ADB's Strategy 2020 emphasizes gender equity as a driver of change essential for achieving inclusive and sustainable growth and reducing poverty. The country partnership strategy (CPS) 2012-2016 for Lao PDR emphasizes gender equity in all operations to ensure a high degree of equity and inclusiveness, and that both males and females contribute to and benefit from development in an equitable manner. Among others, agriculture and municipal services have been identified as suitable for gender mainstreaming. In light of the expanding investments in urban development, water supply and sanitation and with the potential for gender mainstreaming and the need to strengthen the implementation of gender strategies of ongoing and future projects, a small-scale technical assistance is proposed to strengthen the capacity of the National Commission for Advancement of Women (NCAW) to support line ministries in gender sensitive planning, budgeting and monitoring and evaluation (M&E).
|Project Name||Strengthening National Commission for Advancement of Women Network in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport|
|Country||Lao People's Democratic Republic
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Transport policies and institutional development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||ADB's Strategy 2020 emphasizes gender equity as a driver of change essential for achieving inclusive and sustainable growth and reducing poverty. The country partnership strategy (CPS) 2012-2016 for Lao PDR emphasizes gender equity in all operations to ensure a high degree of equity and inclusiveness, and that both males and females contribute to and benefit from development in an equitable manner. Among others, agriculture and municipal services have been identified as suitable for gender mainstreaming. In light of the expanding investments in urban development, water supply and sanitation and with the potential for gender mainstreaming and the need to strengthen the implementation of gender strategies of ongoing and future projects, a small-scale technical assistance is proposed to strengthen the capacity of the National Commission for Advancement of Women (NCAW) to support line ministries in gender sensitive planning, budgeting and monitoring and evaluation (M&E).|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The National Strategy for the Advancement of Women 2011-2015 (NSAW) comprises four main programs including (i) development of an information system with sex-segregated statistics and dissemination and awareness raising, (ii) institutional and personnel strengthening for the advancement of women (iii) ensuring gender equality and women empowerment to participate in all fields and (iv) fulfillment of the obligations of Lao PDR under the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) conventions and other international conventions pertaining to women. NCAW is tasked with implementing NSAW which outlines gender related goals and targets for each sector. However, NCAW lacks the capacity to provide assistance to sector ministries to integrate these goals into sector strategies and plans.
NCAW's mandate is to support NCAW networks in line ministries divisions for the advancement of women (DAW) and subcommittees for the advancement of women (Sub-CAWs) which have limited human and technical resources and lack clear understanding of their roles, responsibilities and coordination mechanisms for effective gender mainstreaming. Hence, gender has not been well integrated into the planning, budgeting and M&E cycle of most line ministries, as these lack critical capacity in gender analysis and gender sensitive M&E. Given ADB's extensive past and present involvement in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT), with projects in three important line departments: Urban, Transport and Water Supply, ADB support under the small-scale capacity development technical assistance (S-CDTA) will focus on this ministry. Lessons learned and materials developed can then be utilized by NCAW to introduce gender sensitive planning and budgeting in other line ministries.
MPWT is responsible for infrastructure development and services in Lao PDR. Considerable gender gaps consist in service delivery as a result of a systematic bias in planning, monitoring and evaluation which reduce sector performance. The lack of uniform performance indicators makes monitoring and gender evaluation of gender mainstreaming in the public works and transport sector challenging. While project-specific gender training manuals, guidelines and action plans exist, there are as yet no standardized manuals or guidelines for gender-integrated planning, monitoring and evaluation for the sector. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the capacity of MPWT, its line departments and Sub-CAW members, and DAW staff with training to standardize gender analysis, planning and M&E in MPWT. Gender-integration activities in development partner funded projects tend to have limited coordination with MPWT's DAW and other line departments. Further, Sub-CAW members in the line departments have yet to be involved in MPWT's project planning processes. While DAW is positioned in MPWT's organizational hierarchy at the Ministry's Office, with an established gender network from the central (Sub-CAW secretariat), provincial (Women's Advance Unit), and district level (gender focal points), it lacks operational tools to mainstream gender in the ministries' systems and frameworks.
The proposed S-CDTA builds on experience of previous ADB-funded TA projects for gender mainstreaming in LAO PDR and Cambodia. The 2005 TA focused largely on the development of systems, procedures and gender analysis training in the agriculture sector. Initial lessons learned from the 2010 ADB funded TA for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) revealed that the integration of gender issues into plans, programs and M&E was effective. The TA also shows that in integrating gender mainstreaming in line ministries it is important to identify and cultivate gender champions. Since DAW is responsible for integrating gender into planning, gender mainstreaming will be sustained. MPWT has not yet integrated NSAW into the sector strategy due to a lack of capacity and tools related to gender sensitive analysis and M&E. Gender-mainstreaming activities occur in development partner-funded projects without coordination with central planning and resource allocation processes. In addition, Sub-CAW members in the line departments have yet to be involved in MPWT project planning processes. Therefore, it is necessary to establish clear terms of reference and coordination mechanisms between DAW, Sub-CAW and line departments.
|Impact||Strengthened capacity of NCAW to support line ministries in effective implementation of gender-sensitive planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation.|
|Description of Outcome||Improved gender- sensitive planning and monitoring capacity of NCAW , DAW and Sub-CAW network in MPWT|
|Progress Toward Outcome||All TA expected outcomes achieved.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Strengthened capacity of NCAW network (DAW and Sub-CAW) in MPWT with clear roles and responsibilities for gender integration into plans and programs of MPWT
Developed capacity for gender sensitive planning, budgeting and M&E.
Developed knowledge products on gender mainstreaming in MPWT
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||The TA has strengthened coordination mechanisms within Ministry of Public Works and Transport to support the advancement of women. The following documents have been developed and disseminated nationwide: (i) strategy for the advancement of women in the public works and transport sector; (ii) guidelines for integrating gender into planning, monitoring, and evaluation. The TA's knowledege sharing workshop was conducted on 20 February 2015, in which more than 70 participants from MPWT, line ministries and development partners participated.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||The TA will engage one international institutional and gender mainstreaming specialist (Team Leader) for 8 person-months on an intermittent basis; and one national institutional development and gender specialist (Deputy Team Leader) for a fulltime 18 person-months. The consultants will be based in the DAW office, MPWT, and closely work with the NCAW secretariat. ADB-LRM will recruit consultants on an individual basis, in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). Consultant contracts will be signed by COSO. The outline terms of reference for the consultants are advertised in both local newspaper and via the CMS system.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Xayyavong, Phoxay|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Lao Resident Mission|
Asian Development Bank
Barbara Lochmann, Sr. Social Sector Specialist
6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||25 Jul 2012|
|Fact Finding||26 Mar 2012 to 27 Mar 2012|
|Approval||09 Aug 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||31 Mar 2015|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|09 Aug 2012||-||09 Aug 2012||01 Apr 2014||31 Mar 2015||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|225,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||225,000.00||09 Aug 2012||217,371.27|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Strengthening National Commission for Advancement of Women Network in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport: Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||Mar 2016|
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ADB Supports Gender Integration in Lao PDR’s Public Works, Transport SectorTechnical assistance from ADB has helped the Lao People’s Democratic Republic Ministry of Public Works and Transport mainstream gender-sensitive planning, monitoring and evaluation in the sector.
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