Development results and effectiveness are quite often interrupted or delayed due to unsatisfactory or flawed implementation of safeguard mitigation measures. Often time implementation results are intertwined with planning and design of safeguard measures. There have been concerns over the quality of safeguard planning documents and ADB staff skills in managing implementation issues. The need to understand these implementation issues have been prioritized by SARD and therefore SARD is currently supporting a S-CDTA to assess the status of institutional capacity for implementation of environmental and social safeguards in ADB-funded infrastructure projects in India, Nepal, and Bhutan. The S-CDTA has identified a set of issues that are interrelated between environmental and social safeguard planning and implementation phases and has recommended an action plan which highlights on various level of capacity development needs in each of the 3 selected DMCs and SARD.
|Project Name||Improving Safeguard Policy Applications in South Asia Developing Member Countries|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy - Electricity transmission and distribution - Large hydropower generation
Transport - Road transport (non-urban) - Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban sanitation - Urban sewerage - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
Development results and effectiveness are quite often interrupted or delayed due to unsatisfactory or flawed implementation of safeguard mitigation measures. Often time implementation results are intertwined with planning and design of safeguard measures. There have been concerns over the quality of safeguard planning documents and ADB staff skills in managing implementation issues. The need to understand these implementation issues have been prioritized by SARD and therefore SARD is currently supporting a S-CDTA to assess the status of institutional capacity for implementation of environmental and social safeguards in ADB-funded infrastructure projects in India, Nepal, and Bhutan. The S-CDTA has identified a set of issues that are interrelated between environmental and social safeguard planning and implementation phases and has recommended an action plan which highlights on various level of capacity development needs in each of the 3 selected DMCs and SARD. The aim of the proposed R-CDTA is to deliver on this action plan and extend similar investigation on current status and safeguard capacity development for rest of the SARD DMCs.
The regional aspect of the proposed R-CDTA will allow to avail the opportunities for South-South co-operation and sharing of best practices across SARD DMCs. It is in line with the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement 2009 that emphasizes the need for effective implementation of the safeguard measures together with the borrower. The R-CDTA also reflects the strategy encouraged by the Regional Cooperation Strategy for South Asia 2011-2015, where it supports (i) project implementation, and (ii) capacity development initiatives. As a first time for SARD, the S-CDTA has engaged SARD's clients in a dialogue on rationalizing safeguards implementation practices and the R-CDTA will deliver the improvement.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The TA will have significant improvement in safeguard implementation practices in ADB funded projects in SARD DMCs. Performance indicator will be (i) by 2020: Audits of project environmental management plans and social safeguard plans undertaken by external monitors show improvement from 2013 level; and (ii) reduced safeguard complaints filed against ADB funded projects from 2017 onwards.|
|Impact||Better safeguard implementation practices in ADB-funded projects in DMCs in South Asia|
|Description of Outcome||Stronger capacity of both ADB and key government agencies to systematically design, implement, and monitor environment and social safeguard aspects of ADB projects|
|Progress Toward Outcome||In process|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Safeguard implementation manuals, including guidelines, procedures, and training materials developed
2. Training programs implemented
3. Web-based automated safeguard system for tracking safeguard performance developed
4. Social and environmental safeguards assessments enhanced
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Output 1: Recruited two international consultants, namely Environmental Management Specialist and Social Safeguard Specialist. The engagement of the Social Safeguard Specialist has commenced beginning 27 March 2014. The Environmental Management Specialist's contract has commenced on 16 April 2014.
Environment and social safeguards training materials drafted.
Output 2: Training workshops have been conducted for EAs and IAs as follows:
(a) Environment and social safeguards training workshops have been conducted in India;
(b) Training on handling environmental contracts conducted in Sri Lanka and Nepal;
(c) Training on grievance redress mechanism and problem solving conducted in Nepal.
The TA supported training for 3 POWERGRID safeguards staff on Resettlement and Livelihood Restoration in Manila, Philippines.
Safeguards Training-of-Trainers (TOT) has been conducted in India for trainees to eventually be engaged to carry-out safeguards training to executing agencies and implementing agencies in their respective countries. A TOT was also held in Bhutan with trainees from Bhutan and Nepal.
Output 3: Recruited Information Technology Consultant on 01 September 2014. An international Safeguards Database Management Specialist was recruited on 20 April 2016. Pilot-testing of the Safeguards Tracking System was initiated in the last quarter of 2016 and is currently ongoing. Full implementation was launched during SARD's Safeguards Network Meeting in June 2017. Further refinements are being done to improve the web-based tracking system based on feedback from SARD's sector divisions and resident missions.
Output 4: Recruited nine international consultants and nineteen national consultants to perform social and environmental assessment work. One of the nine international consultants worked on the country safeguards system for POWERGRID in India.
Further consultant recruitment ongoing.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The assigned peer reviewers were consulted during the interdepartmental circulation of the draft concept paper.|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||On an intermittent basis, ADB will engage individual consultants in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). Two international consultants namely, an environmental management specialist and a social safeguard specialist, will be engaged for a total of 31 person-months. Their main tasks will be to enhance overall quality of environmental and social safeguard design and planning, implementation, monitoring and reporting on ADB projects in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal by preparing the necessary manuals and training materials. One international consultant, namely a safeguards specialist, will be engaged for a total of 88 days to work on the SARD safeguards tracking system with the national information technology consultant. ADB will engage 20 national consultants for a total of 56 person-months. Disbursements under the R-CDTA will be made in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (January 2010, as amended from time to time). No activity will be financed in any DMC until ADB receives a letter of no objection in respect of such activity from the government of such DMC.|
|Procurement||The participating governments will provide support in the form of data and other information, counterpart staff, office accommodations and facilities, and transportation to site visits for training purposes.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Barba, Ricardo Carlos|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Office of the Director General, SARD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||20 Sep 2013|
|Approval||13 Dec 2013|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||11 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|13 Dec 2013||-||13 Dec 2013||28 Feb 2017||31 Aug 2018||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|3,600,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||3,600,000.00||13 Dec 2013||1,501,953.65|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Improving Safeguard Policy Applications in South Asia Developing Member Countries||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2013|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.