Indonesia: Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program-Coral Triangle Initiative Project

Sovereign Project | 46421-001 Status: Active

ADB is helping Indonesia improve the management, sustainability, and resilience of marine protected areas in the Coral Triangle region, home to the highest coral diversity in the world. The project will strengthen the capacity of coastal communities and institutions to manage coral reef resources and associated ecosystems. It will also support sustainable marine-based livelihoods.

Project Details

Project Officer
Lawira, Helena Southeast Asia Department Request for information
  • Indonesia
  • Grant
  • Loan
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program-Coral Triangle Initiative Project
Project Number 46421-001
Country Indonesia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0379-INO: Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management-Coral Triangle Initiative Project
Global Environment Facility US$ 8.00 million
Loan 3094-INO: Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management-Coral Triangle Initiative Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 45.52 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will enable coastal communities, and the institutions that support them, to manage coral reef resources, and associated ecosystems and biodiversity in a sustainable manner for increasing the economic and social welfare of coastal communities. COREMAP-CTI will support the government's sector development plan and national targets for establishing effective MPAs. Project implementation will focus on improving the management, sustainability and resilience of marine protected areas (MPAs). Interventions will target three national and seven district marine protected areas (MPAs) located in (i) Bintan, Batam, Lingga, and Natuna districts in Riau province; (ii) Central Tapanuli and North Nias districts in North Sumatra province; (iii) Mentawai district in West Sumatra province; (iv) Anambas national MPA in Anambas district, Riau province; (v) Pulau Pieh national MPA in Pariaman district, West Sumatra Province; and (vi) Gilimatra national MPA in North Lombok district, West Nusa Tenggara province (project area).
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Indonesia is the largest archipelagic nation with 18% of the world's coral reefs hosting the most diverse marine flora and fauna. Indonesia's coastal ecosystems serve as an important base for the country's economic growth. Sustainable management of the coral reef ecosystem is, therefore, a major objective of Indonesia's marine and fisheries sector development plan, which in turn is guided by (i) the National Long Term Development Plan (2005-2025), (ii) the Medium-Term Development Plan (2010-2014), and (iii) the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) Strategic Plan (2010-2014). The government has a suite of policies to address sector issues that relates to coastal and marine resource management, including policies on environment, fisheries, forestry, small islands development, marine tourism, marine transportation and mining. Collectively, these policies articulate the government's priorities for the sector and comprise the sector development plan(s). Indonesia has also played a central role in the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security (CTI-CFF), a six-country program of regional cooperation to sustainably manage coastal and marine resources in the region.

Low awareness of coastal communities, inadequate institutional capacity to contain land and marine-based pollution, insufficient institutional frameworks and capacity to effectively manage MPAs, and persistent poverty in coastal areas, has resulted in degradation of about 70% of Indonesian coral reef ecosystem. To address these root causes, the Government of Indonesia has adopted a multi-faceted approach focusing on (i) institutional capacity building; (ii) development of models for the establishment and effective management of MPAs; and (iii) reduction of coastal poverty through income-generating infrastructure and sustainable livelihoods. This project represents the last of a three-phase program in which ADB and the World Bank are working in close cooperation with the government in complementary geographic areas. The first phase (COREMAP I) established a viable framework for a national coral reef management system in Indonesia. The second phase (COREMAP II) consolidated the knowledge base and adopted a community-based approach for decentralized coral reef management and built strong public awareness on coral reef conservation. COREMAP Phase II initiated institutional development for model MPA systems and tested the feasibility of sustainable livelihood activities for reducing fishing pressures in targeted coastal communities. The ADB and World Bank project completion reports for Phase II described several lessons learned which will be incorporated in the COREMAP-CTI Project design. These include the need for (i) commitment and support from local government bodies; (ii) integration of value chain analysis of livelihood activities in the project design; and (iii) effective mainstreaming of gender concerns.

The project will contribute to meeting the marine and fisheries sector development plan's overall targets to develop 20.0 million ha of MPAs by 2020 (of which 15.7 million ha has been achieved by 2012) and to effectively manage 15 threatened, endangered and endemic species. The project will create models for effectively managed MPAs and sustainable microenterprise models for communities. This consolidation phase will develop model MPAs with management effectiveness, financial sustainability, capacity for community co-management and enforcement of regulations. The project is aligned with Indonesia's Country Partnership Strategy 2012-_2014 with regard to its two strategic pillars of inclusive growth and environmental sustainability. The project is also aligned with Indonesia's National Plan of Action (NPOA) for the CTI and ADB's package of technical assistance support to implement the NPOA.

Impact Sustainable management of coral reef ecosystems in the project area

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Enhanced capacity to manage coral reef ecosystems inside and outside target MPAs
Progress Toward Outcome Likely with delay.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Coral reef management and institutions strengthened

2. Ecosystem-based resource management developed

3. Sustainable marine-based livelihoods improved

4. Project management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1: Coral reef management and institutions strengthened. This output has supported deployment of 18 community development extension workers to assist incorporation of the roles and responsibilities of 56 coastal community groups in 57 project villages in village administrative structure. Since 2015, regular coral reef health and associated ecosystem and socioeconomic monitoring conducted. Public awareness campaign conducted. 11 government staff went for postgraduate program for sustainable fisheries management. Overall physical progress of this output is estimated at 35%.

Output 2: Ecosystem-based resource management developed. Three national MPA's effectiveness have been improved, including approved management and zonation plans. 6 protected or threatened species have been identified and the manual and guidelines for the threatened species conservation program and action plans developed. Overall physical progress of this output is estimated at 25%

Output 3: Sustainable marine-based livelihoods improved. Activities under this output will start in Q4 2016. Preparatory work being done by the community development extension workers to the coastal community groups. Overall physical progress of this output is estimated at 10%.

Output 4: Project management. The annual workplan of 2017 has been developed and approved, consist of activities under project implementing unit of LIPI and DG of Captured Fisheries, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries.

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services All consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. (Checklists for actions required to contract consultants by method available in e-Handbook on Project Implementation at: A total of 950 person months of consulting services will be financed by the loan, comprising 30 person-months international and 920 national. Of the national consultants, 322 person-months consist of district advisers (one adviser per district). Consultants will provide support to project management, technical expertise in key subject matter areas, and project administration support. A total of 124 person-months (national) consulting services will provide technical support to DGCF. Three national individual consultants (62 person-months) will be recruited to support LIPI on database and web mapping. In addition, 25 person-months of international consultants will be financed from the GEF grant for technical support in respect of marine ecosystem management. The selection of consultants will be in accordance with ADB's quality-and-cost-based selection method using a quality-cost ratio of 80:20, cost quality selection method, and individual consultant selection method. Selection of 3 packages of consulting services of the EA are in preparation stage for advertisement.
Procurement All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Under the project, civil works will be procured through international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures for packages exceeding $10,000,000 equivalent, and through national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures acceptable to ADB for packages up to and including $10,000,000 equivalent. Goods will be procured through ICB procedures for packages exceeding $5,000,000 equivalent and through NCB procedures acceptable to ADB for packages up to and including $5,000,000 equivalent. For packages of $100,000 equivalent or less, shopping method may be used. Small-scale works and good contracts with average value of $10,000-$30,000 equivalent may be awarded to community organizations following procurement procedures for community participation in procurement as contained in ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Before the start of any procurement ADB and the Government will review the public procurement laws of the central and state governments to ensure consistency with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Should there be any discrepancy between the Government laws and decrees and the ADB's Guidelines, then ADB's Guidelines shall prevail.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Lawira, Helena
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Indonesia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Marine Affairs & Fisheries


Concept Clearance 12 Aug 2013
Fact Finding 15 Jul 2013 to 31 Jul 2013
MRM 30 Aug 2013
Approval 13 Dec 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2017

Grant 0379-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2013 23 Dec 2013 24 Feb 2014 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 8.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 13 Dec 2013 0.00 3.33 42%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 8.00 13 Dec 2013 0.00 3.53 44%

Loan 3094-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2013 23 Dec 2013 24 Feb 2014 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 58.66 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 45.52 13 Dec 2013 9.45 0.00 21%
Counterpart 13.14 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 13 Dec 2013 13.03 0.00 29%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management-Coral Triangle Initiative Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Aug 2013
Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management-Coral Triangle Initiative Project Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Jul 2013
Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management-Coral Triangle Initiative Project Resettlement Frameworks Jul 2013

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

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