and climate resilience measures in the GMS Economic Cooperation Program (ECP). Specifically, it will support the application of environmental management, planning and monitoring approaches and tools to aid investment decision making; support climate resilience through adaptation planning and low carbon and energy efficient investment strategies; support sustainable financing for conservation; and capacity development to ensure uptake of these measure by appropriate stakeholders including government, civil society and community groups.
|Project Name||Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Phase 2|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The TA will promote sound environmental management and climate resilient interventions within the context of the GMS ECP. It will aim to reconcile development objectives in the GMS economic corridors with conservation and sustainable use of ecosystem services in priority transboundary landscapes and associated biodiversity corridors. The TA will accomplish this by integrating sound environmental management, biodiversity conservation and climate resilience measures in the GMS Economic Cooperation Program (ECP). Specifically, it will support the application of environmental management, planning and monitoring approaches and tools to aid investment decision making; support climate resilience through adaptation planning and low carbon and energy efficient investment strategies; support sustainable financing for conservation; and capacity development to ensure uptake of these measure by appropriate stakeholders including government, civil society and community groups.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The TA is consistent with the GMS Regional Cooperation Operations Business Plan (2011-2013), which aims to achieve the vision of an integrated, harmonious and prosperous GMS. Managing the environment and shared natural resources to help ensure sustainable development is one of four strategic pillars of the RCOBP. The TA is also closely aligned with the Strategic Framework for the next phase of the GMS Economic Cooperation Program (2012-2022).|
|Impact||Improved biodiversity conservation and climate resilience across the GMS|
|Description of Outcome||Environment friendly and climate resilient GMS Economic Cooperation Program|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
The Core Environment Program (CEP) has delivered major outputs towards achieving its intended outcome of an environment friendly and climate-resilient GMS economic cooperation program to date. Progress made towards its Design Monitoring Framework outcomes is summarized in brief below (more information available in the CEP website: www.gms-eoc.org)
(i) Supporting development of national environmental policies and strategies. These included Cambodia National Environmental Strategy and Action Plan (NESAP); Laos pollution control strategy and presidential provision on environmental taxation; and Vietnam Environmental Protection Planning (EPP) Circular.
(ii) Supporting the application of sound environment management policies and tools including the launching of Myanmar environmental impact assessment (EIA) procedure and environmental quality guidelines following official issuance, applying the CLUMondo land use planning simulation modeling in Cambodia and Lao PDR and industrial pollution projection modeling in Cambodia and Myanmar.
(iii) A transboundary biodiversity landscape (TBL) monitoring and evaluation framework (M&E) jointly developed in March 2016 by members of biodiversity landscape steering committees and national experts from Yunnan, Guangxi, Luang Namtha, and Cao Bang has been applied in both Sino-Viet Karst and Mekong Headwaters TBLs.
(iv) A transboundary conservation plan for Cao Vit Gibbon the only known population in the world between Cao Bang, Vietnam and Guangxi, PRC has been jointly developed and implemented.
(v) The first transboundary wild elephant conservation plan in the GMS has been jointly developed between Yunnan of PRC and Luang Namtha, Oudomxai, and Phongsali of Lao PDR based on joint field study and historical data analysis.
(vi) The integration of Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) into the Biodiversity Conservation Corridors (BCC) Project has progressed well. Sixteen development officers from BCC projects in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam have been participating in a six-month modular training program on Community Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation (CVAA) to Climate Change.
(vii) Fuel efficient technologies, eco-driver training and improved logistics measures have been successfully tested in Lao PDR and Viet Nam, and are underway in Thailand.
(viii) A CEP Strategic Framework 2018 2022 has been endorsed by all WGE members following extensive national and subregional consultations. This strategic framework aims to operationalize CEP core functions which include: facilitating regional cooperation and the management of shared natural capital; providing information and knowledge management support; providing in-country policy advice and technical support; and providing financial and investment services to the GMS countries.
|Description of Project Outputs||
Environmental planning systems, methods and safeguards improved
Management of transboundary biodiversity conservation lanscapes and local livelihoods improved
Climate resilient and low carbon strategies developed
Institutions and financing for sustainable environmental management improved
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Output 1: Environmental planning systems, methods, and safeguards improved. The Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Phase II (CEP II) assisted GMS countries to strengthen capacity for using tools such as environmental impact assessments (EIAs) and land use change modeling to mainstream environment into development plans and projects. The use of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) gained increasing acceptance as a good strategic planning tool and was enshrined under law in Cambodia and Lao PDR. Policy support to environmental, biodiversity, and pollution control strategies was provided in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam. National safeguards systems and EIA procedures were strengthened and enshrined in law in Myanmar and human resources capacity to implement national EIA requirements was strengthened in Cambodia and Myanmar. The CEP II successfully influenced 17 environmental policies, plans, and regulations, engaging priority sectors including: agriculture, energy, transport, and tourism.
Output 2: Management of transboundary biodiversity conservation landscapes and local livelihoods improved. The CEP II scaled up biodiversity conservation corridors (now 2.6 million hectares across the subregion) and facilitated transboundary landscape planning and cooperation among the countries. Biodiversity conservation corridors now have legal recognition in Cambodia, People's Republic of China, and Viet Nam. Management and protection systems in all corridors were strengthened and three bilateral memoranda of understanding involving five countries (i.e. Cambodia, People's Republic of China, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam) were signed for the joint management of transboundary biodiversity landscapes. Participatory tools for climate vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning, ecosystem services valuation, and monitoring payment for forest ecosystem services were developed and tested.
Output 3: Climate-resilient and low-carbon strategies developed. Climate change adaptation pilots were conducted in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam and climate risk financing was introduced as part of the commune development planning process in Viet Nam. The Forest Investment Program financing was obtained in support of REDD+ in Lao PDR where community-based monitoring, reporting and verification was piloted, along with the development of guidelines for REDD+ benefit sharing. Green freight options were piloted in Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam, involving 60 small- and medium-sized freight companies and the results were used as the basis for developing Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in Thailand and Viet Nam. Climate vulnerability and adaptation assessments and ecosystem-based adaptation pilots resulted in enhanced climate resilience of rural communities in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam.
Output 4: Institutions and financing for sustainable environmental management improved. The Working Group on Environment (WGE) national focal agencies were strengthened and national support units were established and operationalized in all six GMS countries. With support from strengthened national focal agencies, the WGE took an increasingly proactive leadership role. As a result, the Environment Operations Center was able to take on a more technical role, and was particularly active in knowledge and information management, and the development and testing of spatial planning and analysis tools. CEP II has held over 250 capacity building events, involving over 12,000 participants. Three learning networks, two knowledge-based websites, and over 40 publications and films were created. Significant efforts were made on joint project development with other sectors and private sector engagement, particularly in the context of Green Freight Initiative. The fifth GMS Environment Ministers Meeting was successfully held in February 2018 with the endorsement of the GMS CEP Strategy Framework and Action Plan.
The TA was extended up to 31 March 2020 to complete the remaining activities.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||During the 2nd Environment Ministers' Meeting (EMM) held in Vientiane, Lao PDR in 2008, the GMS Governments acknowledged the useful contribution by the Core Environment Program-Biodiversity Conservation Initiative (CEP-BCI) towards the overall Economic Cooperation Program and requested ADB to begin preparation of a follow-on phase for endorsement at the 3rd EMM. This was reiterated by the Working Group on Environment (WGE) at their fourth semi-annual meeting in Bangkok in November 2009. Accordingly, commencing in January 2010, ADB supported the WGE and its technical secretariat, the Environment Operations Center (EOC) to prepare the second phase of CEP-BCI. Preparation involved several rounds of country-level and regional consultations which culminated in July 2011 with an in-principle endorsement of the Project Framework Document for CEP-BCI (2012-2016) at the third EMM.|
|During Project Implementation||The Mid-term Review (MTR) conducted in early 2015 solicited involvement of key stakeholders at national and subregional levels to assess the CEP relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability. The MTR findings and recommendations have been used as the bases for project intervention improvements.|
|Consulting Services||The TA required the services of international consultants (up to 175 person-months), national consultants (up to 751 person-months) and GMS country specialists deputed to the EOC (up to 47 person-months). International consultants staffing the EOC were engaged as individuals and other international consultants for program implementation were hired as individuals or through a firm in accordance with the Guidelines for the Use of Consultants by the Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB. The engagement of domestic consultants was delegated to the EOC in accordance with arrangements satisfactory to ADB.|
|Procurement||Equipment for the EOC and the NSU were procured by ADB according to ADBs Guidelines for Procurement.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Ancha, Srinivasan|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||22 Sep 2011|
|Fact Finding||26 Sep 2011 to 30 Sep 2011|
|Approval||12 Dec 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Sep 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|12 Dec 2011||-||12 Dec 2011||31 Dec 2015||31 Mar 2020||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|16,600,000.00||28,517,431.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||45,117,431.00||12 Dec 2011||20,215,182.13|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Phase 2||Procurement Plans||Sep 2013|
|Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Phase 2||TA Change in Scope, Amount, and Implementation Arrangements||Apr 2013|
|TA Change in Scope, Amount, and Implementation Arrangements||Nov 2012|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Ministers Endorse New Environment Agenda for the Greater Mekong SubregionEnvironment ministers from the Greater Mekong Subregion endorsed a 5-year environment agenda that includes more than $540 million worth of priority projects to spur green investments and increase environmental cooperation.
Rare Plant and Animal Species Find Sanctuary in PRC's Tropical RainforestBiodiversity corridors have been introduced in threatened tropical areas of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China, with ADB support.
Green Freight Approach Needed For Greater Mekong Subregion - Workshop“Greening” road freight in the GMS will help participating countries achieve their Sustainable Development Goals, as well as providing economic benefits, delegates at a workshop in Bangkok heard today.
New EIA Requirements to Help Safeguard Myanmar's EnvironmentNAY PYI TAW, MYANMAR - The Government of Myanmar today announced new requirements, developed with assistance from the Asian Development Bank (ADB), for assessing the environmental and social impacts of investment projects. The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Procedure – signed off by Cabinet in November – specifies the type and scope of environmental assessments required for all investment projects that could cause environmental and social harm.
ADB Supports Cambodia’s Push to Develop New Environmental PlanADB is supporting the Government of Cambodia to develop a National Environmental Strategy and Action Plan to help the country achieve its sustainable development goals.
Investments in natural capital crucial to sustain economic growth in GMSMember countries of the Greater Mekong Subregion face losing recent development gains unless they invest more to secure natural resource stocks, senior officials from the six countries heard at a meeting in Myanmar today.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 7987||14 Apr 2016||Niras Finland Oy (Finland)||Ratatie 11, Kr.11 Vantaa, 01300 Finland||Asian Development Bank||1,195,235.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 7987||06 May 2015||World Wide Fund for Nature (Viet Nam)||D13 Thang Long International Village, Cau Giay District, Hanoi, Viet Nam||Asian Development Bank||240,000.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 7987||18 Feb 2015||Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (US) in association with US Army Corps of Engineers - Institute for Water Resources (US)||948 North Street, Suite 7 and 9, 80304 Boulder, Colorado, United States||Asian Development Bank||454,137.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 7987||15 Jan 2015||Grutter Consulting AG (Switzerland) in association with Ecotawa AG (Switzerland)||Thiersteinerstr 22 Reinach 4153 Switzerland||Asian Development Bank||803,500.00||—|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Procurement Plans||Sep 2013|