Indonesia: Community-Focused Investments to Address Deforestation and Forest Degradation
The Asian Development Bank is working with Indonesia to address institutional, technical, and capacity-related barriers for financing from the Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation REDD+ program.
Southeast Asia Department
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|Project Name||Community-Focused Investments to Address Deforestation and Forest Degradation|
|Country / Economy||Indonesia
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture and Natural Resources / Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
With assistance from the Forest Investment Program (FIP) under Climate Investment Funds (CIF), the project will provide a $17 million grant to the Government of Indonesia to address institutional, technical, and capacity-related barriers for REDD+ implementation in West Kalimantan, one of the top five provinces contributing to GHG emissions with a mean deforestation rate of 132,500 ha per year.
The project forms a part of Indonesia''s forest investment plan and will complement projects by the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC). The project will promote inclusive growth and environmental sustainability by investing in community-focused REDD+ activities (e.g., community-based land use planning, community-led forest monitoring and forest fire management, community-assisted forest regeneration and maintenance, community-based eco-tourism) in selected districts and/or forest management units (FMUs) to address deforestation drivers such as illegal logging, forest conversion to agriculture, and uncontrolled fires. The project will strengthen capacity of district and provincial governments in West Kalimantan, provide policy support to harmonize sub-national policies for carbon stock enhancement with national policies, and establish non-monetary incentives, safeguard systems and equitable and gender-responsive benefit sharing arrangements
The project will build on lessons from other REDD+ initiatives by the government and development partners such as Norway, Australia, Germany, Japan, and USA, and establish a sound base for performance-based REDD+ payments. By promoting sustainable forest management, the project will not only reduce GHG emissions and enhance carbon stocks but also provide livelihood co-benefits such as poverty reduction, improved quality of life for forest communities, protection of indigenous peoples' tenure rights, and enhanced conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Deforestation, forest degradation and unsustainable forest management account for up to 20% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally and up to 60% in Indonesia. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, conservation and sustainable management of forests, and improvement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+) is thus critical to address climate change. Poor spatial planning, weak forest governance, and unclear land use rights continue to deplete forest assets and erode livelihood of local communities. As forests cover 70% of Indonesia's land area, the country's pledge to cut emissions by 29% from business as usual levels by 2030 with its own funds and by 41% with international support can be achieved only by protecting its forests.
The National Action Plan to reduce GHG emissions (released as a Presidential decree no. 61/2011 in September 2011) projects that total GHG emissions per year by 2020 would be 3.0GtCO2e, of which 1.6GtCO2e (53%) would be from LULUCF and peat lands. Therefore, reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation is critical to achieve the goals of National Action Plan to reduce GHG emissions, National REDD+ Strategy and West Kalimantan''s provincial action plan to reduce emissions.
|Impact||Environmental and livelihood benefits increased.|
|Description of Outcome||REDD+ implementation in project areas of West Kalimantan province improved.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||On-going identification of areas for community-based agroforestry, community assisted natural regeneration in degraded land, and community-based forest management agreements.Forest fire incident decreased within Sentarum National Park. Infrastructure livelihood facilities and materials were provided including clean water facilities to villages and ecotourism facilities to Santarum National Park.Capacity building activities are on-going for green school program, geographic information system, gender empowerment, forest fire management, handicrafts, and beekeeping (with women participation), and agroforestry, and gender-responsive implementation.Involvement of DG Climate Change (PPI) was initiated and is considered critical to ensure success of output 2, mainly through providing support for methodology for monitoring, reporting and verification, and provincial REDD+ Safeguards Information System. A working group on grievance redress mechanism (GRM) has been established and the project will facilitate operationalization of provincial GRM.Environmental Assessment and Review Framework has been updated and environmental monitoring at all stage of the project implemented.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Community-focused and gender-responsive REDD+ pilot projects in Kapuas Hulu and Sintang districts implemented.
Provincial REDD+ strategy in West Kalimantan effectively implemented.
Subnational fiscal policies on REDD+ harmonized with national policies.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Baseline assessment to identify potential areas was completed in November 2018. English version submitted to ADB in March 2019.On-going identification of areas for community-based agroforestry, community assisted natural regeneration in degraded land, and community-based forest management agreements. For 2018, 42.5 ha. was planted for agroforestry. For 2019, target agroforestry to be implemented in 555 ha.Four community forest fire managements trainings conducted in four villages (Vega, Pulau Majang, Bungan Jaya, and Tanjung Lokang). Forest fire incident in national park (TNBKDS) reduced compared to 2017. So far 480 ha in Vega are reported as monitored and protected area against forest fire. Additional data are under collection for other villages.Draft community-based forest management agreement template shared with relevant stakeholders (non-government organizations, and other development partners) on 25-26 Jun 2019 workshops.115 government staff and 539 community (197 women) trained in green school program, GIS, gender empowerment, gender empowerment, entrepreneurship, weaving techniques, and non-timber forest produces.Beneficiaries will be accounted after land use plans are completed and attached to the community-based forest management agreements by August 2019.EA conducted a leveling of workshop with the DG Climate Change (PPI) in Feb 2019.Draft GRM is available and expected to be operational by Nov 2019.SiS available in West Kalimantan. Status of implementation will be assessed with working group by PISU before end of Sept. 2019.Seven subproject proposal were submitted to Samdhana Foundation under the Dedicated Grant Mechanism administered by World Bank, but none was approved. Project Implementation Supporting Unit (PISU) to submit new subproject proposals by Oct 2019 for 3rd (last) batch. PISU to coordinate with World Bank and Samdhana on how to improve proposals based on lessons learned from previous submission.|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu, Kabupaten Sintang, West Kalimantan|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is categorized as B. The project is expected to achieve significant environmental benefits, including cumulative reduction of 3,700,000 tCO2e of GHG emissions, improved watersheds and increased biodiversity in the ecosystems of previously degraded and deforested areas. The project will undertake small-scale infrastructure (e.g. ecotourism facilities) and livelihood activities that may potentially cause minimal disturbances to the environment, but can be easily mitigated with proper site selection, use of environment-friendly construction technology, and proper disposal of waste generated. An environmental assessment and review framework will guide the environmental screening and categorization of project interventions and identify potential impacts. Sample initial environmental examinations for two villages (Bunjun Jaya and Tanjun Sari) were prepared to provide prototype for screening and identifying typical impacts of potential interventions and will serve as a template for preparing the environmental management and monitoring plans under the project. Effective environmental monitoring at all stages of project implementation will be ensured.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project is categorized as B for involuntary resettlement. Land acquisition is expected to be minor and no relocation will take place. The resettlement framework was prepared in consultation with the FMUs, local governments in Kapuas Hulu and Sintang districts and MoEF to guide the preparation of resettlement plans, as needed. The framework includes institutional arrangements and mechanisms for disclosure, meaningful consultation and redress of grievances.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is categorized as A, mainly from the point of significant positive impacts on MHA or customary communities through livelihood improvement activities and beneficiary measures. An indigenous peoples planning framework was prepared to provide guidance on: (i) screening for the presence of MHAs and the project's impacts on them, (ii) preparing an Indigenous Peoples' Plan for activities anticipated to have impacts on MHAs, and (iii) mitigating adverse impacts and enhancing positive impacts. The framework will ensure that project activities are implemented to foster full respect for MHA identity, dignity, human rights, livelihood systems, and cultural uniqueness as defined by the MHA themselves. The framework will enable MHA to (i) receive culturally appropriate social and economic benefits, (ii) participate actively in the project, and (iii) ensure that they do not suffer adverse impacts as a result of the project. The project will hire an external monitor to assess the project's progress and provide advice on compliance issues. The project will not trigger any of the three conditions that require broad community support as per ADB's SPS, but broad community support will be sought as per REDD+ guidelines. It will be designed to enable effective IP participation and involvement, and to ensure maximum project benefits accrue to them.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||A series of meetings with stakeholders (government agencies, civil society, academia, private sector and development partners), mainly at the national level, took place on the design and implementation of the forest investment plan for Indonesia as part of small scale-capacity development technical assistance. The National Forest Council facilitated such dialogues. Stakeholder consultations were held on 27 and 28 June 2013, 17 July 2013, and during the FIP pilot countries' meeting held in Jogjakarta from 24 to 26 September 2013. Additional meetings were held in Jakarta in November 2013, in West Kalimantan (Pontianak, Sintang, Melawi) from 17 to 21 February 2014, and in Jakarta from 24 to 25 February 2014. An MOU between ADB and the Center for Environmental Quality and Standards of the Ministry of Forestry was signed in March. Following approval of PPTA on 2 June 2014, further consultations with a wide range of stakeholders were held in Sintang, Melawi, Kapuas Hulu and Pontianak in West Kalimantan in 2014 and 2015.|
|During Project Implementation||Consulting firm for PPTA was selected. Kick-off meeting for the PPTA was held on 6 October 2014. Inception workshop was held on 5 November 2014. PPTA Interim workshop was held in February 2015. Grant fact finding mission was conducted in April 2015. Additional consultations with stakeholders were held in April, May, July and September 2015. Final Project Design Orientation Meeting was held for the new staff of MOEF in March 2016. FIP subcommittee approved funding for the project in July 2016. Grant negotiations with the Ministry of Finance and MOEF were completed on 25 August 2016.|
ADB will assist the EA in recruiting the consultants under the project implementation supporting unit (PISU) in accordance with the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The EA retains the responsibility for negotiating and signing the contract with the consulting firm, issuing the notice to proceed and supervising the consultant's services.
Individual consultant(s) will be recruited to assist in effective coordination and implementation matters.
All procurement will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).
Under the project, goods will be procured through national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures acceptable to ADB for packages up to less than $5,000,000 equivalent or where NCB are not feasible community participation method may be used up to $30,000. For packages of $100,000 equivalent or less, shopping method may be used. For goods of $3,000 or less, direct contracting may be used.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Lawira, Helena|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD|
Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Gedung Manggala Wanabakti Blok I Lt. 3
Jln. Gatot Subroto-Senayan, Jakarta Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Gedung Manggala Wanabakti Blok I Lt. 3
Jln. Gatot Subroto-Senayan, Jakarta
|Concept Clearance||02 Jun 2014|
|Fact Finding||20 Apr 2015 to 27 Apr 2015|
|MRM||14 Jun 2016|
|Approval||30 Sep 2016|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Sep 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|30 Sep 2016||26 Oct 2016||06 Dec 2016||30 Jun 2022||30 Jun 2023||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||18.70||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||01 Feb 2022||0.00||12.59||74%|
|Cofinancing||17.00||01 Feb 2022||0.00||12.66||74%|
|Status of Covenants|
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SUPPORTING UNIT (CONSULTING FIRM) CS-GMIC-01||Grant 0501||14 Dec 2017||PT HATFIELD INDONESIA | NO.8 BOGOR 16122 INDONESIA||Ministry of Environment and Forestry; Dir.of Bus. Dev't for Social Forestry & Customary; Directorate of Env'mental Srvs of Conserv Forest; Directorate of Production Forest Management Unit||3,388,655.00||—|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Community-Focused Investments to Address Deforestation and Forest Degradation Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Dec 2021|