The two-phase research and development TA for 2012 of the Independent Evaluation Department of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) supports a further round of high level evaluations from its 2012-2014 work program cycle. In particular, the Phase 2 TA will support three special evaluation studies to assess: (i) climate change management, (ii) good governance operations, and (iii) inclusive growth. It will also support the dissemination of evaluation knowledge products.
1. Climate change management. The study will analyze ongoing adaptation programs along four dimensions: (i) policy dialogue to integrate adaptation considerations into development strategies; (ii) adjustments in sector strategies (to climate change vulnerabilities) which increase sector resilience; (iii) climate proofing of infrastructure development projects; and (iv) attention to the needs of vulnerable groups. The evaluation will also look into adaptation interventions that address longer term climate change impacts by transforming existing systems and practices, in addition to interventions that seek to address existing adaptation deficits or managing only incremental changes to climate vulnerability.
2. Good governance. The study will assess the relevance and effectiveness of ADB's governance policy and operations over time including GACAP II and its main areas of emphasis: ublic financial management, procurement, combating corruption.
3. Inclusive economic growth. The study seeks to assess the relevance and effectiveness of the preliminary outcomes of Strategy 2020's inclusive growth agenda. It also aims to examine how the transition of the strategic focus from pro-poor to inclusive economic growth has influenced ADB's operations as it continues to pursue its ultimate objective of poverty reduction.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
The performance of the Asia and Pacific region has been marked by growing populations and increasing economic productivity, and crises of natural and artificial origin. Past global economic and financial crises had dampening effects on Asian economies and similar crises may recur in the future. The effects of poverty, natural disasters, environmental degradation, health hazards, and poor public sector management constrain economic growth while market constraints and underinvestment in people and assets restrict its inclusiveness.
ADB continuously works to improve the development effectiveness of its operations and be accountable to its stakeholders. The new results framework laid out under Strategy 2020 has enabled the ADB to monitor this developmental role and improve business performance. Taking into account the constraints to Asian development, the findings, lessons, and recommendations from evaluations funded by this TA seek to provide feedback and learning in three key areas - particularly when formulating ADB's future policies, strategies, and programs. These include: (i) climate change management, (ii) good governance operations; and (iii) inclusive growth.
1. Climate change management. ADB has sought to mainstream climate change mitigation and adaptation in its operations, and has significantly increased climate change related activities since 2009 through region-wide climate change implementation plans in each of its five regions.
2. Good governance. The strategic framework for ADB's governance and anticorruption work is guided by its governance and anticorruption policies and the Second Governance and Anticorruption Action Plan (GACAP II). While ADB's 1995 Policy on Sound Development Management sets a broad agenda, GACAP II of 2005 has a risk based approach and seeks to enable DMCs to design and deliver better quality projects through improvements in (i) country-level partnerships & strategies (CPS) for social and economic development; (ii) program and project-level design; (iii) program and project-level administration and management; and (iv) institutional level skills, capacities, and operational practices beginning internally with ADB.
3. Inclusive economic growth. Amid rising inequality and persisting poverty in Asia and the Pacific, promoting inclusive growth has been one of the key strategies identified to ensure that opportunities and benefits of sustained economic growth are equitably accessible to all segments of the population. With Strategy 2020, ADB shifted its development approach to promoting inclusive growth from pursuing pro-poor growth since the late 1990s.The shift was intended to increase the size and improve the distribution of economic benefits through sustained growth, human capital development, and the provision of safety nets.