The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline (TAPI) Project aims to export up to 33 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas per year through a proposed approximately 1,800-kilometer (km) pipeline from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.
|Project Name||Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline Project, Phase 3|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Partnerships
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Oil and gas transmission and distribution
Industry and trade / Large and medium industries
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming|
|Description||The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline (TAPI) Project aims to export up to 33 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas per year through a proposed approximately 1,800-kilometer (km) pipeline from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
TAPI presents an opportunity for regional cooperation at an unprecedented scale linking the economies of the 4 countries together.
The Central Asia Regional Cooperation's (CAREC) Strategy for Regional Cooperation in the Energy Sector identifies TAPI as one of the links in the inter-energy relationship among CAREC countries. Aims of TAPI are strategically aligned with CAREC's objectives of ensuring (i) energy security through balanced development of regional infrastructure and institutions, (ii) stronger integration of markets, and (iii) economic growth through enhanced energy trading.
TAPI is a high priority flagship project in the energy sector under CAREC 2020.
For India, the South Asia's Regional Cooperation Strategy and Programs (SA RCSP) of 2011-2015 also focuses in the energy sector as a priority area.
|Impact||Enhanced energy trading between Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India|
|Description of Outcome||A natural gas pipeline consortium is established and engaged under a public-private partnership (PPP)|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Roadshows were held between 10-20 September 2012 in Singapore, New York City and London to meet with prospective consortium leads and financiers. Technical working group (TWG) and steering committee (SC) meetings were also organized during this period. Transaction Advisor was engaged by the Parties to assist the Parties with formation of the pipeline consortium. Investment agreement was concluded in April 2016.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Project Investment Market Study Report detailing the requirements of prospective project developers, financiers, and insurers
Operations Agreement, Network Code, Consortium Agreement and Host Country Agreements
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The preliminary report was prepared after the September 2012 roadshow and endorsed at the 19th TWG for Steering Committee's endorsement. After several TWG and an SC meeting, the four Governments have obtained necessary approvals for the establishment of TAPI Ltd., which is the pipeline company that will design, build, own and operate the TAPI Pipeline. An initial $5.0 million capital injection has also been approved for each of the Parties to provide as initial investment into TAPI Ltd. The Parties have engaged ADB as Transaction Advisor to assist them with the establishment of TAPI Ltd., as well as in finding and engaging a Consortium Leader for it. The Operations Agreement was signed on 8 July 2014, after the 18th SC Meeting. TAPI Pipeline Company Limited was incorporated in November 2014.
By the 22nd SC Meeting in 7 August 2015, TAPI steering committee unanimously endorsed Turkmengaz to become the consortium leader for TAPI Pipeline Company Limited.
During the 23th Steering Committee meeting on 24 October 2015 in Ashgabat, Shareholders of TAPI Pipeline Company Limited initialed the Shareholders Agreement. The Shareholders Agreement was signed on 13 December 2015 at the groundbreaking ceremony.
The 24th Steering Committee meeting on 27 April 2016 in Ashgabat was concluded by the signing of the Investment Agreement by the shareholders of TAPI Pipeline Company Limited.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th and 29th Technical Working Group meetings and 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd and 24th SC meetings were held to date.|
|During Project Implementation||TWG and SC meetings are held with representatives from Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.|
|Consulting Services||The TA requires at least 16 person-months in total of international and 37 months of national consulting services. The Oil & Gas Expert (international consultant), Legal Advisor (international consultant) and the national consultant are engaged as individual consultants. The TA also requires cumulative 15 person-days of various resource persons including oil and gas, safeguards, security and commercial experts. Consultants and resource persons will be engaged in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by ADB and Its Borrowers (2013), as amended from time to time.|
|Procurement||Procurement involved in the project including the roadshows (i.e., materials, venue rental and translation services) and meetings are carried out in accordance with ADB Procurement Guidelines (2015), as amended from time to time.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Koh, Pei Ling|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Energy Division, CWRD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||09 Apr 2012|
|Approval||24 May 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||19 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|24 May 2012||-||24 May 2012||30 Jun 2014||30 Jun 2017||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,500,000.00||0.00||850,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,350,000.00||24 May 2012||1,169,109.19|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 3)||Technical Assistance Reports||May 2012|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB President Expresses Support for Turkmenistan Economic DiversificationPresident Takehiko Nakao met with the President of Turkmenistan, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, to discuss the country’s development priorities and reiterate support for the government’s efforts to diversify the economy.
TAPI Gas PipelineThe proposed Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline is expected to transport natural gas from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.
TAPI Steering Committee Endorses Turkmengaz as Consortium Leader For TAPI Gas Pipeline ProjectThe TAPI Steering Committee has unanimously endorsed State Concern “Turkmengas” as the consortium leader of TAPI Pipeline Company Limited
No tenders for this project were found.
No contracts awarded for this project were found
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