China, People's Republic of: Gansu Jiuquan Integrated Urban Environment Improvement Project

Sovereign Project | 45506-001 Status: Closed


The proposed project aims to improve the living conditions of urban residents in Jiuquan Municipality in Gansu Province, People's Republic of China (PRC) through improvements to urban environment and transport services. The project will support river environment improvement works, urban roads, bridges and associated utility infrastructure, and institutional strengthening and capacity development of related urban environment and transport services.

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Project Name Gansu Jiuquan Integrated Urban Environment Improvement Project
Project Number 45506-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7847-PRC: Gansu Jiuquan Integrated Urban Environment Improvement Project
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 650,000.00
TA 7847-PRC: Gansu Jiuquan Integrated Urban Environment Improvement (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 100,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming

The proposed project aims to improve the living conditions of urban residents in Jiuquan Municipality in Gansu Province, People's Republic of China (PRC) through improvements to urban environment and transport services. The project will support river environment improvement works, urban roads, bridges and associated utility infrastructure, and institutional strengthening and capacity development of related urban environment and transport services.

The project is located in Jiuquan in northwest Gansu Province, approximately 730 kilometers (km) northwest of provincial capital of Lanzhou. The population of the municipality is 1.2 million and that of the city is 464,000 in 2010, of which 248,000 live in urban area. Jiuquan city is spread over a low-lying plain on the banks of the Beidahe river between the southern limits of the Gobi desert and the northern range of Qilian mountain. Jiuquan is rich in natural resources and its key industries are renewable energy equipment, agricultural products processing and construction materials, with growing tourism development increasingly contributing to the city's economic output. In the route of Hexi Corridor, Jiuquan has historically been an oasis of the ancient Silk Road and has a potential to serve as a vital artery for the relatively less developed northwestern region of the PRC and promoting regional economic integration with the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation countries.

However, Jiuquan suffers from various urban environmental problems partly due to harsh natural environment proximate to the desert and partly due to lack of investment in key urban infrastructure. Jiuquan has a continental desert climate with constrained water resources and high evaporation. The annual average precipitation is only 84 millimeter (mm) but significant run-off occurs from snow melt in the Qilian mountain range coupled with torrential rainfall during summer which at times causes seasonal flooding. Sand and dust being transported by frequent strong winds from the desert cause atmospheric pollution, high incidence of respiratory illness and productivity loss. Long neglected Beidahe river faces ecological and environmental degradation, induces floods and droughts more frequently and severely than in the past, and subsequently affects the public environment, health and safety. Jiuquan's increasingly congested urban roads experience road surface and base course failures, and thus limit the city's ability to play a connecting role along the Hexi Corridor.

To address the environmental problems and challenges, the project will support an integrated multi-functional river improvement approach comprising river training works, water impounding structures, embankments and engineered wetlands, which will collectively reduce urban flood and drought risks, improve the river's retention capacity and resilience to the climate change impacts, restore the ecological function of the river and its habitats, and provide a landscaped area for public amenity. The project will also support planting wind-breaking tree screens along the shoals and banks of Beidahe river which will provide natural windbreak to defend the city against sandstorms and enhance public amenity. The project will introduce a modern approach to irrigate the plantations from new impounding structures to be replenished during high run-off period and used for low flow conditions, which will contribute to enhancing efficiency of water use and conservation of water resources in Jiuquan.

Roads serving the old part of the urban area have become increasingly congested and some were not well maintained and experience surface failures. Those roads also lack the provision of utility service mains resulting in inefficient supplies to adjacent housing and commercial properties. The project will support the construction and reconstruction of such urban roads and bridges, thereby relieving congestion on the existing road network and improving access to the main industrial employment areas and from farm to market for neighboring rural areas. Urban service delivery will also be improved by providing new municipal utility services mains to the areas along the roads and bridges.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Through integrated urban environment improvement, the project will enhance the livability of Jiuquan and support the city's sustainable development. The project will also contribute to promoting balanced regional development in the PRC as well as in Gansu Province. The project supports the PRC's country partnership strategy (2008-2010) advocating efficient urban infrastructure, strengthening environmental management, supporting inclusive growth, and well balanced development. The project will build on Asian Development Bank (ADB) experience gained from other urban development projects, reflect lessons from the previous water resources management projects and small and medium-sized cities' development projects, and incorporate international practices on environmentally sound and sustainable river rehabilitation and transport investment. Given the harsh physical environment and scarcity of water resources in Jiuquan, the project will undergo thorough due diligence to ensure that the project-supported urban development will be sustainable in view of the carrying capacity of the natural system. Innovative features will be explored in designing river rehabilitation works, water impounding structures, wetlands engineering, and tree screening plantations to maximize integrated environmental and social benefits and involve community participation. Roads and bridges will be designed to accommodate non-motorized transport and support low-carbon urban development taken into account.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Jiuquan, Gansu Province

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project will involve extensive consultations with the project stakeholders, including the EA, IA, PMO, other municipal and provincial government agencies, private companies, design institutes, project affected people and beneficiaries, by way of surveys, stakeholder workshops, focus group discussions, informant interviews and other public consultations.
During Project Implementation The initial due diligence has been conducted through close collaboration and coordination of the project management office, implementing agency, and TA consultants. A number of focus group discussions and key informant interviews have been carried out. A preliminary poverty and social assessment (PSA) was prepared based on the survey, discussions, and interviews. The draft social action plan (SAP) and gender action plan (GAP) have been prepared based on the outcome and consultations carried out with key informants and residents of beneficiary villages and communities. The PSA, SAP, GAP and summary poverty reduction and social strategy will be refined reflecting the results of further consultations with concerned agencies, with a view to enhance the social benefits thereby strengthening the rationale of the project components.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services An international consulting firm in association with national consultants will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). ADB will select and engage consultants based on the quality of the proposal (80%) and the cost (20%) of the services to be provided (the quality- and cost-based selection method, QCBS) using simplified technical proposal procedures. A total of 42 person-months of consulting services (12 international and 30 national) are required. In addition, up to two individuals may be hired on an individual basis to provide early inputs to the PPTA process.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Penjor, Sangay
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Jiuquan Municipal Government
Mr. Ming Yang, Project Director
[email protected]
Government Building, Jiuquan City, Gansu Province


Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
Approval 18 Aug 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 20 Sep 2012

TA 7847-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 Aug 2011 09 Sep 2011 09 Sep 2011 31 Dec 2012 31 Dec 2013 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
750,000.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 950,000.00 18 Aug 2011 713,657.39

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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