The TA will contribute to improved knowledge and enhanced capacity in DMCs in preparing an adequate skill base to support growth and employment objectives in the context of middle income economies. It will help to address the skills needs for competitiveness in key sectors, including emerging green skills. The regional TA will assist DMCs to put in place timely and effective policies and strategies to meet emerging demands for skills in selected industries that have high growth, high employment and high greening potential. Extensive dialogue and networking will be facilitated between the public sector, business/sector councils, industry associations and employee associations to assess gaps in policy and practice for skill development and development of appropriate skill forecasting tools to anticipate future needs.
|Project Name||Education and Skills for Inclusive Growth and Green Jobs|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education - Technical and vocational education and training - Tertiary
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
The TA will contribute to improved knowledge and enhanced capacity in DMCs in preparing an adequate skill base to support growth and employment objectives in the context of middle income economies. It will help to address the skills needs for competitiveness in key sectors, including emerging green skills. The regional TA will assist DMCs to put in place timely and effective policies and strategies to meet emerging demands for skills in selected industries that have high growth, high employment and high greening potential. Extensive dialogue and networking will be facilitated between the public sector, business/sector councils, industry associations and employee associations to assess gaps in policy and practice for skill development and development of appropriate skill forecasting tools to anticipate future needs. The TA will address both technology oriented high-end skills as well as low-end skills to integrate poor and middle income target groups into high growth sectors in middle income economies that face the challenge of moving up the value chain to sustain growth rates and ensure inclusion for the population.
While a common methodology and approach will be used across the four countries proposed in this TA, the in-depth country reports will respond to the specific context of each country and take into account the economic growth, structural transformation and transition to green economies policies priorities articulated by the countries. Education and training institutions will become aware of best practices on curricula and training approaches to respond to skill needs in key industries. The TA will address industries with potential for high employment, growth and _greening' (eg, building and construction, transport, waste management, energy and hospitality). Countries proposed for this TA are India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam and Uzbekistan (four of these five countries will participate in this RETA in agreement with the respective governments).
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Important concerns for Asia to maintain growth rates include increasing employment, facilitating technology absorption for global competitiveness and curbing rising inequality. Economies need to deepen skill levels to serve knowledge based industries and broaden opportunities for skill development in new and emerging technology areas, particularly for poor and middle income groups, women and disadvantaged students, to realise higher employment benefits and inclusive growth.
Asian economies are experiencing the co-existence of unemployment, labor shortages and skill mismatches. These are symptomatic of education and training systems not being in step with skill needs of high growth sectors and the world of work. Reducing the skills mismatch and increasing employment opportunities, particularly for the youthful population of Asia, is a key concern that education and training institutions need to address.
Sustaining economic growth without compromising the environment is a policy challenge that Asia has begun to address. There is growing awareness that green growth approaches are economically and politically feasible and profitable. A number of studies forecast more _green' jobs, estimated to reach 100 million worldwide by 2030. Inadequate availability of a skill base could constrain the transition to greener economies and corporations.
|Impact||Availability of jobs-oriented courses and skill training improved and increased, including for green occupations|
|Description of Outcome||Knowledge and capacity of four DMCs in matching education and skills training to jobs, including green occupations, increased.|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Labor market needs, skills mismatch and demand for skills for jobs, including green occupations in selected industries in four countries analyzed.
2. Lessons learnt from global best practices of skills development systems in industry-specific environments documented.
3. Recommendations for policy and strategy options for skills for jobs for men and women, including green jobs, prepared and disseminated in four countries.
4. Recommendations for strengthening the participation of women and disadvantaged youth in skill training for improved job prospects, including the green occupations, prepared in four countries.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Recruiting Consulting Firm|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Jagannathan, Shanti|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||SDSC-TRA|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||24 Jun 2011|
|Approval||03 Oct 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||06 Sep 2011|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|03 Oct 2011||-||03 Oct 2011||30 Apr 2014||15 Nov 2015||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|950,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||950,000.00||03 Oct 2011||811,077.04|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Education and Skills for Inclusive Growth and Green Jobs: Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||Jun 2016|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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Asia and the Pacific Job Training and Skills for EmploymentWith focus and creativity the private sector can help bridge the jobs-skills gap for workers across Asia and the Pacific. When Ren John Lugtu graduated from nursing school in the Philippines four years ago, he was ready to work as a nurse abroad just like many others looking to earn a living in the United States or Europe. Nursing was once viewed as a recession-proof field with a chronic labor shortage. But unfortunately, that reality no longer exists. So RenJohn ended up working at a convenience store in Manila, making minimum wage.