The South Asia Regional Road Safety Program is a multi-sectoral approach and aims to involve 5 countries; India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. The first phase of the project will focus on Bhutan and Nepal, and the second phase will focus on India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. This project aims to identify and prepare for further design and implementation most urgent and cost efficient South Asia Regional Road Safety Program, and improve country road safety capacities and collaboration mechanisms both between the countries and with external organizations/agencies.
|Project Name||South Asia Road Safety Programs (Phase 1: Kingdom of Bhutan and Nepal)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Public sector management - Social protection initiatives
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The South Asia Regional Road Safety Program is a multi-sectoral approach and aims to involve 5 countries; India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. The first phase of the project will focus on Bhutan and Nepal, and the second phase will focus on India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. This project aims to identify and prepare for further design and implementation most urgent and cost efficient South Asia Regional Road Safety Program, and improve country road safety capacities and collaboration mechanisms both between the countries and with external organizations/agencies.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The road safety problem is especially serious in the Asia Pacific region and is recognized as an alarming economic, health, and poverty and social development problem. Specifically, WHO reports that ADB's DMCs are losing at least $96 billion every year due to road accidents (more than all development assistance provided) and suffer over 645,000 deaths and 30 million injuries every year. Road deaths are concentrated among vulnerable road users who are generally poorer households (50% in Western Asia /Pacific and 75% in South Asia), while 7 out of 10 poor families suffer decreased income after a death or disability.
Recognizing the scale and urgency of the problem, the UN General Assembly proclaimed the period 2011-2020, commenced on May 2011, as the Decade of Action for Road Safety and urged development banks and funding agencies to provide adequate and additional funding to activities relating to the Decade. ADB together with other MDBs adopted a joint statement committing to mobilize more resources to improve road safety in DMCs and established a workgroup of MDBs on road safety.
Well-documented experience of road safety work in OECD countries has shown that systematic implementation of road safety programs since 1960s has reduced the annual number or rate of road fatalities by up to 3-5 times. There is reliable evidence that investments in road safety in DMCs can be very cost effective: some studies suggest that spending 10% of the current costs of road crashes on safety may prevent 70% of those costs in future. This TA will help develop South Asia Regional Road Safety Program and enhance cooperation in addressing road safety problem in the region.
|Impact||Sustainable and cost-effective improvement of road safety in Bhutan and Nepal|
|Description of Outcome||South Asia Regional Road Safety Programs (Phase 1) ready for subsequent design and implementation|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Road safety diagnosis completed
2. Road safety programs on selected high-risk corridors with regional importance prepared
3. Road safety management capacity strengthened
4. Regional road safety collaborative mechanism for South Asia established
5. Road safety policies and business procedures to incorporate road safety into the lifecycle of roads developed and operationalized
6. Sustainable funding arrangements for road safety identified
7. South Asia road safety programs (phase 1) prepared
8. Draft DMFs for subsequent road safety investment projects prepared
9. Efficient project management
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||The inception report was submitted on 1 March 2013. The Task 1 report which is about Road Safety Diagnosis and Recommendations was submitted on 27 June 2013; Task 2 - Road Safety Program on High Risk Corridors was on 31 May 2014; Task 5 - Policies and Business Procedure was on 6 June 2014; Task 6 - Sustainable Funding Arrangement was on 9 June 2014 and; Task 7 - Identify and Prepare for Subsequest Design and Implementation South Asia Road Safety Programs was on 25 September 2014; Task 9 - International Road Assessment Program Report (iRAP) was submitted on 14 June 2014.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation||The Mid-Term Report was submitted on 1 July 2013. There has been satisfactory engagement with the government officials to develop the outputs of the TA. The Study Tour was also successfully delivered and completed in Sweden in October 2013. The final report has been submitted to ADB on 21 November 2014. The Final Statement of Eligible Cost will be prepared after the last claim on withheld items are processed.|
|Consulting Services||The TA will be carried out by a firm of international consultants in association with national consultants. Individual (international) consultant on the international road assessment program will be engaged to provide inputs in specialized areas of expertise. The firm will be engaged using quality- and cost-based selection with a quality cost ratio of 80:20. Simplified technical proposals will be requested. International experts will include a road safety expert and team leader (9 person-months), and road safety engineer (5 person-months). National experts (24 person-months in total) will include country-based highway design engineers (4 person-months in each of the two countries) and road safety experts (8 person-months in each of two countries). Around 65% of the international inputs will be provided in Nepal and 35% in Bhutan. The consultant will closely interact with the firm engaged under the ongoing road safety TA in Bangladesh to share experiences and lessons, and discuss and harmonize road safety solutions.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Kawabata, Tomoaki|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SARD|
|Concept Clearance||16 Sep 2011|
|Fact Finding||31 Oct 2011 to 11 Nov 2011|
|Approval||14 Dec 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||10 Mar 2015|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|14 Dec 2011||-||14 Dec 2011||30 Jun 2013||30 Jun 2015||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|700,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||700,000.00||14 Dec 2011||697,897.14|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|South Asia Road Safety Programs (Phase 1: Kingdom of Bhutan and Nepal): Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||Mar 2016|
|South Asia Road Safety Programs (Phase 1: Kingdom of Bhutan and Nepal): Final Report||Consultants' Reports||Nov 2014|
|South Asia Road Safety Programs||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2011|
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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