Solomon Islands : Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program
The National Transport Plan (NTP) formally sets out strategic objectives of developing an effective transport infrastructure and transport services to support sustained economic growth and social development in Solomon Islands. The plan provides the framework to develop and maintain transport sector physical infrastructure and services, and improve the capacities of government agencies and the private sector. The National Transport Fund (NTF) serves as a sustainable mechanism to fund the development and maintenance of transport infrastructure and transport services. Of the 1502 km of sealed and unsealed roads, 377 bridges and 81 wharves, NTP targets to rehabilitate these infrastructure assets to maintainable conditions and 100% to be annually maintained by 2030.
Fay, David R.
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|Project Name||Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program|
|Country / Economy||Solomon Islands
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban) - Transport policies and institutional development - Urban roads and traffic management
|Gender||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The National Transport Plan (NTP) formally sets out strategic objectives of developing an effective transport infrastructure and transport services to support sustained economic growth and social development in Solomon Islands. The plan provides the framework to develop and maintain transport sector physical infrastructure and services, and improve the capacities of government agencies and the private sector. The National Transport Fund (NTF) serves as a sustainable mechanism to fund the development and maintenance of transport infrastructure and transport services. Of the 1502 km of sealed and unsealed roads, 377 bridges and 81 wharves, NTP targets to rehabilitate these infrastructure assets to maintainable conditions and 100% to be annually maintained by 2030.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The proposed Asian Development Bank (ADB) assistance will support the Government of Solomon Islands (government) to implement the nationwide program from 2015-2020 to improve its multimodal transport system, including its safety. The program, supporting the priorities of the National Transport Plan (NTP), is a major government initiative that pools funding from the government budget, ADB and the Government of Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). It will be for (i) transport infrastructure rehabilitated and maintained to be safe, gender responsive, and climate- and disaster resilient for all users, (ii) country systems strengthened, and competency and capacity of government agencies improved to finance and implement national transport plans, and (iii) Ministry of Infrastructure Development's (MID''s) supervision and management of work program strengthened.
The program will benefit populations in rural and urban areas by strengthening country systems for achieving better transport infrastructure system and intermodal connectivity of national transport infrastructure using the existing mechanisms established through NTP, National Transport Fund (NTF), and MID's Central Project Implementation Unit (CPIU). Improved accessibility and mobility will stimulate growth of the domestic industry, such as agriculture; regional trade, and expansion of socioeconomic opportunities for rural and urban communities. The program will also increase the sustainability of transport infrastructure improvement through a comprehensive sector approach.
Transport sector development is a national priority in the Solomon Islands National Development Strategy, 2011-2020. Transport is a strategic priority in ADB''s Solomon Islands Country Partnership Strategy 2012-2016. The Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program (STIIP) is included in ADB''s Solomon Islands Country Operations Business Plan 2014-2016.
The results based lending (RBL) modality is proposed, as it (i) supports the Solomon Islands Government's (SIG''s) medium and long term transport plans; (ii) strengthens country system to deliver the NTP to meet SIG's development goals; and (iii) aligns ADB support with government and other development partner assistance through the NTF. The STIIP provides sector-wide financing of government's transport sector program upon achievement of a set of pre-agreed Disbursement Linked Indicators (DLIs).
Sustainable access to socioeconomic opportunities and inclusive growth
|Description of Outcome||
Multimodal transport system efficiency and sustainability improved
|Progress Toward Outcome||The program and piggyback TA were physically closed on 30 June 2022 and 30 September 2022 respectively.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Transport infrastructure rehabilitated and maintained with access for all users, with safety, gender-responsiveness, and climate and disaster resilience improved
Country systems strengthened to finance and implement the NTP
MID's management and supervision capacity strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
No wharves were reconstructed under STIIP. They were not in the priority list due to fund constraints. 2 gender facilities were built in 2018 and the other four structures were completed in December 2021. 10 locations were identified in Honiara for the safety audit for the purpose of installation of traffic signage/calming measures. The safety audit report was completed by SMEC in June 2021. As of 15 September 2022, the variation is in process which will be followed by the recommended improvement on site. The fund for this implementation work has already been approved by the NTF Board. The work will be executed by the routine maintenance contractors by Q3 2022. 693 km of unsealed roads actively maintained. 156 km of sealed roads actively maintained. 4.1 km (5 roads) of unsealed roads have been upgraded to sealed roads. 36 bridges actively maintained. 15 wharves actively maintained. There are no more wharves maintenance contracts under STIIP.
The annual government contribution of SBD40 million (base contribution only) was achieved for the period 2016-2019.All subprojects include climate resilient features. Project account was maintained by MID and audited annually by the independent auditor. The external audit has been completed up to FY2020 and disclosed on the ADB website. For FY2021, a copy of the audited statement is yet to be furnished to ADB. For FY2022, the audited statement will be due on 30 June 2023. As described in the external financial audit statement, the funds were used in accordance with the loan agreement between ADB and the government.The Medium Term Transport Action Plan (MTTAP) is being updated every 5 years. MTTAP 2021- 2025 was approved by the Government in Q4 2021.The Safeguards Procedures Manual is adopted and being used for project screening.Road classification has been completed and registered in the asset database: Solomon Islands Transportation Asset Management System (SITAMS).For major sealed roads in Honiara and east and west Guadalcanal sealed roads and Malaita Central road, the safety audit was conducted by SMEC as part of their FSDDCS contract (total length 137km).TA9119 consultants team has prepared a schedule of rates for roads and bridge works in Solomon Islands. Cabinet has approved it in September 2022.
No information available on the percentage of MID staff whose performance has been reviewed and whose issues were handled promptly by MID management using the 4-stage Public Service Performance Management Process.MID staff in key core areas appointed (i.e increased to 2 procurement officers, 3 safeguards officers, and 1 monitoring and evaluation officer).Road length for LBES road upgrading contracts was at an average 5.5 km against the 9 km target. CPIU's priority shifted away from LBES contracts as they did not have resources to manage this scope.Road network and wharves inventoried and condition surveyed in 2017 and documented in Solomon Islands Transport Asset Management System (SITAMS).LBES maintenance contracts under implementation reduced to 27 contracts in 2020.Annual financial rate of execution or sustained NTF expenditures towards the NTF work program target was met in 2019 . In 2020, the disbursement achieved was SBD100.8 million.Sex-disaggregation data has been compiled and analysis completed. All wages or subcontract payments paid by contractors are collected in a monthly logbook disaggregated by sex and data and has been analysed. For the LBES contracts, data has been compiled to analyse the percentage of LBES contractors that are women and the percentage of people employed by contractors that are women.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The physical works component of the program will include wharf/road/airfields maintenance and rehabilitation works.Environmental impacts are expected to be minimal and manageable provided the environmental management plans are properly implemented. This will be the fifth transport infrastructure to be implemented and the capacity of the project management unit in dealing with safeguards matters is improving.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||It is not expected to involve significant resettlement impacts, as most subprojects will be existing infrastructures and the rehabilitation works will be undertaken within the existing right of way or on land owned by the government.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Melanesians and Polynesians, who comprise vast majority of the country's population, are native people of Solomon Islands. The program is not expected to have adverse impact on or target any particular group. While separate indigenous peoples planning documents are not needed for the program, it will be ensured that all program components or subprojects will be implemented in a culturally appropriate and participatory manner to meet the needs of various people in the subproject area.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The project preparatory Technical Assistance will conduct consultations with potential stakeholders and beneficiaries, while encouraging participations of vulnerable groups, in remote rural and urban areas, through workshops on the social and poverty assessment and the environmental assessment to gauge the effectiveness of the program to improve their quality of life.|
|During Project Implementation||A participation strategy, including identification of key issues affecting program implementation related to infrastructure design and implementation arrangements, community engagement, and effective achievement of poverty reduction objectives, will be developed. Based on the preparation strategy outlining recommendations prior to construction work, good relations will be established with contracted construction workers. The engagement of facilitators (either by the program implementation consultants or construction contractor) will be recommended to assist in drawing up community agreements, negotiate terms of employment (if any) and sale of aggregate (if appropriate); raise awareness of sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV/AIDS and environmental protection; and reduce the potential for conflict between communities and construction teams.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Fay, David R.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Pacific Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Pacific Liaison and Coordination Office in Sydney, Australia (PLCO)|
Ministry of Finance and Treasury
Ministry of Infrastructure Development
|Concept Clearance||16 Dec 2013|
|Fact Finding||09 Feb 2015 to 18 Feb 2015|
|MRM||19 May 2015|
|Approval||27 May 2016|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||24 Apr 2023|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|27 May 2016||01 Jul 2016||20 Jul 2016||30 Jun 2021||30 Jun 2022||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||55.45||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||21.00||25 Sep 2023||20.55||0.00||98%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||25 Sep 2023||20.36||0.00||97%|
|Status of Covenants|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|27 May 2016||23 Jun 2016||23 Jun 2016||31 Dec 2020||30 Sep 2022||13 Dec 2022|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||4,500,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||4,500,000.00||25 Sep 2023||3,572,924.42|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
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Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|DLI 3: GOVERNMENT FUNDING TO THE PROGRAM FUNDED AD EQUATELY AND TIMELY FOR 2019.||Loan 3392||11 Dec 2020||MINISTRY OF INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | SOLOMON ISLANDS SOLOMON ISLANDS||Ministry of Infrastructure Development||1,086,394.68||1,086,394.68|
|DLI 6:INCREASED ANNUAL FINANCIAL RATE OF EXECUTION OF THE NTF WORK PROGRAM.||Loan 3392||11 Dec 2020||MINISTRY OF INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | SOLOMON ISLANDS SOLOMON ISLANDS||Ministry of Infrastructure Development||1,243,749.47||1,243,749.47|
|DLI 1: LENGTH OF SEALED AND UNSEALED ROADS EFFECTI VELY MAINTAINED ANNUALLY||Loan 3392||10 Dec 2018||VARIOUS | VARIOUS SOLOMON ISLANDS||Ministry of Infrastructure Development||1,198,000.00||1,198,000.00|
|DLI 6: INCREASED ANNUAL FINANCIAL RATE OF EXECUTIO N OF THE NTF WORK PROGRAM IN 2018.||Loan 3392||18 Oct 2019||MINISTRAOF INFRASTUCTURE DEVELOPMANT | HONIARA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOLOMON ISLANDS||Ministry of Infrastructure Development||1,774,000.00||1,774,000.00|
|DLI 3: GOVERNMENT FUNDING TO THE PROGRAM FUNDED AD EQUATELY AND TIMELY IN 2018.||Loan 3392||18 Oct 2019||MINISTRAOF INFRASTUCTURE DEVELOPMANT | HONIARA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOLOMON ISLANDS||Ministry of Infrastructure Development||1,034,000.00||1,034,000.00|
|ACHIEVEMENT OF DLI 3: GOVERNMENT COUNTERPART CONTR IBUTION FOR THE 2016||Loan 3392||11 Dec 2017||VARIOUS | HONIARA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOLOMON ISLANDS||Ministry of Infrastructure Development||1,068,939.00||1,068,939.00|
|DLI 1: LENGTH OF SEALED AND MAJOR UNSEALED ROADS E FFECTIVELY MAINTAINED ANNUALLY 2016||Loan 3392||13 Dec 2017||VARIOUS | VARIOUS SOLOMON ISLANDS||Ministry of Infrastructure Development||1,223,058.00||1,223,058.00|
|DLI 3: GOVERNMENT COUNTERPART CONTRIBUTION FOR THE 2017||Loan 3392||11 Dec 2017||VARIOUS | VARIOUS SOLOMON ISLANDS||Ministry of Infrastructure Development||1,068,939.00||1,068,939.00|
None currently available.