India: Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya

Sovereign Project | 46166-001 Status: Active


ADB is helping improve secondary education and vocational training in Meghalaya, a predominantly tribal state in India, so graduates are better equipped to find high-quality jobs. The project will upgrade teaching and learning in government-aided secondary and higher secondary schools, improve technical and vocational education and training, and raise awareness about the importance of education.

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya
Project Number 46166-001
Country India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3033-IND: Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya
Ordinary capital resources US$ 100.00 million
TA 8468-IND: Capacity Building for Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Education - Secondary - Technical and vocational education and training

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The proposed project will help in enhancing the employability of Meghalaya's youth by improving the quality and delivery of its skill development and secondary education programs.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

A predominantly tribal state, Meghalaya has rich mineral reserves (e.g. coal, limestone, and uranium), forest cover of more than 70%, and enjoys abundant rainfall. It has so far been unable to tap its rich resource base effectively owing to its hilly terrain, poor connectivity, and weak infrastructure. 70% of the labor force remains employed in low-skilled agricultural jobs. The industrial base is narrow with only limited processing and value addition taking place within the state. A recent skills-gap analysis prepared by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) shows that there is scope for absorbing skilled workers of different levels in sectors such as handloom, handicraft, horticulture, fruit processing, hospitality, construction, healthcare, mining, and IT and IT-enabled services within Meghalaya. Given their fluency in English, the workers of Meghalaya can potentially look for jobs in hospitality, retail services, healthcare, IT and IT-enabled services, and as airport / airline staff outside the state as well.

Unfortunately, the youth, who constitute 35% of the population, are unable to compete for these jobs because of the poor state of Meghalaya's secondary education and skills development programs. It is estimated that 60% of the secondary schools do not have science laboratories, 72% do not have separate toilets for girls, while 27% do not have access to reliable drinking water. Only 36% of Meghalaya's teachers at the secondary level are trained as against the national average of 90%. The drop-out rate at the secondary level is high because of the poor learning environment in schools, and the overall disconnect with the state's skill development and vocational training programs. While 90% of the employment opportunities require vocational skills, Meghalaya's education system continues to focus on rote learning. As most skill development programs are funded by central ministries, GoM has limited flexibility in tailoring them to meet the state's emerging priorities. These programs have become out-of-date since they are not linked with the private sector, i.e. the demand side. Their placement record is poor which adds to the general stigma associated with vocational and technical training.

Meghalaya's State Development Report 2008-09 emphasizes the need to strengthen physical infrastructure to widen the economic base, and for increased investment in 'human capital development for improving the coverage and quality of education and health care, and promoting skills development and vocational training, especially for women, so that the economy can shift from being predominantly agrarian to higher value-added activities.' The state Government launched the Meghalaya Basin Development and Livelihood Promotion Program in 2012 to develop its human resources by enhancing their employability and income-earning potential. As part of this Program, the Meghalaya Employment Promotion Council (EPC) has been constituted with the mandate to support placement-linked skill development within and outside the state, by involving the private sector. Nine missions have been launched to develop the aquaculture, horticulture, livestock, sericulture, tourism, forestry and plantation crops, apiculture, energy, and water sectors. Each mission has identified the need for major upgrading of skills. The Meghalaya Trade Promotion Organization has been set up to provide supporting market infrastructure and facilitate enterprise development.

Given GoM's long-term vision and commitment, ADB will support its efforts towards human capital development.

Impact Enhanced employability of Meghalaya's youth

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Improved quality, delivery, and access to SHS education and technical and vocational skills training in Meghalaya
Progress Toward Outcome Civil works contracts for 103 school buildings, 7 ITI and 3 DIET building have been awarded till date. Further, consultancy contracts for Teacher Training Provider, Skill Training Provider, institutional tie-up for ITI Upgradation, etc. in addition to ICT equipment and furniture are proposed to be awarded in 2017.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Improved teaching and learning in government-aided SHS schools

2. Increased capacity and responsiveness of technical and vocational education and training

3. Increased awareness and participation

4. Improved project management and monitoring and evaluation

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

RFPs for Skill Training Provider and institutional tie-up for ITI upgradation have been issued. EOI for Teacher Training Provider has been issued. As a pilot, IIT Guwahati has been engaged for creation of self-employment bamboo cluster.

About 2,000 awareness campaigns covering SMC, Women Groups, Youth, Parents, Teachers, Students, Govt. officials, Minority Groups and Autonomous District Councils conducted so far.

During July 2016 review mission, school by school review of construction progress has taken place. Monthly review meeting with contractor and PWD is recommended henceforth to speed up construction work. NILRED/IAMR contract (M&E firm) has been terminated effective September 2015. It is proposed that work including, conducting baseline survey, skill gap study, etc. to be completed through alternate methods.

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects While the project will not fund any large new construction or result in land acquisition, it is initially categorized as B in terms of environment. This will be revised as appropriate based on further due diligence.
Involuntary Resettlement Since there will be no land acquisition or resettlement, the project is categorized as C for involuntary resettlement.
Indigenous Peoples As Meghalaya is predominantly tribal, meaningful consultation has been undertaken with tribal representatives to incorporate their concerns and needs into the design of project components, to create a sense of ownership. While the project will not have any negative impact on the tribals, the consultations are essential to ensure that they benefit appropriately from the positive impact of the project. The project is categorized as B for Indigenous Peoples.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation School Management Committees have been constituted for 117 schools and MOUs signed with 58 schools. Periodical interactions are taking place.

Business Opportunities


1. Country/Borrower: Government of India

2. Title of proposed project: Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya

3. Name and address of the Executing Agency:

Department of Finance, Government of Meghalaya

(i) Ms. Rebecca Suchiang

Additional Project Director and Principal Secretary

Department of Finance

Government of Meghalaya

(ii) Mrs. D. T. Kharshiing

Secretary to the Government of Meghalaya,

Finance (Economic Affairs) Department

Room No. 517, Main Secretariat Building

Shillong - 793001, Meghalaya, India


Fax: +91-0364-2227708

Email: [email protected] / [email protected]

4. Brief description of project: The Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya Project will enhance the employability of Meghalaya's youth (aged 16 to 35 years) by improving the quality and delivery of its secondary (SS) and higher secondary (HS) education, and technical and vocational skill development programs. This will be done by supporting the following four outputs: (i) Improved teaching and learning in government-aided secondary and higher secondary (SS and HS) schools; (ii) Increased capacity and responsiveness of technical and vocational education and training; (iii) Increased Awareness and Participation; and (iv) Improved Project Management and Monitoring and Evaluation.

5. Brief description of goods and related services, works, or consulting services to be procured and related justification for advance action):

(i) civil construction of schools buildings and teacher training centers (4 packages) through national competitive bidding;

(ii) training equipment for skill development through international competitive bidding (ICB);

(iii) computers and tables through ICB;

(iv) design and supervision international/national consultants through quality-cost-based-selection (QCBS);

(v) project management international/national consultants through QCBS;

(vi) NGO (national) for undertaking awareness building and mobilization through QCBS;

(vii) institute for undertaking M&E and skill-gap analysis international/national consultants through QCBS;

(viii) four individual national consultants through Individual Consultant Selection;

(ix) skill training providers (10 packages) from international/national consultants through QCBS;

(x) teacher training providers (1 package) from international/national consultants through QCBS;

(xi) teacher training providers (2 packages) from national consultants through single source selection;

(xii) Technical Support for Restructuring and Upgradation of ITIs in Meghalaya;

(xiii) furniture through national competitive bidding (NCB);

(xiv) MIS systems and ICT equipment through NCB;

(xv) laboratory equipment and library books through NCB; and

(xvi) Vehicles through NCB.

6. All works, equipment, and goods to be financed from the ADB loan will be carried out in accordance with the latest version of ADB's Guidelines for Procurement and services in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by Asian Development Bank and its Borrowers.

7. Date advance action approved: 15 January 2013.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Annamraju, Vikram Harsha
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division India Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Finance Department-Government of Meghalaya
[email protected]
Secretariat Building, Shillong 793001


Concept Clearance 30 May 2012
Fact Finding 12 Nov 2012 to 19 Nov 2012
MRM 15 Jan 2013
Approval 27 Sep 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 27 Mar 2017

Loan 3033-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Sep 2013 23 Jan 2014 07 Mar 2014 31 Mar 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 100.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 100.00 27 Sep 2013 49.71 0.00 50%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 27 Sep 2013 15.29 0.00 15%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

TA 8468-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Sep 2013 24 Jan 2014 24 Jan 2014 31 Jan 2016 31 Jul 2018 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 27 Sep 2013 1,112,200.39
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya: Social Monitoring Report (July 2014-December 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Aug 2016
Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Feb 2013
Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya: Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Feb 2013
Supporting Human Capital Development in Meghalaya Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Jan 2013

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

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