The Project Preparation Technical Assistance (PPTA) for $500,000 will enable preparation of a $17 million grant project aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) in West Kalimantan, one of the top five provinces contributing to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Indonesia with a mean deforestation rate of 132,500 ha per year. The project will address drivers of forest loss, such as commercial and illegal logging, forest conversion to agriculture, mining and uncontrolled fires, by (i) implementing community-focused REDD+ pilots, (ii) strengthening forest management units (FMUs) in the province through enhancing capacity for spatial planning and livelihood support, and (iii) harmonizing provincial and national policies for forest carbon stock improvement. By reducing pressure on intact forests and promoting sustainable and equitable forest resource management, the project will not only reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions but also provide co-benefits such as poverty reduction, improved quality of life for local communities, protection of indigenous peoples' rights, and enhanced conservation of biodiversity and other ecosystem services. The project will pilot community-focused REDD+ investments in FMUs of Sintang and Kapuas Hulu districts, while drawing upon experience from elsewhere in the province. The project will aim at improving governance, incentives and oversight, in line with West Kalimantan''s three strategies for REDD+ by: (i) improving government policies and institutions, (ii) creating incentives for improved forest management, and (iii) overseeing REDD+ payments through strengthening multi-stakeholder consultative mechanisms.
The project preparatory TA will undertake a detailed design of the project on community-focused investments to address deforestation and forest degradation in West Kalimantan (CFI-ADD+). Specific TA activities will include: (i) detailed scoping and assessments of the activities listed under the CFI-ADD+ project concept included as part of Indonesia''s forest investment plan (IP), which was endorsed by the FIP sub-committee on 5 November 2012, (ii) assessment of institutional capacity, human resources development needs and monitoring mechanisms for the proposed interventions, (iii) meaningful stakeholder engagement initiatives and focus group discussions with civil society organizations, national and sub-national governments, private sector and local communities, (iv) baseline data collection for all indicators identified in the design and monitoring framework, (v) identification of specific areas to direct FIP support and consult with organizations currently working in those areas to assess feasible partnership arrangements, (vi) due diligence assessments (technical, economic, social [involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples' impacts], environmental, risk, etc.) for project financing proposal and any necessary surveys, consultation and refinement for development of implementation plan, to provide options for procuring and managing the contracts, (vii) preparation of sample procurement documentation for the contracts and with Advance Action for both Consultant Recruitment and Procurement of Goods and Works for the critical items or components, and (viii) preparation of necessary documents for approval of grant funding by FIP sub-committee. The social and environmental studies will prepare reports on poverty and social assessment, environmental assessment, stakeholder communication strategy, and consultation and participation plan for local community engagement to ensure beneficiaries leverage full impact of the project's activities.
The expected impact of the project will be reduced GHG emissions from forests of West Kalimantan. The outcome will be improved capacity to implement REDD+ at sub-national levels. The project will have three outputs: (i) community-focused and gender-responsive REDD+ pilots in selected districts, (ii) improvement and implementation of provincial REDD+ strategy in West Kalimantan, and (iii) support for harmonization of sub-national policies on carbon stock improvement with national policies.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Deforestation, forest degradation and unsustainable forest management account for up to 20% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally and up to 60% in Indonesia. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, conservation and sustainable management of forests, and improvement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+) is thus critical to address climate change. Poor spatial planning, weak forest governance, and unclear land use rights continue to deplete forest assets and erode livelihood of local communities. As forests cover 70% of Indonesia's land area, the country's pledge to cut emissions by 26% from business as usual levels by 2020 with its own funds and by 41% with international support can be achieved only by protecting its forests.
The National Action Plan to reduce GHG emissions (released as a Presidential decree no. 61/2011 in September 2011) projects that total GHG emissions per year by 2020 would be 3.0GtCO2e, of which 1.6GtCO2e (53%) would be from LULUCF and peat lands. Therefore, reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation is critical to achieve the goals of National Action Plan to reduce GHG emissions, National REDD+ Strategy and West Kalimantan''s provincial action plan to reduce emissions.
The project will promote inclusive growth and environmental sustainability, the two pillars of the ADB's Country Partnership Strategy (2012 -2014) for Indonesia. It aligns with ADB Strategy 2020 and the Southeast Asia Department's climate change implementation plan. It provides strong links with other ADB projects on sustainable forest management and with projects of development partners, such as Australia, European Union, Germany, Japan, Norway, United Kingdom, the United States, and the World Bank Group.
The project will invest in community-focused REDD+ activities (e.g., community-based land use planning, community-led forest monitoring and forest fire management, community-assisted forest regeneration and maintenance, community-based eco-tourism) in selected districts and/or forest management units (FMUs) to address deforestation drivers such as illegal logging, forest conversion to agriculture, and uncontrolled fires. The project will strengthen capacity of district and provincial governments in West Kalimantan, provide policy support to harmonize sub-national policies for carbon stock enhancement with national policies, and establish non-monetary incentives, safeguard systems and equitable and gender-responsive benefit sharing arrangements.