Uzbekistan: Amu Bukhara Irrigation System Rehabilitation Project

Sovereign Project | 44458-013 Status: Active


ADB is helping Uzbekistan improve water resources management and enhance agricultural productivity in Bukhara province and two districts in Navoi province. The project will develop a sustainable and reliable water supply for irrigated agriculture in the 250,000-hectare main command area in the Amu Bukhara Irrigation System and provide drinking water for 725,000 people.

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Project Name Amu Bukhara Irrigation System Rehabilitation Project
Project Number 44458-013
Country Uzbekistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3025-UZB: Amu Bukhara Irrigation System Rehabilitation Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 174.00 million
Loan 3026-UZB: Amu Bukhara Irrigation System Rehabilitation Project
Concessional ordinary capital resources / Asian Development Fund US$ 46.00 million
Loan: Amu Bukhara Irrigation System Rehabilitation Project
Japan International Cooperation Agency US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The proposed project is located in Bukhara Province and two districts in Navoi Province in the central part of Uzbekistan. The project will ensuer a sustainable and reliable water supply for irrigated agriculture in the main command area of 250,000 ha in the Amu Bukhara Irrigation System (ABIS) and drinking water for 725,000 population.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Sector overview. More than 48% of the country's people live in rural areas and depend on irrigated agriculture for their livelihood. To improve rural living standards, the government developed the updated Welfare Improvement Strategy for 2012- 2015 in 2013 and launched the Integrated Rural Development Program in 2011. Enhancing the productivity and sustainability of irrigated agriculture which covers 4.3 million ha is a central theme of both strategies. Improving irrigation and drainage (I&D) is critical to better agriculture productivity and competitiveness, and to sound environmental management.

The major challenges in the irrigated agriculture sector include insufficient investment. Other challenges include (i) reduced agricultural productivity due to low water-use efficiency; (ii) deteriorating system and on-farm infrastructure that has outlived its economic life; (iii) reliance on pump irrigation which covers 65% of the irrigated area and consumes 20% of the country's electricity; (iv) low energy efficiency at pump stations, which are of out-dated designs and are in a state of disrepair; (v) poor water management practices at almost every level of the irrigation system; and (vi) high climate sensitivity. Although production is declining, cotton remains a major agricultural crop. Adherence to international core labor standards is a concern; the government is cooperating with the International Labour Organization (ILO) to address the situation.

Amu Bukhara Irrigation System Authority overview. Population growth of 1.7% a year in the ABIS command area will have a potentially significant impact on the availability of water. About 6,500 farmers depended on agricultural activities in the command area in 2011, with support from 145 water consumers' associations (WCAs). The ABIS intake channel from the Amu Darya River and about 22 kilometers (km) of the 385-km main canal from the intake channel are located in neighboring Turkmenistan. O&M of these sections is carried out by the MAWR under a bilateral agreement between the two countries. The ABIS also provides domestic water supply for an estimated 725,000 people in its command areas. Cotton cultivation has gradually declined in the command area since 1990 due to an increase of winter wheat and more diversified cropping.

The ABIS was commissioned in 1965, and its main pump stations covering 250,000 ha have far exceeded their design life spans. The system's canals are in poor condition. The supply of irrigation water has become more unreliable due to several major failures of ABIS pumping equipment. Continued breakdowns leading to future declines in pumping capacity seem likely. Expenditures on O&M have been high (SUM154 billion, including electricity costs of SUM122 billion, in 2011). Another factor in the declining water supplies has been the ABIS's inadequate regulatory structures and its inefficient water supply operations and management. This has resulted in low conveyance efficiency, which in turn pose a serious threat to agricultural production and to the livelihood of local communities. The aging, energy-inefficient pump stations are also consuming overly large amounts of electricity equivalent to about 60% of total energy consumption in Bukhara Province and their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2011 are estimated to be equivalent to 758,000 -935,000 tons of carbon dioxide. Land quality in the ABIS command area is deteriorating, with about 12% of land in the Bukhara Province considered unsuitable for agriculture. This is mainly due to salinity, attributed to overuse of irrigation water under arid climatic and poor drainage conditions, which leads to salt accumulation in the soil.

Climate change impacts. Climate change is expected to affect the ABIS in several ways. The average demand for crop water is likely to increase by about 9% by 2050. Climate change alone will result in a decrease in average Amu Darya River flow from the current 38 cubic kilometers per year to an estimated 22- 28 cubic kilometers per year, and the year-to-year variability of its flow is expected to increase from its historic range of 31% -34% to 36%- 44% in 2050. More frequent water deficits will have the potential in some years to pose serious irrigation problems by 2050.

The project is consistent with the priorities of the ADB's country partnership strategy for 2012- 2016, which recommends that ADB provide new assistance for rehabilitation of major irrigation systems to be more energy-efficient and climate-resilient. The strategy also recommends ADB's support to the improvements in climate-adaptive on-farm water management and the productivity of water resources.

The government has requested co-financing of up to $100 million from the Japan International Cooperation Agency.

Impact Sustained economic and social welfare in communities dependent upon the ABIS

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Sustainable and reliable water supply in the ABIS command area
Progress Toward Outcome Physical works have commenced for the modernization and rehabilitation of ABIS main canal (output 2). Activities under output 3 have also commenced and are continuing. Activities under output 1 are expected to commence after contract award for the rehabilitation of Kuyu Mazar and Kizil Tepa pump stations.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. One new pump station built and four existing ones modernized and rehabilitated

2. Conveyance efficiency in the ABIS main canal increased

3. The capacity of BISA, ISAs, WCAs, and farmers to adapt to climate change increased. This will also support the government strategy to diversify crops and ensure food security in the project area.

4. Project and ABIS managed efficiently

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Bidding process for ICB/01 Construction of New Khamza Pump Station is near completion. Contract packages under ICB/03 Modernization and Rehabilitation of Kuyu Mazar and Kizil Tepa Pump Stations were awarded in December 2016.

2. Contracts for Modernization and Rehabilitation of Regulation Structures was awarded in March 2016. Detailed survey of hydraulic structures in the regions of Tashrabad, Rostgoy, Jilvan and Kharkur was carried out and deficiency reports were made. Design works for rehabilitation of hydraulic structures are being prepared.

3. Deep ripping and land leveling activities have been carried out on all demo farms and cleaning works on Kulin and Kuyi Gaziobod canals have commenced. Also, rehabilitation works on inter-farm and on-farm irrigation network were carried out as well as drilling works for the combined drainage system. Several training workshops on the following topics were conducted: the role and importance of ABIS rehabilitation, the organizational and legal issues of the WCA and fixed asset accounting of WCA; establishing pilot areas and introduction of modern farming practices and water-saving technologies; efficient organization of training for specialists of BISA, ISA and WCA and; operation and maintenance of irrigation and drainage network in WCAs. Agricultural activities such as sowing of alfalfa and wheat; monitoring of applications of mineral fertilizers, monitoring of plowing and preparation of fields for fruit trees planting have commenced. A new technology of minimum tillage was also tested during the sowing process in the pilot farms.

4. The consultant continued to provide assistance, mentoring and sound technical advice to PIU in procurement and project management. The contract addendum no. 3 is being prepared to include undertaking the detailed design and installation of the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system.

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

Environment (category B). The initial environmental examination (IEE) was undertaken and an environmental management plan (EMP) was prepared in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). The public, including civil society organizations, were consulted. The IEE indicated that most environmental impacts will occur during construction. The MAWR has agreed to implement the EMP and submit regular reports on its implementation. The IEE report, including the EMP, has been published on the ADB website. During project implementation, ADB and JICA, as possible co-financier, will each be responsible for safeguard compliance in their respective project activities.

Environmental Management Plans (EMP) have been incorporated in all bidding documents. During the evaluation of the bid proposals, the bids have been assessed for compliance with the specified EMP. During the reporting period, two civil works contracts have been signed (ICB/02 and NCB/04). Each contractor for the said awarded contracts as well as the succeeding contractors will be required to submit site specific environmental plans.

Involuntary Resettlement Involuntary resettlement (category C). The project will not require land acquisition. The new Khamza pump station will be constructed within areas owned by the ABISA. These areas have been fenced since the establishment of the ABIS in the early 1960s. Since the project is within the existing facilities, the social compliance audit report which confirmed that no land will be acquired for the project with no past and present claims on the land for this existing facilities was prepared and has been disclosed on the ADB website.
Indigenous Peoples Indigenous peoples (category C). The project will not involve or affect any ethnic minority or indigenous people, as defined by ADB's safeguard policy. The poverty and social assessment study showed that no ethnic minority or indigenous peoples were present in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project team conducted a number of extensive, in-depth consultations with civil society and beneficiaries during processing of the project. Participants in the consultatations included (i) farmers whose lands are in the project area; (ii) Makhalla communities, which represented local communities; (iii) women committee members; and (iv) representatives of water consumers' associations. During these consultations, ADB presented the project impact, outcome, outputs, potential environment and involuntary resettlement impacts, and associated mitigation measures. The team also discussed a summary result on the socioeconomic survey, including interviews and social and gender analyses. There were extensive Q&A sessions following the presentations. The participants showed support for the project. They also provided suggestions on the proposed project activities, which have been incorporated in project design. Two workshops, at inception of project preparation (April 2012) and completion (March 2013) were also held, which included participation by representatives of ministries, development partners, as well as diplomatic delegations. Participants were supportive of the Project.
During Project Implementation

ADB will closely monitor the status of the compliance with all loan covenants during project implementation including government's assurance on compliance with core labor standards. Consultations with concerned stakeholders on safeguards (land acquisition and resettlement) and gender were conducted as did assessment on how the project will benefit the local people. Consistent with consultation findings during the project design stage, the local people consulted in Bukhara and Navoi provinces are in favor of the project as it will improve the capacity and services of the ABIS in irrigating agricultural lands and in improving agricultural production.

ADB will continue its sector dialogue with the government, and interact closely with other development partners as well as the International Labour Organization.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

All consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. Quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method will be the default method for recruiting consulting firms with quality:cost ratio of 90:10. ADB's prior approval is needed for determining the selection method. Individual consultants may be engaged for specific assignments with prior approval of ADB.

Project Implementation Consultant.(consulting firm) is required to assist the EA and PMO with (i) project management, monitoring, and evaluation, (ii) procurement and construction supervisions, and (iii) improved water management and WCA strengthening.


All procurement of goods will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Bidders must be nationals of member countries of ADB, and offered goods and services must be produced in and supplied from member countries of ADB. The procurement plan will be updated quarterly for the next 18 months of procurement activities.

Specific provisions will be included in bidding documents and contracts financed under the project requiring that contractors (a) do not use child labor; (b) do not discriminate workers in respect of employment and occupation by providing, inter alia, equal pay for men and women or people from different ethnic groups for work of equal value, and to the extent possible, employing women and local people, including disadvantaged people, living in the Project area, provided that the requirements for efficiency are adequately met; (c) do not use forced labor; and (d) allow freedom of association and effectively recognize the right to collective bargaining.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Takaku, Ryutaro
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources
Shavkat Khamraev
4, Navoi Street
Tashkent, 100004
Republic of Uzbekistan


Concept Clearance 15 Nov 2011
Fact Finding 28 Feb 2013 to 15 Mar 2013
MRM 31 May 2013
Approval 25 Sep 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 22 Mar 2017

Loan 3025-UZB

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
25 Sep 2013 21 Nov 2013 21 Jan 2014 31 Aug 2020 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 334.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 174.00 25 Sep 2013 74.44 0.00 43%
Counterpart 60.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 100.00 25 Sep 2013 14.36 0.00 8%

Loan 3026-UZB

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
25 Sep 2013 21 Nov 2013 21 Jan 2014 31 Aug 2020 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 46.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 46.00 25 Sep 2013 36.88 0.00 88%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Sep 2013 2.87 0.00 7%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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