The Asian Development Bank is working with Cambodia to help the country fully recover from devastating floods that struck in 2011. The project has provided safe drinking water, shelter, and food, as well as cash-for-work schemes to replenish livestock.
|Project Name||Cambodia Flooding 2011: Humanitarian Assistance Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change|
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation
Public sector management - Social protection initiatives
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming|
|Description||The project consists of activities relating to the provision of life preserving services for communities affected by the 2011 flooding. The project will support (i) procurement of rice seeds; (ii) temporary repairs of canal embankments in particular through the procurement of fuel and empty bags; (iii) families affected by the flooding through food or cash for work schemes for emergency repairs to flood-damaged rural roads.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||To maximize impact, minimize fiduciary risks, ensure complementary with the activities of the UN family and other development partners, and support effective implementation of the emergency response activities financed by the APDRF funds, the RGC proposes that the APDRF be used to address critical needs for: (i) rice seeds to enable affected households rapidly to replant destroyed rice fields; (ii) temporary repairs of irrigation canals embankments; and (iii) support affected families through food and cash for work schemes by undertaking emergency repairs to flood-damaged rural roads in order to restore connectivity of affected communes. Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) has indicated that the emergency road repairs could be achieved through engaging UN World Food Program (WFP). This would quickly restore access to flooded-affected areas for distribution of emergency assistance while providing jobs to the affected people, assisting in their economic recovery.|
|Impact||Expected impact is reduced vulnerability of immediate food shortages in flooded areas.|
|Description of Outcome||Expected outcome is fill the gap of insufficient rice seeds and provide flood affected communities with immediate works.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Affected people received immediate assistance such as: rice seed, rural road rehabilitation and canal embankment.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Distribution of rice seeds to flood affected families
2. Temporary repairs of canal embankments
3. Emergency repairs of flood-damaged rural access roads
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The project successfully completed. The project was closed on 4 December 2012, Final withdrawal application was submitted to CTLA-LGD for liquidation on 3 January 2013. Outstanding advance is being arranged for refund back to ADB.
Affected provinces were ranked in order of affected/damaged areas, and then 10 flood affected provinces i.e. Siem Reap, Kampong Thom, Prey Veng, Svay Reang, Takeo, Kampong Chhnang, Pursat, Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Otdar Meanchey were selected for implementing the CFW scheme.
The purchase of 583.86 tons of IR66 rice seeds amounting to $0.39 million was completed and sold at subsidized price (500 riels per kilo) to 12,071 flood affected households from 52 communes of Prey Veng and Svay Rieng provinces.
18 km of tertiary canals were rehabilitated and completed and provided employment opportunity of around 24,747 HHs (80,000 farmers).
139.09 km of rural roads were rehabilitated and fully completed. It provided employment opportunity (under cash-for-work schemes) to around 24,747 HHs (80,000 farmer) in the target provinces.
The CFW scheme provided employment opportunity to 16,827 households(including 4,470 woman headed households). In terms of individual participants, the CFW scheme engaged 40,844 participants (including 17,662 female participants).
Each participant household earned US$ 88.01 on an average. The CFW scheme generated around 519,325 workdays.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Environmental Aspects||Not applicable.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Not applicable.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Not applicable.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The Royal Government of Cambodia requested for ADB financial assistance under the Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund (APDRF) on 27 October 2011.|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||ADB' procurement guidelines and ADB's guidelines on the use of consultants do not apply.|
The following goods and works will be procured:
(i) procurement of rice seeds;
(ii) temporary repairs of canal embankments in particular through the procurement of fuel and empty bags; and
(iii) families affected by the flooding through food or cash for work schemes for emergency repairs to flood-damaged rural roads.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Hem, Chanthou|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Cambodia Resident Mission|
Ministry of Economy and Finance
Street 92, Sangkat Wat Phnom
Khan Daun Penh, Phnom Penh City
|Fact Finding||27 Oct 2011 to 27 Oct 2011|
|MRM||01 Nov 2011|
|Approval||02 Nov 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Apr 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|02 Nov 2011||04 Nov 2011||04 Nov 2011||04 May 2012||04 Dec 2012||15 Aug 2013|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||3.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||3.00||02 Nov 2011||2.83||0.00||94%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||02 Nov 2011||2.83||0.00||94%|
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Cambodia: Replacing Lost Crops and Cash-for-Work Schemes Key to Rebuilding Lives After FloodsADB has approved a $3 million grant to support Cambodia's efforts to recover from the floods that devastated the country in the last 2 months. ADB will work with the Cambodian government to help meet some of its most critical needs in the wake of the country's worst flooding in over a decade.