Regional : Quantum Leap in Wind Power Development in Asia and the Pacific
Participating DMC governments are expected to achieve their targets for installed wind power capacity through the formulation of road maps, improved knowledge and capacity, better quantification of wind resource potential, and the identification of viable wind projects. The TA will (i) draw up wind energy development road maps for better planning and facilitating publicprivate partnership, (ii) assess wind resources in four countries (Mongolia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam) to reduce start-up time and manage resource risk, (iii) manage regional knowledge and build capacity to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and regional cooperation, (iv) prepare pre-feasibility studies, and (v) develop business and financing models to make wind projects in participating countries more bankable.
Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
Request for information
|Project Name||Quantum Leap in Wind Power Development in Asia and the Pacific|
|Country / Economy||Regional
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Renewable energy generation - wind
|Gender||No gender elements|
|Description||Participating DMC governments are expected to achieve their targets for installed wind power capacity through the formulation of road maps, improved knowledge and capacity, better quantification of wind resource potential, and the identification of viable wind projects. The TA will (i) draw up wind energy development road maps for better planning and facilitating publicprivate partnership, (ii) assess wind resources in four countries (Mongolia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam) to reduce start-up time and manage resource risk, (iii) manage regional knowledge and build capacity to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and regional cooperation, (iv) prepare pre-feasibility studies, and (v) develop business and financing models to make wind projects in participating countries more bankable. TA activities will be coordinated with the ongoing Asia Solar Energy Initiative, the Clean Energy and Network Efficiency Improvement Project for Sri Lanka, the proposed Transfer and Diffusion of Low-Carbon Technologies cluster TA, and other related ADB projects.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Global recognition of the climate crisis, concerns over energy security, and improvements in technology and costs are making the use of clean and renewable energy increasingly important. Wind energy is expanding worldwide and expected to meet up to 10% of global electricity demand by 2020. Wind energy has emerged as a mature, efficient, and reliable global business. The cost of energy generated by wind power has fallen dramatically, bringing it close to conventional energy costs. Wind energy potential in Asia is estimated to be 2 million megawatts (MW), and the region is the fastest growing wind power market in the world. However, most developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) are not yet part of the wind power boom.
The proposed technical assistance (TA) for supporting Quantum Leap in Wind Power Development in Asia and Pacific is in line with ADB's Strategy 2020 and energy policy 2009. It supports key country partnership strategies by promoting environmentally sustainable green growth, responding to climate change by helping DMCs to follow low-carbon growth paths, increasing renewable energy development, raising awareness and promoting policy and regulatory incentives, and sharing knowledge across regions.
The proposed activities of the TA are critical to overcome technical, policy, market and financing barriers to scale up wind energy use in Asia that have been identified (IEA 2009, World Bank 2009). There is a need to demonstrate that scaled up wind power in Asia is doable, in a shorter time-frame (e.g. by 2015 instead of 2020), and can be beneficial financially and environmentally. The TA will contribute to an understanding by all stakeholders of the potential for wind energy in the region.
Increased knowledge and use of wind energy, improving energy security in participating DMCs and Asia and the Pacific
|Description of Outcome||
Improved capacity in participating DMC governments to achieve wind power targets through road maps and faster wind power development facilitated through accurate wind resource data, feasibility studies, and business models
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Wind resource assessments conducted
Knowledge management and capacity building workshops conducted
Pre-feasibility and special studies prepared
Business and financial models developed
Wind energy road map for each country developed
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
TA has accomplished the following:
1. Wind energy road map for each country developed: The wind power development roadmaps for Philippines (36 page roadmap report) and Mongolia (54 page roadmap report) have been completed and the wind power development section of the Sri Lanka National Renewable Energy Development Plan has been updated. Roadmaps were developed jointly with the implementation agencies. In Sri Lanka the measurement data is being extensively used by Sustainable Energy Authority of Sri Lanka to develop wind park concept. The data was also used to conduct an auction for 20 MW of wind power.
2. Wind resource assessments conducted: A total of nine wind masts in Sri Lanka, Mongolia, and the Philippines have been successfully installed. In Sri Lanka, the met towers were installed and commissioned successfully in 2015; in Mongolia, met masts works were completed as per contract requirements and all the sensors and communication devices have been installed and working per the required specifications and conditions of the contract in 2015; In the Philippines. four met-masts were installed. Installation and commissioning of the met-masts were completed in September 2016 April 2017. ADB was not able to consummate a memorandum of understanding with the government of Viet Nam for QLW, hence it was dropped. Viet Nam's implementing agency wanted funds to be transferred to them and wanted full control over allocation and spending. This turned out to be irreconcilable
The met-masts are operated and maintained by the implementing agency. MOU was signed with the implementing agency, which stated that the implementing agency would maintain the towers and make the data publicly available. RETA conducted detailed workshops on wind resource assessment grid integration, logistics, construction, financial modeling and other aspects. Attendees were private developers, utilities, government, regulators, and others. Sharing of knowledge and best practices helped accelerate projects.
3. Knowledge management and capacity building workshops conducted: Four knowledge products were published under the TA: 1. Guidelines for Wind Resource Assessment: Best Practices for Countries Initiating Wind Development (https://www.adb.org/publications/guidelines-wind-resource-assessment-best-practices-countries-initiating-wind-dev); 2. Policy Enablers for New Wind Energy Markets (https://www.adb.org/publications/policy-enablers-new-wind-energy-markets); 3. Grid Integration of Wind Power: Best Practices for Emerging Wind Markets (https://www.adb.org/publications/grid-integration-wind-power-best-practices-wind markets); 4. Energy Storage in Grids with High Penetration of Variable Generation (https://www.adb.org/publications/energy-storage-variable-generation).
The TA offered several trainings to participating DMC government officials on basics of wind energy, wind project development, bankable wind resource assessment, grid integration of wind energy, WAsP and other software applications. QLW Workshops were organized during the Asian Clean Energy Forum from 2012 to 2016. TA also helped EARD organize a workshop on wind power integration in Beijing in September 2013 and under the request of the Mongolian government, TA helped their national dispatching center to tackle the wind power integration barriers.
4. Prefeasibility studies prepared/special studies prepared: The following special studies were prepared by the TA: 1. The TA helped prepare wind power development projects in support of lending activities for wind projects in Philippines, Thailand and Fiji (the PSOD and PARD); 2. Study was conducted and discussion note was prepared for the Mongolian Energy Regulatory Commission on funding of Renewable Energy Fund; 3. Study was conducted and a guide was published for the Mongolian Energy Regulatory Commission on licensing and approval of wind energy projects; 4. Technical assistance was provided to the Mongolian National Dispatch Center (MNDC) to reduce curtailment of wind power and support sustainable growth of wind power. A study was conducted and detailed recommendations were made for adoption by the MNDC; 5. Third party assessment of the Philippines wind energy industry was conducted in support of request of Philippines DoE Renewable Energy Management Bureau ('REMB ) to assess the status of wind industry in Philippines.
5. Business and financial models developed:The following business and financial models were developed by the TA: 1. A detailed assessment of wind power in 15 countries in Asia was developed and published. It was a compendium of wind energy policies, targets, wind resource maps, wind energy project data, opportunities and challenges for 15 countries in Asia & Pacific: Bangladesh, People's Republic of China, Fiji, Japan, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Maldives, Mongolia, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Republic of Korea, Thailand and Viet Nam; 2. As part of wind energy training in Mongolia, Philippines and Sri Lanka, detailed financial models were developed with country-specific data. The financial models were in MS Excel format and was a deliverable of the training; 3. Under the TA wind power applications in ice-making and air conditioning in Sri Lanka tourism industry were analyzed.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Two international consultation workshops were conducted in 2010 and 2011 to present the development of wind power in Asia and discuss the challenges and lessons from mature markets. Findings from both workshops confirmed the need for the proposed TA. The governments of four selected DMCsMongolia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Viet Namhave been consulted. In 2010, the Philippine Department of Energy formally requested ADB's support for developing a wind power program, and further consultations ensued on possible activities under the proposed TA. Similarly, consultations with the governments of Sri Lanka and Mongolia yielded positive results, as both have indicated their willingness to participate in the TA. Preparing the TA included preparing draft wind power road maps for Mongolia, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka.|
|During Project Implementation||Several in-country, regional, and international workshops, including in the Pacific, to share lessons and examples of successful wind energy strategies and associated policies are planned. The results will be shared online and at the future Asia Clean Energy Forum and other international events where private companies and government agencies in Asia and from around the world will be invited to disseminate best practices.|
The consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (April 2010, as amended from time to time).
International Consultant - Renewable and Wind Energy Specialist, 24 person-months
National Consultant Philippines - Technical Assistant Coordinator and Research Associate, 24 person-months
International Consultant - International Wind Resource Determination Specialist, 20 person-months
National Consultant other selected countries - Technical Coordinator and Expert, 30 person-months
|Responsible ADB Officer||Zhai, Yongping|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Energy Sector Group|
Asian Development Bank
|Concept Clearance||28 Feb 2011|
|Fact Finding||04 Oct 2010 to 11 Oct 2010|
|Approval||09 Dec 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||02 Oct 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|09 Dec 2011||-||09 Dec 2011||31 Dec 2014||30 Apr 2017||27 Dec 2017|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||2,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,000,000.00||17 Jun 2022||1,391,657.41|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Quantum Leap in Wind Power Development in Asia and the Pacific: Technical Assistance Completion Report||Completion Reports||Jan 2018|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Guidelines for Wind Resource Assessment: Best Practices for Countries Initiating Wind Development||Reports||May 2014|
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
QLW at the ADB-IEA Energy Training and How2Guide Workshops for Smart Grids (22 – 25 October, 2012)
QLW supported the Training and How2Guide workshops for Smart Grids in Distribution Networks and Wind Energy that was organized by ADB and the International Energy Agency (IEA) and held at ADB Headquarters on 22 - 25 October, 2012.
On the final day of the training program, QLW project officer Jitendra Shah presented the Asian Regional Outlook for Wind Energy. He opened with an introduction to the TA's objectives and its five (5) components, and followed this with a discussion of wind energy status in five case study areas (Sri lanka, Mongolia, Thailand, Philippines, and Pakistan). He also described several wind energy updates from 12 countries; namely, Mongolia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Thailand, Pakistan, Timor-Leste, Fiji, Afghanistan, India, and China and identified key "take-away lessons" from experiences in these countries.
View and download thepresentation in full.
Brownbag:Wind energy development lessons from countries with successful RE policies? (12 October, 2012)
Why does wind energy development policy fail? What are lessons to learn from countries with successful wind energy policies?
Wind energy policy has a thirty year history starting from early 1980s in US and EU; early 90s in India and China; early this century in Brazil, and South-east Asia. The QLW-sponsored brownbag on October 12, 2012 at ADB Headquarters elaborated on the evolution of various types of policies—Feed-in Tariff, Quota-based policies and other market-based policies. None of the countries covered got the policy right in the first iteration. Based on experiences in different countries, there is no recipe for a perfect policy or a perfect combination of policies. This presentation by Dr. Pramod Jain, President, Innovative Wind Energy, Inc. and ADB's international consultant on Wind Energy QLW TA addressed the lessons learned from 30 years of wind-related policies around the World.
Center for Wind Energy Technology (CWET) Ninth International Training Course(5 – 27 September, 2012)
Six representatives from three QLW focal countries (Sri Lanka, Mongolia, and the Philippines) participated in the 3-week intensive training on wind turbine technology and applications held in Chennai, India. All of the participants are active practitioners in the nascent wind industry in their respective countries, and were invited and selected by the QLW team in consultation with local counterparts. One of the participants, Mr. Altain Erdenebaatar, Chief Engineer of the National Renewable Energy Center in Mongolia, described the CWET program as the best detailed technical training delivered by experienced practitioners.
QLW in Mongolia
QLW Implementation Mission and Renewable Energy International Workshop in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia – 1 – 5 October, 2012
Representatives of the QLW Project Team visited Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, from 1-5 October, 2012 to carry out the following activities (i) technical assistance and training for the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC); (ii) guidance on vision and the role of wind for the Ministry of Energy; (iii) carry discussionson how to collaborate with the Mongolian Wind Energy Association (MWEA);(iv) resource assessment with the National Renewable Energy Center (NREC); (v) National Wind Energy Stakeholder dialogue on how to develop the wind energy roadmap;(vi) sharing of QLW Mongolia consultant Mr. Erdenebaatar's experiences from the Center for Wind Energy & Technology (CWET) training in India; and, (vii) Site Visit to Salkhit wind farm.
QLW in the Philippines
Philippine Wind Energy Stakeholders Meeting – 27 November, 2012
Quantum Leap in Wind hosted the latest Philippine Wind Energy Stakeholders Meeting on November 27 2012 at ADB Headquarters.
The meeting was well-attended, with more than 20 public and private sector participants actively contributing to the discussions which covered the process of updating the Philippine Wind Energy Roadmap, updates on the Feed-in-Tariff eligibility guidelines, and other wind energy concerns.
Mr. Rommel Reyes of the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines also shared his experiences from the September 2012 technical training on wind power development at the Centre for Wind Energy Technology (CWET) in Chennai, India.
The main takeaways from the meeting were: (i) there is a need to correct the public impression that there is a 1:1 ancillary requirement for every unit of installed renewable energy capacity; (ii) a steering committee has to be created for the wind roadmap updating; and, (iii) the feed-in-tariff eligibility guidelines have been endorsed for approval to the Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary.
Mission to the Philippine Provinces of Ilocos Norte and Cagayan as Potential Areas for Wind Resource Assessment Campaign (18 October, 2012)
The mission to the provinces of Ilocos Norte and Cagayan in northern Luzon was undertaken to assess the suitability of these areas as potential wind resource assessment campaign sites under the QLW TA. Bangui in Ilocos Norte is the site of the largest wind farm installation in the Philippines, the 33 MW Bangui Wind Farm operated by Northwind Power Corporation. The coastal area of Cagayan province, on the other hand, hosts ten pre-development wind resource service contracts awarded by the Philippine Department of Energy (DOE) because of the good wind power potential based on the 2001 NREL wind resource map.
The mission was organized in coordination with the Wind Energy Developer Association of the Philippines (WEDAP), Northwind Power Development Corporation, and Alternergy Philippine Holdings Corporation. Alternergy is a wind developer that, based on DOE records, has been awarded three wind service contracts in Ilocos Norte and Cagayan. The mission included visits to sites where Alternergy had installed a met-mast (Sta. Prexedes, Cagayan & Pagudpud wind power project) and are still undertaking wind resource assessment (Appari Wind project in Ballesteros, Cagayan).
Training for the Wind Energy Development Association of the Philippines (WEDAP) (17 October, 2012)
QLW's international consultant, Dr. Pramod Jain, conducted a one-day training on October 17, 2012 for members of the Wind Energy Development Association of the Philippines (WEDAP). Participants of the training had the opportunity to discuss Bankable Wind Resource Assessment and increase their understanding of the role of wind resource assessment (WRA), the three levels of WRA, factors that influence wind energy production, losses in energy production, and the uncertainty associated with WRA. The importance of securing and presenting high-quality wind resource assessment data to be able to secure debt financing from lending institutions was stressed during the training.
The training also covered the input parameters, results and an excel demonstration of a financial analysis model for wind projects.
Third General Wind Stakeholders meeting – 11 October, 2012
QLW sponsored the third general Philippine Wind Stakeholders meeting on October 11, 2012 at ADB Headquarters. The meeting was attended by representatives of the DOE and other concerned government agencies, private wind energy project developers, and academic institutions, among others. Items on the agenda for this meeting were: (i) Use of Wind Data; (ii) Site selection for the reference met-masts; (iii) The institution for managing long-term wind data & roles of the different stakeholders; (iv) various implementation Issues and Concerns; and, (v) finalization of the next meeting's agenda.
Second General Wind Stakeholders meeting – 6 September, 2012
The stakeholders' meeting was organized by the QLW team and DOE, and was held at DOE Headquarters in Taguig City. Discussions during the meeting covered configuration (height and type) of the project's reference met-masts based the set of criteria and cost estimates developed by the QLW team; procedures and criteria to identify the locations of the met-masts; options for institutions that will handle data management, particularly after closing of the QLW technical assistance; and data sharing by stakeholders for the updating of the Philippine wind resource map.
Training Seminar/Workshop on Wind Energy Project Development – 5 September, 2012
The TA supported the Training Seminar on Wind Energy Project Development which was held at the UP National Engineering Center, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.
Topics included an overview of the National Renewable Energy Program & RE Law of the Philippines by Atty. Pete Maniego of the Philippines National Renewable Energy Board; Case Study of the Puerto Galera 16 Wind Project by Felix Ople; "Wind Resource Assessment Theory vs. Practice and lessons learned" by Felix Ople; Wind Turbine Generator Technology by Carlos Carrion from GAMESA; Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power Systems by Felix Ople; and, Wind project siting, interconnection, transmission and connectivity by Othello Baronia of the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP). Mr. Carlo Borlaza, QLW national consultant for the Philippines, represented the project during the event.
Read anoverview of the event.
None currently available.