The TA is consistent with the 12th Five-Year Plan and is aimed at assisting the government in developing policies, strategies, and action plans to improve urban stormwater management and utilization, and waterlogging prevention. It is aligned with ADB's PRC country partnership strategy, which is concerned with managing the environment, catalyzing investment, and improving governance, among others. It conforms to ADB's Water Policy, which seeks to improve urban water investments through technical assistance and investments in water supply, sanitation and wastewater management, and environmental improvement. The TA will have a positive impact on the living environment of urban residents through water and resource conservation and disaster prevention. The urban poor, in particular, will benefit from the project because they are more vulnerable to disasters. The TA also supports ADB's strategic priorities in ADB's Strategy 2020.
|Project Name||Urban Stormwater Management and Waterlogging Disaster Prevention|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change|
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The TA is consistent with the 12th Five-Year Plan and is aimed at assisting the government in developing policies, strategies, and action plans to improve urban stormwater management and utilization, and waterlogging prevention. It is aligned with ADB's PRC country partnership strategy, which is concerned with managing the environment, catalyzing investment, and improving governance, among others. It conforms to ADB's Water Policy, which seeks to improve urban water investments through technical assistance and investments in water supply, sanitation and wastewater management, and environmental improvement. The TA will have a positive impact on the living environment of urban residents through water and resource conservation and disaster prevention. The urban poor, in particular, will benefit from the project because they are more vulnerable to disasters. The TA also supports ADB's strategic priorities in ADB's Strategy 2020. Introducing new approaches of urban stormwater management and waterlogging prevention are positive steps toward resource efficiency and climate change mitigation. Moreover, the TA's recommendations could lead to the preparation of investment projects where ADB could provide further financing assistance.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The PRC's economic growth since the start of economic reforms in 1978 has been accompanied by rapid urbanization. The urban population grew from 160 million in 1975 to about 622 million in 2010. The urbanization rate increased from 17.0% to 46.6% in the same period and is expected to reach 65.0% (equivalent to an urban population of about 1 billion) by 2030. This rapid urbanization was fueled largely by the transformation of suburban areas from farming to nonfarming activities and by the massive migration of surplus rural labor to urban areas. The total urban area in 2010 is around 85,000 square kilometers. Sustainable urbanization is a key policy priority in the government's 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015).
Alongside rapid urbanization, the PRC faces challenges of insufficient water resources, water pollution, and frequent flooding disasters. Over 100 out of 656 cities suffer from waterlogging in varying degrees, while urban flooding is caused by the uneven distribution of precipitation in time and space and the disappearance of flood plains. At the same time, urban stormwater management and waterlogging prevention lag infrastructure building. In many cities drainage pipes are insufficient or poorly maintained, while design standards of the stormwater system are not up to date. To date, an urban waterlogging emergency response system is yet to be established because related planning policy is lacking. These challenges are exacerbated by climate change and rapid urbanization.
More and more cities incur heavy losses because of urban waterlogging and flooding. In July 2007, the heaviest rain in the last 115 years brought 266.6 millimeters of rainfall within 24 hours in Chongqing. This tremendous amount of rain caused heavy flooding and waterlogging, which led to a death toll of more than 50 people and an economic loss of more than CNY2.1 billion. In the same month, a historically heavy rain in Shandong Province's Ji'nan City claimed the lives of 37 people and led to an economic loss of CNY1.2 billion. Waterlogging also occurs in megacities such as Beijing, Guangzhou, and Shanghai, and contributes to property damage and heavy traffic jams. There is now an urgent need to reform policymaking related to stormwater management and waterlogging in the PRC's urban areas.
The urban sector is an ADB investment priority in the PRC. ADB has built a long strategic partnership with MOHURD for over 10 years. The partnership is built on a series of highly relevant and successful TA projects, which yielded national policy frameworks and guidelines for key urban issues facing large and medium-sized cities in the PRC. Among these were two TA projects that supported water tariff reforms, a TA project aimed at strengthening urban solid waste management, and a TA project for the development of urban wastewater tariffs. Recommendations from these TA projects have been applied in later ADB-financed loan projects in the urban sector. Two TA projects - the Urban Wastewater and Solid Waste Management for Small Cities and Towns, and the Urban Wastewater Reuse and Sludge Utilization Policy Study - are providing ongoing support to the government.
|Impact||A stronger and sustainable system for urban stormwater management and waterlogging disaster prevention in the PRC established|
|Description of Outcome||A policy framework and guidelines on sustainable urban stormwater management and utilization, and waterlogging prevention developed|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Completed.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. A study report that (i) offers recommendations on key policies and guidelines for promoting sustainable urban stormwater management and possible utilization, and waterlogging prevention, and recommendations on an institutional framework for implementation; and (ii) results in widely disseminated publications on key TA findings and recommendations.
2. An operational model plan for testing operations in the pilot city to improve the urban stormwater and waterlogging prevention mechanisms (the city to be nominated during the TA inception stage)
3. A best practice policy note on planning, design standards, regulations, financing approaches, and early flood warning and feedback mechanism
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Request for proposals have been sent out, overall ranking has been approved, and contract negotiations with the consulting firm is ongoing.
The consultants (AECOM Asia Company Ltd.) were mobilized on 5 January 2012. The inception report was submitted on schedule on 5 March 2012 while the inception mission was conducted on 19-23 March 2012. The interim report was submitted on schedule on 1 June 2012 while the interim review mission was fielded on 11-15 June 2012. The draft final report was submitted on 10 September 2012.
The Final Report has been submitted and cleared by ADB and ready for disclosure. The knowledge products are being finalized.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The proposal was identified and conceptualized through the domestic processing procedure of the PRC Government. Participatory consultation with a wide range of stakeholders was arranged and incorporated during the TA reconnaissance mission.|
|During Project Implementation||The TA held consultations nationally and in cities to support policy reform on urban stormwater management and utilization, and waterlogging prevention. Detailed consultations were also carried out through two workshops with stakeholders such as urban planners, construction bureaus, municipal financial divisions, municipal operation and management units, representative groups, and design institutes.|
|Consulting Services||Consulting services totaling 26.5 person-months (3.5 international and 23 national) will be required. The international consultant will provide expertise in urban planning and management, and stormwater and waterlogging governance and financial management. The national consultants will have expertise in urban stormwater and waterlogging planning, policy and regulatory frameworks, financial and economic analyses, and institutional capacity development. The urban stormwater engineer among the national consultants will be the team leader. The consultants will be hired through a firm in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time) based on the quality of the proposal (80%) and the cost (20%) of the services to be provided (quality- and cost-based selection method) using the biodata technical proposal procedure. All reports by the consultants will be prepared in English and translated into Chinese. The consultants will maintain close working relations with ADB and with MOHURD and will regularly discuss progress and findings. The proceeds of the TA will be disbursed in line with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Katich, Kristina N.|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
9 San Li He Road, Haidian District
People's Republic of China
|Concept Clearance||30 May 2011|
|Fact Finding||21 Mar 2011 to 23 Mar 2011|
|Approval||25 Jul 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Mar 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|25 Jul 2011||25 Aug 2011||25 Aug 2011||31 Dec 2012||30 Apr 2013||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|400,000.00||0.00||100,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||500,000.00||25 Jul 2011||347,383.90|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Urban Stormwater Management and Waterlogging Disaster Prevention||TA Completion Reports||Apr 2014|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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