ADB is helping the People's Republic of China improve urban facilities, including water supply, in Kelamayi and Kuitun, arid cities of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The project will strengthen wastewater reuse and improve water management. It will also improve other urban infrastructure and services, including roads and flood control.
|Project Name||Xinjiang Integrated Urban Development Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services - Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will improve urban infrastructure facilities and the environment in the cities of Kelamayi and Kuitun in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), which will contribute to sustainable economic growth and improve the quality of life for about 340,000 urban residents in the two project cities.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The development of XUAR, one of the poorest and most remote regions in the northwest with a large ethnic minority population of Uygur and other minority ethnic groups accounting for 46% and 15% of the total population, respectively, is one of the PRC's top priorities. XUAR is facing serious challenges regarding urbanization and remains poor in terms of economic growth. Water availability is a critical concern to the fragile ecology of XUAR, which is predominantly a desert territory characterized by strong winds, low rainfall, and a high evaporation rate. Infrastructure improvement and provision of basic urban services are needed to facilitate environmentally sustainable economic growth that is essential to improve urban living conditions.
Recognizing the need for greater national support, the Government of the PRC inaugurated a twinning scheme whereby assistance from other provinces will be used to strengthen the capacity in XUAR and improve local living standards. Nineteen nominated provinces and/or municipalities will provide financial contributions from 2011 to 2020. The domestic support complements Asian Development Bank's (ADB) growing strategic urban development partnership with the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government (XUARG) and efforts of other international development partners. ADB is currently involved in three ongoing urban development projects in the region. The proposed project will be the fourth ADB-financed urban development project in XUAR.
The project will help XUAR address a common and major urban development constraint by enhancing water availability through strengthening wastewater reuse and improving water management in two medium-sized cities Kelamayi and Kuitun. The two cities located approximately 350 kilometers (km) and 220 km, respectively, to the northwest of the regional capital, Urumqi are severely water-stressed cities in the XUAR. Both cities suffer from a very harsh climate, with sub-zero temperatures between November and March, and annual precipitation of about 100 millimeters (mm) in Kelamayi and 180 mm in Kuitun. The water management problems created by lack of rainfall are compounded by high evaporation rates averaging over 2,000 mm per annum. The project aims to help promote balanced and environmentally friendly urbanization, improve living conditions in the two cities and play a demonstration role for cities under similar geographic and climatic conditions in the XUAR and elsewhere.
The proposed project aims to adopt an integrated approach to infrastructure development and environmental improvement. Both project cities have prepared integrated economic development plans and the selection of sub-projects has been made in accordance with the priorities identified in those plans, with improved water management being a common objective for most of the proposed investment. Municipal infrastructure investment, particularly focused on improved water resources conservation and management, is considered critical to enabling the sustainable development of the two cities.
The overarching justification for ADB intervention in these two cities is to demonstrate how improvements in water management can facilitate sustainable economic urban development, even in cities with an adjacent desert location, and arid and unfavorable climate for water resource management. The project will address two priority water related issues faced by the cities. These project components feature prominently in the local city development plans. In Kelamayi, the major project theme is to improve wastewater management to facilitate wastewater reuse as a substitute for freshwater in the irrigation of urban green space. Further, there is an urgent need to connect existing arterial roads and smaller roads to ensure optimal development of the new west town in Kelamayi. Inter and intra road network improvement in Kelayami and Kuitun is important given their proximity to Tacheng City, which has one of the largest land ports for trade with the Central Asia Republics. In Kuitun, the main theme is river rehabilitation to enhance flood protection standards, while at the same time creating a much improved urban environment that will promote economic growth and improve the living condition of local residents. During project preparation, the design of the Kuitun City component was adjusted to include environmental sanitation improvements targeting a particularly deprived part of the project area and significantly improving the inclusiveness of the project design. In each city, water management improvements will demonstrate the benefits to be obtained from active nonrevenue water management and optimized water distribution networks. The development strategy of Kelamayi, an oil rich city, and Kuitun focuses among others on their potential role in and contribution to Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation.
|Impact||Improved living conditions and environmental sustainability in the cities of Kelamayi and Kuitun|
|Description of Outcome||Improved urban management and services, including upgraded water, roads, and flood control in the project cities|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The loan closing dates was extended to 30 June 2021.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1.Improvement of Kelayami's Urban Infrastructure
2. Improvement of Kuitun's Urban Infrastructure
3. Project Management and Capacity Building
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
As of 31 December 2019, cumulative contract awards was $73.2 million and cumulative disbursement was $61.5 million.
Output 1 - Kelamayi city: three out of five components were completed with relevant O&M arranged and adequate budget allocated. For the other two components, the wetland component achieved 52% progress and will be completed by 30 June 2020; the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) upgrading component achieved 95% progress and is to be completed with the trial operation scheduled by 31 December 2019.
Output 2- Kuitun city: for the component of flood channel rehabilitation, the three contracts for Kuitun achieved 88% progress and will be completed by 30 June 2020; the five for Tianbei New District (TND) will be completed by 30 June 2021. The component of water supply pipes rehabilitation was completed in November 2018.
Output 3 - project implementation and capacity building: is being implemented with assistance of consulting firms. The consulting services contract for project implementation requires extension and variation to ensure assistance be provided to EA and IAs till extended loan closing date
|Geographical Location||Karamay, Kuytun|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The environmental safeguard category is "B". Environmental impacts were assessed in detail during project preparation and a project initial environmental examination, including environmental management plan, was prepared and disclosed on ADB's website in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The involuntary resettlement safeguard category is "A". Based on preliminary assessment more than 300 people will be affected by the project; majority of the displaced persons will suffer from house demolition impacts, including two brick factories. A labor re-employment plan will be prepared to ensure that the workers in the factories do not lose their jobs. It is expected that land acquisition will have minimal impacts on land-based livelihoods. Resettlement plans were drafted and disclosed in accordance with the ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The indigenous peoples safeguard category is "B". In the two cities, there are 7% and 25% ethnic minority populations, and it is envisaged that the project's impact on ethnic groups will be positive. Detailed assessments were undertaken during PPTA implementation and an ethnic minority development plan was prepared for both cities in consultation with all ethnic groups and disclosed in accordance with the Safeguard Policy Statement.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The main stakeholders include the national government, XUAR provincial government, Kuitun and Kelamayi municipal governments, environmental protection bureau, land resources bureau, financial bureau, construction bureau, development and reform commission, water resources bureau, urban planning department, urban investment and construction company, industrial development zone, design institutes, project affected people, and project beneficiaries. The project preparatory technical assistance (PPTA) will conduct a poverty and social analysis and address social safeguards. Socioeconomic survey, stakeholder workshops, focus group discussions, and informant interviews will be conducted during the PPTA. This work will be complemented by survey and consultations done under the resettlement and environment safeguards.|
|During Project Implementation||Key documents such as the social action plan, gender action plan, resettlement plans, ethnic minority development plans, and environmental management plan outline consultation and participation for implementation. Loan assurances address implementation and monitoring of the plans.|
|Consulting Services||All consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). An estimated 124 person-months (9 international and 115 national) of consulting services are required to (i) facilitate project management and implementation, and (ii) strengthen the institutional and operational capacity of the executing agency. Consulting firms will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection method with a standard quality: cost ratio of 80:20 and a full technical proposal will be required for the bidding.|
|Procurement||All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. International competitive bidding procedures will be used for civil works contracts estimated to exceed $10 million, and goods contracts estimated to exceed $1 million. Contracts for goods and for works estimated to cost less than the above international competitive bidding threshold values, but more than $100,000 for goods and $100,000 for works, will be procured on the basis of national competitive bidding procedures in accordance with the People's Republic of China (PRC) Tendering and Bidding Law (1999), subject to modifications agreed upon with ADB. Shopping will be used for contracts for procurement of works and equipment worth less than $100,000 and $100,000, respectively.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Wang, Lan|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government
XUAR Housing & Urban-Rural Dev't Bureau
No. 462 Zhongshan Road,
Urumqi, Xinjiang, PRC
|Concept Clearance||10 Nov 2011|
|Fact Finding||15 Nov 2012 to 25 Nov 2012|
|MRM||08 Mar 2013|
|Approval||28 Aug 2013|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||24 Mar 2020|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|28 Aug 2013||07 Nov 2013||05 Mar 2014||30 Jun 2019||30 Jun 2021||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||372.70||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||200.00||28 Aug 2013||76.90||0.00||53%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||28 Aug 2013||63.91||0.00||44%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Loan No. 3017-PRC: Xinjiang Integrated Urban Development Project [KL-C02]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||01 Feb 2019||07 Mar 2019|
|PRC: Xinjiang Integrated Urban Development Project||Advance Notice||Archived||19 Mar 2013|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|KL-C02: KELAMAYI-WETLAND CONSTRUCTION AND TREATED WASTEWATER STORAGE RECYCLING PROJECT||Loan 3017||05 Jul 2019||YONGSHENG CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO. LTD.||KELAMAYI, P.R.C. CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government||CONSTRUCTION||17,959,362.43||15,891,816.39|
|KL-E02||Loan 3017||20 Nov 2017||DAYU ELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.||CHINA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government||SUPPLY OF GOODS||1,557,093.00||1,557,093.00|
|KT-S02||Loan 3017||16 Oct 2017||ZHENGZHOU WATER TECH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY||ZHENGZHOU, CHINA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government||211,461.00||211,053.00|
|KT-C03: AKUITUN-SOUTH TRUNCH CHANNEL IMPROVEMENT (KUITUN CITY)||Loan 3017||22 Aug 2017||KAIFENG XIANGFU MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING CO., LT||PRC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||State Office for Comprehensive Agricultural Devt||CONSTRUCTION||4,403,122.00||4,082,305.00|
|KL-E03: PROCUREMENT OF OTHER CORE PROCESS EQUIPMENT FOR UPGRADING, RECONSTRUCTION AND REUSE PROJECT OF SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT IN SOUTHERN SUBURBS||Loan 3017||18 Jul 2017||WISCO ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO., L||NO.16 GUANSHAN ROAD, HONGSHAN DISTRICT WUHAN, PRC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government||Supply of Goods||2,159,296.00||2,159,296.00|
|KT-C12: KUITUN-RWM WATER MAIN AND COMMUNITY WATER PIPE IMPROVEMENT||Loan 3017||12 Jul 2017||SHAANXI CONSTRUCTION THE SECOND COSNTRUCTION||SHAANXI, P.R.C. CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government||Construction||1,693,897.00||1,563,008.00|
|KT-C01: Procurement of Works for Kuitun East Channel and East Flood Channel Branch 1 Improvement||Loan 3017||29 Jun 2017||Anhui Province Traffic Shipping Engineering||No. 20, Tongling Road, Yaohai District, Hefei City, Anhui Province, China, People's Rep. of||Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government||Construction||1,930,944.00||1,767,923.00|
|Kl-E01: Procurement of Equipment Supply and Installation for Upgrading, Reconstruction and Reuse Project of Sewage Treatment Plant in Nanjiao Core Pr||Loan 3017||29 Jun 2017||China IPPR International Engineering Co., Ltd||Beijing, China, People's Rep. of||Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government||Supply of Goods||5,312,582.00||5,312,582.00|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Xinjiang Integrated Urban Development Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jan 2020|