China, People's Republic of : Fujian Farmland Sustainable Utilization and Demonstration

Sovereign Project | 47071-001

Fujian Province is on the southeast coast of mainland People's Republic of China (PRC) with a population of 37.5 million, of which 40.0% lives in the rural area. Fujian has experienced remarkable economic growth, which was driven predominantly by urban development on the coastal areamore than 70% of the provincial gross domestic product (GDP) was from five coastal cities in 2012. In contrast, Fujian's rural economy is predominantly agrarian. Agriculture remains major means for rural livelihood in Fujian. Despite its declining importance, Fujian's agriculture still generates 22.7% of the provincial GDP and 25.0% of the provincial employment. However, the rapid urbanization caused a decrease in the provincial arable land, 1.26 million hectares (ha) in 1996 to 1.12 million ha in 2010. Together with the increasing population, it poses a serious threat for Fujian's agriculture development.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Robertson, Suzanne Kay
    East Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    China, People's Republic of
  • Modality
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name
Fujian Farmland Sustainable Utilization and Demonstration
Project Number
47071-001
Country / Economy
  • China, People's Republic of
Project Status
Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8741-PRC: Fujian Farmland Sustainable Utilization and Demonstration
Source Amount
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 600,000.00
Strategic Agendas
  • Environmentally sustainable growth
  • Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
  • Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
  • Partnerships
Sector / Subsector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Irrigation - Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management

Gender
Effective gender mainstreaming
Description
Fujian Province is on the southeast coast of mainland People's Republic of China (PRC) with a population of 37.5 million, of which 40.0% lives in the rural area. Fujian has experienced remarkable economic growth, which was driven predominantly by urban development on the coastal areamore than 70% of the provincial gross domestic product (GDP) was from five coastal cities in 2012. In contrast, Fujian's rural economy is predominantly agrarian. Agriculture remains major means for rural livelihood in Fujian. Despite its declining importance, Fujian's agriculture still generates 22.7% of the provincial GDP and 25.0% of the provincial employment. However, the rapid urbanization caused a decrease in the provincial arable land, 1.26 million hectares (ha) in 1996 to 1.12 million ha in 2010. Together with the increasing population, it poses a serious threat for Fujian's agriculture development.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Fertile farmland is a fundamental need for sustainable agricultural production. Due to natural and man-made causes, Fujian's farmland has lost its soil fertility as seen in other part of the PRC. Farmland with poor soil fertility affects crop productivity and consequently livelihoods of those involved in the agricultural production. Lack of farmland management due to the shortage of and aging farmers contributes to the deterioration of farmland quality and the lowering productivity.

Soil erosion is a serious threat to farmland soil fertility. Soil erosion results in farmland degradation, frequent drought, and serious waterlogging over its farmland areas. Due to the limited lowland (approximately 10% of the provincial area), Fujian has extensively used upland (i.e., sloping land) for crop farming. However, the upland farming tends to cause runoff of soil, particularly its top layer rich in organic matters, due to the gravity. Together with the sub-tropical monsoon climate, the upland farming makes Fujian's farmland highly susceptive to soil erosion. Climate change is expected to make precipitation more erratic and wind and summer heat stronger, and consequently amplify the detrimental soil erosion impact on Fujian's farmland.

In addition to the unique topography and climate, soil erosion in farmland is caused by inappropriate land management and unsustainable farming practices (e.g., poor soil management, excessive use of agriculture chemicals, and poor onfarm water management). At present, 78% of Fujian's arable land is classified as moderately or severely degraded and it could continue to deteriorate without appropriate actions to be taken. Fujian's challenge is to continue to utilize the upland for farming while mitigating soil erosion in tandem. To overcome this challenge, Fujian needs to improve on farmland management and farming practices, for which this project will assist the province.

The project is consistent with the PRC's Twelfth Five-Year Plan (20112015), which pursues the long-term goal of building a harmonious and moderately prosperous society through livelihood improvement, and regionally balanced and environmentally sustainable growth. It is also consistent with the third plenum of the 18th Communist Party of China Central Committee affirmed the government's firm commitment to the establishment of ecological civilization. It is also in line with ADB's country partnership strategy, 20112015 for the PRC in supporting the government's overarching strategic goal by focusing on inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth. The project is included in ADB's lending pipeline as 2016 firm for the PRC.

Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
To be conducted as part of the project preparatory technical assistance.
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services
The PPTA requires services of 12 person-months (pm) of international and 28 pm of national consultants. A consulting firm has been recruited and mobilized in January 2015.
Procurement
Procurement of equipment will follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time), and will be turned over to the executing agency upon the PPTA completion.

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Robertson, Suzanne Kay
Responsible ADB Department
East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division
Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Fujian Provincial Government (FPG)

Timetable

Concept Clearance
-
Fact Finding
-
MRM
-
Approval
28 Oct 2014
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
28 Sep 2016

Funding

TA 8741-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Oct 2014 20 Nov 2014 20 Nov 2014 30 Oct 2015 30 Oct 2016 21 Dec 2016
Financing Plan/TA Utilization
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600,000.00
Cumulative Disbursements
Date Amount
17 Jun 2022 574,673.75

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Title Document Type Document Date
福建耕地可持续利用和展示项目 : 项目数据表 Translated PDS Mar 2015
Fujian Farmland Sustainable Utilization and Demonstration: Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Report Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Reports Oct 2014

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Project Preparatory Technical Assistance 8741 06 Jan 2015 NAREE Consulting Limited (NCL, China, People's Republic of) in association with Landell Mills Limited (United Kingdom) | Room 312, Building No. 104, Chaoyang Nor, Chaoyang District, Beijing, PRC Fujian Provincial Government (FPG) 578,154.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.