The Asian Development Bank is supporting road upgrades to improve access to markets and services for remote villages in Yunnan one of the PRC's least developed provinces. The project is improving thousands of kilometers of earthen and gravel roads and highways. The work is focused on Pu'er, a mountainous area in the south of the province with an important strategic location.
|Project Name||Yunnan Pu'er Regional Integrated Road Network Development Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project is to enhance regional integration and trade between Yunnan Pu'er and neighboring countries. The expected outcome of the project is improved accessibility between rural and border areas and an improved regional transport network in Yunnan Pu'er. The proposed project will include three outputs for ADB financing: (i) regional roads development; (ii) rural access improvement; and (iii) institutional development.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, is the northern anchor of the Greater Mekong Subregion North South Economic Corridor that connects the PRC to Thailand via routes through both the Lao PDR and Myanmar. It is a hub for trade between the PRC and countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, and also India and Bangladesh. Yunnan's external trade is growing rapidly. The total value of imports and exports has risen from under $2 billion in 2001 to $12.3 billion in 2011, representing an average increase of 20% per annum over 10 years. In 2011, the values of imports and exports were roughly equal (a little over $6 billion each), but imports are growing substantially faster than exports.
Despite being the only prefecture in Yunnan bordering Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Viet Nam, international trade generated in Pu'er was $100 million in 2011 (less than 1% of the Yunnan total). This reflects a lack of high-quality border crossings and road connections. Of the prefecture's 20 existing border crossings, only three are class I crossings (one with Myanmar and two with the Lao PDR).11 A fourth class I crossing is needed to serve the border with Viet Nam at Longfu in Jiangcheng county. This requires investment in upgrading the Ning'er Jiangcheng Longfu road to connect the border and the provincial expressway network. This improvement, along with the newly constructed Menkang crossing to the Lao PDR, will place Jiangcheng county at the center of Yunnan's trade with neighboring countries, since it is equidistant from the nearest trading centers in Yunnan (Pu'er), Lao PDR (Phongsali), and Viet Nam (Dien Bien Phu).
In 2005, the Pu'er Municipal Government (PMG) commissioned development of a border economic cooperation zone at Meng'a to serve trade with Myanmar's Shan State. Between 2007 and 2012, total trade through Meng'a increased from $59 million to $271 million,12 at an average annual growth rate of 35%.13 However, trade facilities and road connections to Meng'a are inadequate to service demand and are constraining growth in trade volumes. To meet demand it is necessary to expand transit and storage facilities at Meng'a and improve road connections from Meng'a to the provincial highway network at Lancang via Menglian.
About 94% of the province's land area is covered by mountains and hills, which pose a great obstacle to the provision of basic access to rural roads. At present, Pu'er's rural roads provide communities with access to (i) markets for sale and purchase of produce and agricultural inputs; (ii) collection or processing stations for the sale of cash crops; (iii) towns and cities for seasonal employment opportunities; and (iv) social services. Although some limited services and facilities exist in or around the administrative villages (clinic, processing stations, and primary schools), most are located in the townships (markets, hospitals, primary and middle schools, banks, police, coffee collection stations, and tea processing plants). Some services and facilities are only available in the county towns (major markets, large hospitals, and secondary schools). Demand for rural transport is substantial between the villages and the nearest townships up to five times a month for each household, to the county town once or twice a month, and to the prefecture capital a few times a year.
Yunnan's road crash fatality rate per 100,000 persons is 4.1 (3.9 in Pu'er), comparable to the rates in France and the United Kingdom. However, the fatality rate per 10,000 vehicles or per billion vehicle-kilometers is 3 5 times higher, implying that low overall fatality rates are due to the low number of vehicles, not to high road safety. As rapid motorization continues, fatality rates are likely to rise unless more attention is given to road safety. A road safety emphasis needs to be an integral part of the engineering design process.
|Impact||Regional integration and trade between Yunnan Pu'er and neighboring countries is enhanced|
|Description of Outcome||Accessibility between rural and border areas and the regional transport network in Yunnan Pu'er is improved|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Ongoing. To be assessed at project completion review.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Regional roads development
2. Rural access improvement
3. Institutional development
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Overall project implementation. The project has been implemented smoothly and there is no major issue. As of 20 May 2018, summarized progress for each output are as below:
Phase I subproject: completed. No issues.
Phase II subproject: completed. No issues.
Phase III subproject: is expected to be completed by December 2018. No issues.
Phase IV subproject: is expected to be completed by January 2019. No issues.
Performance-based Road Maintenance Pilot subproject: 5 years maintenance contract is ongoing and there are no issues.
Output 2: consulting services are ongoing and there are no issues.
Output 3: completed and no issues.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
The project is category A for environment. A consolidated environmental impact assessment (EIA) and an environmental management plan (EMP) have been prepared for the project roads. The EIA shows that anticipated environmental impacts and risks are modest and can be limited to an acceptable level through the implementation of the EMP and compliance with loan covenants. The EMP addresses potential impacts of the project outputs, sets out mitigation and monitoring measures, institutional arrangements, training requirements and budgets for implementation of the EMP. The budget for implementation of the EMP is 0.21% of the project budget. Capacity development and institutional strengthening are proposed to minimize environmental risks. Environmental complaints will be handled through a grievance redress mechanism established for the project. Discussion of key environmental impacts, risks and mitigation measures from the consolidated EIA are summarized in the EIA.
An external environmental supervision agency will be recruited by the PMO. This agency will be responsible for supervising the implementation of the environmental requirements. This agency should be in place before the start of the construction. Environmental monitoring agencies will also be recruited by the PMO. These agencies will be responsible for environmental monitoring according to the EMP requirements. These agencies should be in place before the start of the construction. The PMO will include one suitably qualified environmental staff to manage the aspects related to supervision and monitoring.
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project is category A for involuntary resettlement. Land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) impacts are attributable to the regional roads component. The two full resettlement plans for the regional roads address the LAR impacts. The estimated permanent land acquisition is 4,265.5 mu, including paddy land, non-irrigated farmland, forestry land, house plots, and other land. Permanent land acquisition will partially affect 3,998 households with 15,127 people. The total area of house and building demolition amounts to 83,155 square meters, involving residential house and simple structures, and will affect 600 households with 2,368 people. Overall, an estimated 17,495 persons from 4,598 rural households will be affected. Rural roads are unlikely to result in significant LAR impacts. To ensure LAR impacts are managed, a resettlement framewoek with two short sample resettlement plans was prepared. These documents adequately deal with LAR impacts. LAR costs are estimated at CNY358.54 million and include land compensation, house relocation, livelihood support, taxes, fess, and contingency funding. The PMG confirmed that adequate counterpart funding will be made available for LAR. Resettlement implementation will be monitored internally and externally. The PMO social safeguard unit will (i) coordinate internal supervision, (ii) report on plan implementation, and (iii) engage an independent external monitor for semiannual monitoring and reporting. Public consultations will continue throughout the project cycle. Capacity development and institutional strengthening will minimize LAR risks. A grievance redress mechanism will be established before LAR starts. Grievances will be resolved and documented in a timely manner.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is category A for indigenous peoples (ethnic minorities). About 71% of the project beneficiaries represent ethnic minorities. The PMG prepared an ethnic minority development plan to ensure the project does not adversely impact ethnic minority communities and that ethnic minorities actively participate and benefit in a culturally appropriate way. Investigations found that improved access may increase the Wa and Lahu ethnic minorities' vulnerability to human and drug trafficking risks. Measures are incorporated in the ethnic minority development plan to complement the government's existing programs. The plan adequately deals with the identified risks. The plan is posted on the ADB website and has been disclosed to the ethnic minority communities in the project area.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Undertake stakeholder consultation through rapid appraisal methods and develop effective measures to address the issues.|
|During Project Implementation||Within 2 months from the loan effectiveness, the PMO will commence disclosure of all key project-related information, including the scope, cost, and financial and institutional arrangements of the project, annual performance and sustainability report, and project progress such as procurement, contract award, and disbursement in a language culturally appropriate and easily understood by the project affected people. Consultation is an important aspect of the project. The PMTB will ensure that local communities affected by the project are consulted before each subproject implementation under the provisions of the EIA/EMP, RP, EMDP and GAP and after subproject implementation, to assess and remedy any residual concerns. Public awareness programs to communicate the objectives of the road safety, the community based road maintenance, HIV-AIDS, and the human, drug and wildlife trafficking project components will be coordinated by the PMO.|
|Consulting Services||All consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).|
All procurement of goods and works where there is any ADB funding will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time). International competitive bidding (ICB) procedures will be used for civil works contracts estimated to exceed $10 million, and goods contracts estimated to exceed $1 million. Contracts estimated at less than the ICB thresholds will be procured following national procedures in accordance with the PRC Tendering and Bidding Law (1999), subject to modifications as agreed with ADB and consigned in the NCB annex to the procurement plan (Appendix 1). Contracts for works estimated to cost less than the ICB threshold values above, but more than $200,000 and contracts for goods estimated to cost less than the ICB threshold values above, but more than $100,000 will be procured on the basis of national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures. Shopping will be used for contracts for procurement of works estimated at less than $200,000 and equipment estimated at less than $100,000.
Procurement under ICB procedures will use the single-stage one-envelope modality. Procurement shall use the latest ADB standard bidding documents which are found in ADB's website.
For procurement under NCB, the following provisions will apply (i) the advertisement may be limited to the national press, an official gazette or an open access website; (ii) bidding shall follow the standard bidding documents issued by MOF and approved by ADB; and (iii) bidding documents may be only in the Chinese language, and CNY may be used for the purpose of bidding and payment. Procurement under NCB and shopping will be subject to the provisions of the NCB annex of the procurement plan (Appendix 1).
|Responsible ADB Officer||Chenglong Chu|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government
One Kilometer of Old Silan Road
Simao District, Puer City
Yunnan Province 665000, PRC
|Concept Clearance||03 Sep 2012|
|Fact Finding||26 May 2014 to 03 Jun 2014|
|MRM||19 Aug 2014|
|Approval||08 Dec 2014|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||19 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|08 Dec 2014||25 Jun 2015||20 Oct 2015||30 Jun 2021||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||589.53||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||200.00||08 Dec 2014||153.54||0.00||77%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||08 Dec 2014||97.05||0.00||49%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB To Help Improve The Regional Road Network In PRC’S Pu’er, YunnanADB has approved a loan of $200 million to improve villagers’ access to regional roads in Yunnan Province, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), in a project that will alleviate poverty and promote regional trade.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Loan 3217-PRC: Yunnan Pu'er Regional Integrated Road Network Development Project [NJL-Pav1, NJL-Pav2, NJL-Pav3]||Invitation for Bids||Active||04 Sep 2019||15 Oct 2019|
|3217-PRC: Yunnan Pu'er Regional Integrated Road Network Development Project [MM-Pav1]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||14 Sep 2018||16 Oct 2018|
|PRC: Yunnan Pu’er Regional Integrated Road Network Development Project||Advance Notice||Archived||21 Nov 2014|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|CIVIL WORKS FOR PAVEMENT RECONSTRUCTION FOR XIMENG COUNTY XMRR-SUB1||Loan 3217||30 Aug 2017||M/S PAK ELEKTRON LTD, LAHORE||14-KM FEROZEPUR ROAD, LAHORE PAKISTAN PAKISTAN||Pakistan Electric Power Company (Pvt.) Limited||CONSTRUCTION||9,224,605.00||2,348,276.00|
|CIVIL WORKS FOR PAVEMENT RECONSTRUCTION FOR JINGDONG COUNTY JDRR-SUB2||Loan 3217||01 Aug 2017||JV VIETNAM AUTECH JSC & ASEATEC JSC||HANOI VIET NAM,SOC REP OF||Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development||CONSTRUCTION||5,789,628.00||1,493,553.00|
|CIVIL WORKS FOR PAVEMENT RECONSTRUCTION FOR ZHENYUAN COUNTY ZYRR-SUB4||Loan 3217||05 Jul 2017||JIANGXI GANHONG ROAD AND BRIDGE ENGINEERING||JI'AN CITY, JIANGXI PROVINCE CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||5,491,259.00||1,393,029.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Mojiang County MJRR-Sub2||Loan 3217||23 Jun 2017||Anhui Huai Fu Road and Bridge Engineering||Xinzhan District, Hefei City Anhui Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||3,703,295.00||927,405.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Mojiang County MJRR-Sub3||Loan 3217||23 Jun 2017||Yunnan Zhenghao Engineering Co., Ltd.||Longjuhuayuan, Dianchi Road, Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||4,613,204.00||1,155,271.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Mojiang County MJRR-Sub1||Loan 3217||23 Jun 2017||Yunnan Caiyunhongtong Road and Bridge Co.,Ltd||Xiangyun County, Dali Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||1,645,146.00||411,989.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Jiangcheng County JCRR-Sub2||Loan 3217||07 Jun 2017||Yunnan Baoliheng Construction Engineering Co.||Xinglongshequ, Panlong District, Kunming Yunnan Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||2,622,442.00||421,401.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Jiangcheng County JCRR-Sub1||Loan 3217||07 Jun 2017||Yunnan Zhenghao Construction Engineering Co.||F6-7, Zhongtianrongyu, No. 87 Qianxing Road, Kunming, Yunnan, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||3,892,230.00||625,444.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Jinggu County JGRR-Sub2||Loan 3217||07 Jun 2017||Yunnan Baoliheng Engineering Co., Ltd.||Xinglong Shequ, Longquan Jiedao, Panlong District, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||4,446,454.00||714,502.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Jinggu County JGRR-Sub1||Loan 3217||07 Jun 2017||Yunnan Daocheng Highway Engineering Company||Baianyuan No. 701, #376 Wujing Road Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||5,839,766.00||938,394.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Zhenyuan County ZYRR-Sub1||Loan 3217||29 May 2017||Yunnan Highway Investment Construction Group||No.101, Anrui Road, Xishan District Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||3,554,450.00||577,115.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Zhenyuan County ZYRR-Sub3||Loan 3217||29 May 2017||Pu'er Hongxiang Road and Bridge Engineering||Dianshitai Road, Simao District Pu'Er City, Yunnan Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||4,106,389.00||666,730.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Jingdong County JDRR-Sub1||Loan 3217||29 May 2017||Yunnan Road and Bridge Co., Ltd.||Guanshang Baohai Road, Guandu District, Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||4,398,835.00||714,213.00|
|Civil Works for Pavement Reconstruction for Zhenyuan County ZYRR-Sub2||Loan 3217||29 May 2017||Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture Zilong||D-15, Xilonggongyu, Dali Economic Zone Dali City, Yunnan Province, China, People's Rep. of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||4,876,584.00||791,782.00|
|Subgrade Construction Works for the Class III and IV Highway of Ning'Er-Jiangcheng-Longfu Road NJl-Sub10||Loan 3217||23 Mar 2017||Heilongjiang Hualong Construction Group Co.,||Heilongjiang Province China, People's Republic of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||6,353,143.74||3,248,193.07|
|Subgrade Construction Works for the Class III and IV Highway of Ning'Er-Jiangcheng-Longfu Road NJl-Sub8||Loan 3217||23 Mar 2017||Hunan Foreign Construction Group Co., Ltd.||Hunan Province China, People's Republic of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||7,747,045.09||3,960,857.69|
|Subgrade Construction Works for the Class III and IV Highway of Ning'Er-Jiangcheng-Longfu Road NJl-Sub9||Loan 3217||23 Mar 2017||Dongxiang Gandong Road and Bridge Engineering||Jiangxi Province China, People's Republic of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||8,168,956.54||4,176,569.76|
|Subgrade Construction Works for the Class III and IV Highway of Ning'Er-Jiangcheng-Longfu Road NJl-Sub7||Loan 3217||23 Mar 2017||Jiangxi Province Guyue Engineering Co., Ltd.||Jiangxi Province China, People's Republic of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||10,712,472.55||5,477,001.72|
|Rehabilitation/Improvements of 85 KM of Rural Roads in the Kurunegala District - Contract 1 Including Performance Based Maintenance for 3 Years||Loan 3217||23 Mar 2017||Maoming City Traffic Construction Engineering||Guangdong Province China, People's Republic of||Yunnan Pu'er Municipal Government||Construction||10,721,421.26||5,481,576.95|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Yunnan Pu’er Regional Integrated Road Network Development Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jan 2018|