The purpose of the Project described below (the Project) is to implement the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) prepared by Tonga under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) . The Project will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The Project will (i) build capacity in climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector and national levels; (ii) provide information, tools, and legislative frameworks needed to introduce climate change considerations into government and sector planning and budgeting processes; and (iii) provide access to resources (technical, human, financial) to address the climate change risk priorities of the Government, as well as those of vulnerable communities through a combination of soft and hard measures.
|Project Name||Climate Resilience Sector Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Multisector / Multisector
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The purpose of the Project described below (the Project) is to implement the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) prepared by Tonga under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) . The Project will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The Project will (i) build capacity in climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector and national levels; (ii) provide information, tools, and legislative frameworks needed to introduce climate change considerations into government and sector planning and budgeting processes; and (iii) provide access to resources (technical, human, financial) to address the climate change risk priorities of the Government, as well as those of vulnerable communities through a combination of soft and hard measures. This will lead to a progressive increase in the resilience of ecosystems and infrastructure; the foundations of the country's sustainable development aspirations. The Project will be financed on a grant basis from the Strategic Climate Fund which is one of two funds within the design of the Climate Investment Fund.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Tonga reported that all key sectors are likely to be significantly affected by climate change, with major environmental, economic, and social consequences. Particular concerns include impacts on agricultural production, water supply, and coastal infrastructure and resources. The effects of climate change are exacerbating natural hazards such as tsunamis, cyclones, coastal flooding, and droughts. Over the last few decades, Tonga observed a higher variability of rainfall causing localized flooding as well as droughts related to El Nino events. Increased ocean temperatures have caused coral bleaching and destruction of habitats for reef species. Sea level rise, estimated in the order of 6 millimeter/year, is contributing to coastal erosion and subsequent damage to infrastructure and properties . Increased exposure to tropical cyclones and storm surges have caused significant economic losses to Tonga's economy (e.g. tropical cyclones Waka in 2002 and Rene in 2010 inflicted losses of $60 million and $22 million respectively). Tonga has a 50% chance of experiencing an annual loss exceeding $175 million and casualties larger than 440 people due to natural hazards .
While there is country commitment and a national strategy-the Joint National Action Plan (JNAP) on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management-to address climate and related disaster risk challenges facing Tonga, efforts to date have been constricted due to severe resource-constraints. During the design and capacity building phase of the PPCR, the Government of Tonga and other stakeholders identified impediments to a more effective response including: (i) a limited pool of qualified and trained experts to mainstream climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector, and national levels; (ii) lack of information, tools, and legislative frameworks for relevant sectors and stakeholders to develop and implement adaptation strategies; and (iii) challenges in accessing adequate climate change financing for priority adaptation needs. This requires a systematic and integrated approach toward climate change resilience and disaster risk reduction. The Project will build on training provided to government representatives and other stakeholders to undertake risk and capacity assessments under Phase I.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has developed a strong partnership with the Government of Tonga. Both ADB's Pacific Approach 2010-2014 , and country operations business plan 2015-2017 for Tonga , emphasize the need for integration of climate change adaptation and disaster risk management to deal with climate-induced natural disasters. Current ADB programming under the Integrated Urban Development Sector Project, Implementing Strategic Economic Management Technical Assistance, and Public Finance Management Road Map provides ADB with a clear understanding of the challenges Tonga faces in mainstreaming climate change considerations into government operations. This includes the need for increased capacity, coordination, whole-of-government involvement, donor harmonization as well as consideration of recurrent costs for the sustainability of critical investments.
The Pacific Infrastructure Advisory Center of the Pacific Regional Infrastructure Facility has been providing technical assistance for the development of a National Infrastructure Investment Plan (NIIP) which outlines the Government of Tonga's priorities and plans for major economic infrastructure initiatives over the next 5 to 10 years. A review of the NIIP supported by the Pacific Infrastructure Advisory Center, is planned for the last quarter of 2012 and will provide a broad assessment of the potential risks and vulnerability of economic infrastructure to climate change and natural disasters, based on existing studies and materials. This will form the basis for the identification of key sectors as well as the prioritization of critical climate proofing needs of infrastructure investments to be targeted under the SPCR.
|Impact||Increased resilience of vulnerable communities to climate variability and change, and disaster risk in Tonga.|
|Description of Outcome||Strengthened capacity of government and communities to finance, develop, monitor, and implement investments to improve ecosystem resilience and climate proof critical infrastructure.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||In Q4 contract awards are forecast for the $2.4m Ha'apai hospital, and the $2m coastal protection works contract. Disbursements have been slower than projected due to slow progress on the evacuation roads. In the short term the Project Team is encouraging the IA to finalize an imprest account replenishment to improve project performance metrics. Due to lagging disbursements, the project is likely to remain rated as a potential problem.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Climate resilience mainstreamed into development planning of vulnerable sectors.
2. Monitoring and management of climate data and information improved.
3. Sustainable financing mechanism to support community-based climate responsive investments.
4. Ecosystem resilience and climate-resilient infrastructure investments developed.
5. Project successfully Managed and Implemented.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The Project has three ~main components; (i) capacity building; (ii) climate change financing; and (iii) climate proofing of infrastructure and ecosystem resilience. Component 3 is the most environmentally sensitive and includes as one activity the construction of rock walls and the planting of mangroves to reduce the impacts of sea level rise, storm surge and storm events on local communities and linear infrastructure.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The Project has three main components; (i) capacity building; (ii) climate change financing; and (iii) climate proofing infrastructure and ecosystem resilience. Core sub-projects identified under component 3 do not require Involuntary Resettlement (IR). A Land Acquisition Resettlement Framework however will still be done for any unanticipated IR issues if they should arise in implementation with potential candidate subprojects|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is not expected to impact any distinct and vulnerable group of indigenous peoples as defined under ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement. The beneficiaries in the project sites are part of mainstream Polynesian society and are not discriminated upon due to their language, skin color, or traditional practices. All project outputs will be delivered in a culturally appropriate and participatory manner|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Under the previous CDTA (RETA 7827) resulting in Tonga's SPCR, several methods were used to consult with stakeholders in Tonga: meetings and workshops, semi-structured interviews with industry representatives (private sector, environment and other non-government organizations (NGOs), media, insurance, Ministry of Meteorology, Energy, Information, Disaster Management, Environment, Climate Change and Communications (MEIDECC) staff), focus groups in Vava'u, and a household survey of vulnerable communities in Vava'u and Tongatapu. Further engagement with the above stakeholders in the project is envisaged through additional workshops during project implementation.|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Fay, David R.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Pacific Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Pacific Subregional Office in Suva, Fiji|
Ministry of Finance and National Planning
Kingdom of Tonga
|Concept Clearance||19 Dec 2012|
|Fact Finding||08 Jul 2013 to 19 Jul 2013|
|MRM||06 Sep 2013|
|Approval||09 Dec 2013|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||21 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|09 Dec 2013||25 Feb 2014||12 Mar 2014||30 Jun 2019||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||23.13||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||09 Dec 2013||0.00||12.60||65%|
|Cofinancing||19.25||09 Dec 2013||0.00||9.29||48%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2015-June 2016)||Audited Project Financial Statements||Dec 2016|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (12 March 2014 - 30 June 2015)||Audited Project Financial Statements||Dec 2015|
|Grant Agreement for Climate Resilience Sector Project||Grant Agreement||Feb 2014|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2013|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project||Gender Action Plans||Nov 2013|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Nov 2013|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project||Procurement Plans||Oct 2013|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2017)||Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports||Jul 2017|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project: Climate Proofing of Evacuation Roads Subproject Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Mar 2017|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project: Climate Proofing of Schools Subproject Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Mar 2017|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project: Ha’apai Hospital Subproject Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Nov 2016|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project||Resettlement Frameworks||Sep 2013|
|Climate Resilience Sector Project||Environmental Assessment and Review Framework||Sep 2013|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.