|Sector / Subsector
- Energy efficiency and conservation
- Energy sector development and institutional reform
- Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste
- Road transport (non-urban)
- Transport policies and institutional development
Water and other urban infrastructure and services
- Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
- Urban sanitation
- Urban solid waste management
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is implementing the Metropolitan Sanitation Management Investment Project (MSMIP) to provide sewerage and wastewater treatment facilities within the central districts of the cities of Cimahi and Jambi (North Sumatra province), Makassar (south Sulawesi), Palembang (South Sumatra) and Pekanbaru (central Sumatra) in the Republic of Indonesia. The Government of Indonesia emphasized the urgent need to establish institutions in these cities to deliver quality, efficient sanitation services.
This capacity development technical assistance (CDTA) will support long-term sustainability of the loan by providing expert advice to (i) help establish the relevant agencies in the cities, (ii) create an operational framework for sanitation services which will include tariff structures and billing, and (iii) provide training to ensure continued sustainability of the services.
In particular, the CDTA will provide capacity building activities which will include the setting up of institutions and financial policies; a sanitation regulatory framework; operation manuals and advisory services; billing and collection systems; and provision of trainings and workshops. The outputs of the CDTA will be the establishment of sanitation management institutions, public awareness of sanitation issues, the micro-marketing of sewer connections, and tariff setting.
The CDTA is a sub-project of the C TA0013 INO: Sustainable Infrastructure Assistance Program (SIAP) that was approved by the ADB Board of Directors on 17 June 2013. The C-TA0013-INO is a technical assistance cluster (TAC) financed by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and administered by ADB.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
The urban population in the project cities depends on poorly constructed and maintained septic tanks and unlined pit latrines with leachates penetrating the aquifers. Some 80% of greywater drains directly to surface waters. The present sanitation services are inadequate and those that exist are not integrated, largely due to the lack of regulations and enforcement resulting in very limited desludging of septic tanks, wholly inadequate septage treatment facilities, and a fragmented operational responsibility. Improved access to safe water and basic sanitation is part of the government's effort to achieve its 2015 Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets. While reports suggest good progress is achieved with sanitation, in practice, the facilities now available are inadequate and substandard.
Present sanitation relies on septage removal and its treatment in facilities, which are unsustainable. As a result, there is significant environmental pollution, widespread contamination of surface and ground water, and the associated spread of water-related diseases and high infant mortality. The inadequacies of the current sanitation systems and resulting environmental and health impacts have been shown to equate to economic opportunity losses of approximately $5.6 billion annually, equaling 2.3% of the country's gross domestic product. These issues can be solved by introducing (i) public sewerage and wastewater treatment facilities; (ii) an institutional framework for their effective operation and maintenance (O&M); and (iii) public awareness of good sanitation practices.
In Cimahi, Jambi, Makassar and Pekanbaru, there is no agency responsible for sanitation and hence no available experience to operate and manage sewerage and wastewater facilities to be provided under the loan project. In Palembang, the city government will be the implementing agency where water supply management experience exists. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to provide support, expertise and training for city agencies that will assume responsibility for the O&M of the services constructed.
The urban populations are generally poor and have little appreciation of the need for and benefits of good sanitation. Therefore, there is a need to develop a community-wide awareness of the personal health and economic advantages available through good sanitation practices. This understanding should also be reinforced within the new sanitation agencies.