The project will address urgent infrastructure needs, introduce best practices, and pilot innovative municipal services solutions to develop Baishan and Baicheng cities in Jilin Province (in the northeast region of the People's Republic of China [PRC]) as livable and resource-efficient medium-sized cities. It will make provision for (i) urban roads and municipal services in Baicheng that promote people-centered urban transport; (ii) the introduction of integrated solid waste management (ISWM) in both cities, based on the reduce, reuse, recycle (3R) principle that includes composting solutions; and (iii) improvement of water supply services in Baishan, emphasizing water conservation, water supply safety, and energy efficiency.
|Project Name||Jilin Urban Development Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Other urban services - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will address urgent infrastructure needs, introduce best practices, and pilot innovative municipal services solutions to develop Baishan and Baicheng cities in Jilin Province (in the northeast region of the People's Republic of China [PRC]) as livable and resource-efficient medium-sized cities. It will make provision for (i) urban roads and municipal services in Baicheng that promote people-centered urban transport; (ii) the introduction of integrated solid waste management (ISWM) in both cities, based on the reduce, reuse, recycle (3R) principle that includes composting solutions; and (iii) improvement of water supply services in Baishan, emphasizing water conservation, water supply safety, and energy efficiency.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The PRC''s National New Urbanization Plan, 2014_-2020 aims to increase the urbanization rate from the current 54% to 60% by 2020 (representing about 100 million new urban residents), and to 70% by 2030 (equal to about 300 million new urban residents). Urbanization is perceived as a means to sustain economic growth through domestic consumption, and to achieve more balanced development by directing the future urban population away from large cities. The strategy focuses on the development of medium-sized cities (in which more than one-third of the urban population lives) as an important means of absorbing future urban residents in a sustainable, inclusive, and efficient manner. These cities have the potential to generate sufficient economies of scale to cluster local economic activities, while their proximity to the rural population supports rural and urban integration, and balances the development of industry and job markets nationally and in each province. Although they benefit from some advantages, they suffer from a deficit of infrastructure and municipal services, resulting in environmental pollution and constrained economic development. The capacity of medium-sized cities to pilot, implement, and replicate efficient urban infrastructure and municipal service delivery best practices will play an essential role in the quality and livability of the country''s urban development.
Development in Jilin Province is centered in the cities of Changchun and Jilin, and improvements barely reach the remote, less-developed prefectures in the southeast and northwest, where Baishan (480,000 residents) and Baicheng (330,000 residents) cities, respectively, are located. The Jilin provincial government (JPG) has formulated a strategy that prioritizes development of the two cities, seeking to increase economic activity, decrease the poverty rates in their respective areas, and balance development within the province.
Critical infrastructure gaps that prevent sustainable development of Baichang and Baishan cities have been identified. Residential areas in western Baicheng_the Baicheng Economic Development Zone (BEDZ) _have grown without proper access to central municipal services. An estimated 25,000 residents are not yet connected to the central wastewater treatment plant, and discharge wastewater into the surrounding environment or into unimproved septic tanks. A rational road network is absent within the BEDZ to provide adequate urban services to the existing population, properly connects the area to the rest of Baicheng, and facilitate the development of mixed-function areas to accommodate future residents and economic activities. The city''s current road design allows little room for promoting public and nonmotorized transport.
The current daily generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) is 420 wet tons per day (t/d) in Baicheng and 330 wet t/d in Baishan. In Baicheng, a new sanitary landfill is under construction. In Baishan, the existing landfill is being rehabilitated and will reach its maximum capacity in 3 years. In the two cities, solid waste management relies on _truck and dump_ operations, with little consideration for 3R principles, and limited disposal options. This results in pollution and inefficient use of waste resources.
Baishan''s water supply has reached its full capacity and cannot ensure 24-hour water services. Currently, 30% of the population (144,000 people) lacks full-time access to water. The recent decline in the quality and quantity of the main water source (Dayangcha River) in Jiangyuan district combined with the growing population of Hunjiang district are putting Baishan''s water supply safety at significant risk. Previously inadequate technical standards, aging pipes, and poor water supply dispatching efficiency have resulted in nonrevenue water (NRW) in Baishan reaching 65%; this in turn has caused inefficient water use, loss of income, and excessive energy consumption.
|Impact||Improved economic growth, resource efficiency, and quality of life in Baicheng and Baishan cities.|
|Description of Outcome||Improved delivery and efficiency of municipal services in Baicheng and Baishan cities.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||An inception mission was fielded on 6-10 February 2015. The loan was signed on 27 February and became effective on 8 May 2015. All consultants were hired by Q2 2015. A special project administration mission was fielded on 13-16 October 2015, and a review mission was fielded on 25-29 July 2016. Two minor changes to the project have been approved: (i) updating the procurement plan following the new thresholds under ADB's Procurement Reform 10-Point Action Plan (5 November 2015), and (ii) changing the PIU for the Baishan water supply subproject to Baishan Hengda Drainage Engineering Co., Ltd. (27 November 2015). The first advance of $2 million for the imprest account was disbursed in Q4 2015. Counterpart funds have been confirmed for 2017. Procurement activities are ongoing and are at various stages of completion. Three contracts for the Baishan water supply management component have been awarded. BERs are expected for the Baishan and Baicheng integrated solid waste management components, and the Baicheng urban infrastructure component. The midterm review mission is planned for August 2017.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Improved urban infrastructure in Baicheng
2. Integrated solid waste management system in Baicheng
3. Integrated solid waste management system in Baishan
4. Improved water supply management in Baishan
5. Improved capacity and institutional arrangements
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1. Baicheng urban infrastructure. The first civil works package (CBC6) is proposed for rebidding. Construction drawings have been completed for all packages except for CBC1, CBC2 and CBC3. The BERs for CBC4 and CBC5 have been approved. Contracts for CBC8 and CBC10 have been awarded.
2. Baicheng integrated solid waste management. The first goods packages (EBC4 and EBC6) were advertised in Q4 2015 but were rebid in Q3 2016. The BERs are being finalized.
3. Baishan integrated solid waste management. Construction for CBSSW1 has commenced. The BERs of EBSSW1 and EBSSW2 have been approved.
4. Baishan water supply management. Contracts for CBSW1, CBSW2, and EBSW2 have been awarded.
5. Local trainings on PPMS, reporting system, and filing system were conducted in July and October 2015. The third round of training was completed in April 2016. Technical support and training for water supply sector road map implementation were provided by the national NRW expert in May 2016 The PPMS training was completed in September 2016. Consultants provided training to the newly recruited construction contractors and construction supervision agencies in October 2016.
|Geographical Location||Jilin Province|
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Environmental Aspects||The environmental safeguard category is "B". Environmental impacts will be assessed in detail during project preparation and a project initial environmental examination, including environmental management plan, will be prepared and disclosed on ADB's website in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The involuntary resettlement safeguard category is "A". It is expected that land acquisition will have minimal impacts on land-based livelihoods. Draft resettlement plans will be prepared for those components involving land acquisition and house demolition. The resettlement plans will be finalized and disclosed before the management review meeting in accordance with the Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). The total affected persons from involuntary resettlement are preliminary estimated to be 250.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The indigenous peoples safeguard category is "C".|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||
The project was designed in close consultation with (i) the national government, (ii) Jilin provincial government and two city' municipal governments, [including at both provincial and municipal level (a) environmental protection bureau, (b) land resources bureau, (c) financial bureau, (d) housing and construction bureau, (e) development and reform commission, (f) water affairs bureau, (g) urban planning department]; and (iii) the following main stakeholders: urban investment and construction company, design institutes, ethnic minority and poverty bureaus, adversely affected people, and project beneficiaries.
The PPTA conducted a poverty and social analysis and addressed social safeguards. A socioeconomic survey, stakeholder workshops, focus group discussions, and informant interviews were conducted during the PPTA. This work was complemented by survey and consultations done under the resettlement and environmental safeguards. Scoping for the indigenous peoples safeguard took place, including necessary consultations and assessment.
|During Project Implementation||Project information will be communicated through public consultation, information disclosure mechanism in ADB''s and the government''s websites, meetings, interviews, focus group discussions, and community consultation meetings, in accordance with ADB''s Public Communications Policy.|
|Consulting Services||In accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time), a consulting firm was engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection method with a ratio of 90:10 using the simplified technical proposal procedure. An external resettlement monitoring agency was engaged using consultants' qualifications selection.|
|Procurement||All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB''s Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Heckmann, Arnaud|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Jilin Provincial Government
|Concept Clearance||13 Sep 2012|
|Fact Finding||15 Jan 2014 to 28 Jan 2014|
|MRM||30 May 2014|
|Approval||05 Dec 2014|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||27 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|05 Dec 2014||27 Feb 2015||08 May 2015||30 Jun 2019||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||386.84||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||150.00||05 Dec 2014||27.83||0.00||19%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||05 Dec 2014||6.57||0.00||4%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Jilin Urban Development Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||May 2017|
|Jilin Urban Development Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2015)||Audited Project Financial Statements||Jul 2016|
|Project Agreement for Jilin Urban Development Project||Project/Program Agreements||Feb 2015|
|Loan Agreement for Jilin Urban Development Project||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Feb 2015|
|Jilin Urban Development Project: Project Administration Manual||Project/Program Administration Manual||Nov 2014|
|Jilin Urban Development Project: Report and Recommendation of the President||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2014|
|Jilin Urban Development Project: Gender Action Plan||Gender Action Plans||Nov 2014|
|吉林城市发展: 项目数据表||Translated PDS||Jan 2013|
|Jilin Urban Services Improvement Project||Technical Assistance Reports||Sep 2012|
|Jilin Urban Services Improvement Project||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Sep 2012|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB Addressing Urgent Infrastructure Needs Of Two Medium Size Cities In PRC’S Jilin ProvinceADB has approved a loan of $150 million to address urgent infrastructure needs and implement municipal service best practices to transform two mid-sized cities in Jilin Province, PRC, into more livable and resource-efficient cities.