China, People's Republic of: Fujian Farmland Sustainable Utilization and Demonstration

Sovereign Project | 47071-001

Fujian Province is on the southeast coast of mainland People's Republic of China (PRC) with a population of 37.5 million, of which 40.0% lives in the rural area. Fujian has experienced remarkable economic growth, which was driven predominantly by urban development on the coastal area more than 70% of the provincial gross domestic product (GDP) was from five coastal cities in 2012. In contrast, Fujian's rural economy is predominantly agrarian. Agriculture remains major means for rural livelihood in Fujian. Despite its declining importance, Fujian's agriculture still generates 22.7% of the provincial GDP and 25.0% of the provincial employment. However, the rapid urbanization caused a decrease in the provincial arable land, 1.26 million hectares (ha) in 1996 to 1.12 million ha in 2010. Together with the increasing population, it poses a serious threat for Fujian's agriculture development.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Robertson, Suzanne Kay
    East Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    China, People's Republic of
  • Modality
    • Technical Assistance
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Fujian Farmland Sustainable Utilization and Demonstration
Project Number 47071-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8741-PRC: Fujian Farmland Sustainable Utilization and Demonstration
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 600,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Irrigation - Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description Fujian Province is on the southeast coast of mainland People's Republic of China (PRC) with a population of 37.5 million, of which 40.0% lives in the rural area. Fujian has experienced remarkable economic growth, which was driven predominantly by urban development on the coastal area more than 70% of the provincial gross domestic product (GDP) was from five coastal cities in 2012. In contrast, Fujian's rural economy is predominantly agrarian. Agriculture remains major means for rural livelihood in Fujian. Despite its declining importance, Fujian's agriculture still generates 22.7% of the provincial GDP and 25.0% of the provincial employment. However, the rapid urbanization caused a decrease in the provincial arable land, 1.26 million hectares (ha) in 1996 to 1.12 million ha in 2010. Together with the increasing population, it poses a serious threat for Fujian's agriculture development.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Fertile farmland is a fundamental need for sustainable agricultural production. Due to natural and man-made causes, Fujian's farmland has lost its soil fertility as seen in other part of the PRC. Farmland with poor soil fertility affects crop productivity and consequently livelihoods of those involved in the agricultural production. Lack of farmland management due to the shortage of and aging farmers contributes to the deterioration of farmland quality and the lowering productivity.

Soil erosion is a serious threat to farmland soil fertility. Soil erosion results in farmland degradation, frequent drought, and serious waterlogging over its farmland areas. Due to the limited lowland (approximately 10% of the provincial area), Fujian has extensively used upland (i.e., sloping land) for crop farming. However, the upland farming tends to cause runoff of soil, particularly its top layer rich in organic matters, due to the gravity. Together with the sub-tropical monsoon climate, the upland farming makes Fujian's farmland highly susceptive to soil erosion. Climate change is expected to make precipitation more erratic and wind and summer heat stronger, and consequently amplify the detrimental soil erosion impact on Fujian's farmland.

In addition to the unique topography and climate, soil erosion in farmland is caused by inappropriate land management and unsustainable farming practices (e.g., poor soil management, excessive use of agriculture chemicals, and poor onfarm water management). At present, 78% of Fujian's arable land is classified as moderately or severely degraded and it could continue to deteriorate without appropriate actions to be taken. Fujian's challenge is to continue to utilize the upland for farming while mitigating soil erosion in tandem. To overcome this challenge, Fujian needs to improve on farmland management and farming practices, for which this project will assist the province.

The project is consistent with the PRC's Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011 2015), which pursues the long-term goal of building a harmonious and moderately prosperous society through livelihood improvement, and regionally balanced and environmentally sustainable growth. It is also consistent with the third plenum of the 18th Communist Party of China Central Committee affirmed the government's firm commitment to the establishment of ecological civilization. It is also in line with ADB's country partnership strategy, 2011 2015 for the PRC in supporting the government's overarching strategic goal by focusing on inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth. The project is included in ADB's lending pipeline as 2016 firm for the PRC.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design To be conducted as part of the project preparatory technical assistance.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The PPTA requires services of 12 person-months (pm) of international and 28 pm of national consultants. A consulting firm has been recruited and mobilized in January 2015.
Procurement Procurement of equipment will follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time), and will be turned over to the executing agency upon the PPTA completion.
Responsible ADB Officer Robertson, Suzanne Kay
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Fujian Provincial Government (FPG)
ADB Loan Management Office
2/F 115th Guping Road, Fuzhou 350003
Fujian, PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 28 Oct 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2016

TA 8741-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Oct 2014 20 Nov 2014 20 Nov 2014 30 Oct 2015 30 Oct 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600,000.00 29 Sep 2021 574,673.75

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.


Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Project Preparatory Technical Assistance 8741 06 Jan 2015 NAREE Consulting Limited (NCL, China, People's Republic of) in association with Landell Mills Limited (United Kingdom) | Room 312, Building No. 104, Chaoyang Nor, Chaoyang District, Beijing, PRC Fujian Provincial Government (FPG) 578,154.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.