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Regional: Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns

Sovereign (Public) Project | 46074-001 Status: Closed

Poverty in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is still substantial in Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), and Viet Nam, where its regional incidence ranges from 9% 34% of the population. Poverty in Cambodia is wide spread with approximately 30% of the rural population living below the poverty line. From 1992 to 2007, the overall national poverty incidence in Cambodia declined to about 36%, which is still a high value by regional comparison (i.e., Viet Nam''s fell to 20% and Thailand''s 12%). The distribution of poverty varies considerably in Cambodia, from less than 15% in the capital city to well over 45% in the northern and northeastern provinces and in the vicinity of Tonle Sap. In Battambang, the poverty incidence in 2009 was at 18%, slightly higher than in Phnom Penh (15%) but lower than the approximate national poverty incidence of 36%. Urban poverty also differs from rural poverty because the reference values in cost of living differ between urban and rural areas.

Project Details

Project Officer
Coloma Brotons, Javier Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Regional
Modality
  • Grant
Sector
  • Industry and trade
 
Project Name Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns
Project Number 46074-001
Country Regional
Cambodia
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Viet Nam
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9173-REG: Greater Mekong Subregion Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Industry and trade / Industry and trade sector development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

Poverty in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is still substantial in Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), and Viet Nam, where its regional incidence ranges from 9% 34% of the population. Poverty in Cambodia is wide spread with approximately 30% of the rural population living below the poverty line. From 1992 to 2007, the overall national poverty incidence in Cambodia declined to about 36%, which is still a high value by regional comparison (i.e., Viet Nam''s fell to 20% and Thailand''s 12%). The distribution of poverty varies considerably in Cambodia, from less than 15% in the capital city to well over 45% in the northern and northeastern provinces and in the vicinity of Tonle Sap. In Battambang, the poverty incidence in 2009 was at 18%, slightly higher than in Phnom Penh (15%) but lower than the approximate national poverty incidence of 36%. Urban poverty also differs from rural poverty because the reference values in cost of living differ between urban and rural areas. Poverty in Lao PDR is still widespread with an estimated 34% of the population living under the poverty line and a large proportion of the population at risk of sliding back into poverty. In the Savannahket Province where Kaysone Phomvihane is situated, the reported poverty incidence is at 43%, higher than the national rate. Kaysone Phomvihane is also listed among the poorest districts in the Savannahket Province. Poverty is predominantly rural, with high concentrations in the remote and mountainous northeastern and eastern borders with Viet Nam, and, therefore, has a strong ethnic character. Viet Nam's progress towards reducing poverty has been impressive with the poverty incidence declining from 58% in 1993 to 10.6% in 2010. Urban poverty in Viet Nam fell from about 25% in 1993 to 4% in 2006. Rural poverty in the same period declined from 66% to 22%. However, while reductions in urban poverty in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City tend to skew national averages, cities outside the major growth corridors, including those in the central provinces (Dak Lak, Pleiku, etc.), the Mekong Delta (Kien Giang, Soc Trang, etc.), the northern border (Cao Bang, Lao Cai, etc.), and the central coast (Hue, Quang Tri) still have relatively high urban poverty rates. In Dong Ha City, poverty incidence in 2010 is at 8%, higher than the national urban poverty incidence of 4%, and slightly lower than the overall poverty incidence of 10.6% in the same year.

The proposed project is a pilot poverty-reduction project in the GMS using a market development approach intended to compliment the urban infrastructure investments under the three loan projects. Trade, traffic, tourism, and people flow are perceived to significantly increase in the East-West Economic Corridor (EWEC) and Southern Economic Corridor (SEC) because of the infrastructure investments under the three loan projects; the project aims to capitalize on these developments by helping poor informal traders enhance their locally-produced products and provide aesthetically attractive, environmentally sound, socially inclusive, and gender-responsive trade centers to market these products.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact Increased income among beneficiaries in the selected corridor towns (which are part of the GMS Corridor Towns Development Project) in the three project countries.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased local employment for poor households
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Construction of small markets (trade centers) in three project towns completed

2. Microfinance support for market vendors in three project towns

3. Training and awareness campaigns completed

4. Project management, monitoring and audit services established

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Construction of markets ongoing and expected to be completed Jan 2018 (Vietnam), Feb 2018 (Cambodia, and April 2018 (Lao PDR). Minor change in implementation arrangements for microfinance component approved for Cambodia and Vietnam. Cambodia EA cancels MOA with MFI to deliver microfinance loan, as lending terms not affordable for targeted poor informal traders and replaced with micro grant delivery by PMU. Vietnam EA retains MFI implementation arrangements but disaggregates beneficiaries into 3 groups (Group 1 receive micro-grants, groups 2 and 3 receive micro loans . Awareness campaigns completed. Training to project established Market Management Committees and Market Vendors Associations ongoing Q1 2018. PMUs and PPMS established. APA/FS compliant with next reports due June 2018.
Geographical Location Regional
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Compliant with Safeguards Monitoring Reports prepared and disclosed for each of the market sites.
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations with stakeholders conducted during project preparation.
During Project Implementation Public consultations with stakeholders on microfinance products, market design, and skill/capacity development needs of project established civil society organizations (Market Management Committee and Market Vendors Associations) undertaken.
Responsible ADB Officer Coloma Brotons, Javier
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
[email protected]
4th Floor Eastern Building
Corner Norodom Boulevard Street 106
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
Dept of Housing and Urban Planning, Lao
PDR, Lane-Xang Ave., Vientiane Lao PDR
P.O. Box 206
Provincial People's Committee of Quang Tri Province
45 Hung Vuong, Dong Ha Town, Quang Tri
Vietnam
Timetable
Concept Clearance 11 May 2012
Fact Finding -
MRM 07 Apr 2017
Approval 21 May 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 23 Jan 2018

Grant 9173-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 May 2013 08 Nov 2013 08 Nov 2013 30 Nov 2017 31 Dec 2018 22 Oct 2019
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 21 May 2013 0.00 2.14 86%
Counterpart 0.30 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.50 21 May 2013 0.00 2.14 86%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Title Document Type Document Date
Greater Mekong Subregion Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Lao PDR): Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2019
Greater Mekong Subregion Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Viet Nam): Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2019
Greater Mekong Subregion Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Cambodia): Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2019
Greater Mekong Subregion Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Viet Nam): Audited Project Financial Statements (1 June-31 October 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Feb 2019
Greater Mekong Subregion Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Viet Nam): Audited Project Financial Statements (8 November 2013-31 May 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2018
GMS Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Lao PDR): Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2018
GMS Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Cambodia): Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements May 2018
GMS Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Lao PDR): Audited Project Financial Statements (October 2015-December 2016) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2017
GMS Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Lao PDR): Audited Project Financial Statements (October 2015-December 2016) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2017
Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction Apr 2013

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


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Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns - Assistant Project Management Specialist (Lao PDR) Individual - Consulting Closed 25 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017
Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Gender Specialist - Cambodia) Individual - Consulting Closed 10 Aug 2017 01 Sep 2017
Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns (Gender Specialist) -Viet Nam Individual - Consulting Closed 02 Aug 2017 16 Aug 2017
Greater Mekong Subregion: Livelihood Support for Corridor Towns - National Gender Specialist (Lao PDR) Individual - Consulting Closed 27 Jul 2017 02 Aug 2017
Project Management Specialist (National/LAO) Individual - Consulting Closed 27 Jul 2017 02 Aug 2017

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.