Through a technical assistance grant, ADB developed a strategy to increase civil society participation in the shaping of ADB-funded projects and programs in Myanmar. This entailed identifying key stakeholder groups, developing a consultation and participation plan, and helping bring government and civil society together to discuss development challenges and potential solutions.
|Project Name||Strengthening Civil Society Participation in ADB-Financed Operations|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agricultural production - Fishery - Forestry - Irrigation - Land-based natural resources management - Livestock - Water-based natural resources management
Education - Education sector development - Non-formal education - Pre-primary and primary - Secondary - Technical and vocational education and training - Tertiary
Energy - Conventional energy generation - Electricity transmission and distribution - Energy efficiency and conservation - Energy sector development and institutional reform - Energy utility services - Large hydropower generation
Finance - Banking systems and nonbank financial institutions - Finance sector development - Housing finance - Inclusive finance - Infrastructure finance and investment funds - Insurance and contractual savings - Money and capital markets - Small and medium enterprise finance and leasing - Trade finance
Health - Health insurance and subsidized health programs - Health system development - Nutrition
Industry and trade - Industry and trade sector development - Small and medium enterprise development - Trade and services
Information and communication technology - ICT industries and ICT-enabled services
Public sector management - Decentralization - Economic affairs management - Law and judiciary - Public administration - Public expenditure and fiscal management - Social protection initiatives
Transport - Air transport - Rail transport (non-urban) - Road transport (non-urban) - Transport policies and institutional development - Urban public transport - Water transport (non-urban)
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Other urban services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban slum development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy|
|Impact||More widely owned and effective projects in Myanmar|
|Description of Outcome||Civil society organizations participating actively in supporting ADB operations in Myanmar|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1._Well-researched analysis of government-civil society relations in Myanmar and opportunities for collaboration
2._Documented plan for civil society participation in ADB-financed activities in Myanmar
3._Completed civil society brief on Myanmar
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The project's Team Leader and Consultation and Participation Officer commenced work in October 2013 and concluded at the end of 2014. Building from the analysis of the Civil Society Expert's work identifying opportunities for collaboration with civil society on ADB-Financed projects, the team conducted broad-based civil society consultations in late 2013 and through 2014 to communicate ADB policies, project-based information, and solicit feedback on civil society participation mechanisms; on-going consultations with civil society continues through 2014 in Myanmar, the US, and Thailand.
The project team worked with Project Officers and ADB staff to enhance civil society participation across ADB activities in Myanmar. Outputs included increased local community and civil society engagement during the National Seminar on Country Safeguard Systems in Nay Pi Taw in February, for the Country Diagnostic Study in Yangon in March, and in Ayeyarwady and Tanintharyi Regions for the JFPR-funded Enhancing Rural Livelihood and Income projects. Additional civil society participation took place through different approaches in other projects, as well as in Mon and Kayin State projects. Stakeholder analyses based on consultations and secondary resources have been provided to Project Officers on an on-going basis to enhance coordination and participation of civil society in ADB-financed operations. Capacity building training for civil society and private sector engagement with ADB operations took place in September-October 2014.
The project has completed a civil society consultation and participation plan which is being reviewed internally now, a civil society brief on Myanmar (which is available in English and Myanmar languages on adb.org), and stakeholder analyses for several areas where ADB has planned projects.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Civil society participation in the design of this project included a range of formal and informal meetings with local and international civil society groups, as well as with networks of organizations. ADB discussed the project design with groups both inside of and outside of Myanmar. Despite the range of civil society representatives providing inputs, several messages came through consistently: civil society in Myanmar is complex and requires understanding, and civil society participation in the design of ADB-financed projects is very important.|
|During Project Implementation||The project is based on increasing stakeholder communication, participation and consultation, and during the course of the project, more than 50 stakeholder events have taken place. These consultations were held inside Myanmar in a range of areas where ADB is financing or planning to finance projects, as well as in Maesot and Chiang Mai, Thailand, and in Washington, DC, USA. Participants have included, among others, local organizations, large international NGOs, advocacy groups, other development partners, labor unions, non state actors, and others involved in the development of Myanmar.|
|Consulting Services||Consultants' inputs will approximately amount to: Civil Society Expert (1 international, 4 person-months intermittent). The Civil Society Expert will spend one month at the inception of the project on preparing a well-researched analysis of government-civil society relations in Myanmar and opportunities for collaboration. Then, later in the project, the Expert will take the lead in government relations and on facilitating components of the work plan that include government participation to ensure they are conducted effectively; Consultation and Participation Specialist and Team Leader (1 international, 12 person-months intermittent).The Consultation and Participation Specialist and Team Leader will lead all activities, including stakeholder analysis, civil society brief, and the Consultation and Participation Plan. The specialist will have a graduate degree and at least 10 years' experience working with civil society and participatory methodologies. A strong familiarity with Myanmar is necessary.|
|Procurement||All supplies and services financed from the technical assistance will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Thomas, Elaine C.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Office of the Director General, SERD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||14 Dec 2012|
|Fact Finding||26 Nov 2012 to 14 Dec 2012|
|Approval||11 Dec 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||27 Mar 2015|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|11 Dec 2012||-||11 Dec 2012||31 Dec 2014||31 Mar 2015||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|225,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||225,000.00||11 Dec 2012||184,784.87|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Strengthening Civil Society Participation in ADB-Financed Operations: Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||May 2016|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Civil Society Briefs: Myanmar||Papers and Briefs||Feb 2015|
|Civil Society Briefs: Myanmar (Myanmar Language Translation)||Papers and Briefs||Feb 2015|
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Consultations For ADB-Funded Initiatives In Myanmar To Be Driven By StakeholdersThe Asian Development Bank (ADB) is providing a $225,000 grant to help civil society in Myanmar develop a strategy for participating in the shaping of ADB-funded projects and programs in the country.