Participating DMC governments are expected to achieve their targets for installed wind power capacity through the formulation of road maps, improved knowledge and capacity, better quantification of wind resource potential, and the identification of viable wind projects. The TA will (i) draw up wind energy development road maps for better planning and facilitating public private partnership, (ii) assess wind resources in four countries (Mongolia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam) to reduce start-up time and manage resource risk, (iii) manage regional knowledge and build capacity to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and regional cooperation, (iv) prepare pre-feasibility studies, and (v) develop business and financing models to make wind projects in participating countries more bankable.
|Project Name||Quantum Leap in Wind Power Development in Asia and the Pacific|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Renewable energy generation - wind
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||Participating DMC governments are expected to achieve their targets for installed wind power capacity through the formulation of road maps, improved knowledge and capacity, better quantification of wind resource potential, and the identification of viable wind projects. The TA will (i) draw up wind energy development road maps for better planning and facilitating public private partnership, (ii) assess wind resources in four countries (Mongolia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam) to reduce start-up time and manage resource risk, (iii) manage regional knowledge and build capacity to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and regional cooperation, (iv) prepare pre-feasibility studies, and (v) develop business and financing models to make wind projects in participating countries more bankable. TA activities will be coordinated with the ongoing Asia Solar Energy Initiative, the Clean Energy and Network Efficiency Improvement Project for Sri Lanka, the proposed Transfer and Diffusion of Low-Carbon Technologies cluster TA, and other related ADB projects.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Global recognition of the climate crisis, concerns over energy security, and improvements in technology and costs are making the use of clean and renewable energy increasingly important. Wind energy is expanding worldwide and expected to meet up to 10% of global electricity demand by 2020. Wind energy has emerged as a mature, efficient, and reliable global business. The cost of energy generated by wind power has fallen dramatically, bringing it close to conventional energy costs. Wind energy potential in Asia is estimated to be 2 million megawatts (MW), and the region is the fastest growing wind power market in the world. However, most developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) are not yet part of the wind power boom.
The proposed technical assistance (TA) for supporting Quantum Leap in Wind Power Development in Asia and Pacific is in line with ADB's Strategy 2020 and energy policy 2009. It supports key country partnership strategies by promoting environmentally sustainable green growth, responding to climate change by helping DMCs to follow low-carbon growth paths, increasing renewable energy development, raising awareness and promoting policy and regulatory incentives, and sharing knowledge across regions.
The proposed activities of the TA are critical to overcome technical, policy, market and financing barriers to scale up wind energy use in Asia that have been identified (IEA 2009, World Bank 2009). There is a need to demonstrate that scaled up wind power in Asia is doable, in a shorter time-frame (e.g. by 2015 instead of 2020), and can be beneficial financially and environmentally. The TA will contribute to an understanding by all stakeholders of the potential for wind energy in the region.
|Impact||Increased knowledge and use of wind energy, improving energy security in participating DMCs and Asia and the Pacific|
|Description of Outcome||Improved capacity in participating DMC governments to achieve wind power targets through road maps and faster wind power development facilitated through accurate wind resource data, feasibility studies, and business models|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Wind resource assessments conducted
Knowledge management and capacity building workshops conducted
Pre-feasibility and special studies prepared
Business and financial models developed
Wind energy road map for each country developed
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
TA has accomplished the following:
1. Wind energy road map for each country developed: The wind power development roadmaps for Philippines (36 page roadmap report) and Mongolia (54 page roadmap report) have been completed and the wind power development section of the Sri Lanka National Renewable Energy Development Plan has been updated. Roadmaps were developed jointly with the implementation agencies. In Sri Lanka the measurement data is being extensively used by Sustainable Energy Authority of Sri Lanka to develop wind park concept. The data was also used to conduct an auction for 20 MW of wind power.
2. Wind resource assessments conducted: A total of nine wind masts in Sri Lanka, Mongolia, and the Philippines have been successfully installed. In Sri Lanka, the met towers were installed and commissioned successfully in 2015; in Mongolia, met masts works were completed as per contract requirements and all the sensors and communication devices have been installed and working per the required specifications and conditions of the contract in 2015; In the Philippines. four met-masts were installed. Installation and commissioning of the met-masts were completed in September 2016 April 2017. ADB was not able to consummate a memorandum of understanding with the government of Viet Nam for QLW, hence it was dropped. Viet Nam's implementing agency wanted funds to be transferred to them and wanted full control over allocation and spending. This turned out to be irreconcilable
The met-masts are operated and maintained by the implementing agency. MOU was signed with the implementing agency, which stated that the implementing agency would maintain the towers and make the data publicly available. RETA conducted detailed workshops on wind resource assessment grid integration, logistics, construction, financial modeling and other aspects. Attendees were private developers, utilities, government, regulators, and others. Sharing of knowledge and best practices helped accelerate projects.
3. Knowledge management and capacity building workshops conducted: Four knowledge products were published under the TA: 1. Guidelines for Wind Resource Assessment: Best Practices for Countries Initiating Wind Development (https://www.adb.org/publications/guidelines-wind-resource-assessment-best-practices-countries-initiating-wind-dev); 2. Policy Enablers for New Wind Energy Markets (https://www.adb.org/publications/policy-enablers-new-wind-energy-markets); 3. Grid Integration of Wind Power: Best Practices for Emerging Wind Markets (https://www.adb.org/publications/grid-integration-wind-power-best-practices-wind markets); 4. Energy Storage in Grids with High Penetration of Variable Generation (https://www.adb.org/publications/energy-storage-variable-generation).
The TA offered several trainings to participating DMC government officials on basics of wind energy, wind project development, bankable wind resource assessment, grid integration of wind energy, WAsP and other software applications. QLW Workshops were organized during the Asian Clean Energy Forum from 2012 to 2016. TA also helped EARD organize a workshop on wind power integration in Beijing in September 2013 and under the request of the Mongolian government, TA helped their national dispatching center to tackle the wind power integration barriers.
4. Prefeasibility studies prepared/special studies prepared: The following special studies were prepared by the TA: 1. The TA helped prepare wind power development projects in support of lending activities for wind projects in Philippines, Thailand and Fiji (the PSOD and PARD); 2. Study was conducted and discussion note was prepared for the Mongolian Energy Regulatory Commission on funding of Renewable Energy Fund; 3. Study was conducted and a guide was published for the Mongolian Energy Regulatory Commission on licensing and approval of wind energy projects; 4. Technical assistance was provided to the Mongolian National Dispatch Center (MNDC) to reduce curtailment of wind power and support sustainable growth of wind power. A study was conducted and detailed recommendations were made for adoption by the MNDC; 5. Third party assessment of the Philippines wind energy industry was conducted in support of request of Philippines DoE Renewable Energy Management Bureau (_REMB_) to assess the status of wind industry in Philippines.
5. Business and financial models developed: The following business and financial models were developed by the TA: 1. A detailed assessment of wind power in 15 countries in Asia was developed and published. It was a compendium of wind energy policies, targets, wind resource maps, wind energy project data, opportunities and challenges for 15 countries in Asia & Pacific: Bangladesh, People's Republic of China, Fiji, Japan, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Maldives, Mongolia, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Republic of Korea, Thailand and Viet Nam; 2. As part of wind energy training in Mongolia, Philippines and Sri Lanka, detailed financial models were developed with country-specific data. The financial models were in MS Excel format and was a deliverable of the training; 3. Under the TA wind power applications in ice-making and air conditioning in Sri Lanka tourism industry were analyzed.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Two international consultation workshops were conducted in 2010 and 2011 to present the development of wind power in Asia and discuss the challenges and lessons from mature markets. Findings from both workshops confirmed the need for the proposed TA. The governments of four selected DMCs Mongolia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam have been consulted. In 2010, the Philippine Department of Energy formally requested ADB's support for developing a wind power program, and further consultations ensued on possible activities under the proposed TA. Similarly, consultations with the governments of Sri Lanka and Mongolia yielded positive results, as both have indicated their willingness to participate in the TA. Preparing the TA included preparing draft wind power road maps for Mongolia, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka.|
|During Project Implementation||Several in-country, regional, and international workshops, including in the Pacific, to share lessons and examples of successful wind energy strategies and associated policies are planned. The results will be shared online and at the future Asia Clean Energy Forum and other international events where private companies and government agencies in Asia and from around the world will be invited to disseminate best practices.|
The consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (April 2010, as amended from time to time).
International Consultant - Renewable and Wind Energy Specialist, 24 person-months
National Consultant Philippines - Technical Assistant Coordinator and Research Associate, 24 person-months
International Consultant - International Wind Resource Determination Specialist, 20 person-months
National Consultant other selected countries - Technical Coordinator and Expert, 30 person-months
|Responsible ADB Officer||Zhai, Yongping|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||SDSC-ENE|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||28 Feb 2011|
|Fact Finding||04 Oct 2010 to 11 Oct 2010|
|Approval||09 Dec 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||02 Oct 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|09 Dec 2011||-||09 Dec 2011||31 Dec 2014||30 Apr 2017||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||2,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,000,000.00||09 Dec 2011||1,391,657.41|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Quantum Leap in Wind Power Development in Asia and the Pacific: Technical Assistance Completion Report||Completion Reports||Jan 2018|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Guidelines for Wind Resource Assessment: Best Practices for Countries Initiating Wind Development||Reports||May 2014|
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
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