Poverty in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is still substantial in Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), and Viet Nam, where its regional incidence ranges from 9% 34% of the population. Poverty in Cambodia is wide spread with approximately 30% of the rural population living below the poverty line. From 1992 to 2007, the overall national poverty incidence in Cambodia declined to about 36%, which is still a high value by regional comparison (i.e., Viet Nam''s fell to 20% and Thailand''s 12%). The distribution of poverty varies considerably in Cambodia, from less than 15% in the capital city to well over 45% in the northern and northeastern provinces and in the vicinity of Tonle Sap. In Battambang, the poverty incidence in 2009 was at 18%, slightly higher than in Phnom Penh (15%) but lower than the approximate national poverty incidence of 36%. Urban poverty also differs from rural poverty because the reference values in cost of living differ between urban and rural areas.
|Project Name||Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns|
Lao People's Democratic Republic
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Industry and trade / Industry and trade sector development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
Poverty in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is still substantial in Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), and Viet Nam, where its regional incidence ranges from 9% 34% of the population. Poverty in Cambodia is wide spread with approximately 30% of the rural population living below the poverty line. From 1992 to 2007, the overall national poverty incidence in Cambodia declined to about 36%, which is still a high value by regional comparison (i.e., Viet Nam''s fell to 20% and Thailand''s 12%). The distribution of poverty varies considerably in Cambodia, from less than 15% in the capital city to well over 45% in the northern and northeastern provinces and in the vicinity of Tonle Sap. In Battambang, the poverty incidence in 2009 was at 18%, slightly higher than in Phnom Penh (15%) but lower than the approximate national poverty incidence of 36%. Urban poverty also differs from rural poverty because the reference values in cost of living differ between urban and rural areas. Poverty in Lao PDR is still widespread with an estimated 34% of the population living under the poverty line and a large proportion of the population at risk of sliding back into poverty. In the Savannahket Province where Kaysone Phomvihane is situated, the reported poverty incidence is at 43%, higher than the national rate. Kaysone Phomvihane is also listed among the poorest districts in the Savannahket Province. Poverty is predominantly rural, with high concentrations in the remote and mountainous northeastern and eastern borders with Viet Nam, and, therefore, has a strong ethnic character. Viet Nam's progress towards reducing poverty has been impressive with the poverty incidence declining from 58% in 1993 to 10.6% in 2010. Urban poverty in Viet Nam fell from about 25% in 1993 to 4% in 2006. Rural poverty in the same period declined from 66% to 22%. However, while reductions in urban poverty in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City tend to skew national averages, cities outside the major growth corridors, including those in the central provinces (Dak Lak, Pleiku, etc.), the Mekong Delta (Kien Giang, Soc Trang, etc.), the northern border (Cao Bang, Lao Cai, etc.), and the central coast (Hue, Quang Tri) still have relatively high urban poverty rates. In Dong Ha City, poverty incidence in 2010 is at 8%, higher than the national urban poverty incidence of 4%, and slightly lower than the overall poverty incidence of 10.6% in the same year.
The proposed project is a pilot poverty-reduction project in the GMS using a market development approach intended to compliment the urban infrastructure investments under the three loan projects. Trade, traffic, tourism, and people flow are perceived to significantly increase in the East-West Economic Corridor (EWEC) and Southern Economic Corridor (SEC) because of the infrastructure investments under the three loan projects; the project aims to capitalize on these developments by helping poor informal traders enhance their locally-produced products and provide aesthetically attractive, environmentally sound, socially inclusive, and gender-responsive trade centers to market these products.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy|
|Impact||Increased income among beneficiaries in the selected corridor towns (which are part of the GMS Corridor Towns Development Project) in the three project countries.|
|Description of Outcome||Increased local employment for poor households|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Construction of small markets (trade centers) in three project towns completed
2. Microfinance support for market vendors in three project towns
3. Training and awareness campaigns completed
4. Project management, monitoring and audit services established
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Construction of markets ongoing and expected to be completed Jan 2018 (Vietnam), Feb 2018 (Cambodia, and April 2018 (Lao PDR). Minor change in implementation arrangements for microfinance component approved for Cambodia and Vietnam. Cambodia EA cancels MOA with MFI to deliver microfinance loan, as lending terms not affordable for targeted poor informal traders and replaced with micro grant delivery by PMU. Vietnam EA retains MFI implementation arrangements but disaggregates beneficiaries into 3 groups (Group 1 receive micro-grants, groups 2 and 3 receive micro loans . Awareness campaigns completed. Training to project established Market Management Committees and Market Vendors Associations ongoing Q1 2018. PMUs and PPMS established. APA/FS compliant with next reports due June 2018.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Compliant with Safeguards Monitoring Reports prepared and disclosed for each of the market sites.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Consultations with stakeholders conducted during project preparation.|
|During Project Implementation||Public consultations with stakeholders on microfinance products, market design, and skill/capacity development needs of project established civil society organizations (Market Management Committee and Market Vendors Associations) undertaken.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Coloma Brotons, Javier|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, SERD|
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
4th Floor Eastern Building
Corner Norodom Boulevard Street 106
Phnom Penh, Cambodia Ministry of Public Works and Transport
Dept of Housing and Urban Planning, Lao
PDR, Lane-Xang Ave., Vientiane Lao PDR
P.O. Box 206 Provincial People's Committee of Quang Tri Province
45 Hung Vuong, Dong Ha Town, Quang Tri
|Concept Clearance||11 May 2012|
|MRM||07 Apr 2017|
|Approval||21 May 2013|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||23 Jan 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|21 May 2013||08 Nov 2013||08 Nov 2013||30 Nov 2017||31 Dec 2018||22 Oct 2019|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||2.80||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||21 May 2013||0.00||2.14||86%|
|Cofinancing||2.50||21 May 2013||0.00||2.14||86%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns - Assistant Project Management Specialist (Lao PDR)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||25 Aug 2017||15 Sep 2017|
|Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Gender Specialist - Cambodia)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||10 Aug 2017||01 Sep 2017|
|Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Gender Specialist) -Viet Nam||Individual - Consulting||Closed||02 Aug 2017||16 Aug 2017|
|Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns - National Gender Specialist (Lao PDR)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||27 Jul 2017||02 Aug 2017|
|Project Management Specialist (National/LAO)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||27 Jul 2017||02 Aug 2017|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
None currently available.