ADB is helping the Philippines restore basic social services and rebuild communities devastated by Typhoon Yolanda, known internationally as Haiyan. The emergency assistance loan will support the government's KALAHI-CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project. It will help build the capacity of communities to identify, prioritize, budget, and implement needed projects.
|Project Name||KALAHI-CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Pre-primary and primary
Public sector management / Decentralization - Social protection initiatives
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
The project will support the implementation of the government's KALAHI CIDSS- National Community-Driven Development Project (KC-NCDDP) to restore basic social services and rebuild communities affected by Typhoon Yolanda (international name: Haiyan).
The impact will be improved resiliency of poor communities to natural hazards. The outcome will be improved access to services and infrastructure for communities in affected provinces and their participation in more inclusive local disaster risk reduction and management planning, budgeting, and implementation.
The outputs are (i) community-driven development subprojects selected, implemented, and completed; (ii) institutional and organizational capacity strengthened; and (iii) program management and monitoring and evaluation systems enhanced.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
On 8 November 2013, Typhoon Yolanda hit the central Philippines, leaving behind an unprecedented path of destruction. The death toll stood at 5,632, with another 1,759 still missing, 26,136 injured, and about 890,000 families or 4.11 million people displaced as of 1 December 2013. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) estimated that an additional 1.5 million persons may have fallen into poverty immediately after Typhoon Yolanda, a 24% increase in the number of poor in central Philippines and 7.1% nationwide. Preliminary government estimates indicate that Typhoon Yolanda and other recent disasters may have cut the national economic growth rate by 0.3-0.8 percentage points in the fourth quarter of 2013 alone, which is equivalent to $900 million-$2.5 billion of lost GDP in 2013. ADBs preliminary forecast for 2014 is that the drop in the GDP growth rate could be as high as 1 percentage point. The combined regional economies of Central Visayas, Eastern Visayas, and Western Visayas which account for 12.5% of the country's GDP could shrink by 4.0%-8.0% in 2014. The Eastern Visayas economy could contract by 30.0% or more in 2014.
Community-driven development (CDD) approaches have been used to address bottlenecks in the local delivery of basic services. The CDD principles of participatory planning and community control of investment resources are being applied in the Philippines by the governments Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan (Linking Arms Against Poverty) Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (KALAHI-CIDSS) project, managed by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD). KALAHI-CIDSS has improved basic service delivery, effectively targeted poor communities, and responded to the needs of poor households, lessening the influence of patronage in resource allocation and job creation. The government identifies CDD as a pillar of the country's development and poverty reduction strategy, and is expanding KALAHI-CIDSS operations into the KC-NCDDP.
In the aftermath of Typhoon Yolanda, the KC-NCDDP will use CDD to support recovery and rehabilitation efforts in affected communities. International experience demonstrates the effectiveness of CDD in responding to disaster situations and reducing disaster risks. CDD is useful in emergency and post-calamity situations for the following reasons: (i) a community is the first to experience a disaster and the first to respond, (ii) communities have indigenous knowledge of hazards and mitigation, (iii) involving affected communities in determining needs and priorities helps ensure the appropriateness and sustainability of disaster responses, and (iv) organized communities are better able to demand downward accountability.
The presence of CDD projects, especially in poor, remote, and disaster-prone areas, also makes them well positioned to urgently respond to post-disaster needs and facilitate the coordination and cohesiveness of assistance. CDD projects that have established efficient management systems, including flexible procurement and disbursement procedures, can be tapped to quickly mobilize resources after a disaster. Indonesia expanded CDD programs to respond to urgent recovery needs after five major disasters from 2004 to 2010. The post-disaster experience of Aceh and Nias highlighted the following outcomes of CDD programs: (i) fully disbursed funds ahead of schedule, (ii) more outputs delivered than other programs, and (iii) greater transparency and accountability than most other government projects.
With the presence of KALAHI-CIDSS in about 90% of the Yolanda-affected areas, and building on the long-running KALAHI-CIDSS management systems, the KC-NCDDP will be well positioned to address the post-disaster needs of communities. The KC-NCDDP will provide support for recovery and rehabilitation activities in more than 14,000 barangays (villages) in more than 500 municipalities across 39 provinces affected by the typhoon, covering about 3.3 million households. It will provide (i) grants for planning and implementing CDD subprojects, (ii) capacity building and implementation support, and (iii) program management monitoring and evaluation.
|Impact||Improved resiliency of poor communities to natural hazards|
|Description of Outcome||Improved access to services and infrastructure for communities in affected provinces and their participation in more inclusive local disaster risk reduction and management planning, budgeting, and implementation|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Results from First Round Outcome Survey show that three of the four outcome indicators have been achieved. The project directly benefited 3.85 million households from 15, 130 completed subprojects as of 30 June 2018 (target: 900,000).|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. CDD subprojects selected, implemented, and completed
2. Institutional and organizational capacity strengthened
3. Program management and M&E systems enhanced
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Target exceeded (100%). All completed sub-projects were able to meet basic financial standards in accordance to the KC-NCDDP Finance and Management Sub-manual.
Achieved 85.3%. Out of the 11,669 ADB-funded sub-projects that were planned to be completed within 180 days, 70% (8,122) were completed within schedule; 86% (12,744) out of the 14,863 SPs were completed in accordance to technical plans based on SPCR while 100% of the subprojects were within budget. Allocating equal weights for each subproject indicator, the overall achievement for this KPI is 85.3%.
Target exceeded (99%). 11,150 (99%) out of the 11,300 SPs with reported sustainability evaluation (SE) results rated satisfactory or better.
Achieved 21%. 76,774 women have been engaged in paid labor during sub-project implementation, comprising 21% of the total 371,341 workers.
Below target. A total of 128 livelihood subprojects have been funded, of which 94 have been completed.
Reasons for not achieving 150 target by end of program are due to:
Timeline of implementation which affected utilization. The Grant Agreement between the Philippines and ADB was only entered into last March 21, 2016 while the budget for the implementation was transferred to DSWD account in August 2016. The delayed start and downloading of funds to regions resulted to a domino effect of other activities such as the delayed conduct of social preparations, provision of technical assistance, conduct of trainings and meetings with various stakeholders.
Multi-component subprojects. The communities and KC NCDDP Staff required longer time to prepare the necessary documents, package the proposal and comply with the RFR requirements since most of the sub-projects are multi-components and involve multi-stakeholders. Example of this include a sub-project with skills training, starter kit and infrastructure support. Activities and materials needed to be packaged within the approved procurement guidelines of NCDDP while the technical designs included the review of other agencies such as DA, BFAR, DOST and DTI.
While the Project was not able to reach 150 SPs, it has reached more than 150 communities since some of the sub-projects were implemented by multiple communities. Example of this are the 5 water systems in Tanauan which covers 21 barangays and the Construction of Artificial Reef and Fish Cage with Skills Training on Fish Production which involves 5 barangays.
Target exceeded (100%). All 800 enrolled municipalities have MOA with DSWD that call to expand the membership of POs and CSOs in Municipal Development Council
Target exceeded. 546,620* in 18,781 villages (or average of 29 CVs per village).
546,620 community volunteers have been mobilized and been provided various trainings, of which 334,538 (61%) are women.
Target exceeded. 113,209 (60%) out of the 189,872 committee chairpersonships are held by women.
Output 3: Achieved/Completed.
E-RFR system installed and fully operational in all regions.
The study on effectiveness and impacts is part of the Outcome Survey. Social Weather Stations was engaged to conduct Outcome Survey second round.
Study on livelihood gains included in the ADB thematic studies.
Achieved/target exceeded. A total of 273 new KC-NCDDP municipalities (Yolanda affected) are generating sex-disaggregated data using the CDD forms and database which require sex-disaggregation.
Partially achieved. Most of the indicators were already achieved except for study on review of gender equality.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
DENR re-categorized a Category B spillway subproject into category C due to minimal threshold while the re-categorization of two Category B subprojects (water system and 1 classroom building) into category C hves been awaiting confirmation from DENR. The EA prepared two IEEs for two road subprojects in Region VI.
The following information from the safeguards database has been validated:
(i) 99.3% of the ADB-funded subprojects have complied with the requirement to prepare an Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP). The remaining 0.7% were already submitted but are not yet encoded in the database.
(ii) A total of 7,543 subprojects have certificates of non-coverage (CNC) from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Environmental Management Bureau (DENR-EMB); CNC is optional per ESMF.
(iii) 2 road SPs requiring IEE (2 SPs with ECC).
Subprojects are generally compliant with land acquisition and resettlement applicable laws and regulations of the Philippines, involuntary resettlement safeguards, and the Resettlement Framework. Subprojects are mostly within public lands (91.4%) over private lands (22.0%). Within public lands, the most common instrument used is local government resolution (66.8%) while in private lands it is the Deed of Donation with 57.8%. No involuntary resettlement issues were reported to NPMO by RPMOs.
Two rounds of external monitoring on land acquisition and resettlement were conducted and reports are disclosed in the ADB website.
No category B subprojects have been reported by the EA, for which an IPP should be prepared and submitted to ADB.
Two rounds of external monitoring for IP safeguards were conducted and reports are disclosed in the ADB website.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Conducted consultations with different stakeholders and coordination with development partners.|
|During Project Implementation||Participation of communities, local government units, and civil society organizations is a key feature of project implementation.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Elfving, Rikard N.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Human and Social Development Division, SERD|
Department of Social Welfare and Development
Batasan Pambansa Complex
Constitution Hills, Quezon City
|Concept Clearance||17 Dec 2012|
|Fact Finding||11 Feb 2013 to 22 Feb 2013|
|MRM||18 Apr 2013|
|Approval||16 Dec 2013|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|04 Mar 2016||21 Mar 2016||11 May 2016||30 Jun 2018||-||02 Jul 2019|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||5.47||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||04 Mar 2016||0.00||3.30||66%|
|Cofinancing||5.00||04 Mar 2016||0.00||3.30||66%|
|Status of Covenants|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|16 Dec 2013||26 Mar 2014||10 Jun 2014||30 Jun 2018||-||02 Jul 2019|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||663.66||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||372.10||16 Dec 2013||324.88||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||16 Dec 2013||324.88||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Typhoon Yolanda - One Year On: From Relief To Recovery To Reconstruction||Brochures and Flyers||Nov 2014|
|Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan): Asian Development Bank Assistance||Brochures and Flyers||Nov 2014|
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
What Does It Take to Build Resilient Communities? Ask BeetleYoung Rubysol Blasé tells the story of how in Barangay Katipunan, a small village on Siargao Island in the Philippines, the entire community comes together to protect and improve the environment they live in.
Built to Last: National Community-Driven Development Project, PhilippinesBislig Elementary School in Tanuan, Leyte was heavily damaged by Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013 and was rebuilt with ADB assistance in 2014.
School Moved to Safer Grounds in Typhoon-prone PhilippinesA school on the island of Samar, in the central Philippines region, badly damaged by the 2013 Typhoon Haiyan is relocated away from flood areas to a higher, safer location, giving peace of mind to students, teachers and parents alike.
More than a Seawall: Building Resilience through Community-Driven Development in the PhilippinesIn the Philippines, a community-driven development approach has had wider benefits beyond the infrastructure produced: working together fostered a resilience that saved local people from the wrath of Typhoon Haiyan.
School's Bell Rings Again in Typhoon-Hit PhilippinesSchool resumes in the Central Philippines areas devastated by Typhoon Haiyan, known locally as Yolanda. But physical and mental scars remain.
Typhoon Haiyan Communities Gradually RecoveringJust over 2 months after Super Typhoon Haiyan, known locally as Yolanda, devastated the central Philippines, survivors in the affected areas have started the process of rebuilding their lives and their homes.
Typhoon Haiyan Aftermath - ADB's ResponseADB has so far approved $900 million as assistance for communities affected by Typhoon Haiyan. In addition, up to $150 million from ongoing projects can be reallocated, pushing ADB’s support in excess of $1 billion.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Engagement of Researchers for Data Gathering on KC-NCDDP and Volunteerism (4 Individual Consultants)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||13 Dec 2017||19 Dec 2017|
|Engagement of Primary Researcher for Data Gathering on KC-NCDDP and Volunteerism||Individual - Consulting||Closed||13 Dec 2017||19 Dec 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|WA#0050||Loan 3100||03 Jul 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||1,512,001.00||1,512,001.00|
|WA#0049||Loan 3100||31 May 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||1,567,559.00||1,567,559.00|
|WA#0048||Loan 3100||17 May 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||1,887,420.00||1,887,420.00|
|WA#0085||Loan 3100||07 May 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||1,261,796.00||1,261,796.00|
|WA#0046||Loan 3100||16 Feb 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||2,675,243.00||2,675,243.00|
|WA#0045||Loan 3100||22 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||1,944,489.00||1,944,489.00|
|REGION VII COMMUNITY SUB-PROJECTS (AS OF 31 DECEMBER 2017)||Loan 3100||17 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||4,997,338.00||4,895,709.00|
|MIMAROPA COMMUNITY SUB-PROJECTS (AS OF 31 DECEMBER 2017)||Loan 3100||17 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||3,389,887.00||3,320,947.00|
|CALABARZON COMMUNITY SUB-PROJECTS (AS OF 31 DECEMBER 2017)||Loan 3100||17 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||2,215,599.00||2,170,541.00|
|REGION XI COMMUNITY SUB-PROJECTS (AS OF 31 DECEMBER 2017)||Loan 3100||17 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||1,474,739.00||1,444,747.00|
|REGION VI COMMUNITY SUB-PROJECTS (AS OF 31 DECEMBER 2017)||Loan 3100||17 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||23,225,315.00||22,752,990.00|
|REGION V COMMUNITY SUB-PROJECTS (AS OF 31 DECEMBER 2017)||Loan 3100||17 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||13,478,040.00||13,203,941.00|
|REGION VIII COMMUNITY SUB-PROJECTS (AS OF 31 DECEMBER 2017)||Loan 3100||17 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||7,317,723.00||7,168,904.00|
|NIR COMMUNITY SUB-PROJECTS (AS OF 31 DECEMBER 2017)||Loan 3100||17 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||6,994,374.00||6,852,132.00|
|CARAGA COMMUNITY SUB-PROJECTS (AS OF 31 DECEMBER 2017)||Loan 3100||17 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||5,592,732.00||5,478,994.00|
|WA#0044||Loan 3100||10 Jan 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||1,649,121.00||1,649,121.00|
|WA#0043||Loan 3100||21 Nov 2017||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||1,750,681.00||1,750,681.00|
|WA#0042||Loan 3100||03 Nov 2017||VARIOUS||VARIOUS PHILIPPINES||Department of Social Welfare and Development||OTHERS||1,538,651.00||1,538,651.00|
|Region Xi- Additional Approved Subprojects (As of 28 Feb 2017)||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||1,534,648.73||1,534,648.73|
|NIR - Additional Approved Subprojects||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||1,567,266.98||1,567,266.98|
|Mimaropa - Additional Approved Subprojects (As of 28 Feb 2017)||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||4,795,508.04||3,315,825.31|
|Caraga - Additional Approved Subprojects (As of 28 Feb 2017)||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||6,491,559.01||6,491,559.01|
|Region VI - Additional Approved Subprojects (As of 28 Feb 2017)||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||6,858,813.79||6,858,813.79|
|Region V - Additional Approved Subprojects (As of 28 Feb 2017)||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||7,913,493.02||7,913,493.02|
|Region VIII - Additional Approved Subprojects (As of 28 Feb 2017)||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||11,095,883.55||11,095,883.55|
|Procurement of Catenary Platform Car, Lot 502 Under Package 9||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||16,607,962.83||16,607,962.83|
|Calabarzon - Additional Approved Subprojects (As of 28 Feb 2017)||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||147,550.63||147,550.63|
|Region VII- Additional Approved Subprojects (As of 28 Feb 2017)||Loan 3100||10 Apr 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||435,748.69||433,018.99|
|WA#0033||Loan 3100||28 Mar 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||303,761.34||303,761.34|
|Region X - Additional Approved Subprojects (As of 28 Feb 2017)||Loan 3100||06 Mar 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||891,686.12||891,686.12|
|Claire Dennis Mapa (Outcome Survey First Round Data Collection)||Loan 3100||24 Feb 2017||Claire Dennis Mapa||25 C Malambing St., Up Village, Diliman, Quezon City Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Consultancy||21,453.37||—|
|WA#0034||Loan 3100||11 Jan 2017||Various||Various Philippines||Department of Social Welfare and Development||Others||1,712,817.73||1,712,817.73|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|KALAHI-CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jan 2019|