China, People's Republic of : Jilin Urban Development

Sovereign Project | 46048-001

The proposed project will support the development of Baishan and Baicheng Cities in Jilin Province, the People's Republic of China (PRC) as livable and resource efficient medium-sized cities. It will address urgent infrastructure needs and make provision for (i) streamlining integrated solid waste management (ISWM) based on 3R principles; (ii) improving water supply services in Baishan; and (iii) constructing urban road with associated facilities in Baicheng.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Heckmann, Arnaud
    East Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    China, People's Republic of
  • Modality
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services

Related Projects

Project Name Jilin Urban Development
Project Number 46048-001
Country / Economy China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8172-PRC: Jilin Urban Services Improvement Project
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 700,000.00
Water Innovation Trust Fund US$ 150,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Urban public transport

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply

Gender Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The proposed project will support the development of Baishan and Baicheng Cities in Jilin Province, the People's Republic of China (PRC) as livable and resource efficient medium-sized cities. It will address urgent infrastructure needs and make provision for (i) streamlining integrated solid waste management (ISWM) based on 3R principles; (ii) improving water supply services in Baishan; and (iii) constructing urban road with associated facilities in Baicheng.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The PRC Government is accelerating its support to organize the development of the country's small- and medium-sized cities. The country's macro urban strategy aims at rationalizing the unbalanced urban structure at all levels of the urban hierarchy, which currently provides a weak base for supporting a sustainable and inclusive development. One of the main approaches is to promote the rapidly growing medium-sized cities, which have the potential to drive a sustainable and inclusive urban development. They can benefit from economies of scale and clustering of local economic activities without the cost and inefficiency associated with big cities, and play a key role in reducing the gap between rural and urban areas.

The proposed project will continue these efforts by targeting Baishan and Baicheng Cities' two prefecture capitals located in the poor and remote southeast and northwest regions of Jilin Province. The lack of investment in infrastructure, combined with continuous in-migration from surrounding countryside and small towns threatens cities' environment, restricts urban development, and reduces cities' attractiveness as destinations for economic activities. Promoting their growth in a sustainable manner is a key challenge to balance the development within the province, provide good livelihood to their growing population, and allow local work force to find a job instead of migrating to Changchun. Solid waste management, water supply, and urban roads are the major urban infrastructure needing urgent attention in the two cities.

Daily generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) has reached 480 wet tons in Baicheng and 350 wet tons in Baishan. Due to poor performance of the existing landfill in Baishan, an open dump site is currently used without any environmental controls, causing soil and groundwater contamination. In Baicheng, the current landfill is lacking operation and management capacity, and is reaching its designed capacity. The cities are lacking sound waste collection system, leading to the occurrence of several small dump sites within the urban area, contaminating the surface and ground water. Plastic bags coming from the landfill can be seen all around the town and surrounding countryside of Baicheng. There is also no systematic waste sorting, collection of landfill gas, and no attempt to reduce, reuse, or recycle the MSW. Both cities have new sanitary landfills, but they are non-operational or not completed due to lack of funds.

Water in Baishan is supplied by surface water (Qujiaying reservoir) sources with a current capacity of 60,000 cubic meters per day (m3/day) and shallow groundwater sources of 24,000 m3/day capacity. However, the water scheme is inadequate to serve the population demand and cannot ensure a 24-hour water supply service. The Qujiaying reservoir water supply facilities are outdated and need to be urgently rehabilitated. Further, the water supply system is suffering from very high non-revenue water (NRW) level of 70%. The existing groundwater extraction facilities are currently treating increasingly polluted water due to mining activities and urban expansion, and cannot meet the drinking water standard. Phasing out the groundwater extraction is a recognized priority. Xibeicha reservoir has been identified as a suitable alternative water source but funds are needed to build the required water treatment plant to meet the projected demand of additional 40,000 m3/day.

Due to lack of road infrastructure in Baicheng, (i) the city center is not properly connected to the economic/industrial districts; (ii) residential areas have been constructed without proper road connection to other parts of the city; and (iii) population is settled into newly developed residential buildings along former county roads that are not equipped with proper municipal infrastructure network, and are not connected to basic municipal services. Further, lack of connectivity with municipal services leads to a very low wastewater collection rate. Currently, it is estimated that 100,000 residents (around 1/3 of the city) are not yet connected to the central wastewater treatment plant, leading to the low wastewater collection rate of 65%. This is adversely affecting economic activities and quality of life in the city.

The following special features will be explored in designing the proposed project components:

(i) Innovative integrated solid waste management. ISWM, based on the international waste hierarchy, will be developed with the demonstration potential for promoting waste minimization, beneficiary reuse, and safe disposal. The project will promote the first ISWM system for medium-sized cities in the PRC. It will follow the Twelfth Five-Year Plan guidelines in terms of sustainable management of the MSW. Based on these requirements, the project will (i) develop a 10-year ISWM roadmap in each of the two cities, incorporating best practices in waste management, and integrating classification, transfer, treatment, and disposal of the waste; (ii) rehabilitate and extend the existing sanitary landfills; (iii) maximize the 3R principles, support solutions for climate change mitigation, beneficiary reuse, and energy recovery from the waste; and (iv) promote service full cost recovery, private sector participation, community participation, and public awareness campaign.

(ii) Best practices for efficient water resources and asset management in Baishan City. This will support ADB water sector priorities and best practices. The project will identify the main commercial and technical causes and implement a NRW reduction plan to reduce NRW from 70% to 30%. This will save water resources and generate additional revenue, enhancing the financial viability of the water scheme and lessening its impacts on the environment. Over a number of years, concerns have been raised regarding the quality of both ground and surface water in the PRC. Identifying risks and control measures will help define actions and investments that would be incorporated in the project design to bring supplied water toward the required quality standard and minimize the risks to public health. Finally, the project will promote tariff reforms, improved corporate governance and private sector participation, including public-private partnership.

(iii) Road design and urban planning improvement in Baicheng City. The project will support (i) green city specific features, such as energy efficient pumping system in the associated water and wastewater network, efficient lighting, and the inclusion of renewable energy features; and (ii) road and urban network design optimization, improved traffic management, public transportation (bus priority lanes), road safety features, private sector participation through performance-based contractual arrangements in public transport, and non-motorized traffic. By improving the overall city logistic function and opening new urban areas, the project will support Baicheng City in the improvement of urban planning and development.

Strategic fit. The proposed project supports ADB's Strategy 2020 goal of livable and sustainable cities through creation of a cleaner and healthier environment. It is aligned with ADB's country partnership strategy strategic pillars to support inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth by promoting growth oriented and resource efficient urbanization. It is also in line with both ADB urban strategic focus in the PRC and the government's Twelfth Five-Year Plan as it supports balanced urbanization with the development of cities that are livable, resource conserving, and inclusive. It also directly supports the main thrust of ADB's Urban and Water Operation Plans by promoting well conceived urban development, green city, efficient water, and asset management. The solid waste component will be linked and benefit from TA 7002-PRC key recommendations and similar experience developed in Wuxi City.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

The project is designed in close consultation with (i) the national government, (ii) Jilin provincial government and two cities' municipal governments, [including at both provincial and municipal level (a) environmental protection bureau, (b) land resources bureau, (c) financial bureau, (d) housing and construction bureau, (e) development and reform commission, (f) water affair bureau, (g) urban planning department]; and (iii) the following main stakeholders: urban investment and construction company, design institutes, ethnic minority and poverty bureaus, adversely affected people, and project beneficiaries.

The PPTA will conduct a poverty and social analysis and address social safeguards. A socioeconomic survey, stakeholder workshops, focus group discussions, and informant interviews will be conducted during the PPTA. This work will be complemented by survey and consultations done under the resettlement and environmental safeguards. As referenced earlier, scoping for the indigenous peoples safeguard will take place, including necessary consultations and assessment.

During Project Implementation Project information will be communicated through public consultation, information disclosure mechanism in ADB's and government's website, meetings, interviews, focus group discussions, and community consultation meetings, in accordance with ADB's requirements of information disclosure policy.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services In accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time), a consulting firm will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection method with a ratio of 90:10 using the simplified technical proposal procedure.
Responsible ADB Officer Heckmann, Arnaud
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Jilin Provincial Government
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
Approval 13 Sep 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Mar 2014

TA 8172-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Sep 2012 16 Oct 2012 16 Oct 2012 15 Nov 2013 31 Mar 2014 31 Jul 2014
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
700,000.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 850,000.00 17 Jun 2022 815,069.62

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Jilin Urban Development Project: Final Report Consultants' Reports Mar 2014
吉林城市发展: 项目数据表 Translated PDS Jan 2013

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.


No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.