The Asian Development Bank is working with People’s Republic of China to address flooding and other water management problems in Jiangxi Province, which are holding back development and growth. The project is financing flood protection works, river and wetlands rehabilitation, irrigation system upgrades, and wastewater treatment in four main urban sub-centers in the province, including Pingxiang.
|Project Name||Jiangxi Pingxiang Integrated Rural-Urban Infrastructure Development|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection - Urban sewerage
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will contribute to socially inclusive, environmentally sustainable, and competitive urban- rural development in Pingxiang municipality in Jiangxi Province. The project will be a model for integrated rural -urban development, by supporting towns and bringing services closer to people; combining flood risk management and environmentally sustainable river rehabilitation, improved wastewater management, and rural -urban transport; and developing institutional capacity to ensure project sustainability.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Pingxiang is a poverty-stricken, resource-depleted, mountainous city with a population of 1.87 million and an area of 3,827 square kilometers. The city is (i) in the western portion of the poor, flood disaster-stricken Jiangxi Province; (ii) 70 kilometers (km) east of the Chang-Zhu-Tan city-cluster; and (iii) connected to national highways and to the high-speed rail network. Development in Pingxiang has lagged significantly behind national averages and was chosen as one of 12 cities nationwide to showcase industrial transformation, from an economy based on resource extraction to one that is more diverse. Pingxiang experiences serious floods and environmental pollution, and was chosen to become a pilot city for climate-proof, _sponge_ city development. Pingxiang''s urbanization ratio is low and rural poverty is high, and the city was chosen to implement an innovative approach to rural -urban integration in Jiangxi Province, one that delivers infrastructure and jobs in closer proximity to rural residents.
The per capita gross domestic product in Pingxiang''s counties is about half that in the urban core, which is in turn about half that of nearby Changsha. Lianhua is a national poverty county, and there are 113 designated poverty villages in the municipality. The Pingxiang municipal government (PMG) Resource-Depleted Transitional Development Plan (2013- 2020) promotes balanced and sustainable urban -rural development and aims to (i) expand and link the centers of Anyuan and Xiangdong districts, with an expected combined population of 800,000 by 2020; and (ii) strengthen county-level cities as subcenters in Lianhua, Luxi, and Shangli counties, with a population of 70,000 -120,000 residents in each by 2020.
Flood risk-reduction is a top priority in Pingxiang. Flood frequency and severity have increased significantly since 1998. Floods in 1998, 2001, 2002, 2010, and 2014 affected more than 496,000 people, caused the collapse of more than 2,600 houses, and resulted in significant economic losses in agriculture. A major flood on 25 May 2014 severely impacted public safety and health, and caused an estimated $115 million in economic losses. Most riverbanks in Pingxiang have inadequate flood protection; sediment accumulation from riverbank erosion and mining has raised riverbeds, further reducing the flood discharge capacity of rivers.
Pingxiang is a headwater municipality; all its rivers originate in the mountainous areas, and flow into two river systems: (i) the Gan River, which drains northeast into Poyang Lake; and (ii) the Xiang River, which flows northwest into Dongting Lake. Where rivers flow through farmland, settlements, and industrial and mining areas they collect pollutants and sediments. At the end of 2012, the urban wastewater treatment rate in Pingxiang was 75.8%, well below the national average. Many small cities and townships lack or have incomplete sewer systems, and no wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Domestic wastewater is discharged untreated into rivers, affecting downstream jurisdictions and Poyang Lake. Illegal solid waste disposal along rivers is common, particularly in rural areas without regular collection. Some rivers in Pingxiang provide drinking water for local communities, and pollution poses serious risks to public health.
Pingxiang''s rural areas have limited access to markets, jobs, training, education, and services in towns and cities. The lack of adequate roads and public transport limits rural development, jobs, and livelihood opportunities. Except for the main east west and north south corridors served by highways and national roads, many existing roads in Pingxiang are narrow and poorly maintained, particularly in the rural and mountainous areas.
Pingxiang is focused on developing its core urban area, with less priority given to the development of rural areas. Continued unbalanced and disconnected development will result in an increasing social, economic, and environmental divide between urban and rural areas. Pingxiang is approaching its challenges with non-integrated engineering, which addresses problems from one dimension, while typically generating new problems in other areas. Non-integrated approaches to flood protection which typically comprise solid walls and concrete dikes force stormwater into a channel, potentially causing downstream flash floods and degrading river environments; this harms river ecology, and the lack of natural capacity to absorb rainwater runoff that flows into rivers necessitates increased investment compared with an integrated approach that strategically preserve floodplains.
Strategic fit. The project supports the PRC''s 12th Five-Year Plan (2011- 2015) and the PRC''s National New-Type Urbanization Plan (2014 -2020) by contributing to balanced urbanization with livable, eco-efficient, and inclusive cities; and Pingxiang''s development, flood risk management, and transportation plans. The project (i) is aligned with the country partnership strategy, 2011 -2015 for the PRC of the Asian Development Bank (ADB); (ii) is included in ADB''s country operations business plan, 2015- 2017 for the PRC; (iii) supports ADB''s (a) Strategy 2020 goal of livable and sustainable cities through creation of cleaner and healthier environments; (b) urban operational plan that aims at inclusive, green, and competitive urban development; (c) water operational plan aiming at integrated water resources management; and (d) sustainable transport initiative operational plan in its objective to support rural roads; and (iv) provides innovative solutions as emphasized in ADB''s Midterm Review of Strategy 2020, complementing physical with nonstructural measures in flood risk management.
Pilot features. The project includes best practices and pilot demonstration features. Best practices include (i) linking and functionally integrating infrastructure to optimize development impacts, including river, wastewater, and road components; (ii) implementation of national regulations on water and wastewater tariffs (promulgated by the government and prepared with ADB assistance) established an enabling environment for private sector participation (as regulations require full cost recovery), mainly for the water supply sector in Pingxiang; and (iii) road alignment optimization through the study of alternatives to minimize and balance resettlement and environmental impacts. Pilot demonstration features include (i) urban -rural flood risk management and climate resilience partnerships; (ii) ecological river management supporting sustainable urban- rural sponge city development; and (iii) community-based environment supervision and roads safety education teams.
Integrated and green urban-rural development in Pingxiang municipality and Jiangxi Province improved (PRC National New-Type Urbanization Plan, 2014-2020)
Socioeconomic wellbeing of residents in cities, townships, and villages in Pingxiang municipality and Jiangxi Province improved (project derived)
|Description of Outcome||Living conditions of rural and urban residents using integrated infrastructure in Pingxiang improved|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The project was declared effective on 11 July 2016. A loan inception mission was fielded on 4-8 July 2016 and loan review mission was fielded on 26-30 June 2017. Consultants were recruited and fielded to support the PMO and PIUs. Civil works contracts were awarded for road, and some of the river subcomponents.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Flood risk management and river rehabilitation improved and integrated
2. Wastewater collection and treatment improved
3. Rural -urban linkages improved
4. Inclusive capacity in project planning and management, and urban rural integration developed
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The procurement for works for the road construction works were awarded in Q2 2017 and construction is under way.
Luxi County Yuan River rehabilitation civil works and and Shangli County Lishui River and Jinshan River rehabilitation works are being awarded. Lianhua County and Xiangdong District river rehabilitation works are expected to be procured in 2018.
Some of the wastewater management components and selected river rehabilitation components were already implemented and outputs achieved by local governments fully using counterpart funds. Additional subcomponents have been proposed and are under preparation and due diligence.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||A project environmental impact assessment, including an environmental management plan (EMP), was prepared and disclosed in May 2015 in compliance with ADB''s policies and requirements, including ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). The environmental impact assessment incorporates findings from a biodiversity and habitat survey and fishery resource impact assessments in the Pingshui and Yuan rivers, two of the project rivers. Mitigating measures to reduce risk to fish habitat are described in the EMP. Most impacts from construction of the rural -urban road will be localized, short-term, and can be effectively mitigated as described in the EMP. An institutional strengthening and capacity development program is defined in the EMP to ensure PMG''s capacity to manage and monitor environmental impacts and risks.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||A total of about 4,000 households with about 17,000 persons are expected to be affected by the project, out of which about 1,000 households with about 4,300 persons will lose more than 10% of their productive assets and/or will be physically displaced. Nearly 325 households with about 400 persons are vulnerable. Five resettlement plans consistent with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement were prepared and disclosed on the ADB website. Compensation for lost assets and allowances will be at replacement costs and will be paid to affected persons prior to displacement. Resettlement information booklets were disclosed to the community, village offices, and to affected persons in the local language in April 2015. Each project implementation unit will have at least one fulltime resettlement staff member to carry out internal monitoring and supervision. The implementing agencies possess good capacity to implement land acquisition and resettlement. Training on ADB''s involuntary resettlement policy and procedures will be provided to ensure proper implementation.|
|Indigenous Peoples||There is no specific ethnic minority community or group that lives separately and no adverse impact is expected that would trigger ADB policy.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Extensive consultation with stakeholders was performed during the PPTA stage. A socioeconomic survey, stakeholder workshop, focus group discussions, and key informant interviews were conducted under the poverty and social assessment, including consultation for the resettlement, social, and environment safeguards.|
|During Project Implementation||The executing agency and its PMO and the implementing agencies and their PIUs are implementing a grievance redress mechanism as described in the project administration manual, with support from the loan implementation consultants, and will undertake consultations and monitoring with key stakeholders. The PMO will ensure local stakeholders are consulted, that information on the project is disseminated, and that questions and complaints are addressed quickly and effectively. External monitors are engaged for environmental and social and resettlement plan implementation monitoring and evaluation.|
|Consulting Services||All consultants will be recruited in accordance with ADB''s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Rau, Stefan|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Pingxiang Municipal Government
Jiangxi Pingxiang Ying Bin road No. 18 , PRC, 337000
|Concept Clearance||18 Sep 2013|
|Fact Finding||23 Mar 2015 to 01 Apr 2015|
|MRM||22 May 2015|
|Approval||21 Sep 2015|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||23 Mar 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|21 Sep 2015||16 Mar 2016||11 Jul 2016||30 Jun 2021||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||361.24||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||150.00||21 Sep 2015||16.94||0.00||11%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||21 Sep 2015||7.34||0.00||5%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Piloting “Sponge Cities” in the People’s Republic of ChinaIntelligently planned and protected urban green spaces are being introduced in 16 cities in the People's Republic of China to reduce flood risks and manage water resources.
ADB Loan Supports Pingxiang’s Push to Cut Floods, Improve EnvironmentADB has approved a $150 million loan to help Pingxiang municipality in Jiangxi Province tackle long-standing flooding and connectivity problems, which are holding back development and poverty reduction.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|L3281-PRC Jiangxi Pingxiang Integrated Rural-Urban Infrastructure Development Project [LX-RR-W4]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||17 Nov 2017||18 Dec 2017|
|L3281-PRC Jiangxi Pingxiang Integrated Rural-Urban Infrastructure Development Project [LX-RR-W1]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||17 Nov 2017||18 Dec 2017|
|Loan No. 3281-PRC: Jiangxi Pingxiang Integrated Rural-Urban Infrastructure Development Project [SL-RR-W1]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||08 Nov 2017||07 Dec 2017|
|External Social and Resettlement Monitoring Services||Firm - Consulting||Closed||07 Apr 2017||06 May 2017|
|PRC 47030- Jiangxi Pingxiang Integrated Rural-Urban Infrastructure Development||Advance Notice||Archived||26 Jun 2015|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|PX-RD-C2B Lot: Road Pavement (Luxi Section) - Xuanfeng Road Construction Works for Shangli Country, Luxi County and Anyuan District||Loan 3281||02 May 2017||Hunan Jialin Construction Group Co., Ltd.||B-1305 Xinhua Garden, No. 2863 North Shaoshan Road, Yuhua District, Changsha, China, People's Rep. of||Pingxiang Municipal Government||Construction||4350285||1855006|
|PX-RD-C1C Lot: Road Subgrade (Luxi Section) - Xuanfeng Road Construction Works for Shangli Country, Luxi County and Anyuan District||Loan 3281||02 May 2017||Jiangxi Tianfeng Construction Group Co., Ltd.||Gonglong Avenue, New Century Industrial City, Gaoan City, Jiangxi Province, China, People's Rep. of||Pingxiang Municipal Government||Construction||5400720||2302921|
|PX-RD-C2A Lot: Road Pavement (Shangli Section)- Xuanfeng Road Construction Works for Shangli Country, Luxi County and Anyuan District||Loan 3281||02 May 2017||Jiangxi Tongwei Road Construction Group Co.,||Ganzhou City, Jiangxi Province, China, People's Rep. of||Pingxiang Municipal Government||Construction||7348632||3133531|
|PX-RD-C1A Lot: Road Subgrade (Shangli Section 1)- Xuanfeng Road Construction Works for Shangli Country, Luxi County and Anyuan District||Loan 3281||02 May 2017||Jiangxi Sitong Road and Bridge Construction||347 East Xianlai Road, Xinyu City, Jiangxi Province China, People's Rep. of||Pingxiang Municipal Government||Construction||7349966||3134100|
|PX-RD-C1B Lot: Road Subgrade (Shangli Section 2)- Xuanfeng Road Construction Works for Shangli Country, Luxi County and Anyuan District||Loan 3281||02 May 2017||Jiangxi Tianfeng Construction Group Co. Ltd.||Gonglong Avenue, New Century Industrial City, Goan City, Jiangxi Province, China, People's Rep. of||Pingxiang Municipal Government||Construction||8052957||3433862|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Jiangxi Pingxiang Integrated Rural-Urban Infrastructure Development Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Sep 2015|