||Tranche 4 is classified as environment category B. MPW prepared an IEE for the road subproject, which was found to be in compliance with the requirements of the ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Public consultations were held with the 57 villages along the road subproject alignment and there was significant public support for construction of the road. The IEE was disclosed on ADB's website on 29 October 2014. Given that the works are rehabilitation and upgrading of an existing road, no major negative impacts are expected, and effective implementation of the EMP will minimize and mitigate any adverse impacts during construction. However, as per the IEE for the preferred road alignment option, there will be some impact on trees. The trees to be logged are not endangered or rare species, and a Tree Replanting Plan has been worked out as a part of EMP and included in environmental costs. The tender and the contract documents will contain details of the environmental management and monitoring requirements. The contractors will have primary responsibility for implementing the EMP. With assistance of supervision consultants, MPW will monitor the effectiveness of the contractors in complying with the requirements. MPW's abilities in this regard are being strengthened through capacity building efforts and recurrent support to the PMO. Tranche 4 is classified as high risk for climate change impact. The engineering design already includes adaptation measures based on topography, climate and past lessons learned.
Tranche 4 is categorized as A for IR based on the magnitude of impacts caused by the proposed acquisition of 124 hectares of land, affecting an estimated number of 1,477 households (comprising 10,339 persons), of which 153 households and 448 shops will be physically displaced requiring relocation. The road subproject will mainly follow the existing right-of-way of the currently traversed tract. However, land acquisition is required to improve or upgrade the road alignment by either straightening or widening in certain sections. Although most of the Beharak to Eshkashim road alignment is in isolated undeveloped land, there is both agricultural land and urban encroachment on the right-of-way where it passes through communities. During construction, additional land may be used temporarily for camps and borrow pits, for which the government confirmed that government land will be made available. The LARP provides compensation for land, structures, loss on income, and relocation assistance for all affected businesses/households. Preparation of the replacement lands and its associated facilities will be done prior the relocation. The LARP will be updated based on the detailed engineering design of the contractor once procured.
Capacity building and other support to MPW for the preparation and implementation of LARPs for Tranches 1, 2, and 3 is ongoing. MPW is receiving additional support in this regard through capacity building funded under Tranches 1 and 2, and a separate Regional Technical Assistance project. The LARP for Tranche 4 generally follows the format of the Tranche 1, 2, and 3 LARPs, and includes the required information as specified in the ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and LARF, which was updated on 15 November 2012. The LARP is based on satellite photography, consultations, and field surveys carried out in 2014. In the course of the consultations, potentially affected persons were informed about the rationale and scope of the project, and compensation principles, and there was significant public support for construction of the road. The LARP was disclosed on the ADB's website on 14 November 2014 and Resettlement Information Booklets were distributed in the project area.
|During Project Design
||The existing organizational relationships and implementation arrangements for the Investment Program is intended to cover all tranches. MPW will be the executing agency, while MOF will be the recipient of the grant agreements. The PMO will support MPW to implement all tranches of the Investment Program, assisted by project management consultants and ADB, as necessary. The Facility Administration Manual (FAM) has been and will continue to be an integral part of the project documents, updated as required. The PMO will continue to assist MPW during implementation of Tranche 4, performing (i) project management and procurement; (ii) finance and administration; (iii) evaluation, monitoring, compliance, and reporting; and (iv) due diligence for possible subsequent projects. The PMO will establish a project performance monitoring system within six months from grant effectiveness and collect baseline data for performance monitoring. The current capacity of the PMO is adequate, but based on lessons learned, it needs additional support to effectively and efficiently prepare safeguards plans and monitor implementation. Additionally, MPW and the PMO need capacity development and support to continue to develop and assume a greater sector governance role. MPW is committed to ensuring efficient implementation of Tranche 4.
|During Project Implementation
||A framework financing agreement (FFA) was signed by the government and ADB on 3 August 2011 for the Investment Program. Of the 15 FFA undertakings, 1 has been fully complied and 14 are ongoing and being complied. Annex 5 of the government's PFR provides a status of compliance vis-a-vis FFA undertakings. Significant progress has been achieved vis-a-vis the policy framework and roadmap as set out in the FFA: (i) On 24 September 2012, the Council of Ministers approved the establishment of the AfRA, and in February 2013, the President appointed a Chief Executive Director for AfRA. Advisory and technical assistance will be provided to AfRA under Tranche 4 to finalize the Railway Act, begin implementation of the Afghanistan National Railway Plan, and develop and deliver training programs AfRA staff. (ii) In August 2013, the government gave Cabinet approval to take forward the legal and institutional arrangements to establish a Road Authority and the Road Fund was established by Presidential Decree in the same month. Coordinated technical assistance is currently being provided by ADB and other Development partners to draw up the plan for design and operationalization of the Road Authority and Road Fund, and operationalize an Asset Management System. (iii) The Transitional Law on Toll was issued by the government on 17 November 2012, which allows for the collection of one Afghani from the price of each liter of fuel imported to the country, to be earmarked for road maintenance and construction. (iv) The new Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF) O&M Facility was launched in July 2012 to incentivize civilian O&M spending. As a result, allocations to MPW for operations and maintenance (O&M) in 2014 doubled compared to previous years. (iv) An ADB Technical Assistance for Afghanistan's Infrastructure Master Plan Update was approved in July 2014, and will identify estimate future infrastructure project planning, construction, rehabilitation, and maintenance projects and resource requirements. (v) MPW has an established maintenance directorate to which Development Partners is providing capacity building support. The current mechanisms available and utilized for delivering O&M works by MPW are private contractors, MPW's own workforce, and local community contractors (including the Public Works Corp program in 8 provinces). A key constraint to greater use of private sector is that the local contractor industry is not sufficiently developed or skilled to execute the wide gamut of maintenance works.