||The TA aims to improve the capacity of the participating DMCs in producing reliable sex-disaggregated statistics on ownership of assets and entrepreneurship using standard methods, and improved vital statistics from CRVS systems. The expected outcomes of the TA are contribution to the development of standard methods of collecting sex-disaggregated data on entrepreneurship and asset ownership, a regional strategic program for improvement of CRVS systems, and improved CRVS systems in prioritized areas in participating DMCs. the TA will have two broad components. The first component relates to sex-disaggregated statistics on emerging areas of ownership of assets and entrepreneurship, and the second component relates to improving CRVS systems. The first component will be implemented in close collaboration with UNSD, UNWOMEN, and other development partners supporting the global EDGE initiative, with the following main outputs (i) contribution to development of standard methods for collection of comparable sex-disaggregated data on entrepreneurship and ownership of assets, and related technical report; (ii) regional and in-country workshops to discuss methodological work, additional questions to be incorporated in the survey instrument, and training of staff of participating countries on new methods of data collection on entrepreneurship and asset ownership disaggregated by sex; (iii) pilot data collection (surveys) in the three selected DMCs using standard methods on entrepreneurship and asset ownership, data processing, data review and validation, preparation of country reports with gender data analysis; and (iv) advocacy and mainstreaming of gender statistics on entrepreneurship and asset ownership in data collection.Georgia, Mongolia, and the Philippines have been tentatively identified for pilot surveys based on preliminary discussions. The CRVS component will be implemented in collaboration with ESCAP, WHO, HMN, and other development partners supporting the regional strategic plan for improvement of CRVS in the Asia-Pacific region. The key outputs will be (i) contribution to the development of a Regional Strategic Plan for Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific, which will be developed through a collaborative process of partners and countries under the guidance of ESCAP's Committee on Statistics (CST) and support to regional workshops/conferences for advocacy and capacity building; (ii) financial and technical support to selected countries to implement improvements in their CRVS systems in line with the regional strategic plan and identified country priorities based on comprehensive assessment of CRVS systems; and (iii) relevant in-country and/or regional training programs to implement country proposals and sustainability of activities. Cambodia, Sri Lanka, and Timor-Leste have been tentatively identified for support under the TA based on their comprehensive assessments of CRVS systems and setting priorities for improving the CRVS systems.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Despite the recommendations of the UN Beijing Platform for Action (1995) on regular collection of sex-disaggregated statistics, there are still major gaps in the availability and quality of gender statistics in many areas. Specifically, while there are standard definitions and methods of data collection in the areas of education, health and employment, there are no clear standards and commonly accepted definitions to guide data collection on entrepreneurship and ownership of assets and their gender dimensions. Even where data are collected through surveys by the countries, data may not be comparable due to lack of commonly accepted definitions - thus the need for common standards for collecting comparable data to understand problems faced by women in pursuing their enterprise, their roles as contributors to employment, productivity, innovations, and economic growth.
Social inclusion and gender inclusive health policies and MDG monitoring have highlighted the importance of CRVS systems - the most comprehensive source of sex-disaggregated data on vital events, in particular, births and deaths at both the national and smaller administrative levels to provide timely indicators on fertility, mortality (including maternal and child mortality for MDGs 4 and 5 indicators) and causes of death. Recent assessments show that these systems are suffering from incomplete registrations and poor quality of vital statistics produced, leading to conduct of costly donor-funded (unsustainable) household surveys to meet data gaps. ADB's RETA 6429: Supporting the Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in the Asia and Pacific Region (Phase III) indicated the need to come up with reliable alternative sources of data for monitoring progress in attaining the MDGs, particularly MDGs 4 and 5 at the national and subnational levels. ADB's RETA 6356: Improving Administrative Data Sources for the Monitoring of Millennium Development Goals Indicators also assessed severe weaknesses in the CRVS systems. Common reasons for poor functioning of CRVS systems are lack of awareness, lack of political commitment, human and financial capacity constraints, lack of incentive or motivation to register, barriers to registration (costs, distance from registration centers, cultural norms), absence of adequate legal provisions, and lack of appreciation for timely and reliable statistics. Most countries (including those with high rates of birth and death registrations) lack good-quality cause-of-death statistics, which is a serious lacuna to a gender-based approach to health policy. Absence of well-functioning CRVS systems also deprives citizens from very basic legal documents such as birth, death, and marriage certificates, thereby excluding a big section of population, especially the poor and marginalized populations, from basic rights and governance benefits.