fbpx 47021-002: Federally Administered Tribal Areas Water Resources Development Project | Asian Development Bank

Pakistan: Federally Administered Tribal Areas Water Resources Development Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 47021-002 Status: Active

The Asian Development Bank is helping Pakistan upgrade water management and irrigation systems in the country's Federally Administered Tribal areas. The project is building and improving irrigation infrastructure to deliver more reliable water supplies that will boost farm productivity, food security and incomes. Around 1.4 million people are expected to benefit once the project is completed.

Project Details

Project Officer
Asad Ali Zafar Central and West Asia Department Request for information
  • Pakistan
  • Loan
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Federally Administered Tribal Areas Water Resources Development Project
Project Number 47021-002
Country Pakistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3239-PAK: FATA Water Resources Development Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 42.97 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Forestry - Irrigation - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements

The scope of the proposed project will be based on the recommendations of the water assessment study carried out under FRDP, which address the issues such as water scarcity, insufficient irrigation facilities, water conservation, and weak water resource management. The study identified that groundwater aquifers in all the watersheds were depleting even under average weather conditions because of unplanned exploitation of groundwater for irrigation and domestic use, and recommended shift from groundwater to surface water. It identified potential for developing surface water resources for irrigated agriculture and other uses, and integrating that with the watershed management and command area development to ensure sustainable use of the resources without degrading the watersheds. It proposed sites for small reservoirs/ponds and diversion weirs in 44 watersheds of Mohamand, Bajaur, and Khyber Agencies to bring new land under irrigation along with improved watershed management. The Project will provide irrigation supplies in three agencies to increase crop production of the rain fed area and unutilized land to be brought under cultivation. It will (i) construct small reservoirs/ponds, diversion weirs, and conveyance channels; (ii) develop command area; and (iii) improve watershed management.

The project impact will be increased farm incomes in the project area thereby reducing poverty and increasing household food security. The project outcome will be improved agricultural productivity of selected watersheds and their associated natural resource base. Project outputs include (i) construction of new irrigation infrastructure, including nine small concrete gravity dams with a maximum height of 15 meters each, 31 diversion weirs, and 95 kilometers of main and secondary irrigation channels; (ii) improved on-farm management through construction of 144 kilometers of lined watercourses, terracing and land leveling on a command area of 4,615 ha, along with installation of rain and stream gauges to measure water availability; (iii) improved watershed management on 5,050 ha through afforestation of the degraded watersheds and, where appropriate, construction of check dams; and (iv) efficient project management and evaluation.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

FATA is one of the most poor and deprived regions in Pakistan. Its total population is around 4.5 million and about 97% of the population lives in rural area. Socioeconomic indicators, such as health, education, water supply, roads, and agriculture land holdings are lowest in FATA as compared to country and neighboring Khyber Pakhtunkhawa (KP) province. The predominant rural population relies mainly on subsistence agriculture and livestock rearing for their livelihood. Only 8% of the total 2.7 million hectares area is cultivated, and 38% of the cultivated area is irrigated while remaining 62% is rain fed. Land holdings are small, nearly 85% of the households own less than 2 hectare of land, which is insufficient for sustaining livelihoods. Climatic conditions in FATA are arid. Water scarcity is one of the greatest challenges, which undermines efforts to improve socioeconomic conditions of the FATA inhabitants. Groundwater aquifers are depleting rapidly in most of the watersheds due to reduced rainfall and unplanned exploitation. The unplanned utilization of water resources particularly groundwater, deforestation, and over grazing of rangelands has put immense pressure on the natural resources. The watersheds are consequently in a degraded condition resulting in depletion of water resources and vegetation cover, and affecting the overall environmental equilibrium.

The proposed Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) Water Resources Development Project (FWRDP) is located along the western border of Pakistan with Afghanistan. It complements ADB's investments in three agencies of FATA (Mohmand, Bajaur, and Khyber) made through ADB-financed FATA Rural Development Project (FRDP), which was completed in March 2012.

Impact Farm income in the project area (Bajaur, Khyber, and Mohmand agencies) is increased.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved agricultural productivity of selected watersheds and their associated natural resource base
Progress Toward Outcome Project Management Unit and Project Implementation Units are operational. The office accommodation has been arranged. Procurement of goods is complete. Procurement of vehicles is completed. The design and construction supervision consultant in onboard.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Construction of new irrigation infrastructure

2. Improved on-farm water management

3. Improved watershed management

4. Efficient project management and evaluation

2. Project planning, management, and support strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output-1: (i) Construction of new irrigation infrastructure

(ii). (iii). Improved watershed management (iv) Efficient project management and evaluation.

1. Site selection process and feasibility studies progress is extremely slow. Progress on awarded awarded sub-projects lags from the approved schedule primarily due to weak contractors performance and project administration by PMU and PIU's.

2. Civil Works on diversion and distribution system is not complete, hence on-farm water management works have not started.

3. Degraded watershed areas are being selected.

4. Ongoing

2. Project planning, management, and support strengthened:

Contract awards are delayed. The schedule will be updated in Q4 2018 along with CAD forecast after expected completion of site selection process and feasibility studies.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Initial Environmental Examinations (IEE) for the identified subprojects and an Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (EARF) that provides the steps to be taken for subprojects to be selected during the project implementation stage have been prepared and posted to the web.
Involuntary Resettlement Construction of new reservoirs, weirs and channels may require land acquisition. Land required for each subproject will be few hectares and most of which expected to be barren communal land. The land acquisition and resettlement framework (LARF) for the Project and land acquisition and resettlement plan (LARP) for each core subproject have been prepared and posted to the web.
Indigenous Peoples There are no indigenous people in the project area
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The main stakeholders of the project are the households that will benefit from additional land brought under irrigation and improved access and more reliable irrigation water. Negative effects are not envisaged. The beneficiaries have been consulted during the project design.
During Project Implementation Beneficiaries will be mobilized through social mobilization process and community organizations (COs) will be formed. These will participate in identification, planning, design and implementation of the subprojects.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The consulting services will be required for design and management support. A National consulting firm for Design and Supervision will be recruited due to high security risk for International Consultants in the Project area.
Procurement The anticipated procurement will include small works contracts, which will be procured by using ADB's national competitive bidding procedures.
Responsible ADB Officer Asad Ali Zafar
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Pakistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
FATA Secretariat
Warsak Road
Peshawar, Pakistan
Concept Clearance 29 Jul 2013
Fact Finding 22 May 2014 to 02 Jun 2014
MRM 04 Nov 2014
Approval 15 Dec 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Sep 2018

Loan 3239-PAK

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 Dec 2014 17 Apr 2015 07 Aug 2015 30 Sep 2020 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 47.90 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 42.97 15 Dec 2014 12.42 0.00 31%
Counterpart 4.93 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 15 Dec 2014 9.90 0.00 25%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Loan No. 3239-PAK: Federally Administered Tribal Areas Water Resources Development Project [1- PQ-PMU-FWRDP] Invitation for Bids Closed 28 Feb 2017 11 Apr 2017

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)