Regional: Strengthening Integrated Water Resources Management in Mountainous River Basins
The proposed regional capacity development technical assistance (TA) will help strengthen integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Afghanistan, Bhutan, and Nepal. The TA will contribute to the management of environment and climate change impacts, one of the strategic priorities in the Midterm Review of Strategy 2020 of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). It will do this by assisting target river basins in strengthening water resources management to cope with (i) expected changes in water availability due to climate change, and (ii) increase in water demand due to economic and population growth. ADB''s Water Operational Plan, 2011- 2020 prioritizes embedding the IWRM process in river basins.
Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
Request for information
- Technical Assistance
|Project Name||Strengthening Integrated Water Resources Management in Mountainous River Basins|
|Country / Economy||Regional
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture and Natural Resources / Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The proposed regional capacity development technical assistance (TA) will help strengthen integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Afghanistan, Bhutan, and Nepal. The TA will contribute to the management of environment and climate change impacts, one of the strategic priorities in the Midterm Review of Strategy 2020 of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). It will do this by assisting target river basins in strengthening water resources management to cope with (i) expected changes in water availability due to climate change, and (ii) increase in water demand due to economic and population growth. ADB''s Water Operational Plan, 2011- 2020 prioritizes embedding the IWRM process in river basins.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Recent population growth, economic development, and urbanization are increasing water, food, and energy demand in Asia and the Pacific region. With more than 75% of the countries in the region lacking water security, the gaps in water governance are expanding, and strengthening water resources management is becoming a pressing issue. Climate change will affect temperature, rainfall, and cultivation patterns, which may add to the complexity and urgency of managing water resources. It will also increase the frequency and severity of water-related disasters. These concerns require improved water resources management that considers all water users within a river basin.
The impact of climate change and competing demands for finite water resources require improved water resources management that considers all water users within a river basin. In Asia, the Hindu- Kush Himalaya (HKH) region is one of the areas that are most vulnerable and exposed to the impacts of climate change. As the source of major rivers, including Amu Darya, Ganges, Indus, Mekong, and Yangtze, the HKH area contains the world''s third-largest freshwater reserve and provides water to almost 20% of the global population.
IWRM could be a suitable tool to achieve good water governance. It can be responsive to stakeholders'' needs, future water demands, and the likely impacts of climate change. Many countries in the region have already adopted national water policies that advocate IWRM in river basins. River basin organizations (RBOs) are crucial for IWRM implementation, which involves planning and monitoring water use, tracking regulatory changes with stakeholder involvement, and preparing investments. ADB projects in the HKH area have supported initiatives to establish RBOs. Faced with basin water challenges, countries in the HKH area require immediate support for institutional strengthening and capacity building to form new RBOs and to strengthen the performance of existing RBOs in managing pressing water security challenges.
The proposed TA will focus on HKH areas that rely on vulnerable water resources (glacial snow melt and precipitation). The target countries of the proposed TA (Afghanistan, Bhutan, and Nepal) were identified based on the following: (i) geographical location and vulnerability to climate change; (ii) needs of counterpart agencies in supporting river basin planning and institutional strengthening of RBOs; and (iii) strong linkage with ongoing or pipeline ADB projects supporting river basin management. Target river basins are Panj-Amu (Afghanistan), where a project preparatory TA for the Panj-Amu River Basin Project is undertaken; Wangchhu (Bhutan), where the proposed TA will supplement efforts undertaken by the Adapting to Climate Change through IWRM TA; and Bagmati (Nepal), where the proposed TA will be implemented in conjunction with the Bagmati River Basin Improvement Project. The proposed TA is expected to benefit 8 million people in the three basins.
By 2020, accelerated and expanded implementation of IWRM, delivering improved water security and enhanced efficiency and productivity
By 2030, implement IWRM at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
|Description of Outcome||IWRM in target river basins sustainably implemented|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Water resources institutions strengthened
Technical capacity of staff of water resources institutions in target river basins enhanced
Knowledge of and good practices for IWRM broadly disseminated in Asia and the Pacific region
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Inception workshops have been conducted for the 3 target countries. Review missions were fielded by ADB on February (Bhutan) and August (Bhutan and Nepal) 2017. Various in-country activities have been done such as the RBO assessment workshops and coordination meetings in AFG and water quality training and data collection and monitoring training in BHU. Regional workshop to share experiences and lessons learnt among the 3 countries was held in Nepal on May 2018. An Study Executive Tour on river basin management was completed in Japan for BHU and NEP participants in August 2018. Another study tour on IWRM in Thailand was also implemented for the counterpart officials of AFG, BHU and NEP in Feb.2019.|
|Geographical Location||Afghanistan - Nation-wide, Amu Darya; Bhutan - Nation-wide, Wangchu Reservoir Hydro Power Plant; Nepal - Nation-wide, Bagmati River|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||ADB will engage international and national consultants through a consulting firm, following the quality- and cost-based selection method with a quality-to-cost ratio of 90:10. ADB will select and engage the consulting firm in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). All disbursements under the TA will be made in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Mori, Noriyuki|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||SDSC-WAT|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||24 Sep 2015|
|Fact Finding||24 Aug 2015 to 16 Sep 2015|
|Approval||12 Apr 2016|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||29 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|12 Apr 2016||-||12 Apr 2016||30 Apr 2019||30 Nov 2019||28 Feb 2020|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||2,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,000,000.00||17 Jun 2022||1,910,065.44|
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