The TA was in line with the support for NEP objectives to achieve education for all, particularly in the areas of good governance and capacity development. It supported the management of Loan 2761-BAN(SF): Third Primary Education Development Project (PEDP III) and Loan 3256-BAN(SF): PEDP III Additional Financing. PEDP III focuses on achieving outputs in 4 result areas: (i) improved teaching and learning for all; (ii) reduced disparities; (iii) decentralized and effective organization, and (iv) improved planning and management. PEDP III links financing to government achieving a set of annual disbursement linked indicators (DLIs) that are outputs deemed essential to meet the project's objectives. A 6-year DLI matrix that defines annual DLIs and detailed protocol, and an independent verification mechanism for DLI achievement has been developed. PEDP III also uses the government's treasury system for disbursement and financial management.
|Project Name||Support for the Third Primary Education Development Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Education sector development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The TA was in line with the support for NEP objectives to achieve education for all, particularly in the areas of good governance and capacity development. It supported the management of Loan 2761-BAN(SF): Third Primary Education Development Project (PEDP III) and Loan 3256-BAN(SF): PEDP III Additional Financing. PEDP III focuses on achieving outputs in 4 result areas: (i) improved teaching and learning for all; (ii) reduced disparities; (iii) decentralized and effective organization, and (iv) improved planning and management. PEDP III links financing to government achieving a set of annual disbursement linked indicators (DLIs) that are outputs deemed essential to meet the project's objectives. A 6-year DLI matrix that defines annual DLIs and detailed protocol, and an independent verification mechanism for DLI achievement has been developed. PEDP III also uses the government's treasury system for disbursement and financial management. An action plan that defines ways to improve procurement and financial management was developed to manage risks associated with government managing funds and accounting for project expenditure. The TA supported PEDP III management mainly in the areas of fiduciary risk management and result reporting and verification. The TA was a follow-up to TA 7714-BAN: Support for the Proposed Primary Education Sector Development Program. While TA 7714-BAN was a S-CDTA that had helped identify and plan critical activities before PEDP III implementation started, the TA implemented large scale activities which had been identified by TA 7714-BAN such as the annual fiduciary reviews, during PEDP III implementation. While the TA period was initially for 18 months, it was planned that co-financing from other development partners and/or additional ADB resources would enable implementation of key TA activities during the project life (2011-2017).|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Bangladesh has made a significant achievement in participation of boys and girls in primary education. Major challenges remain in reducing drop out and repetition, and in improving the quality of education, particularly in disadvantaged areas. The National Education Policy (NEP) addresses such systemic issues and aims at reducing disparities between different types of schools, and expanding and improving primary education in disadvantaged locations in rural communities and urban slums. Success in managing reforms in large systems such as the Bangladesh primary education depends largely on the government capacity for effective targeting, planning and management of resources to achieve the intended results. As such, Loan 2761-BAN(SF): Third Primary Education Development Project (PEDP III) (approved on 5 July 2011) has made a shift from a focus on activities and inputs to a broader program approach which focuses on results. PEDP III intends to develop institutional capacity in planning and financing based on results, help establish a robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system, and to promote accountability for results through improved result reporting. Furthermore, good governance and improved practices in public financial management (PFM) will ensure that funds are used for the intended purpose and are accounted for. PEDP III will ensure close fiduciary oversight and support system improvement in PFM that includes developing best practices in procurement, accounting and auditing.|
|Impact||An efficient, inclusive, and equitable primary education system in Bangladesh|
|Description of Outcome||Increased assurance on fiduciary concerns and result reporting for Loan 2761-BAN: Third Primary Education Development Project|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Under this TA several fiduciary reviews have been undertaken as well as additional capacity development has been provided, which has contributed to strengthened assurance of fiduciary concerns. The TA has provided strong support to strengthen results reporting, which has contributed to increased assurance on the quality of results reporting.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Fiduciary risk management improved
Result reporting and verification process improved
Policy dialogue enhanced on system capacity development in PFM; results-based planning, financing, and reporting; and other key areas identified
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1) Three international audit firms were recruited to conduct the Annual Fiduciary Reviews (AFR) for each fiscal year from FY2011-12 to FY 2014-15. All these AFRs were completed and endorsed. Under an emergent need as requested from the GoB in 2016, a separate component under the contract with the firm conducting the AFR 2014-15 was to carry out a study on the quality and distribution of textbooks. The study was completed and endorsed in April 2017 with dissemination in May 2017, which helped strengthen the procurement capacity for fiduciary risk management in procurement area. Moreover, in total seven Quarterly Fiduciary Reviews (QFRs) were conducted, with the last one completed in January 2017. The QFRs provided on-time support to advise on special needs for fiduciary risk management as identified during the implementation of PEDP3.
In addition, a pool of individual consultants was provided to strengthen procurement, financial management, monitoring the implementation of the PFM and Procurement Action Plan, following up on GoB's responses to the audit observations, etc. All these supports have helped improve the fiduciary risk management in PEDP3.
(2) A consulting firm on result-based management was hired by 2014 to provide support in Annual Primary School Census (APSC) and Annual School Performance Report (ASPR). Since then, the support for result-based management has been mainstreamed into the technical assistance activities financed by the PEDP3's pooled fund. The on-time submission of ASPRs has enabled the EA to meet the requirements on Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) for result reporting and verification. Meanwhile, a pool of individual consultants was provided to assist in M&E, monitoring of construction activities, supporting the implementation of Gender and Inclusive Education Action Plan (GIEAP), supporting the overall project management, and supporting and reporting on the status of achieving Disbursement Linked Indicators. All these have helped improve the result reporting and verification process of PEDP3.
3) All the above measures have strengthened the PEDP3's Procurement and Finance Working Group (PFWG) in its role to enhance system capacity development in PFM, as well as strengthened the PEDP3's other working groups, such as the Quality Working Group, Disparity Working Group, and Administration and Monitoring Working Group, in their roles for strengthening result-based planning, financing and monitoring. Furthermore, the bi-annual Joint Consultative Meetings (JCMs) and the Joint Annual Review Missions (JARMs) have been conducted on-time and satisfactorily, which led to the smooth disbursement of DPs' financing based on verified DLIs achievement and on the confirmed GoB's expenditures in the primary education sector. Policy dialogues in these areas were thus improved.
All the planned activities in the TA have been completed by June 2017.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The Government of Bangladesh, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and eight development partners have jointly developed the Third Primary Education Development Program, which has several innovative features. The project provides financing depending on the achievement of selected results called disbursement-linked indicators (DLIs) and the government and development partners have agreed on a joint mechanism to review, verify, and improve reporting on DLIs and other results. Because the government's treasury system is used for disbursement and financial management, close fiduciary oversight and support for system improvement in public financial management (PFM) was also agreed. Subsequently, the government has requested ADB's support to strengthen project management in the areas of fiduciary risk management, and result reporting and verification.|
|During Project Implementation||The TA has strengthened fiduciary risk management and results-based management and reporting for PEDP3. It is represented by the implementation of the agreed Procurement and Financial Management (PFM) Action Plan items from 2012 to June 2017 in subsequent years as evidenced during annual review mission, results reporting fully meeting the agreed DLIs verification protocol from 2012 to June 2017, and the Annual Sector Performance Report 2014 of adequate quality. Although not all the PFM Action Plan items have been fully implemented until now, it has already shown significant progress in their implementation.|
The technical assistance (TA) will help ADB and other development partners to closely oversee PEDP III management, particularly in: (i) fiduciary risk management, and (ii) result reporting. It will help ensure government compliance with the agreed disbursement conditions and that funds are used effectively for the intended purpose, and accounted for. In addition the TA will further contribute to institutional capacity development in public financial management, result-based planning, financing and reporting, and other key areas of reforms as required.
6 person-months of international consultants
12 person-months of national consultants
|Responsible ADB Officer||Li, Zhigang|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Bangladesh Resident Mission|
Ministry of Primary and Mass Education
Mirpur-2, Dhaka, Bangladesh
|Concept Clearance||15 Mar 2012|
|Approval||29 May 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||22 Aug 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|29 May 2012||09 Sep 2012||09 Sep 2012||30 Sep 2013||30 Jun 2017||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|900,000.00||1,950,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,850,000.00||29 May 2012||2,535,137.02|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Support for the Third Primary Education Development Project||Technical Assistance Reports||May 2012|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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No tenders for this project were found.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8085||13 May 2015||Ernst & Young LLP (India) in association with A. Qasem & Co. (AQC, Bangladesh)||6th Floor, HT House, 18-20 Kasturba Ghandi Marg, New Delhi 110001, India||Ministry of Primary and Mass Education||418,020.00||—|
None currently available.