The Asian Development Bank is helping Pakistan upgrade water management and irrigation systems in the country's Federally Administered Tribal areas. The project is building and improving irrigation infrastructure to deliver more reliable water supplies that will boost farm productivity, food security and incomes. Around 1.4 million people are expected to benefit once the project is completed.
|Project Name||Federally Administered Tribal Areas Water Resources Development Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Forestry - Irrigation - Water-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
The scope of the proposed project will be based on the recommendations of the water assessment study carried out under FRDP, which address the issues such as water scarcity, insufficient irrigation facilities, water conservation, and weak water resource management. The study identified that groundwater aquifers in all the watersheds were depleting even under average weather conditions because of unplanned exploitation of groundwater for irrigation and domestic use, and recommended shift from groundwater to surface water. It identified potential for developing surface water resources for irrigated agriculture and other uses, and integrating that with the watershed management and command area development to ensure sustainable use of the resources without degrading the watersheds. It proposed sites for small reservoirs/ponds and diversion weirs in 44 watersheds of Mohamand, Bajaur, and Khyber Agencies to bring new land under irrigation along with improved watershed management. The Project will provide irrigation supplies in three agencies to increase crop production of the rain fed area and unutilized land to be brought under cultivation. It will (i) construct small reservoirs/ponds, diversion weirs, and conveyance channels; (ii) develop command area; and (iii) improve watershed management.
The project impact will be increased farm incomes in the project area thereby reducing poverty and increasing household food security. The project outcome will be improved agricultural productivity of selected watersheds and their associated natural resource base. Project outputs include (i) construction of new irrigation infrastructure, including nine small concrete gravity dams with a maximum height of 15 meters each, 31 diversion weirs, and 95 kilometers of main and secondary irrigation channels; (ii) improved on-farm management through construction of 144 kilometers of lined watercourses, terracing and land leveling on a command area of 4,615 ha, along with installation of rain and stream gauges to measure water availability; (iii) improved watershed management on 5,050 ha through afforestation of the degraded watersheds and, where appropriate, construction of check dams; and (iv) efficient project management and evaluation.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
FATA is one of the most poor and deprived regions in Pakistan. Its total population is around 4.5 million and about 97% of the population lives in rural area. Socioeconomic indicators, such as health, education, water supply, roads, and agriculture land holdings are lowest in FATA as compared to country and neighboring Khyber Pakhtunkhawa (KP) province. The predominant rural population relies mainly on subsistence agriculture and livestock rearing for their livelihood. Only 8% of the total 2.7 million hectares area is cultivated, and 38% of the cultivated area is irrigated while remaining 62% is rain fed. Land holdings are small, nearly 85% of the households own less than 2 hectare of land, which is insufficient for sustaining livelihoods. Climatic conditions in FATA are arid. Water scarcity is one of the greatest challenges, which undermines efforts to improve socioeconomic conditions of the FATA inhabitants. Groundwater aquifers are depleting rapidly in most of the watersheds due to reduced rainfall and unplanned exploitation. The unplanned utilization of water resources particularly groundwater, deforestation, and over grazing of rangelands has put immense pressure on the natural resources. The watersheds are consequently in a degraded condition resulting in depletion of water resources and vegetation cover, and affecting the overall environmental equilibrium.
The proposed Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) Water Resources Development Project (FWRDP) is located along the western border of Pakistan with Afghanistan. It complements ADB's investments in three agencies of FATA (Mohmand, Bajaur, and Khyber) made through ADB-financed FATA Rural Development Project (FRDP), which was completed in March 2012.
|Impact||Farm income in the project area (Bajaur, Khyber, and Mohmand agencies) is increased.|
|Description of Outcome||Improved agricultural productivity of selected watersheds and their associated natural resource base|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Project Management Unit and Project Implementation Units are operational. The office accommodation has been arranged. Procurement of goods is complete. Procurement of vehicles is completed. The design and construction supervision consultant in onboard.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Construction of new irrigation infrastructure
2. Improved on-farm water management
3. Improved watershed management
4. Efficient project management and evaluation
2. Project planning, management, and support strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Output-1: (i) Construction of new irrigation infrastructure
(ii). (iii). Improved watershed management (iv) Efficient project management and evaluation.
1. Site selection process and feasibility studies progress is extremely slow. Progress on awarded awarded sub-projects lags from the approved schedule primarily due to weak contractors performance and project administration by PMU and PIU's.
2. Civil Works on diversion and distribution system is not complete, hence on-farm water management works have not started.
3. Degraded watershed areas are being selected.
2. Project planning, management, and support strengthened:
Contract awards are delayed. The schedule will be updated in Q4 2018 along with CAD forecast after expected completion of site selection process and feasibility studies.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Initial Environmental Examinations (IEE) for the identified subprojects and an Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (EARF) that provides the steps to be taken for subprojects to be selected during the project implementation stage have been prepared and posted to the web.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Construction of new reservoirs, weirs and channels may require land acquisition. Land required for each subproject will be few hectares and most of which expected to be barren communal land. The land acquisition and resettlement framework (LARF) for the Project and land acquisition and resettlement plan (LARP) for each core subproject have been prepared and posted to the web.|
|Indigenous Peoples||There are no indigenous people in the project area|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The main stakeholders of the project are the households that will benefit from additional land brought under irrigation and improved access and more reliable irrigation water. Negative effects are not envisaged. The beneficiaries have been consulted during the project design.|
|During Project Implementation||Beneficiaries will be mobilized through social mobilization process and community organizations (COs) will be formed. These will participate in identification, planning, design and implementation of the subprojects.|
|Consulting Services||The consulting services will be required for design and management support. A National consulting firm for Design and Supervision will be recruited due to high security risk for International Consultants in the Project area.|
|Procurement||The anticipated procurement will include small works contracts, which will be procured by using ADB's national competitive bidding procedures.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Asad Ali Zafar|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Pakistan Resident Mission|
|Concept Clearance||29 Jul 2013|
|Fact Finding||22 May 2014 to 02 Jun 2014|
|MRM||04 Nov 2014|
|Approval||15 Dec 2014|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Sep 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|15 Dec 2014||17 Apr 2015||07 Aug 2015||30 Sep 2020||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||47.90||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||42.97||15 Dec 2014||12.42||0.00||31%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||15 Dec 2014||9.90||0.00||25%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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ADB Provides $42.9 Million to Boost Farming in Pakistan’s Tribal AreasADB and Pakistan today signed a loan of $42.9 million for upgrading water management and irrigation systems in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas.
ADB to Boost Farm Productivity and Food Security in Pakistan Tribal AreasADB has approved a loan of $42.9 million to provide reliable irrigation for farmlands and non-cultivated lands in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Pakistan.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Loan No. 3239-PAK: Federally Administered Tribal Areas Water Resources Development Project [1- PQ-PMU-FWRDP]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||28 Feb 2017||11 Apr 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|CONSTRUCTION OF JAY DAM, MOHMAND AGENCY||Loan 3239||24 Oct 2017||M/S ALI & CO||NO.8 SABIR BUSINESS CENTER, WARSAK ROAD PESHAWAR PAKISTAN PAKISTAN||FATA Secretariat||CONSTRUCTION||1,617,336.00||1,454,013.00|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Federally Administered Tribal Areas Water Resources Development Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Nov 2014|